Cesar Franck Biography
Died At Age: 67
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Born in: Liège
Famous as: Composer, pianist, organist and music teacher
father: Nicolas-Joseph Franck
mother: Marie-Catherine-Barbe Franck (née Frings)
place of death: Paris
City: Liège, Belgium
education: Royal Conservatory of Liège
Cesar-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck was a leading composer, pianist, organist and an inspiring music teacher who lived in Paris and created dynamic and enthralling symphonic, chamber and keyboard works. He gave his maiden concerts in 1834 in his birth place. He studied initially in Paris. After a brief return to Belgium and a bad experience in his early career, he moved back to Paris, married Eugénie-Félicité-Caroline Saillot and led a successful career prominently as a music educator and organist. He was not only popular for his compositions, but also as an ambitious improviser. He travelled all across France to propagate the new musical instruments invented by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll. As a teacher, Cesar Franck had a very powerful and positive influence on young French composers. He helped to restore and strengthen chamber music and developed the use of cyclic form. He was one of the most humble, earnest and sincere composers who presented the world with some of his greatest works to become significant in the standard classical repertoire.
Franck began his new session at the Conservatoire in October, but was infected by a cold mid-month. This worsened and was converted into pleurisy complicated by pericarditis. From this time, his health never stabilized and went on deteriorating and he expired on 8 November 1890. His funeral took place at Sainte-Clotilde and as expected was attended by large worshippers including Léo Delibes (officially representing the Conservatoire), Eugène Gigout, Saint-Saëns, Édouard Lalo, Alexandre Guilmant, Gabriel Fauré and Charles-Marie Widor (who succeeded Franck as professor of organ at the Conservatoire). One of his great legacies include a number of compositions written by him such as the Prelude, Chorale and Fugue for piano solo (1884), Symphony in D minor (1886–88), the Sonata for Violin and Piano in A major (1886) to name a few. His works largely inspired the young generation and set new trends in the world of music.
CESAR FRANCK TIMELINE
Born at Liège, which was under the Netherlands' control, now in Belgium.
Gave his first concerts before Leopold I of the newly formed Kingdom of Belgium.
Started studied privately in Paris.
Entered the Paris Conservatoire.
Took the first prize in piano at the end of his first year.
Made a "voluntary" retirement from the Conservatoire.
Started work on his first non-chamber work, the ‘Oratorio Ruth’.
Oratorio Ruth was privately premiered before Liszt and other musical notables.
Appointed as assistant organist at Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Franck's Parish Church.
Married Eugénie-Félicité-Caroline Saillot on 22 February.
Attempted an opera, Le Valet de Ferme.
Became organist and maitre de chapelle at Sainte-Clotilde on 22 January.
Authored ‘Messe à 3 voix’.
His most notable work, the set of Six Pièces for organ was published.
Became the professor at the Paris Conservatoire.
Composed the secular cantata ‘Les Éolides’.
Composed the ‘Trois Pièces for organ’.
Authored the ‘piano Quintet’.
Was made the Chevalier of the French Légion d'honneur on 4 August.
Composed the Violin Sonata as a wedding gift for the Belgian violinist Eugène Ysaÿe.
Franck's only symphony, in D minor was published and he tried another opera, ‘Ghiselle’.
Completed ‘String Quartet’ and was performed in April. He expired on 8 November due to pleurisy complicated by pericarditis.
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