Famous Egyptian Leaders

Call it the land of pharaohs or the land of gods, the land of Mummy’s or the land of Pyramids, Egypt is home to world’s earliest known civilization. A startling history that goes back to tenth millennium BC, the country is drenched in rich heritage that presages the earliest known developments. Fondly known as the crusaders of the modern world, what if Egypt did not have leaders that lived for the cause of advancement and progress? Would the world still be the same? Would life and living be as it is today? Calendars, toothpaste, board games, eye-makeup, breath mints that have become a part of our world wouldn’t have been possible if Egyptian leaders did not allow for the same. The country has been home to some of finest and skilled leaders whether it was Baybars I of the 13th century or Ismail Pasha of the 19th century. Fuad I or Ahmed Fuad Pasha was the first king of modern Egypt who ruled from 1922 until 1936 and was succeeded by Farouk, King of Egypt. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is the current president of Egypt. Read through this section and get details about the life and works of famous Egyptian leaders.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 
Anwar Sadat
(Former President of Egypt)

Anwar Sadat
12
Birthdate: December 25, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mit Abu al-Kum
Died: October 6, 1981
Anwar Sadat served as the president and prime minister of Egypt till his assassination in 1981. He was part of the Free Officers, a group that overthrew King Farouk. He became the first Muslim Nobel laureate, after winning the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty.

 2 
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
(President of Egypt)

Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
17
Birthdate: November 19, 1954
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cairo, Cairo Governorate, Egypt
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is the incumbent president of Egypt. He has also served as the director of military Intelligence and the minister of defense. He has had a long stint with the Egyptian Army and led the coup that ousted President Mohamed Morsi. He has established a dictatorial regime.

 3 
Mohamed Morsi
(5th President of Egypt)

Mohamed Morsi
16
Birthdate: August 8, 1951
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: El Adwah, Kingdom of Egypt
Died: June 17, 2019

Mohamed Morsi served as the Egyptian president from 2012 to 2013 and was ousted from office by a coup. He led the Freedom and Justice Party briefly and was part of the Muslim Brotherhood. Following his ouster, he was charged with various crimes, but he died during a re-trial.

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 4 
Seti I
(Pharaoh)

Seti I
6
Birthdate: 1323 BC
Birthplace: Avaris
Died: 1279 BC

The son of Ramesses I, Seti I was an Egyptian king of the 19th dynasty. Known for his glorious reign, as opposed to his father’s short 2-year rule, he fought wars in Palestine and Syria. He also built temples, mines, and wells, and completed the hypostyle hall at Karnak.

 5 
Ramesses I
(Pharaoh, Sovereign)

Ramesses I
3
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Avaris

Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses I was the founder of the 19th dynasty but had a brief reign. His mummy was stolen from Egypt by looters and transported through Turkish agents to the US and eventually ended up in a Canadian museum. Years later, it was returned to Egypt and displayed at Luxor Museum.

 6 
Ay
(Pharaoh)

Ay
4
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Akhmim, Egypt
Died: 1319 AD

Ay was the son of an Egyptian military officer and grew up to follow in his father’s footsteps. Following the death of Tutankhamen, Ay became the penultimate king of Egypt’s 18th dynasty. The Amarna Tomb, which was built to house his grave but didn’t, provides a lot of information on him.

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 7 
Hosni Mubarak
(Former President of Egypt)

Hosni Mubarak
19
Birthdate: May 4, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Monufia Governorate
Died: February 25, 2025

Egyptian military and political leader Hosni Mubarak served as the fourth president of Egypt from 1981 to 2011. An Egyptian Air Force officer prior to entering politics, he assumed office as the president after the incumbent Anwar Sadat's assassination in 1981. After 30 years, he had to step down from the presidency during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. 

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 8 
Gamal Abdel Nasser
(Political Leader of Egypt)

Gamal Abdel Nasser
17
Birthdate: January 15, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bacos, Egypt
Died: September 28, 1970

Gamal Abdel Nasser was an Egyptian politician. He was the second president of Egypt, serving from 1954 to 1970. Before becoming the president, Nasser played a crucial role in the Egyptian revolution of 1952, in which he led a group of army to overthrow King Farouk. Nasser remains an iconic figure, not just in Egypt, but the entire Arab world.

