18th Century Philosophers
Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Philosophers, including Immanuel Kant, Voltaire, Adam Smith, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Olympe de Gouges.
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant

22 April 1724

German

VoltaireVoltaire

21 November 1694

French

Adam SmithAdam Smith

16 June 1723

Scottish

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau

28 June 1712

Swiss,French

David HumeDavid Hume

26 April 1711

Scottish

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

27 August 1770

German

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft

27 April 1759

British

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer

22 February 1788

German

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham

15 February 1748

British

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke

12 January 1729

Irish,British

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu

18 January 1689

French

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte

19 January 1798

French

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Thomas CarlyleThomas Carlyle

04 December 1795

Scottish

Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller

10 November 1759

German

Ethan AllenEthan Allen

21 January 1738

American

William GodwinWilliam Godwin

03 March 1756

British

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley

24 March 1733

British

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley

12 March 1685

Irish,British

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Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet

17 September 1743

French

NovalisNovalis

02 May 1772

German

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi

16 May 1718

Italian

Jonathan EdwardsJonathan Edwards

05 October 1703

American

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert

16 November 1717

French

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz

01 July 1646

German

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Ram Mohan RoyRam Mohan Roy

22 May 1772

Indian

Samuel Taylor ColeridgeSamuel Taylor Coleridge

21 October 1772

British

Carl von ClausewitzCarl von Clausewitz

01 July 1780

German

Denis DiderotDenis Diderot

05 October 1713

French

Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt

06 February 1748

German

Olympe de GougesOlympe de Gouges

07 May 1748

French

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Emanuel SwedenborgEmanuel Swedenborg

29 January 1688

Swedish

Charles FourierCharles Fourier

07 April 1772

French

Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder

25 August 1744

German,Polish

Johann Gottlieb FichteJohann Gottlieb Fichte

19 May 1762

German

James MillJames Mill

American,Scottish

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt

22 June 1767

German

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Friedrich SchleiermacherFriedrich Schleiermacher

21 November 1768

German,Polish

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

27 January 1775

German

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi

29 June 1798

Italian

Germaine de StaëlGermaine de Staël

Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn

06 September 1729

German

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico

Italian

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Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing

22 January 1729

German

Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre

French

François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay

04 June 1694

French

William WhewellWilliam Whewell

24 May 1794

British

William PaleyWilliam Paley

14 July 1743

British

Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant

25 October 1767

Swiss,French

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Thomas ReidThomas Reid

Scottish

David BrewsterDavid Brewster

11 December 1781

British,Scottish

Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche

06 August 1638

French

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich

Croatian

Richard PriceRichard Price
Bernard MandevilleBernard Mandeville

15 November 1670

Dutch

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Alexander Gottlieb BaumgartenAlexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

17 July 1714

German

Adam FergusonAdam Ferguson

20 June 1723

British

Andrés BelloAndrés Bello

29 November 1781

Chilean,Venezuelan

Johann Friedrich HerbartJohann Friedrich Herbart

04 April 1776

German

Julien Offray de La MettrieJulien Offray de La Mettrie

French

N. F. S. GrundtvigN. F. S. Grundtvig

08 September 1783

Danish

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Claude Adrien HelvétiusClaude Adrien Helvétius

26 January 1715

French

August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel

08 September 1767

German

Frances WrightFrances Wright

06 September 1795

British

Dugald StewartDugald Stewart

British,Scottish

Joseph ButlerJoseph Butler
Antonio SolerAntonio Soler

03 December 1729

Spanish

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Judith Sargent MurrayJudith Sargent Murray
Samuel ClarkeSamuel Clarke

Joseph JoubertJoseph Joubert

07 May 1754

French

Karl Christian Friedrich KrauseKarl Christian Friedrich Krause

06 May 1781

German

Louis Gabriel Ambroise de BonaldLouis Gabriel Ambroise de Bonald

02 October 1754

French

Christian WolffChristian Wolff

24 January 1679

German,Polish

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James BeattieJames Beattie

25 October 1735

Scottish,Welsh

Alexandre VinetAlexandre Vinet

17 June 1797

Swiss

John AustinJohn Austin

03 March 1790

British

Abraham TuckerAbraham Tucker

02 September 1705

British

Francis HutchesonFrancis Hutcheson

08 August 1694

Irish,British

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet

French

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Étienne Bonnot de CondillacÉtienne Bonnot de Condillac

30 September 1715

French

Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de CondorcetNicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet

17 September 1743

French