Famous Egyptian Scientists

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 1 
Hypatia
(Mathematician, Astronomer and Philosopher)
Hypatia
15
Birthdate: 0350 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: February 29, 0415
Hypatia was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer who lived during the 4th and 5th centuries. She also taught and served as a counselor. She is remembered for her commentary on Diophantus's Arithmetica. She was later murdered and became a symbol of feminism and of opposition to Catholic ideals.
 2 
Ahmed Zewail
(Chemist)
Ahmed Zewail
4
Birthdate: February 26, 1946
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Damanhour, Egypt
Died: August 2, 2016
 3 
Diophantus
(Former mathematician, famous for his work in algebra)
Diophantus
4
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
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 4 
Apollonius of Perga
3
Birthdate: 0262 BC
Birthplace: Perga
Died: 0190 BC
 5 
W. D. Hamilton
(Biologist)
W. D. Hamilton
4
Birthdate: August 1, 1936
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: March 7, 2000
 6 
Ctesibius of Alexandria
(Inventor, Mathematician)
Ctesibius of Alexandria
4
Birthdate: 0285 BC
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0222 BC
 7 
Pappus of Alexandria
(Mathematician of antiquity, known for his Synagoge or Collection, and for Pappus's hexagon theorem in projective geometry)
Pappus of Alexandria
3
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0350 AD
 8 
Hamed Abdel-Samad
(German-Egyptian Author and Political Scientist)
Hamed Abdel-Samad
3
Birthdate: February 1, 1972
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Giza, Egypt

Hamed Abdel-Samad is a German-Egyptian author and political scientist. A member of the Society of the Muslim Brothers during his university days, Hamed Abdel-Samad later questioned his own beliefs and published a controversial book titled My Farewell from Heaven, which he said was neither a call to renounce the Muslim faith nor an attack on his culture.

 9 
Taher Elgamal
(Cryptographer, Mathematician)
Taher Elgamal
2
Birthdate: August 18, 1955
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cairo

Taher Elgamal is an Egyptian entrepreneur and cryptographer. Widely regarded as the father of SSL, Elgamal is best known for his work at Netscape Communications Corporation where he developed Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) which helped establish a secure and private communications on the Internet. In 2019, Taher Elgamal was honored with the prestigious Marconi Prize along with Paul Kocher.  

 10 
Theon of Alexandria
(Mathematician)
Theon of Alexandria
2
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Birthplace: Roman Empire
Died: 0405 AD

Theon of Alexandria was a Greek mathematician and scholar. He is credited with editing and arranging Euclid's prominent work Elements. He also wrote commentaries on works by Ptolemy and Euclid. Theon of Alexandria's daughter Hypatia also went on to become a famed mathematician.

 11 
Sosigenes of Alexandria
(Astronomer mathematician)
Sosigenes of Alexandria
2
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
 12 
Tamim al-Barghouti
(Palestinian-Egyptian Columnist, Poet, and Political Scientist)
Tamim al-Barghouti
2
Birthdate: June 13, 1977
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt

Tamim al-Barghouti is a Palestinian-Egyptian columnist, poet, and political scientist. Dubbed the poet of Jerusalem, Tamim is best known for his critically acclaimed poem In Jerusalem, which he presented in a television competition show called Prince of Poets in 2007. Tamim al-Barghouti has also worked as a professor at Georgetown University and the Free University of Berlin. 

 13 
Menelaus of Alexandria
(Mathematician)
Menelaus of Alexandria
1
Birthdate: 0070 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0140 AD

Menelaus of Alexandria was a Greek astronomer and mathematician. Sphaerica, his only book to have survived in the form of an Arabic translation, deals with the geometry of the sphere and introduces the concept of spherical triangle. The Arabic version of the book was translated again by Francesco Maurolico, a 16th century mathematician and astronomer.

 14 
Ad-Damīrī
(Egyptian Author and Theologian Who Wrote the First Arabic Zoological Encyclopedia)
Ad-Damīrī
1
Birthdate: 1344 AD
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: October 27, 1405

A 14th-century Arab Muslim author and theologian from Egypt, Ad-Damīrī was an expert on cannon law and natural history. He is remembered for authoring the first Arabic zoological encyclopedia, Ḥayāt al-ḥayawān. He lectured at various institutes of Cairo and was also a well-known mystic, renowned for his religious activities.

 15 
Mostafa Kamal Tolba
1
Birthdate: December 8, 1922
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: March 28, 2016
 16 
Alam al-Din al-Hanafi
(Mathematician)
Alam al-Din al-Hanafi
0
Birthdate: 1178 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1251 AD