 9 
Fuad II of Egypt
(King of Egypt and the Sudan)

Fuad II of Egypt
3
Birthdate: January 16, 1952
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Abdeen Palace, Cairo, Kingdom of Egypt

The son of king Farouk I of Egypt, Fuad II became a king at age 6 months, following his father’s abdication. He ruled for less than a year and was exiled soon after. He grew up in Switzerland and France and was given back his Egyptian citizenship years later.

 10 
Djoser
(Ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 3rd Dynasty during the Old Kingdom and the founder of this epoch)

Djoser
3
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Egypt

 11 
Boutros Boutros-Ghali
(Secretary-General of the United Nations (1992-96))

Boutros Boutros-Ghali
5
Birthdate: November 14, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: CCairo, Egypt
Died: February 16, 2016

Grandson of former Egyptian prime minister Boutros Ghali Bey, politician Boutros Boutros-Ghali is remembered for his tenure as the secretary-general of the UN, which witnessed peacekeeping activities in war-torn areas such as Bosnia and Herzegovina. His illustrious career boasted of various prestigious academic positions and a Fulbright scholarship.

 12 
Horemheb
(Pharaoh)

Horemheb
5
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Heracleopolis Magna
Died: 1292 BC

The last king of the 18th dynasty of Egypt, Horemheb is best remembered for reviving the Amon religion, which was suppressed by Akhenaton. He headed an army under Tutankhamen and succeeded Ay as the ruler. He dismantled temples of god Aton and rebuilt statues of god Amon.

 13 
Farouk of Egypt
(King of Egypt and the Sudan)

Farouk of Egypt
6
Birthdate: February 11, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: March 18, 1965

The eldest son of Sultan Fuad I, Farouk of Egypt received his education in Egypt and England before taking over the throne. He later gained criticism for his lavish lifestyle and his eccentricities, such as his order that except his entourage, no other cars could be painted red.

 14 
Amenhotep II
(Seventh pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt)

Amenhotep II
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Memphis, Egypt

The seventh pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, Amenhotep II, also referred as Amenophis II, succeeded his father, Thutmose III. Amenhotep ruled at the height of Egypt’s royal era and thrived in maintaining the vast kingdom that he inherited from his father, employing a few military campaigns in Syria. His reign witnessed the effective end of conflict between Egypt and Mitanni.

 15 

Merneptah
3
Birthdate: 0000 BC

One of the 13 sons of Ramesses II, Merneptah assumed power at the age of 70. The 4th pharaoh of Egypt’s 19th dynasty, he is remembered for his successful defense against a Libyan invasion. He was also known to have ordered the iconic commemorative text Israel Stela.

 16 
Adly Mansour
(Magistrate, Judge, Politician, Lawyer)

Adly Mansour
5
Birthdate: December 23, 1945
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cairo

A qualified lawyer and judge, Adly Mansour has served the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt as its president and has also worked with the Saudi Ministry of Commerce. Following Mohamed Morsi’s ouster in a coup d'état, Mansour served as the country’s interim president. He has been honored with the Order of the Nile.

 17 
Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt
(Military General)

Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt
3
Birthdate: March 4, 1789
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Drama, Greece
Died: November 10, 1848

Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt was an Egyptian army general who served as the regent of his father's Muhammad Ali dynasty in 1848 due to his father's ill health. Ibrahim Pasha is best remembered for his military victories, including his impressive success against the Ottoman Empire, for which he is counted among the greatest members of the Muhammad Ali dynasty.

 18 
Smenkhkare
(Pharaoh)

Smenkhkare
3
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Died: 1334 BC

Not much is known about the identity of Smenkhkare, who was a pharaoh of the Amarna Period of the 18th Egyptian dynasty. Since his coronation name, Ankhkheperure, was the same as that of Neferneferuaton, or Nefertiti, some believe Smenkhkare was the kingly version of Nefertiti, who ruled as a female pharaoh.

