Famous People Born In 1882

Discover the most famous people born in 1882. The list includes people like Lili Elbe, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, Bela Lugosi, Edward Hopper and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, physicists, novelists and journalists born in 1882. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom, Germany & France and many more countries.
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 1 
F. D. Roosevelt
(32nd President of the United States)
F. D. Roosevelt
80
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 30th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hyde Park, New York, United States
Died: April 12, 1945

F D Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States and was in the office from 1933 to1945. Qualified as a lawyer, he entered politics as an ambitious young man, inspired by his relative Theodore Roosevelt, a fellow politician. F D Roosevelt had an illustrious political career and is rated by scholars among the nation's greatest presidents.

 2 
Virginia Woolf
(One of the Most Important Modernist 20th-Century Authors)
Virginia Woolf
81
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 25th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kensington, London, England
Died: March 28, 1941

Virginia Woolf was an English writer who pioneered a narrative mode called stream of consciousness to describe the thoughts and feelings of the narrator. Regarded as one of the most prominent modernist 20th-century writers, Woolf's works have gained much attention for inspiring feminism. Her life and work have inspired several films, novels, and plays.

 3 
James Joyce
(One of the Most Influential Writers of the 20th Century)
James Joyce
16
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rathgar, Ireland
Died: January 13, 1941

James Joyce was an Irish novelist, poet, teacher, short story writer, and literary critic. Widely considered one of the 20th century's most important and influential writers, James Joyce contributed immensely to the modernist avant-garde movement. Joyce's work has influenced several scholars and writers, such as Jorge Luis Borges, Salman Rushdie, Seán Ó Ríordáin, Flann O'Brien, John Updike, and Cormac McCarthy.

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 4 
A. A. Milne
(Best Known for His Books About the Teddy Bear ‘Winnie-the-Pooh’ and Children's Poetry)
A. A. Milne
16
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 18th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 31, 1956

A. A. Milne was an English author best known for his books about the teddy bear Winnie-the-Pooh. He joined the British Army as a young man and served in both World War I and World War II. In his career as a writer, he wrote several novels, non-fiction pieces, articles, poems, screenplays, and children’s stories.

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 5 
Bela Lugosi
(Best Known for His Role as 'Count Dracula' in the 1939 Film ‘Son of Frankenstein’)
Bela Lugosi
6
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 20th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lugoj, Romania
Died: August 16, 1956
Hungarian-American actor Bela Lugosi is best remembered for his iconic performance as Dracula on Broadway and in the 1931 film of the same name, based on Bram Stoker’s novel. He also appeared in films such as The Black Cat, The Raven, and Son of Frankenstein, along with Boris Karloff.
 6 
John Barrymore
(Best Known for His Silent Films: ‘Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde’, ‘Sherlock Holmes’ and ‘The Sea Beast’)
John Barrymore
9
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 15th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 29, 1942
John Barrymore, father of actor Drew Barrymore, began his career as a stage actor, appearing in plays such as Hamlet. He was nicknamed “the Great Profile” and starred in films such as Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Sherlock Holmes. He struggled with alcoholism throughout his life.
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 7 
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky
(One of the Most Influential Composers of the 20th Century and a Pivotal Figure in 'Modernist Music')
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky
14
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 17th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lomonosov, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 6, 1971

Four-time Grammy-winning Russian composer and pianist Igor Stravinsky is regarded as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. He is remembered for his ballets The Firebird, Petrushka, and The Rite of Spring. He broke the traditional flow of music and incorporated his own style.

 8 
Edward Hopper
(American Painter and Printmaker)
Edward Hopper
2
Listed In: Realist Painters
Birthdate: 22nd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Upper Nyack, New York, United States
Died: May 15, 1967

Edward Hopper was an American painter and printmaker. An exponent of American Realism, Hopper is best remembered for his oil paintings. He is also widely known as a printmaker in etching and watercolorist. Edward Hopper has had a significant impact on the art world in the USA. Artists like Mark Rothko and Jim Dine have cited him as an influence.

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 9 
Mohammad Mosaddegh
(Political Leader)
Mohammad Mosaddegh
25
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 16th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Died: March 5, 1967
Born to an Iranian public officer, Iranian prime minister Mohammad Mosaddegh had an elite education in Switzerland. His oil-nationalization act brought about an economic crisis in the country. He was known to be an eccentric person who met visitors in pajamas, from his bed, and also cried in public.
 10 
Emmy Noether
(German Mathematician Who Made Many Important Contributions to Abstract Algebra)
Emmy Noether
6
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 23rd March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
Died: April 14, 1935

Emmy Noether was a German mathematician best remembered for her contributions to abstract algebra. She is credited with discovering Noether's theorem, which is regarded as a fundamental theorem in mathematical physics. One of the most important mathematicians of her generation and the most important woman in mathematics history, Emmy Noether developed theories of algebras, fields, and rings.

