Civil Rights Activists

A civil rights activist is one who is actively or non-actively involved or participates in various rights of civil movements in a nation in order to facilitate equal opportunity to all the members in the society. A civil rights activist will campaign and work towards the protection and implementation of various civil rights like personal rights, entitlements, freedoms, civil liberties that a person is entitled to receive naturally by being a citizen of a particular nation. Some of the important civil rights include, right to equality, right to physical and mental integrity, protection from any kind of discrimination, rights to privacy among many other civil rights and liberties. A civil rights activist may be involved in various cases where there have been a breach of civil rights and , he /she may be involved in various kinds of campaigns, protests or demonstrations. Civil rights movement came into existence in the 1960’s, after the world witnessed a series of political movements. In 1966, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights recognized the concept of civil rights on a global level. Read on, for more information on the world’s famous civil rights activists, with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

1Muhammad Ali

Muhammad Ali
0
Famous As:
Birthday: 17 January 1942
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: 03 June 2016

Widely regarded as one of the greatest boxers of all time, Muhammad Ali was a major figure of the 20th century. He was an inspirational figure for African-Americans during the civil rights movement. Because of his opposition to Vietnam War and his refusal to be drafted into military, Muhammad Ali became an icon for the larger counterculture generation.

2Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthday: 15 January 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: 04 April 1968

A leader in the civil rights movement in the mid-twentieth century, Martin Luther King Jr. is best remembered for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience. A man of Christian faith who was inspired by Indian freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolent activism, he was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize for fighting racial inequality.  

3Malcolm X

Malcolm X
0
Famous As: Activist
Birthday: 19 May 1925
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: 21 February 1965

An African-American leader of the civil rights movement, Malcolm X was a vocal spokesman of the Nation of Islam and called upon the blacks to protect themselves from the white, even if it meant adopting violence. His radical views and preaching later evolved and he accepted the possibility of peaceful resolution of racial issues in America.

4Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass
0
Famous As: American orator
Birthday: 01 February 1818
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: 20 February 1895

Social reformer and abolitionist, Frederick Douglass was a national leader of the abolitionist movement in Massachusetts and New York. Born into slavery, he had a difficult early life. Eventually, he managed to escape and dedicated the rest of his life to promoting the cause of abolition. He was a great orator and writer.

5James Baldwin

James Baldwin
0
Famous As: Novelist
Birthday: 02 August 1924
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: 01 December 1987

Amongst the greatest writers of the 20th century and a leading literary voice in the civil rights movement, James Baldwin extensively explored issues like race, sexuality and humanity in his work. His best known work include his debut novel Go Tell It on the Mountain and his books of essays Notes of a Native Son and Nobody Knows My Name.

6Alicia Garza

Alicia Garza
0
Famous As: Activist
Birthday: 04 January 1981
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

7Shaun King

Shaun King
0
Famous As: Writer
Birthday: 17 September 1979
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

Writer and civil rights activist, Shaun King, is the co-founder of Real Justice PAC. He is known for making extensive use of social media to promote causes like Black Lives Matter. He has worked as a teacher and pastor and is the founder of the Courageous Church. He launched the campaign Justice Together in 2015 to fight against police brutality.

You May Like

8Fred Hampton

Fred Hampton
0
Famous As: Activist
Birthday: 30 August 1948
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: 04 December 1969

Fred Hampton was considered an activist and a revolutionary socialist working for social change. He was the deputy chairman of the national Black Panther Party. He founded the Rainbow Coalition, aiming to help the Chicago street gangs to end infighting. The FBI considered him as a major threat and he was shot and killed in December 1969 during a raid.

9Angela Davis

Angela Davis
0
Famous As: Political Activist
Birthday: 26 January 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

Activist, philosopher, academic and author, Angela Davis is a founding member of the Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism (CCDS). She has worked in the areas of feminism, class, race and the US prison system. She has also received criticism for supporting the erstwhile Soviet Union and has been accused of supporting political violence.

10Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks
0
Famous As: Activist
Birthday: 04 February 1913
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: 24 October 2005

11Rachel Dolezal

Rachel Dolezal
0
Famous As: Author
Birthday: 12 November 1977
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

12W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Activists
Birthday: 23 February 1868
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Ghanaian
Died: 27 August 1963

13Stokely Carmichael

Stokely Carmichael
0
Famous As:
Birthday: 29 June 1941
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Guinean, Trinidadian, American
Died: 15 November 1998

14Marsha P. Johnson

Marsha P. Johnson
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthday: 24 August 1945
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: 06 July 1992

15Zack de la Rocha

Zack de la Rocha
0
Famous As:
Birthday: 12 January 1970
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

16Jesse Jackson

Jesse Jackson
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthday: 08 October 1941
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

17Pramila Jayapal

Pramila Jayapal
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthday: 21 September 1965
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Indian

18Medgar Evers

Medgar Evers
0
Famous As:
Birthday: 02 July 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: 12 June 1963

19Pauley Perrette

Pauley Perrette
0
Famous As: Television Actress, Activist, Singer
Birthday: 27 March 1969
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

20Jane Elliott

Jane Elliott
0
Famous As: Schoolteacher
Birthday: 27 May 1933
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

21Abbie Hoffman

Abbie Hoffman
0
Famous As: Anti-War Activist
Birthday: 30 November 1936
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: 12 April 1989

22Ida B. Wells

Ida B. Wells
0
Famous As: Journalist
Birthday: 16 July 1862
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: 25 March 1931

23Cesar Chavez

Cesar Chavez
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthday: 31 March 1927
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: 23 April 1993

24Ruby Bridges

Ruby Bridges
0
Famous As: Philanthropist
Birthday: 08 September 1954
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

25Winnie Madikizela-Mandela

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela
0
Famous As: Politician, Anti-Apartheid Activist
Birthday: 26 September 1936
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: South African
Died: 02 April 2018

26Lena Horne

Lena Horne
0
Famous As: Singer
Birthday: 30 June 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: 09 May 2010

27Coretta Scott King

Coretta Scott King
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Activist, Author
Birthday: 27 April 1927
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: 30 January 2006

28Paul Robeson

Paul Robeson
0
Famous As: Singer, Actor & Civil Rights Activist
Birthday: 09 April 1898
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: 23 January 1976

29Harvey Milk

Harvey Milk
0
Famous As:
Birthday: 22 May 1930
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: 27 November 1978

30Betty Shabazz

Betty Shabazz
0
Famous As: Educator
Birthday: 28 May 1934
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: 23 June 1997

31Audre Lorde

Audre Lorde
0
Famous As: Writer
Birthday: 18 February 1934
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: 17 November 1992

32Bernice King

Bernice King
0
Famous As: Actress
Birthday: 28 March 1963
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

33Yolanda King

Yolanda King
0
Famous As: Activist
Birthday: 17 November 1955
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: 15 May 2007

34Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton
0
Famous As: Women’s Rights Activist
Birthday: 12 November 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: 26 October 1902

35Leonard Peltier

Leonard Peltier
0
Famous As: Activist
Birthday: 12 September 1944
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

36Bayard Rustin

Bayard Rustin
0
Famous As: Activist
Birthday: 17 March 1912
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: 24 August 1987

37James Weldon Johnson

James Weldon Johnson
0
Famous As: Author
Birthday: 17 June 1871
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: 26 June 1938

38Miriam Makeba

Miriam Makeba
0
Famous As: Singer
Birthday: 04 March 1932
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: South African
Died: 10 November 2008

39Ruby Dee

Ruby Dee
0
Famous As: Actress
Birthday: 27 October 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: 11 June 2014

40Fannie Lou Hamer

Fannie Lou Hamer
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthday: 06 October 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: 14 March 1977

41A. Philip Randolph

A. Phillip Randolph
0
Famous As: Leader of the African-American civil-rights movement,
Birthday: 15 April 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: 16 May 1979

42Alveda King

Alveda King
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthday: 22 January 1951
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

43Tarana Burke

Tarana Burke
0
Famous As: Activist
Birthday: 12 September 1973
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

44Claudette Colvin

Claudette Colvin
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthday: 05 September 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

45Adam Clayton Powell Jr.

Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
0
Famous As: Politician & Civil Rights Activist
Birthday: 29 November 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: 04 April 1972

46Denise Nicholas

Denise Nicholas
0
Famous As: Actress
Birthday: 12 July 1944
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

47Sylvia Rivera

Sylvia Rivera
0
Famous As: Activist
Birthday: 02 July 1951
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: 19 February 2002

48Hosea Williams

Hosea Williams
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Leader
Birthday: 05 January 1926
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: 16 November 2000

49Barbara Jordan

Barbara Jordan
0
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthday: 21 February 1936
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: 17 January 1996

50Hines Ward

Hines Ward
0
Famous As: American footballer
Birthday: 08 March 1976
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American, South Korean
See Also