Famous People Born In 1822

Discover the most famous people born in 1822. The list includes people like Ulysses S. Grant, Louis Pasteur, Gregor Mendel, Francis Galton, Rutherford B. Hayes and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include military leaders, presidents, political leaders and mathematicians born in 1822. This list includes people from United States, France and many more countries.
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 1 
Harriet Tubman
(Activist and Abolitionist Known for Her Efforts in Rescuing Slaves and Abolition of Slavery)
Harriet Tubman
40
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 28th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dorchester County, Maryland, United States
Died: March 10, 1913

Born to parents who were bonded slaves, Harriet Tubman life was a difficult one from the very beginning. Yet with her remarkable courage and determination, she not only escaped slavery herself, but also led other enslaved people to freedom. The prominent political activist and abolitionist was also the first woman to lead an armed expedition during the American Civil War.

 2 
Ulysses S. Grant
(Civil War Hero and the 18th President of the United States)
Ulysses S. Grant
52
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 27th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Point Pleasant, Ohio, United States
Died: July 23, 1885

The 18th president of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant held office from 1869 to 1877. He led the Union Army as Commanding General of the United States Army during the American Civil War and was a war hero. As president, he stabilized the post-war national economy and created the Department of Justice. Historians generally recognize his presidential accomplishments.

 3 
Louis Pasteur
(French Chemist and Microbiologist Who Discovered the Principles of Vaccination, Microbial Fermentation and Pasteurization)
Louis Pasteur
28
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 27th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dole, France
Died: September 28, 1895
Considered one of the founders of bacteriology, Louis Pasteur created vaccines for anthrax and rabies, and invented the process of heating food and wine to kill microbes that cause contamination, which was named pasteurization after him. Known as the “father of microbiology,” he also founded the Pasteur Institute in Paris.  
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 4 
Rutherford B. Hayes
(19th President of the United States)
Rutherford B. Hayes
12
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 4th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Delaware, Ohio, United States
Died: January 17, 1893
Rutherford B. Hayes served as the U.S. president from 1877 to 1881. He won a close election through the Compromise of 1877, thus putting an end to Reconstruction and withdrawing troops from the South. An attorney, he owned several law firms and had also served as the Ohio governor. 
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 5 
Gregor Mendel
(Know for Creating the science of Genetics)
Gregor Mendel
10
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 20th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hynčice, Vražné, Czechia
Died: January 6, 1884

A scientist, meteorologist, mathematician, and biologist, Gregor Mendel is considered the founder of the modern science of genetics. He conducted a series of experiments on pea plants between 1856 and 1863, establishing many rules of heredity. Besides his work on pea plants, he also described novel plant species and conducted experiments with hawkweed and honeybees.

 6 
Frederick Law Olmsted
(Landscape Architect)
Frederick Law Olmsted
1
Birthdate: 26th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hartford
Died: August 28, 1903

Frederick Law Olmsted was an American journalist, landscape architect, public administrator, and social critic. Dubbed the father of American landscape architecture, Frederick was responsible for co-designing several well-known urban parks including Walnut Hill Park, Prospect Park, Cadwalader Park, and Central Park. He is also remembered for his work on the landscape encircling the US Capitol building.

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 7 
Red Cloud
(One of the Most Important Leaders of the Oglala Lakota from 1868 to 1909)
Red Cloud
3
Birthdate: 20th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: North Platte, Nebraska, United States
Died: December 10, 1909

One of the most significant leaders of the Oglala Lakota tribe of the Sioux group of Native Americans, Red Cloud is remembered for his fearless resistance to the American plan of accessing the goldfields in Montana. He attached workers along the Bozeman Trail and eventually forced the U.S. to withdraw.

 8 
Matthew Arnold
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 24th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Laleham, United Kingdom
Died: April 15, 1888

Iconic Victorian poet and literary critic Matthew Arnold is best remembered for his classic essay Culture and Anarchy, which was a social critique of the Victorian era. He also penned poems such as Dover Beach and Sohrab and Rustum. He had also been a school inspector for over 3 decades.

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 9 
Francis Galton
(Polymath)
Francis Galton
7
Birthdate: 16th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Birmingham
Died: January 17, 1911

Nineteenth-century polymath Francis Galton revolutionized science with his pathbreaking research on human intelligence and psychometrics. His books dealt with diverse topics such as correlational calculus, fingerprint analysis, and meteorology, and he also explored Africa. He left Cambridge without an honors degree, and yet ended up being knighted for his achievements.

 10 
George Crum
(American Chef)
George Crum
27
Listed In: Chefs
Birthdate: 22nd March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saratoga County, New York, United States
Died: July 22, 1914
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 11 
Heinrich Schliemann
(German Archaeologist and Excavator of Troy, Mycenae, and Tiryns)
Heinrich Schliemann
4
Listed In: Archaeologists
Birthdate: 6th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Neubukow, Germany
Died: December 26, 1890

German businessman Heinrich Schliemann didn’t let his poverty or lack of education hinder his growth and learned several languages moving from place to place for trade. A pioneer in the field of archaeology, he is now remembered as the man who discovered Troy in his bid to unearth “Priam's Treasure."