 19 
Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
(Politician, Military personnel)

Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
5
Birthdate: October 31, 1935
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cairo

Egyptian Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi ruled Egypt as its de facto head of state after the fall of former president Hosni Mubarak. He was also a military attaché in Pakistan and led Egypt in the Gulf War as part of the US-led coalition. He earned an Order of the Nile, too.

 20 
Isma'il Pasha
(Khedive)

Isma'il Pasha
5
Birthdate: December 31, 1830
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: March 2, 1895

Isma'il Pasha, also called Ismail the Magnificent, was the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan. He remained instrumental in modernizing Egypt and Sudan and invested considerably in economic and industrial development and urbanization. His administrative policies, particularly those that led to accumulation of huge foreign debt, paved way for his toppling from power and eventually the British occupation of Egypt.

 21 
Thutmose II
(Pharaoh)

Thutmose II
3
Birthdate: 1510 BC
Died: 1479 BC

The 4th pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt, Thutmose II is best remembered for suppressing rebellions in the Levant and Nubia. He also defeated the Bedouins in Palestine. While some scholars believe he had a short-lived reign, others state he may have ruled for upto 18 years.

 22 
Menes
(Pharaoh)

Menes
3
Birthdate: 0000 BC

Menes is credited with unifying Upper and Lower Egypt and thus establishing Egypt’s 1st dynasty. While Greek historian Herodotus mentioned him as Min, many modern scholars believe he was one of the archaic kings, namely Scorpion, Aha, and Narmer. Manetho’s accounts state he was killed by a hippopotamus.

Ptolemy II Philadelphus
4
Birthdate: 0309 BC
Birthplace: Alexandria
Died: 0246 AD

Ptolemy II Philadelphus succeeded his father and founder of the Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy I, as the second king of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy II developed agriculture and commerce and promoted the Museum and Library of Alexandria. The material and literary grandeur of the Alexandrian court reached its pinnacle during his rule making Alexandria a leading centre of the arts and sciences.

 24 
Suzanne Mubarak
(Politician)

Suzanne Mubarak
5
Birthdate: February 28, 1941
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Minya Governorate

The wife of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, Suzanne Mubarak was 17 when she got married. She got back to school a decade later and obtained degrees in sociology and political science. She established the Cairo Child Museum and worked for the UN.

 25 
Thutmose I
(Pharaoh)

Thutmose I
3
Birthdate: 1500 BC

Thutmose I was the 3rd king of the 18th dynasty of Egypt and succeeded Amenhotep I. He is remembered for his campaigns in Levant and Nubia (modern-day Sudan) to expand Egyptian territory. He was the first pharaoh to construct his tomb at the Valley of the Kings in Thebes.

 26 
Hor-Aha
(pharaoh)

Hor-Aha
3
Birthdate: 0000 BC

Believed to be the son of Narmer and Neithhotep, Hor-Aha was the 2nd king of the 1st dynasty of Egypt. He was, however, the first human king mentioned in the Palermo Stone. Many historians also believe that Hor-Aha was the same individual as Menes. He was apparently also a skilled physician.

 27 
Mentuhotep II
(Pharaoh)

Mentuhotep II
3
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Died: 1995 BC

The ancient Egyptian pharaoh Mentuhotep II became the sixth ruler of the Eleventh Dynasty of ancient Egypt during the First Intermediate Period ascending Egypt’s throne in the Upper Egyptian city of Thebes while the Tenth Dynasty ruled Lower Egypt from Herakleopolis. Mentuhotep later succeeded in conquering Lower Egypt thus unifying Egypt and ushering in the period called the Middle Kingdom. 

 28 
Gamal Mubarak
(Businessperson)

Gamal Mubarak
3
Birthdate: December 27, 1963
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cairo

The younger son of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, Gamal Mubarak led the National Democratic Party as its deputy secretary-general. While he began his career with the Bank of America, he later set up Medinvest Associates. Convicted of diverting political funds, he was jailed. Much later, he was again accused of stock-market manipulation.

