Science Fiction Writers

Science fiction writers are considered to be one of the most knowledgeable and creative classes of writers in the modern literary world. Science fiction writing demands a great deal of creativity and imagination as it is a form of fiction that draws imaginatively on scientific knowledge and speculation in its plot, setting or theme. Science fiction writing uses science as a backdrop against which most of the incidents occur and therefore writers of this genre must have a clear understanding of scientific terms and their meanings. Science fiction is largely based on writing rationally about alternative possible worlds or futures. It is similar to, but differs from fantasy in that, within the context of the story, its imaginary elements are largely possible within scientifically established or scientifically postulated physical laws. Science fiction writers use different scientific themes such as time travel, superhuman abilities, an outer space universe or a story set in post-apocalyptic world. Among the most respected awards for science fiction are the Hugo Award, Nebula Award and Saturn Award. They often explore the potential consequences of scientific innovations and produce astonishing masterpieces for their readers. Read on to discover about the life and works of various famous Sci-fi writers from all over the world.

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This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 H. P. Lovecraft

H. P. Lovecraft.
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Famous As: Novelist, Editor
Birthdate: August 20, 1890
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: March 15, 1937

HP Lovecraft was a writer of weird and horror fiction and is known for his creation of Cthulhu Mythos, which has inspired a large body of games and music. His stories focused on his interpretation of humanity's place in the universe. He was virtually unknown during his lifetime, but is now considered a significant 20th-century author of supernatural horror fiction.

 2 Isaac Asimov

Isaac Asimov.
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Famous As: Novelist, Professor
Birthdate: January 2, 1920
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Petrovichi, Russian SFSR
Died: April 6, 1992

Isaac Asimov was an American writer. Best known for his science fiction works, Asimov was regarded as one of the Big Three writers along with Arthur C. Clarke and Robert A. Heinlein. Asimov is credited with influencing most sci-fi writers since the 1950s. Nobel Prize winner Paul Krugman stated that one of Asimov's works inspired him to take up Economics.

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 3 Philip K. Dick

Philip K. Dick.
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: December 16, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois
Died: March 2, 1982

Philip K. Dick was an American writer who was known for his work that explores varied social and philosophical themes. Dick's novels have inspired films like Blade Runner, Total Recall, Minority Report, and The Adjustment Bureau. In 2005, his novel Ubik was included in Time magazine's list of 100 greatest novels published in English since 1923.

 4 Kurt Vonnegut

Kurt Vonnegut.
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Famous As: American writer
Birthdate: November 11, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Indianapolis, Indiana,, United States
Died: April 11, 2007

Science-fiction author Kurt Vonnegut is best remembered for the novel Slaughterhouse-Five, which became a New York Times bestseller. The Hugo Award-winner had also fought against the Germans in World War II and expressed his anti-war and atheist views through his works, which also include short stories, plays, and autobiographical works.  

 5 H. G. Wells

H. G. Wells.
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: September 21, 1866
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bromley, Kent
Died: August 13, 1946

H. G. Wells was an English writer. Although he was prolific in many genres, he is best remembered for his work on sci-fi novels, for which he is often referred to as the father of science fiction. His 1901 novel The First Men in the Moon became so influential that a lunar impact crater is named after him.

 6 Hans Christian Andersen

Hans Christian Andersen.
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Birthdate: April 2, 1805
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Odense, Denmark
Died: August 4, 1875
Legendary Danish children’s author Hans Christian Andersen is remembered for his fairy tales, such as The Little Mermaid, The Little Match Girl, The Emperor's New Clothes, and Thumbelina, which have been appreciated by the young the old alike. Many of his tales have been adapted into films, ballets, and plays. 
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 7 Jules Verne

Jules Verne.
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 8, 1828
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nantes
Died: March 24, 1905
French author Jules Verne, also known as the “Father of Science Fiction,” is best remembered for his legendary adventure novels Journey to the Center of the Earth, Around the World in Eighty Days, and Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. He also became the world’s second most-translated writer since 1979.
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 8 Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking.
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Famous As: Theoretical Physicist, Cosmologist
Birthdate: January 8, 1942
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Oxford
Died: March 14, 2018

Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist and cosmologist, who despite being afflicted motor neurone disease that severely limited his physical abilities, was able to build a phenomenally successful career. He was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. Hawking was ranked 25 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons, in 2002.