 12 
César Franck
(Composer and Pianist Famous for His Works 'Symphonic Variations' and 'Symphony in D Minor')
César Franck
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 10th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Liège, Belgium
Died: November 8, 1890

Cesar Franck was a Belgian-born French Romantic composer, organist, pianist, and music teacher. Franck, who worked in Paris, is credited with popularizing new instruments made by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll all over France. From 1858 until his death in 1890, Franck also served as an organist at the Basilica of Saint Clotilde in Paris. Franck also taught future composers like Vincent d'Indy.

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 13 
Mathew Brady
(One of the Earliest Photographers in American History)
Mathew Brady
2
Birthdate: 18th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Warren County, New York, United States
Died: January 15, 1896

Mathew Brady was an American photographer who captured the American Civil War through his lenses. One of the earliest photographers in the history of the US, Brady is credited with taking pictures of prominent personalities like Abraham Lincoln, William McKinley, and Andrew Jackson. Dubbed the father of photojournalism, Mathew Brady was the most renowned American photographer during the 19th century.   

 14 
Rudolf Clausius
(Physicist, University teacher, Mathematician, Theoretical physicist)
Rudolf Clausius
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 2nd January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Koszalin
Died: August 24, 1888

Rudolf Clausius was a German mathematician and physicist. He is credited with formulating the second law of thermodynamics; he is widely regarded as one of the principal founders of the science of thermodynamics. He taught physics at the Artillery and Engineering School in Berlin.

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 15 
Princess Augusta of Cambridge
(Princess)
Princess Augusta of Cambridge
0
Birthdate: 19th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Palace of Montbrillant, Hanover
Died: December 5, 1916
 16 
John Jacob Astor III
(Financier, Philanthropist)
John Jacob Astor III
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 10th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 22, 1890
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 17 
Charles Hermite
(Mathematician)
Charles Hermite
4
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 24th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dieuze
Died: January 14, 1901

Charles Hermite was a French mathematician best remembered for his research on number theory, invariant theory, algebra, elliptic functions, orthogonal polynomials, and quadratic forms. Also an inspiring and influential teacher, Hermite taught Jules Henri Poincaré, who went on to become fa amous mathematician in his own right.

 18 
Fitz John Porter
(Military Officer)
Fitz John Porter
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 31st August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Portsmouth, New Hampshire, United States
Died: May 21, 1901
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 19 
Étienne Lenoir
(Inventor, Engineer)
Étienne Lenoir
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 12th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Luxembourg
Died: August 4, 1900

Étienne Lenoir was a Belgian-French engineer. He is credited with developing the internal combustion engine which was commercialized in sufficient quantities. Lenoir is also credited with inventing such electrical devices as an improved electric telegraph which played a key role during the Franco-Prussian War. 

 20 
George Stoneman
(Officer, Politician)
George Stoneman
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 8th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Busti
Died: September 5, 1894
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 21 
Adelaide of Austria
(Queen)
Adelaide of Austria
1
Birthdate: 3rd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Royal Palace, Milan, Italy
Died: January 20, 1855

The first wife of Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia, who later became the king of Italy, Adelaide of Austria was a Milanese noblewoman who became the queen of Sardinia. She birthed 8 children, including future king of Italy, Umberto I. Her marriage to Victor was primarily a political alliance.

 22 
John Nicholson
(Colonial official)
John Nicholson
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 11th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 23, 1857
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 23 
Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe
(Edgar Allan Poe's Wife)
Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe
3
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland
Died: January 30, 1847
 24 
Frédéric Passy
(Economist & Nobel Peace Prize Winner)
Frédéric Passy
1
Birthdate: 20th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris
Died: June 12, 1912

Frédéric Passy was a French pacifist and economist. He is credited with co-founding the Inter-Parliamentary Union as well as many peace societies, such as the Société Française pour l'Arbitrage entre Nations. He is best known for his involvement in the European peace movement, for which he received the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize in 1901. 

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 25 
John Pope
(Military officer)
John Pope
5
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 16th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky
Died: September 23, 1892
 26 
Robert William Thomson
(Inventor of the Fountain Pen and Original Inventor of the Pneumatic Tyre)
Robert William Thomson
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 29th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stonehaven, Scotland
Died: March 8, 1873

Apprenticed as a merchant at age 14, Robert William Thomson grew up to study civil engineering and also worked with the South Eastern Railway Company. His illustrious career saw him make quite a few inventions, such as the pneumatic tire, the fountain pen, and the road steamer.  

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 27 
Ignacy Łukasiewicz
(One of the Most Prominent Philanthropists in the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria)
Ignacy Łukasiewicz
2
Birthdate: 8th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zaduszniki, Poland
Died: January 7, 1882

One of the pioneers of the European oil industry, Ignacy Łukasiewicz was a Polish pharmacist who not only invented the kerosene lamp but also co-established the first petroleum extraction company and invented Europe’s first modern street lamp. As an affluent man, in his later years, he also became a prominent philanthropist.

