18th Century Philosophers
Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Philosophers, including Immanuel Kant, Voltaire, Adam Smith, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Olympe de Gouges.
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724, German
Philosopher
VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Adam SmithAdam Smith
16 June 1723, Scottish
Economist and Philosopher

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer

David HumeDavid Hume
26 April 1711, Scottish
Philosopher & Historian

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian
Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788, German
Philosopher

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759, British
Writer

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748, British
Philosopher

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729, Irish, British
Statesman
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher
Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
10 November 1759, German
Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher

Denis DiderotDenis Diderot
05 October 1713, French
Philosopher

Thomas CarlyleThomas Carlyle
04 December 1795, Scottish
Philosopher
Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733, British
Discoverer of Oxygen

Ethan AllenEthan Allen
21 January 1738, American
Revolutionary War Hero
Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748, German
Philosopher

William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756, British
Journalist

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743, French
Mathematician, Philosopher
NovalisNovalis
02 May 1772, German
Philosopher & Poet

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian
Jonathan EdwardsJonathan Edwards
05 October 1703, American
American preacher

Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772, British
Poet

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Ram Mohan RoyRam Mohan Roy
22 May 1772, Indian
Philosopher, Social reformer
Carl von ClausewitzCarl von Clausewitz
01 July 1780, German
Military person

Johann Gottlieb FichteJohann Gottlieb Fichte
19 May 1762, German
Philosopher, University teacher

Charles FourierCharles Fourier
07 April 1772, French
Economist, Sociologist, Philosopher

Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder
25 August 1744, German, Polish
philosopher, theologian, poet, translator
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
22 June 1767, German
Linguist, Diplomat, Anthropologist, Teacher,

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Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
27 January 1775, German
Philosopher, University teacher

James MillJames Mill
06 April 1773, American, Scottish
Historian

Friedrich SchleiermacherFriedrich Schleiermacher
21 November 1768, German, Polish
Philosopher, Theologian, Translator, University

Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn
06 September 1729, German
Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator
Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798, Italian
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist

Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing
22 January 1729, German
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian,
Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
Italian
 

Germaine de StaëlGermaine de Staël
22 April 1766, French
Philosopher

Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre
French
 
François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694, French
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant
25 October 1767, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Politician, Writer, Diarist
Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638, French
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian

William PaleyWilliam Paley
14 July 1743, British
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794, British
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Thomas ReidThomas Reid
Scottish
 
Johann Georg HamannJohann Georg Hamann
27 August 1730, German
Philosopher

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
Croatian
 

Andrés BelloAndrés Bello
29 November 1781, Chilean, Venezuelan
Poet, Legislator, Philosopher, Educator,

Bernard MandevilleBernard Mandeville
15 November 1670, Dutch
Philosopher, Economist, Writer
Adam FergusonAdam Ferguson
20 June 1723, British
Philosopher, Librarian, Historian, Soldier,

Richard PriceRichard Price
 
Johann Friedrich HerbartJohann Friedrich Herbart
04 April 1776, German
philosopher, psychologist, educationist,

Julien Offray de La MettrieJulien Offray de La Mettrie
French
 

Alexander Gottlieb BaumgartenAlexander Gottlieb Baumgarten
17 July 1714, German
philosopher, professor
N. F. S. GrundtvigN. F. S. Grundtvig
08 September 1783, Danish
Poet, Historian, Philosopher, Theologian, Writer,

Joseph ButlerJoseph Butler
18 May 1692, British
Philosopher
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
08 September 1767, German
Linguist, Translator, Sanskrit scholar,

Claude Adrien HelvétiusClaude Adrien Helvétius
26 January 1715, French
Philosopher, Writer, French moralists

Dugald StewartDugald Stewart
British, Scottish
 
Frances WrightFrances Wright
06 September 1795, British
Writer, Philosopher

Antonio SolerAntonio Soler
03 December 1729, Spanish
Composer, Organist, Musicologist, Music theorist,
Samuel ClarkeSamuel Clarke
11 October 1675, British
Philosopher

Joseph JoubertJoseph Joubert
07 May 1754, French
Philosopher, Essayist, Writer

Judith Sargent MurrayJudith Sargent Murray
 

Karl Christian Friedrich KrauseKarl Christian Friedrich Krause
06 May 1781, German
Philosopher, University teacher
Louis Gabriel Ambroise de BonaldLouis Gabriel Ambroise de Bonald
02 October 1754, French
Philosopher, Politician, Essayist
Alexandre VinetAlexandre Vinet
17 June 1797, Swiss
Theologian, Philosopher, Journalist, Writer,

Comte de Saint-GermainComte de Saint-Germain
1691 AD, Hungarian
Adventurer

James BeattieJames Beattie
25 October 1735, Scottish, Welsh
Linguist, Poet, Translator, Philosopher, Writer

John AustinJohn Austin
03 March 1790, British
jurist, philosopher
Christian WolffChristian Wolff
24 January 1679, German, Polish
jurist, mathematician, philosopher, university

Abraham TuckerAbraham Tucker
02 September 1705, British
Philosopher, Writer

Francis HutchesonFrancis Hutcheson
08 August 1694, Irish, British
philosopher, economist

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet
French
 

Étienne Bonnot de CondillacÉtienne Bonnot de Condillac
30 September 1715, French
philosopher, economist, writer, psychologist