Hesham Ashmawy was a convicted terrorist who formed his own network named al-Mourabitoun. Prior to his activities as a terrorist, Ashmawy served in the Egyptian Army and is believed to have orchestrated numerous terrorist attacks on state institutions. He went on to become one of the most wanted militants and was arrested in 2018. Hesham Ashmawy was executed in 2020.
Known as The Blind Sheikh, Omar Abdel-Rahman was a blind Islamist militant from Egypt. Though blind since childhood, he studied theology and went on to lead the al-Jamāʿah al-Islāmiyyah. He later fled to the US, where he was convicted of plotting several terrorist activities and sentenced to life imprisonment.