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 9 Brandon Sanderson

Brandon Sanderson
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 19, 1975
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.

Best known for works such as the Mistborn trilogy and The Emperor's Soul, sci-fi and epic fantasy author Brandon Sanderson had initially studied biochemistry and then switched to literature. He has also worked as a missionary in South Korea and now teaches creative writing at his alma, Brigham Young University.

 10 George R. R. Martin

George R. R. Martin.
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Famous As: Screenwriter, Novelist
Birthdate: September 20, 1948
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bayonne
George R. R. Martin wrote the epic fantasy series of novels, A Song of Ice and Fire, which inspired the iconic Emmy-winning HBO series Game of Thrones. Also known as the "American Tolkien," he was featured on TIME 100. He has earned the Hugo, Nebula, and Bram Stoker awards, too.
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 11 Sir Arthur Charles Clarke

Sir Arthur Charles Clarke.
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 16, 1917
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Minehead, Somerset, England
Died: March 19, 2008
Sir Arthur C. Clarke is best known for his short story The Sentinel, which became the basis of the screenplay of Stanley Kubrick’s science-fiction movie 2001: A Space Odyssey. Clarke spent the final years of his life in Sri Lanka and hosted shows such as Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World.

 12 Douglas Adams

Douglas Adams.
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: March 11, 1952
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cambridge
Died: May 11, 2001

English author, screenwriter, and essayist, Douglas Adams, is most remembered for his comedy science fiction series The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. As a screenwriter, he wrote two stories for the TV series Doctor Who. He advocated for environmentalism and spoke about environmental issues in his non-fiction radio series Last Chance to See.

 13 Robert A. Heinlein

Robert A. Heinlein.
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Famous As: Science Fiction Writer
Birthdate: July 7, 1907
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Butler, Missouri, USA
Died: May 8, 1988

Robert A. Heinlein was an American author, naval officer, and aeronautical engineer. Heinlein is credited with pioneering a literary subgenre called hard science fiction as he was among the first to stress the importance of scientific accuracy in fiction. Robert A. Heinlein is one of the most influential science-fiction writers of all time.

 14 Bruce Boxleitner

Bruce Boxleitner.
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Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: May 12, 1950
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Elgin, Illinois, United States

The American actor, who shot to fame following his success in the television series How the West Was Won, Bring 'Em Back Alive and Scarecrow and Mrs King, starred in Babylon 5 films. Bruce William Boxleitner is also known for his comic roles. He appeared in video games and is credited as the author of two science fiction novels.

 15 Stephenie Meyer

Stephenie Meyer
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: December 24, 1973
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut, United States

Best known for writing the Twilight series, a New York Times bestseller which has also been made into a hit film franchise, Stephenie Meyer made it to Time 100 in 2008. Initially a receptionist, she had planned to attend law school. She and her husband, Christiaan, were childhood friends

 16 Jeffrey Archer

Jeffrey Archer
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Famous As: Politician, Novelist, Writer, Playwright, Science fiction writer, Children's writer
Birthdate: April 15, 1940
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London

 17 James Doohan

James Doohan
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Famous As: Screenwriter, Television actor, Film actor, Actor, Novelist, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: March 3, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vancouver
Died: July 20, 2005

 18 Thomas Pynchon

Thomas Pynchon
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Famous As: Writer, Novelist, Essayist, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: May 8, 1937
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Glen Cove

Thomas Pynchon initially joined Cornell to study engineering physics, but changed his major to English after a brief stint with the U.S. Army. A master of black humor, he soared to fame with novels such as The Crying of Lot 49 and Inherent Vice. He is media-shy and is rarely photographed.

