Birthday: November 12, 1815
Died At Age: 86
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Also Known As: Elizabeth Stanton
Born in: Johnstown
Famous as: Women’s Rights Activist
Quotes By Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Spouse/Ex-: Henry Brewster Stanton
father: Daniel Cady
mother: Margaret Livingston Cady
siblings: Eleazar Cady, Harriot Cady, Margaret Cady
children: Daniel Cady Stanton, Gerrit Smith Stanton, Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch, Henry Brewster Stanton Jr., Margaret Livingston Stanton Lawrence, Robert Livingston Stanton, Theodore Weld Stanton
Died on: October 26, 1902
place of death: New York City
U.S. State: New Yorkers
Founder/Co-Founder: American Equal Rights Association, National Woman Suffrage Association, International Council of Women, National American Woman Suffrage Association, Women's rights
education: 1832 - Emma Willard School
Who was Elizabeth Cady Stanton?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a prominent 19th century American women rights and civil rights activist. She had a very liberal upbringing and law was a very common subject that was discussed at home. Her early exposure to law made her realise that law discriminates heavily against women, especially married women, who had practically no property, income, employment, or even custody rights over their own children. She decided to fight for women’s rights and after growing up, she tirelessly campaigned for the women’s right to vote. Her campaigning partner was Susan B. Anthony; Elizabeth and Susan became a vital force in the women’s movement of the 19th century. Elizabeth formed the National Women’s Loyal League and eventually, after few years, established the National Woman Suffrage Association along with Susan. She spoke fearlessly about liberal divorce laws and the reproductive self-determination and soon became the most celebrated voice of the women reformers during the late years of her life. Her constant efforts really helped in bringing forth several changes and the most important of them was the Nineteenth Amendment which provided all citizens with the right to vote. She was a reformer, a writer and was also probably one of the most prominent feminist leaders America ever had.
Childhood & Early Life
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born on November 12, 1815, in Johnstown, New York. Daniel Cady, her father, was a reputed lawyer, a congressman and also the judge of the New York Supreme Court. Her mother too belonged to a wealthy family. Elizabeth had 10 siblings but most of them didn’t survive till adulthood.
She received her early education from the school at the Johnstown Academy and later on she joined Emma Willard’s Troy Female Seminary from 1830–1833. There she studied French, Latin, Mathematics, Greek, religion and science.
She embraced the causes of women’s rights and as her father was a lawyer, she was easily exposed to the legal hurdles of women’s equality. She was absolutely outraged by the way husbands used to treat and subjugate their wives as well as regulate their wives’ properties.
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After marriage, Elizabeth Cady Stanton moved back to New York, in 1847, and she tried to focus exclusively on being a wife and a mother. However, she soon got bored and became an abolitionist and women’s rights activist.
She soon made friends with like-minded women and decided upon spending the rest of her life in fighting for the women’s right to vote along with bringing the gender-neutral divorce laws and increased economic prospects for women.
On July 19 and 20 of 1848, she, along with several other women, organised the first ever women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls. She also wrote the Declaration of Sentiments based on the Declaration of Independence in order to assert the equality of women with men and proposed female suffrage.
The convention was a hit and in 1850, she got invited at the National Women’s Rights Convention in Worcester, Massachusetts to speak on the women’s rights.
In 1851, she became friends with Susan B. Anthony—renowned feminist y—and together they focussed on forming the Woman’s State Temperance Society, which, however got disbanded within a year. Both Elizabeth and Susan started focussing on women suffrage soon after.
In 1863, they formed the Woman’s National Loyal League for supporting the Thirteenth Amendment for abolishing slavery. They both campaigned for the constitutional amendment for the universal suffrage in America.
In 1869, Susan and Elizabeth, along with Matilda Joslyn Gage, founded the National Woman Suffrage Association. In the same year, Elizabeth joined the New York Lyceum Bureau and she soon started traveling and lecturing for around eight months of the year until 1880.
In 1880, she delivered one of her most famous and talked about speeches, ‘Our Girls’, regarding the socialisation and the education of young girls. Through her speech, she wanted to spread the principles of gender equality.
In 1880 itself she stopped lecturing and started devoting all her time in writing and travelling. She began writing along with Susan and the two volumes of her “History of Woman Suffrage” got published in 1881 and 1882 respectively.
In 1895, ‘The Women’s Bible’ got published which she wrote with Gage. Here, she interpreted the scripture from a feminist’s perspective.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a prominent figure of the early women’s rights movement. Throughout her life, she fought relentlessly for equal rights for women with regards to property rights, parental and custody rights, and for the women’s right to vote. It was a result of her efforts that the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed in 1920, which gave women the right to vote.
Personal Life & Legacy
In 1840, Elizabeth got married to Henry Brewster Stanton who was an antislavery orator and a journalist. The couple had seven children
Elizabeth Cady Stanton died due to a heart attack on October 26, 1902, in the New York City at her daughter’s home.
Most of Elizabeth’s siblings had died at a very young age. Eleazar Cady, her only surviving brother died at the age of 20 and her father was devastated at this. When she went to console him, he told her, “Oh, my daughter, I wish you were a boy”. This comment of her dad made Elizabeth determined to gain equal position with men and she constantly tried pleasing her father in excelling in all fields which were normally designated for men.
She was a true feminist and this got reflected during her marriage when she insisted that she will not “obey” her husband as she is entering into a relationship where she and her husband will be equal. She even kept her maiden name and refused to take up Mrs. Henry B. Stanton as her new name.