 29 
Abd el-Krim
(Political leader)

Abd el-Krim
3
Birthdate: 1882 AD
Birthplace: Ajdir
Died: February 6, 1963

Moroccan military leader Abd el-Krim led the Berber forces against the Spanish and French armies in Africa, thus forming the Republic of Rif. Though his father initially received a stipend from the Spanish authorities, Abd el-Krim later put up a strong resistance and was eventually exiled.

 30 

Neferirkare Kakai
2
Birthdate: 2483 BC
Died: 2465 BC

The 3rd pharaoh of the 5th dynasty, Neferirkare Kakai was the first Egyptian ruler to have used 2 names, a prenomen and a nomen. Though he began constructing a pyramid for himself, it remained incomplete. The papyrus later found in his pyramid complex contained the earliest documents in hieratic script.

 31 
Kamose
(King)

Kamose
2
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Died: 1550 BC

Remembered for his hostile military actions against the Hyksos, Kamose was the last ruler of the Theban 17th dynasty. His name finds mention at the Second Nile Cataract in Nubia, indicating he also made way into the Kushite territory. Scholars believe he probably didn’t rule more than 5 years.

 32 
Sahure
(Pharaoh)

Sahure
2
Birthdate: 2500 BC
Died: 2490 BC

The 2nd pharaoh of the 5th dynasty, Sahure had a predominantly peaceful rule, where trade flourished. Sahure explored turquoise mines and diorite quarries and also strengthened the Egyptian navy. He was also the first pharaoh to build a temple in the Abusir complex, though it was reduced to ruins later.

 33 
Den
(Pharaoh, statesperson)

Den
2
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Died: 2995 BC

Egyptian pharaoh of the Early Dynastic Period, Den, or Hor Den, was probably the 4th ruler of the 1st dynasty. He was the first to be addressed as the King of Upper and Lower Egypt and the first to wear the Double Crown. He also fought against the Bedouin tribes in Sinai.

 34 
Omar Suleiman
(Former Vice-President of Egypt)

Omar Suleiman
4
Birthdate: July 2, 1936
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Qena, Egypt
Died: July 19, 2012

Omar Suleiman once led the Egyptian General Intelligence Service as its director. He had also briefly been the vice president of Egypt under president Hosni Mubarak, becoming the first to have held the post under Mubarak. In his early days, he had also been part of the Six-Day and October wars.

 35 
Huda Sharawi
(Feminist and nationalist)

Huda Sharawi
3
Birthdate: June 23, 1879
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Minya, Egypt
Died: December 12, 1947

 36 
Ahmed Shafik
(Politician)

Ahmed Shafik
2
Birthdate: November 25, 1941
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt

Born to a minister, Ahmed Shafik received military training and had a successful career as a fighter pilot. He then served as the civil aviation minister and the commander of the Egyptian air force. He was also made the prime minister of Egypt by president Hosni Mubarak, after the 2011 Egyptian Revolution.

 37 
Saad Zaghloul
(Prime Minister)

Saad Zaghloul
3
Birthdate: July 1, 1859
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, Egypt
Died: August 23, 1927

Egyptian statesman Saad Zaghloul, who once led the Wafd Party and the 1918-19 nationalist movement, had also served as the prime minister of Egypt for less than a year. Initially an advocate, he had also worked as a journalist. He had headed the Egyptian ministries of justice and education, too.

 38 
Jehan Sadat
(Politician)

Jehan Sadat
4
Birthdate: August 29, 1933
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cairo

Once the First Lady of Egypt (as the wife of president Anwar Sadat), Jehan Sadat had a multicultural upbringing, being the daughter of an Egyptian father and a British mother. She later became a champion for women’s rights and transformed the civil rights laws, bringing in what were called Jehan's Laws.

Muhammad Naguib
2
Birthdate: February 20, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Khartoum
Died: August 29, 1984

Egyptian revolutionary Muhammad Naguib was one of the pillars of the 1952 Egyptian Revolution and had a major role in the ouster of King Farouk I. A military man, he was the country’s war and navy minister. He also served as the 1st president of Egypt and its prime minister.

