Homer Plessy Biography
Birthday: March 17, 1862 (Pisces)
Born In: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Homer Plessy was a French-speaking American person of color from the state of Louisiana who was the plaintiff in the United States Supreme Court decision in 'Plessy v. Ferguson'. As a member of the civil rights group the Comité des Citoyens (Citizens' Committee), he participated in a civil disobedience initiative against Louisiana's racial segregation laws by attempting to travel in the whites-only passenger car on the East Louisiana local from New Orleans and Covington on June 7, 1892. Plessy, who was one-eighth African-American but appeared white, was arrested in New Orleans upon divulging his racial identity, following which he and the lawyers of the committee claimed violation of civil rights due to the state's racial segregation law. However, the claim was dismissed by Judge John Howard Ferguson, whose decision was later upheld by the Louisiana State Supreme Court and the US Supreme Court, thus legitimizing the infamous Jim Crow system that also gave rise to separate school systems for whites and blacks. The decision was reversed following the 1954 Supreme Court decision in 'Brown v. Board of Education' and then by the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964.