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 11 
Max Born
(German Physicist Who Won Nobel Prize for His Contribution to Quantum Mechanics)
Max Born
6
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 11th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: January 5, 1970
From being home-schooled for being too sickly to attend school, Max Born went on to win the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to quantum mechanics. Being a Jew, with the rise of the Nazi power, he lost his professorship at the University of Göttingen, and moved to Cambridge.
 12 
William Halsey Jr.
(American Navy admiral in the First and Second World Wars)
William Halsey Jr.
5
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 30th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States
Died: August 16, 1959
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 13 
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
(Former Prince of Greece and Denmark)
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
20
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: December 3, 1944

Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, the son of King George I of Greece, served as a major general in the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922. The Turkish forces recaptured Smyrna and Andrew was blamed for the loss of Greek territory. As a result, he was exiled from Greece and he lived in France where he died.

 14 
Éamon de Valera
(Former President of Ireland)
Éamon de Valera
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 14th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York City
Died: August 29, 1975

Irish statesman Éamon de Valera served as the 3rd President of Ireland from 1959 to 1973. An influential political leader in 20th-century Ireland, he played a key role in introducing the Constitution of Ireland. Prior to becoming the president, he served as Taoiseach on three different occasions. He was an austere, stern, and unbending figure.

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 15 
Robert H. Goddard
14
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 5th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 10, 1945

The son of a machine shop owner, Robert H. Goddard grew up to become a pioneer of rocketry. Interested in physics and mechanics since childhood, he dreamed of space flight. He developed the world’s first rocket that ran on liquid fuel. NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center is named after him.

 16 
Sam Rayburn
(43rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives)
Sam Rayburn
11
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 6th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kingston, Tennessee, United States
Died: November 16, 1961
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 17 
Kurt von Schleicher
(German General and the Last Chancellor of Germany—Before Adolf Hitler—During the Weimar Republic)
Kurt von Schleicher
13
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 7th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brandenburg, Germany
Died: June 30, 1934

German general Kurt von Schleicher was the last Chancellor of the German Reich, or Weimar Republic, before Adolf Hitler came to power. He was killed on Hitler’s orders during the purge called the Night of the Long Knives. He had attempted to form an anti-Hitler coalition called the Querfront.

 18 
Leopold Stokowski
(British Conductor)
Leopold Stokowski
4
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 18th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: September 13, 1977
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 19 
Eric Gill
(The Greatest Artist-Craftsman of the 20th Century)
Eric Gill
2
Listed In: Sculptors
Birthdate: 22nd February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brighton, Sussex, England, United Kingdom
Died: November 17, 1940

English sculptor and printer Eric Gill first gained attention with his work Mother and Child. Apart from co-founding the St. Dominic’s Press, he also contributed to the illustrations and woodcuts for The Four Gospels. He was also infamous form his deviant sexual behavior, which included incest and animal abuse.

 20 
Abdullah I of Jordan
(King of Jordan (1946 - 1951))
Abdullah I of Jordan
5
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Died: July 20, 1951

Abdullah I of Jordan reigned as the King of Jordan from 25 May 1946 until his assassination on 20 July 1951. Prior to his service as the king of Jordan, Abdullah I of Jordan served as the Emir of Transjordan from 11 April 1921 to 25 May 1946.

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 21 
Felix Frankfurter
(Judge)
Felix Frankfurter
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 15th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria-Hungary small (now Austria)
Died: February 22, 1965
 22 
Fiorello H. La Guardia
(Mayor of New York City (1934-45))
Fiorello H. La Guardia
4
Birthdate: 11th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Greenwich Village, New York, United States
Died: September 20, 1947
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 23 
Arthur Eddington
(Astronomer)
Arthur Eddington
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 28th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kendal
Died: November 22, 1944

Arthur Eddington was an English physicist, astronomer, and mathematician. He wrote numerous articles that explained Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity to the English-speaking world. He began his career in academics and eventually shifted to astronomy, becoming the chief assistant to the Astronomer Royal at the Royal Greenwich Observatory. He was a recipient of the Henry Draper Medal. 

