A human rights activist is one who believes and works either as an individual or as a member of an organization in order to promote and campaign for the basic rights and freedoms that humans are entitled to. A human rights activist will bring out the various human rights violation in the public domain and campaign to restore these rights. On the whole, a human rights activist may be involved in a wide range of campaigns like prevention of hate crimes, prevention of physical torture of convicts, campaigns for political and civil rights, gay rights and many others. A human right activist will campaign against the various kinds of human right abuses and bring these issues in the limelight of the media and the public eye. The United States Human Rights Council, which is one of the most significant organizations in the United States, has addressed several conflicts and human rights issues around the world since the time it was established. Some of the issues it has addressed include, woman’s rights and rights of racial and ethnic minorities among many others. To get acquainted with more interesting information; continue to read on about some of the famous human rights activists, with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.