Famous Egyptian Spiritual & Religious Leaders

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 1 
Moses
(Hebrew Religious Leader, Prophet)
Moses
16
Birthplace: Land of Goshen, Ancient Egypt

A prominent prophet in Islam, Christianity, and the Baháʼí Faith among other Abrahamic religions, Moses is also the most important prophet in Judaism. One of the most important biblical characters, Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai. The Ten Commandments are fundamental to both Christianity and Judaism. The authorship of the Torah is also attributed to Moses.

Catherine of Alexandria
4
Birthdate: 0287 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0305 AD

Catherine of Alexandria is a Christian saint who was martyred at the hands of the Roman Emperor Maxentius in the early 4th century. Catherine is generally credited with converting hundreds of people to Christianity. Over 1,100 years after her martyrdom, French warrior Joan of Arc claimed that Catherine was one of the saints to counsel her in her visions.

 3 
Aaron
(Prophet, High Priest)
Aaron
4
Birthdate: 1396 BC
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1273 BC
Aaron didn’t just establish the Israelite priesthood but also led the Israelites out of Egypt, along with his brother, Moses. He finds mention in the Bible, the Quran, and the Talmud. His role in the Exodus changes to being that of Moses’s assistant as the march out of Egypt progresses.
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 4 
Anthony the Great
(Egyptian Monk)
Anthony the Great
4
Birthdate: January 12, 0251
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Herakleopolis Magna, Egypt
Died: January 17, 0356

Anthony the Great is revered as the patron saint of diseases for miraculously healing people of ailments such as ergot poisoning, which came to be known as St. Anthony's Fire. Known widely as the Father of Monasticism, he had spent 20 years in isolation in the Thebaid desert.

 5 
Athanasius of Alexandria
(Egyptian Theologian, Statesman and National Leader)
Athanasius of Alexandria
4
Birthdate: 0296 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: May 2, 0373

Athanasius of Alexandria was the 20th bishop of Alexandria. A well-known Egyptian leader of the 4th century, Athanasius' career was shaped by his conflicts with Arius and successive Roman emperors. He is venerated as a saint and his feast day is observed on different days depending upon the various churches.

 6 
Sayyid Qutb
(Religious Leader)
Sayyid Qutb
4
Birthdate: October 9, 1906
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Musha, Egypt
Died: August 29, 1966

Sayyid Qutb was an Egyptian educator, author, Islamic theorist, revolutionary, and poet. During the 1950s and 1960s, Qutb was an important member of the Society of the Muslim Brothers. Sayyid Qutb is regarded as the Father of Salafi-Jihadism, a transnational religious-political ideology that forms the basis of several Jihadist organizations, such as Daesh and Al Qaeda.

 7 
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
(Caliph of Cairo)
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
3
Birthdate: August 13, 0985
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: February 13, 1021

Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah reigned as the 6th caliph of the Egyptian Shiʿi Fatimid dynasty. Known for being eccentric, he once ordered all dogs in his kingdom to be killed, and on another occasion, banned shellfish. He was also known for his cruelty and his persecution of Sunni Muslims, Jews, and Christians.

 8 
Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria
(Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church)
Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria
3
Birthdate: November 4, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mansoura, Egypt

Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria is the 118th and current pope of Alexandria and patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He became leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria succeeding late Pope Shenouda III. He began his papacy amidst several changes in Egypt and supported the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état that deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi. 

 9 
Unas
(Pharaoh)
Unas
3
Died: 2350 BC

The last pharaoh of the 5th dynasty, Unas was the first ruler to adorn the Saqqara pyramid interiors with what came to be known as Pyramid Texts. The texts on his tomb suggest various scenes, such as a famine, a campaign against the Bedouins, and trade with Palestine and Syria.

 10 
Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria
(117th pope of Alexandria)
Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria
3
Birthdate: August 3, 1923
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Abnob Egypt
Died: March 17, 2012

Egyptian religious leader Pope Shenouda III led the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Initially known as Nazeer, he was a lecturer in biblical studies and later took his religious vows in a desert, assuming the name Antonious El-Syriani. He became Shenouda after being made a bishop.

 11 
Pachomius the Great
2
Birthdate: 0292 AD
Birthplace: Thebes, Egypt
Died: May 9, 0348

Pachomius the Great is best remembered for establishing Christian cenobitic monasticism and is known as one of the Desert Fathers or Desert Monks. Initially part of the Roman Emperor Constantine’s army in North Africa, he later became a hermit. He also became the first Christian monk to lay down written rules.

 12 
Khaba
(Pharaoh)
Khaba
2

Egyptian pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty, Khaba was probably the son of Sekhemkhet, whom he succeeded. Some scholars believe Khaba was another name for pharaoh Huni, while Manetho mentions 3 rulers between Sekhemkhet and Huni. Khaba is believed to have built the layer pyramid, though he was not buried in it.

 13 
Ali Gomaa
2
Birthdate: March 3, 1952
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Beni Suef

Once the Grand Mufti of Egypt, Ali Gomaa has been a highly respected Islamic scholar and jurist. He has been a professor at the Al-Azhar University and been part of the Fatwa Council. He is also a member of the International Islamic Fiqh Academy and has penned several books.