 24 
Douglas Mawson
(Explorer, Geologist)
Douglas Mawson
2
Birthdate: 5th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Shipley
Died: October 14, 1958

Douglas Mawson was an Australian Antarctic explorer, geologist, and academic. Counted among the most important leaders of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, Mawson was honored with a knighthood in 1914. Best remembered for his contribution to Australian geology, Mawson was featured on the Australian one-hundred-dollar note from 1984 to 1996.

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 25 
Georges Braque
(Painter Best Known for Inventing Cubism with Pablo Picasso)
Georges Braque
3
Birthdate: 13th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Argenteuil, France
Died: August 31, 1963

French painter Georges Braque is considered one of the pioneers of Cubism. His 1908 masterpiece Large Nude is one of his most celebrated pieces. Critics often argue whether Braque or Picasso had first begun developing Cubism, and many of their works are very similar in nature.

 26 
Margaret Dumont
(Actress)
Margaret Dumont
1
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 20th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York
Died: March 6, 1965
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 27 
Percy Grainger
(Composer, Arranger and Pianist Known for His Folk-Dance Tune ‘Country Gardens’)
Percy Grainger
2
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 8th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brighton, Australia
Died: February 20, 1961

Born to an English father in Australia, Percy Grainger was raised by his mother after their parents’ split. Mostly homeschooled after being bullied by his batchmates, he developed a love for music and debuted as a pianist at 10. He revived English folk music and set up the Grainger Museum.

 28 
Henry J. Kaiser
(Engineer, Entrepreneur, Philanthropist)
Henry J. Kaiser
3
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: 9th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sprout Brook
Died: August 24, 1967
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 29 
Zoltan Kodaly
(Hungarian Composer and Creator of the ‘Kodály Method’ of Music Education)
Zoltan Kodaly
4
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 16th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kecskemét, Hungary
Died: March 6, 1967

Hungarian composer and folk music legend Zoltan Kodaly pioneered what is known as the Kodály method of music education. His style reflected a fusion of Hungarian, Italian, and French tunes. His music originated from years of research on folk music in Hungarian villages, leading to his thesis on the same.

 30 
Geoffrey de Havilland
(Aerospace engineer, Engineer, Test pilot, Aviator, Entrepreneur)
Geoffrey de Havilland
0
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: 27th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: High Wycombe
Died: May 21, 1965

Aviation pioneer and aircraft designer Geoffrey de Havilland is best remembered for his double-engine warplane Mosquito and the jet airliner Comet. He was part of the Royal Flying Corps and had been knighted for his achievements. He was also the founder of the De Havilland Aircraft Company.

 31 
Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia
(Daughter of Emperor Alexander III of Russia)
Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia
8
Birthdate: 13th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: November 24, 1960

Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia, daughter of Emperor Alexander III, was a sickly but studious child. After leaving her first husband, who was homosexual, after a 15-year unconsummated marriage, Olga married Nikolai Kulikovsky and later fled with him and their children to escape the Russian revolution.

 32 
N. C. Wyeth
(Painter)
N. C. Wyeth
0
Listed In: Illustrators
Birthdate: 22nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Needham, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 19, 1945
 33 
Bidhan Chandra Roy
(Political Leader, Physician)
Bidhan Chandra Roy
7
Birthdate: 1st July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bankipore
Died: July 1, 1962

Bidhan Chandra Roy was an Indian educationist, physician, statesman, philanthropist, and freedom fighter. Widely regarded as the chief designer of modern West Bengal, Roy founded several institutions and four cities in the state. He also served as West Bengal's chief minister from 1948 to 1962. In 1961, Bidhan Chandra Roy was honored with India's highest civilian award, The Bharat Ratna.

 34 
James Gleason
(Actor)
James Gleason
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 23rd May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: April 12, 1959
 35 
Hans Geiger
(Physicist)
Hans Geiger
1
Birthdate: 30th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Neustadt, Germany
Died: September 24, 1945
 36 
Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood
(Military personnel)
Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood
3
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 9th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 23, 1947
 37 
Karol Szymanowski
(Polish Composer, Pianist and a Member of the Modernist Movement 'Young Poland')
Karol Szymanowski
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 6th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tymoshivka, Ukraine
Died: March 29, 1937

Karol Szymanowski was a Polish pianist and composer best remembered for his opera King Roger, which was composed between 1918 and 1924. An internationally recognized composer, Karol Szymanowski is the recipient of some of the highest national honors such as the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland and the Order of Polonia Restituta.