 19 Octavia Butler

Octavia Butler.
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Famous As: Science Fiction Writer
Birthdate: June 22, 1947
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pasadena, California, United States
Died: February 24, 2006

One of the finest African-American sci-fi authors, Octavia Butler was raised single-handedly by her widowed mother. Best known for the Patternist series and the short story Bloodchild, she often mingled mythology and spirituality in her work. She was the first sci-fi author to receive a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship.

 20 Orson Scott Card

Orson Scott Card
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: August 24, 1951
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Richland, Washington, United States

 21 William Gibson

William Gibson.
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Famous As: Speculative Fiction Writer
Birthdate: March 17, 1948
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Conway, South Carolina, USA

William Gibson is an American-Canadian essayist and speculative fiction writer. He is widely credited with pioneering cyberpunk, a science fiction subgenre. His early works, which he produced during the late-1970s and early-1980s, helped create an iconography for the information age even before the dawn of the Internet in the 1990s. William Gibson is also credited with coining the term cyberspace.

 22 Frank Herbert

Frank Herbert
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 8, 1920
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tacoma, Washington, USA
Died: February 11, 1986

 23 William Golding

William Golding.
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: September 19, 1911
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Newquay
Died: June 19, 1993

 24 N. K. Jemisin

N. K. Jemisin
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: September 19, 1972
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.

N. K. Jemisin became the first writer to win the Hugo Best Novel award thrice consecutively and is best known for her Inheritance trilogy and her Broken Earth series. The African-American author is also a trained psychologist and has worked as a counsellor in several universities.

 25 Christopher Paolini

Christopher Paolini
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Famous As: Writer, Novelist, Science fiction writer, Children's writer
Birthdate: November 17, 1983
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York

Best known for his mythical series The Inheritance Cycle, author Christopher Paolini had started writing his first novel, Eragon, at 15. He also stepped into the world of adult sci-fi with To Sleep in a Sea of Stars. He holds the Guinness record for being the youngest bestselling author.

 26 J. G. Ballard

J. G. Ballard
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Famous As: Novelist, Writer, Autobiographer, Screenwriter, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: November 15, 1930
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Shanghai
Died: April 19, 2009

 27 Russell T Davies

Russell T Davies
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Famous As: Screenwriter, Television producer, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: April 27, 1963
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Swansea

 28 Nora Roberts

Nora Roberts
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Famous As: Writer, Novelist, Screenwriter, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: October 10, 1950
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Silver Spring

An author who has penned over 200 romance novels, Nora Roberts is also known by her pseudonyms such as J. D. Robb and Jill March. Apart from writing New York Times bestsellers such as Hideaway and Under Currents, she has also penned the suspense series In Death.

 29 Iain Banks

Iain Banks
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: February 16, 1954
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dunfermline, Scotland
Died: June 9, 2013

 30 Ted Chiang

Ted Chiang.
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 20, 1967
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Port Jefferson, New York

Born to Chinese immigrant parents, author Ted Chiang is a qualified computer scientist and works as a technical writer. The Hugo- and Nebula-winning writer is best known for his short stories, novelettes, and novellas such as Tower of Babylon and Seventy-Two Letters. He is also known for his signature ponytail.

 31 Grant Morrison

Grant Morrison
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Famous As: Comics writer, Writer, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: January 31, 1960
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Glasgow

 32 Michael Chabon

Michael Chabon
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Famous As: Writer, Essayist, Screenwriter, Novelist, Columnist, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: May 24, 1963
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Washington, D.C.

Best known for his Pulitzer-winning novel The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay, Michael Chabon is known for dealing with themes such as nostalgia, divorce, and Jewish identity. He has also contributed to TV and film projects, such as the Star Trek series. He is married to novelist Ayelet Waldman.