Pope Alexander I of Alexandria
2
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: April 7, 0326

Pope Alexander I of Alexandria was the 19th Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria. Alexander faced three major issues during his patriarch term, which included the dating of Easter, the matter and actions of Meletius of Lycopolis, and the issue of Arianism. Alexander remained the leader of opposition to Arianism at the First Council of Nicaea convened by Roman Emperor Constantine I.

 15 
Al-Mustansir Billah
(Caliph of Cairo)
Al-Mustansir Billah
2
Birthdate: July 5, 1029
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: January 10, 1094

Al-Mustansir Billah was one of the longest-reigning Islamic rulers. A Fāṭimid caliph, he also faced several significant setbacks during his rule, which included a chaotic situation in Syria and loss of territories in North Africa. He later pacified Armenian general-dictator Badr al-Jamālī by getting his son to marry Badr’s daughter.

Muhammad Sayyid Tantawi
2
Birthdate: October 28, 1928
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Salim al-Sharqiyyah, Egypt
Died: March 10, 2010
 17 
Severus of Antioch
2
Birthdate: 0465 AD
Birthplace: Sozopolis, Turkey
Died: February 8, 0538

Severus of Antioch was a miaphysite leader and the Patriarch of Antioch. Initially a monk in Palestine, Severus was later made a priest and propagated the view that Christ’s human and divine natures were, in fact, one and the same. He also led the Coptic churches in Egypt and Syria.

 18 
George of Cappadocia
1
Birthplace: Epiphania
Died: December 24, 0361

George of Cappadocia, backed by Eusebian faction at Constantinople, became the intruding Arian bishop of Alexandria, marking him as the controversial successor of his opponent Bishop Athanasius the Great of Alexandria, whom Roman emperor Constantius II banished from Alexandria for attacking Arianism. George, an extreme Arian, persecuted and plundered the orthodox and pagan and was eventually murdered by an Alexandrian mob.

 19 
Maximos V Hakim
(Religious Leader)
Maximos V Hakim
1
Birthdate: May 18, 1908
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tanta, Egypt
Died: June 29, 2001

Egyptian-born George Selim Hakim later became Maximos V Hakim, the Patriarch of Antioch. He headed the Melkite-Greek Catholic Church and built many schools, orphanages, and seminaries. He also wrote extensively in Arabic and French and published and edited the Church’s review, Le Lien. He also communicated with leaders of other faiths.

 20 
Gad al-Haq
1
Birthdate: April 5, 1917
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: March 15, 1996

A respected senior figure of the Sunni Muslim community, Gad al-Haq was the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar and the Grand Mufti of Egypt. However, he wasn’t liked by most fundamentalist groups. As part of the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs, he struck a balance between the Hanafi rite and other schools of law.

 21 
Meletius of Lycopolis
1
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0327 AD

Meletius was the Egyptian bishop of Lycopolis and is best remembered as the man who founded the Melitians, or the Church of the Martyrs. Details about his life are still obscure. While some sources believe he was imprisoned for his religious views, others state he fled persecution.

 22 
Muhammad Hamid Abu al-Nasr
(Religious leader)
Muhammad Hamid Abu al-Nasr
1
Birthdate: March 25, 1913
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Manfalut, Egypt
Died: January 20, 1996

Muhammad Hamid Abu al-Nasr was the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood’s 4th General Guide. While he succeeded General Guide Umar al-Tilmisani, many opposed his appointment. He is also remembered for his written works such as Wadi e Neel Ka Qafila Sakht Jaan.

 23 
Al-Bahūtī
(Theologian)
Al-Bahūtī
1
Birthdate: 1592 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1641 AD

Egyptian jurist Al-Bahūtī was one of the most significant figures of the Hanbali school of Islamic law. His legal written works are apparently still followed. not just in Egypt but also in countries such as Saudi Arabia and Syria. His best-known work on jurisprudence remains al-Rawd Al Murbi’ Sharh Zād Al Mustaqni.

 24 
Fathi Osman
(Author)
Fathi Osman
0
Birthdate: March 17, 1928
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Minya, Egypt
Died: September 11, 2010

Egyptian author and scholar Fathi Osman, who promoted cooperation between Islam and other religions, aimed at making Islamic civilization and culture more understandable to non-Muslims through his writings. His writings include 40 books written in English and Arabic. His monumental work Concepts of the Quran gives an overview of the Quran for the general public.

Patriarch John I of Alexandria
0
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: April 29, 0505

John Talaia was the patriarch of Alexandria from 481 to 482. Due to his refusal to sign Emperor Zeno's Henoticon, he was expelled from the Council of Chalcedon. He fled to Rome, where he received supported. However, he could never return to Alexandria and became the bishop of Nola instead.

 26 
Eusebius of Laodicea
0
Birthplace: Alexandria
Died: 0268 AD

Eusebius, the deacon of Alexandria, later became the bishop of Laodicea, a port city in ancient Syria. When Alexandria was attacked by Roman emperor Valerian’s son Gallienus, Eusebius got many trapped Christians released. He was also sent to Antioch by Bishop Dionysius of Alexandria and was made a bishop on his return.