 28 
Alexander Mackenzie
(Former Prime Minister of Canada)
Alexander Mackenzie
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 28th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Logierait, Scotland
Died: April 17, 1892
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 29 
James Pierpont
(American Songwriter, Arranger and Composer)
James Pierpont
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 25th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 5, 1893
 30 
Rosa Bonheur
(French Artist and Sculptor Known Best as a Painter of Animals)
Rosa Bonheur
1
Birthdate: 16th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: May 25, 1899

Rosa Bonheur was a French artist and sculptor whose paintings have been preserved in popular museums like the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Musée d'Orsay. An influential personality, Bonheur was widely regarded as the 19th century's most popular female painter. An open lesbian, Rosa Bonheur stood out as a groundbreaking individual both in her personal life and her career.

 31 
Olga Nikolaevna of Russia
(Queen)
Olga Nikolaevna of Russia
2
Birthdate: 11th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: October 30, 1892

Olga Nikolaevna of Russia was the daughter of Charlotte of Prussia and Nicholas I of Russia. A member of the House of Romanov, Olga became the Kingdom of Württemberg's queen consort. She dedicated herself to social causes, including the issues surrounding the education of girls. She also played a major role in supporting and helping the disabled and wounded veterans.

 32 
Edmond de Goncourt
(French Writer, Literary Critic, Art Critic, Book Publisher and the Founder of the 'Académie Goncourt')
Edmond de Goncourt
0
Birthdate: 26th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: July 16, 1896

Edmond de Goncourt was a French writer, book publisher, art critic, and literary critic. He is credited with founding the popular French literary organization, the Goncourt Literary Society. Between 1856 and 1875, he published essays on 18th-century art, which helped revive appreciation for the Late Baroque.

 33 
Regine Olsen
(Writer)
Regine Olsen
0
Listed In: Biographers
Birthdate: 23rd January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: March 18, 1904
 34 
Abram Hewitt
(Lawyer)
Abram Hewitt
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 31st July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Haverstraw, New York, United States
Died: January 18, 1903
 35 
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(Princess)
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1
Birthdate: 14th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 10, 1857
 36 
Ahmed Cevdet Pasha
(Scholar)
Ahmed Cevdet Pasha
0
Birthdate: 22nd March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ottoman Empire
Died: May 25, 1895
 37 
James Strong
(Theologian)
James Strong
0
Birthdate: 14th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: August 7, 1894
 38 
Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz
(Writer)
Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 5th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 27, 1907
 39 
Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky
(Philosopher)
Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky
0
Birthdate: 10th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Obertse, Russia
Died: November 19, 1885

Russian naturalist and philosopher Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky is remembered for opposing Darwin’s theory of evolution and for mingling Russian nationalism with his own study of natural history. He likened cultures to species and claimed that each culture was unique and could not pass on cultural traits to other cultures.

 40 
Maxime Du Camp
(Writer)
Maxime Du Camp
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 8th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 9, 1894
 41 
Lilly Martin Spencer
(Painter)
Lilly Martin Spencer
2
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 26th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Exeter, England
Died: May 22, 1902
 42 
Leopold Blaschka
(Artist)
Leopold Blaschka
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 27th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Český Dub, Bohemia, Czech Republic
Died: July 3, 1895
 43 
Wilhelm Bauer
(Inventor)
Wilhelm Bauer
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 23rd December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dillingen, Germany
Died: June 20, 1875
 44 
Joseph Bertrand
(French Mathematician Known for His Elegant Applications of 'Differential Equations' to 'Analytical Mechanics')
Joseph Bertrand
0
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 11th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 5, 1900

Joseph Bertrand was a 19th-century French mathematician. He is remembered for his work in the fields of number theory, economics, differential geometry, probability theory,  and thermodynamics. A brilliant individual, he completed his Ph.D. with a thesis on the mathematical theory of electricity as a teenager. He was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.  

 45 
Edward Everett Hale
(Writer, Theologian, Science fiction writer, Author)
Edward Everett Hale
0
Birthdate: 3rd April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 10, 1909
 46 
Infante Juan, Count of Montizón
(Infante)
Infante Juan, Count of Montizón
0
Birthdate: 15th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Aranjuez, Aranjuez, Spain
Died: November 18, 1887
 47 
Franz Strauss
(Musician)
Franz Strauss
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 26th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Parkstein, Germany
Died: May 31, 1905
 48 
Louis-Nicolas Ménard
(Man of Letters)
Louis-Nicolas Ménard
0
Listed In: Discoverers
Birthdate: 19th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 9, 1901
 49 
Heinrich Louis d'Arrest
(German Astronomer)
Heinrich Louis d'Arrest
0
Listed In: Astronomers
Birthdate: 13th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: June 14, 1875

German astronomer Heinrich Louis d’Arrest is best remembered for hastening the discovery of Planet Neptune by suggesting the use an unpublished star chart, Hora XXI of the Berliner Akademische Sternkarten, while assisting Johann Gottfried Galle at Berlin Observatory. Known for his meticulous investigation he later discovered d'Arrest's Comet, 76 Freia, nebulae and two spiral galaxies called NGC1 and NGC 26.

 50 
Charles Crocker
(Businessman)
Charles Crocker
0
Listed In: CEOs
Birthdate: 16th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Troy, New York
Died: August 14, 1888