 38 
George Bellows
(Painter, Artist, University teacher)
George Bellows
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Columbus
Died: January 8, 1925
 39 
Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia
(Grand Duchess of Russia)
Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 29th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 13, 1957

Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia was the youngest child of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia and Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Her marriage was arranged with Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark, and the wedding took place in 1902. The couple had three daughters. The duchess became involved in charity work later in life. 

 40 
Princess Marie Bonaparte
(Author)
Princess Marie Bonaparte
0
Birthdate: 2nd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Cloud, French Third Republic
Died: September 21, 1962
 41 
Rodolfo Graziani
(Italian Military Officer & a Loyal Supporter of Benito Mussolini)
Rodolfo Graziani
3
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 11th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Filettino, Italy
Died: January 11, 1955

Italian military officer Rodolfo Graziani commanded Italy’s Regio Esercito, or Royal Army. He was a fascist figure who held significant political posts under the monarchy of Victor Emmanuel III and then under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. Known for his campaigns in Africa during World War II, he escaped imprisonment for his war crimes.

 42 
James Franck
(Physicist)
James Franck
2
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 26th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hamburg, German Empire
Died: May 21, 1964

James Franck was a German physicist. Along with fellow physicist Gustav Hertz, he jointly received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1925. He had a prominent academic career and served as the director of the Second Institute for Experimental Physics at the University of Göttingen. He later moved to USA and participated in the Manhattan Project during World War II.

 43 
Emma Jung
(Swiss Jungian Analyst and Author)
Emma Jung
3
Listed In: Psychologists
Birthdate: 30th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Schaffhausen, Switzerland
Died: November 27, 1955

Better known as Carl Jung’s wife, Emma Jung was the daughter of one of the most affluent businessmen in Switzerland. Though she initially wished to study natural sciences, being a woman in her time, she couldn’t. Later a co-owner of a luxury watch company, she helped her husband financially in his career.

 44 
Holland Smith
(General in the United States Marine Corps During World War II)
Holland Smith
2
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 20th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hatchechubbee, Alabama, United States
Died: January 12, 1967
 45 
Sigrid Undset
(Norwegian-Danish Novelist and Winner of 1928 Nobel Prize in Literature)
Sigrid Undset
2
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 20th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kalundborg, Denmark
Died: June 10, 1949

Sigrid Undset was a Norwegian novelist best remembered for her trilogy of historical novels, Kristin Lavransdatter. In 1928, she was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize for literature, which she donated on 25 January 1940 in order to support the Finnish war effort during the Second World War. A crater on Venus is named in her honor.

 46 
Ion Antonescu
(Conducător of Romania (1940 - 1944))
Ion Antonescu
10
Listed In: Prime Ministers
Birthdate: 14th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pitești, Romania
Died: June 1, 1946

Ion Antonescu was a Romanian marshal who served as a dictator during World War II. Appointed the prime minister in 1940, he formed a military dictatorship in Romania and joined hands with the Axis powers. His regime was ended by a coup d’etat led by King Michael, and he was sentenced to death.

 47 
Fan S. Noli
(13th Prime Minister of Albania)
Fan S. Noli
2
Birthdate: 6th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ibriktepe, Turkey
Died: March 13, 1965
Fan S. Noli was an Albanian writer, diplomat, politician, scholar, orator, historian, Archbishop, and Metropolitan. He is credited with founding the Albanian Archdiocese and the Albanian Orthodox Church. Fan S. Noli was also an important politician who served as the 13th Prime Minister of Albania in 1924 during the June Revolution.
 48 
Geraldine Farrar
(Popular American Soprano Who Had a Successful Career in Silent Movies Too)
Geraldine Farrar
0
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: 28th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Melrose, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 11, 1967

Geraldine Farrar was an American soprano who was known for both her musical talent and her beauty. She made her opera debut with Faust at the Royal Opera House and later also performed as the Monte Carlo Opera and the Metropolitan Opera. She also appeared in several silent movies, such as Maria Rosa.

 49 
Günther von Kluge
(German Field Marshal During World War II)
Günther von Kluge
3
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 30th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: August 19, 1944

Günther von Kluge was a German field marshal who played a critical role during the Second World War, commanding both the Western and Eastern Fronts of the war. Günther von Kluge played significant roles during the invasion of Poland (1939), the Battle of France (1940), the invasion of the Soviet Union (1941), and the Battle for Moscow (1941). 

 50 
Rockwell Kent
(Painter)
Rockwell Kent
0
Birthdate: 21st June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tarrytown, New York, United States
Died: March 13, 1971