 33 Jim Butcher

Jim Butcher
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: October 26, 1971
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Independence, Missouri, USA

Hugo Award-nominated author Jim Butcher soared to fame with his bestselling urban fantasy series The Dresden Files and Codex Alera. He is an avid gamer, too, and often uses his pseudonym Longshot for a lot of his online writings. The Dresden Files was later adapted for TV audiences.

 34 Martin Amis

Martin Amis
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Famous As: Novelist, Science fiction writer, Short story writer, University teacher, Memoirist, Writer, Screenwriter
Birthdate: August 25, 1949
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cardiff

 35 Madeleine L'Engle

Madeleine L'Engle
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: November 29, 1918
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York,United States
Died: September 6, 2007

Madeleine L'Engle soared to fame with her Newbery Medal-winning bestselling young adult novel A Wrinkle in Time, which was made into a Disney film later. Born to a writer father and a pianist mother, L’Engle had penned her first story at age 5 and had also tried her luck in theater.

 36 Warren Ellis

Warren Ellis
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Famous As: Journalist, Writer, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: February 16, 1968
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Essex

 37 Andy Weir

Andy Weir
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: June 16, 1972
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Davis, California, USA

Software engineer Andy Weir soared to fame with his debut novel The Martian, which was later made into a hit film by Ridley Scott. Born to a physicist father and an electrical engineer mother, Wier grew up interested in topics such as relativistic physics and orbital mechanics, although he didn’t graduate.

 38 J. Michael Straczynski

J. Michael Straczynski
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Famous As: Screenwriter, Film producer, Novelist, Journalist, Writer, Playwright, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: July 17, 1954
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paterson

The son of a manual laborer, J. Michael Straczynski grew up to graduate in psychology and sociology. Best known for writing the Marvel Comics series The Amazing Spider-Man, he has written for both TV and films, apart from authoring his own books and creating the sci-fi TV show Babylon 5.

 39 Junot Díaz

Junot Díaz.
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 31, 1968
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Junot Díaz is a Dominican-American writer who works at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a creative writing professor. He is also known for his association with the quarterly political and literary magazine Boston Review, where he works as a fiction editor. In 2017, he was made an inductee of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

 40 Will Self

Will Self
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Famous As: Writer, Journalist, Novelist, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: September 26, 1961
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Westminster

 41 Michael Moorcock

Michael Moorcock
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 18, 1939
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mitcham, Surrey, England, UK

 42 Liu Cixin

Liu Cixin
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Famous As: Science fiction writer
Birthdate: June 23, 1963
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Yangquan, China

 43 Dan Simmons

Dan Simmons
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Famous As: Fiction writer
Birthdate: April 4, 1948
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Peoria, Illinois, United States

Best known for his Hyperion Cantos series, author Dan Simmons initially taught as part of an elementary school program named APEX. He has trained people in writing and has his own writing curriculum named Writing Well. He is also often found writing at his isolated cabin near Rocky Mountain.

 44 Joe Abercrombie

Joe Abercrombie
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 31, 1974
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lancaster, United Kingdom

 45 James Dashner

James Dashner
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: November 26, 1972
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Austell, Georgia, United States

 46 Marion Zimmer Bradley

Marion Zimmer Bradley
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: June 3, 1930
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: September 25, 1999

 47 Harry Turtledove

Harry Turtledove
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: June 14, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, USA

An expert in Byzantine history, author Harry Turtledove is known for his historical fiction and science-fiction books, such as How Few Remain and the Opening of the World series. Regarded as the “Master of Alternate History,” he has also won awards such as the Hugo Award for the Best Novella.

 48 Ann Druyan

Ann Druyan
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Famous As: Journalist, Film producer, Writer, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: June 13, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Queens

 49 Stanisław Lem

Stanisław Lem
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: September 12, 1921
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lviv, Ukraine
Died: March 27, 2006

 50 James Rollins

James Rollins
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Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: August 20, 1961
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, USA
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