Realist Painters

The Realism art movement in painting originated in France in the middle of the 19th century, following the 1848 Revolution. Painters like Gustave Courbet revolted against the set ideals of the prevalent Romantic Movement and adopted a more independent style of unidealized painting which soon became known as the Realism art movement. Realism, which favored depiction of “real life” found many eager adherents in painters who wished to break free of the exaggerated drama of the Romantic Movement. Jean-François Millet, a realist painter who gained fame for his scenes of peasant farmers, went on to found the Barbizon school of realistic art in rural France. Realism also offered the artists the freedom of depicting social situations in an unidealized manner, thereby bringing to mainstream attention the challenges faced by the underprivileged sections of the society. Honoré-Victorin Daumier was one such artist who through his realistic depictions offered commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century. He was best known for his unflattering caricatures of political figures and satires on the behavior of his countrymen. Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Édouard Manet, and Jules Breton were some other prominent artists of the movement. Read on for more information about the life and works of famous Realist painters.

 1 Will Sampson

Will Sampson
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 27, 1933
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: June 3, 1987

 2 Caravaggio

Caravaggio
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Italian
Died: July 18, 1610
Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio is best remembered for his influence on the Baroque style of painting. He pioneered a tactic known as tenebrism, and combined light and darkness to create his masterpieces. He was known for his erratic and aggressive nature and died under mysterious circumstances.
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 3 Martin Mull

Martin Mull
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Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: August 18, 1943
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

 4 Édouard Manet

Édouard Manet
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 23, 1832
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: April 30, 1883

 5 Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas
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Famous As: Impressionist Painter
Birthdate: July 19, 1834
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: September 27, 1917

 6 Gustave Courbet

Gustave Courbet
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 10, 1819
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: December 31, 1877
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 7 Andrew Wyeth

Andrew Wyeth
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Birthdate: July 12, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: January 16, 2009
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 8 Winslow Homer

Winslow Homer
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 24, 1836
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: September 29, 1910
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 9 George Catlin

George Catlin
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 26, 1796
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: December 23, 1872

 10 Henry Ossawa Tanner

Henry Ossawa Tanner
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Birthdate: June 21, 1859
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: May 25, 1937

 11 James Tissot

James Tissot
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 15, 1836
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: August 8, 1902

 12 Thomas Eakins

Thomas Eakins
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 25, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: June 25, 1916

 13 Michael Whelan

Michael Whelan
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: June 29, 0000
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

 14 Isaac Levitan

Isaac Levitan
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 30, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Lithuanian, Russian
Died: August 4, 1900

 15 František Kupka

František Kupka
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: September 23, 1871
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Czech
Died: June 24, 1957

 16 George Inness

George Inness
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 1, 1825
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: August 3, 1894

 17 Adolph Menzel

Adolph Menzel
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 8, 1815
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German, Polish
Died: February 9, 1905

 18 Clara Peeters

Clara Peeters
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1594 AD
Nationality: Belgian, Spanish, Dutch
Died: 1659 AD

 19 Beryl Cook

Beryl Cook
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: September 10, 1926
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: May 28, 2008

 20 Ivan Albright

Ivan Albright
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 20, 1897
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: November 18, 1983

 21 Antonis Mor

Antonis Mor
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Famous As: Netherlandish painter
Birthdate: 1517 AD
Nationality: Dutch
Died: 1577 AD

 22 Jules Pascin

Jules Pascin
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 31, 1885
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Bulgarian
Died: June 5, 1930

 23 Adriaen van Ostade

Adriaen van Ostade
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 10, 1610
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Dutch
Died: May 2, 1685

 24 William Glackens

William Glackens
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 13, 1870
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: May 22, 1938

 25 John Randall Bratby

John Randall Bratby
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 19, 1928
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: July 20, 1992

 26 Giovanni di Paolo

Giovanni di Paolo
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1403 AD
Nationality: Italian
Died: 1482 AD

 27 George Luks

George Luks
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 13, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: October 29, 1933

 28 Almeida Junior

Almeida Junior
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 8, 1850
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Brazilian
Died: November 13, 1899

 29 Yasuo Kuniyoshi

Yasuo Kuniyoshi
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 1, 1889
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Japanese, American
Died: May 14, 1953

 30 Philip Pearlstein

Philip Pearlstein
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 24, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 31 Karl von Piloty

Karl von Piloty
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 1, 1826
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: July 21, 1886

 32 Carle Vernet

Carle Vernet
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 14, 1758
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: November 17, 1836

 33 Kenyon Cox

Kenyon Cox
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 27, 1856
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: March 17, 1919

 34 Oswald Achenbach

Oswald Achenbach
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 2, 1827
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: February 1, 1905

 35 Caspar Netscher

Caspar Netscher
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1639 AD
Nationality: German, Dutch
Died: January 15, 1684

 36 John F. Peto

John F. Peto
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 21, 1854
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: November 23, 1907

 37 Wang Hui

Wang Hui
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1632 AD
Nationality: Chinese
Died: 1717 AD

 38 Gaspard Dughet

Gaspard Dughet
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 15, 1615
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: May 27, 1675

 39 Spinello Aretino

Spinello Aretino
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1350 AD
Nationality: Italian
Died: March 14, 1410

 40 Howard Kanovitz

Howard Kanovitz
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 9, 1929
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 2, 2009

 41 Gong Xian

Gong Xian
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1618 AD
Nationality: Chinese
Died: 1689 AD

 42 David Teniers the Elder

David Teniers the Elder
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1582 AD
Nationality: Belgian
Died: July 29, 1649

 43 Chokuan Soga

Chokuan Soga
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Japanese
Died: 1610 AD
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