 40 

Sekhemkhet
2
Birthdate: 0000 BC

An Egyptian pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty, Sekhemkhet had a short-lived reign. He is also known as Djoser-tety and Tyreis. He began building a pyramid complex at Saqqara, which eventually remained incomplete. Some scholars believe he was either the brother or son of another 3rd dynasty ruler Djoser.

 41 
Teti
(Pharaoh)

Teti
2
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Died: 2350 BC

The first pharaoh of the 6th dynasty, Teti, also known as Athath or Atat, later took over the Horus name Seheteptawy, meaning He who pacifies the Two Lands. His built a pyramid for himself at Saqqara, also known as the Prison Pyramid. It is believed he was murdered by his guards.

 42 
Abdel Hakim Amer
(Military general)

Abdel Hakim Amer
2
Birthdate: December 11, 1919
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Samalut, Egypt
Died: September 13, 1967

Abdel Hakim Amer served as the Chief of Staff of Egyptian Army, the Minister of Defense, and the Vice President of Egypt. He played an instrumental role during the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 and commanded the Egyptian Army during the Suez Crisis, the North Yemen Civil War and the Six-Day War. Many historians stated that Amer was to some extent responsible for Egypt's defeat in the Six-Day War..

 43 
Ahmed ʻUrabi
(Prime Minister of Egypt)

Ahmed ʻUrabi
2
Birthdate: March 31, 1841
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: near Al-Zaqāzīq, Egypt
Died: September 21, 1911

 44 
Semerkhet
(Sovereign)

Semerkhet
2
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Died: 2960 BC

Semerkhet, one of the pharaohs of the 1st dynasty, was probably the son of Anedjib, while some believe he was born to a woman named Batirset, though she could not be linked to any king. Manetho believed he ruled for 18 years and a calamity occurred during his reign.

 45 
Anedjib
(King)

Anedjib
2
Birthdate: 2950 BC

A 1st dynasty pharaoh, Anedjib was mentioned as a Thinite and was probably born to pharaoh Den. He is also believed to be king Miebidos mentioned by historian Manetho. He was also thought to be the first king with a nebty (Two Ladies) title and a nesu-bit name.

 46 
Shepseskaf
(Pharaoh)

Shepseskaf
2
Birthdate: 2550 BC
Died: 2499 BC

The last pharaoh of the 4th dynasty, Shepseskaf is believed to have had a short-lived reign. He was perhaps pharaoh Menkaure’s son. He built an unusual rectangular monument at Saqqara, called Mastabat el Fara’un, probably due to a deviation from the solar cult or a financial constraint.

 47 
Nynetjer
(Pharaoh)

Nynetjer
2
Birthdate: 0000 BC

The 3rd king of the 2nd dynasty, Nynetjer may have ruled for 35 years, while Manetho believed he ruled for 47 years. It is believed that his reign saw the legalization of the rule of women in Egypt. The Palermo Stone proves he may have ruled over Memphis and nearby regions.

 48 
Said Halim Paşa
(Statesman)

Said Halim Paşa
2
Birthdate: January 18, 1865
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: December 6, 1921

Egyptian-origin Ottoman statesman Said Halim Paşa was the grandson of the popular Egyptian viceroy Muhammad Ali. He served as the Ottoman Empire’s foreign minister and grand vizier. He opposed the Ottoman entry into World War I. Exiled to Malta, he later went to Rome, where he was murdered by an Armenian revolutionary.

 49 
Amenemhat IV
(Pharaoh)

Amenemhat IV
2
Birthdate: 1850 BC
Died: 1790 BC

The 7th ruler of the 12th dynasty, Amenemhat IV was perhaps the son, grandson, or stepson of pharaoh Amenemhat III, whom he initially served as a co-regent. He also completed the Temple of Medinet Madi. Heirless, he was succeeded by his half-sister or aunt Sobeknefru, the first female Egyptian ruler in 1500 years.

 50 

Doria Shafik
2
Birthdate: December 14, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ṭanṭā, Egypt
Died: September 20, 1975