Fan S. Noli Biography

Fan S. Noli was an Albanian political activist and politician; he also established the Albanian Orthodox Church. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Quick Facts

Birthday: January 6, 1882

Nationality: Albanian

Famous: Political Leaders Boston University

Died At Age: 83

Sun Sign: Capricorn

Also Known As: Fan Noli

Born in: İbriktepe

Famous as: Prime Minister of Albania

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political ideology: Political party - Independent (Albanian nationalist)

Died on: March 13, 1965

place of death: Fort Lauderdale

More Facts

education: Harvard University, Boston University, New England Conservatory of Music

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Fan S. Noli was an Albanian political activist, politician and also the man who established the Albanian Orthodox Church. Noli spent the early years of his life across a wide variety of places and in turn he picked up plenty of foreign languages; however his life changed when he came into contact with the members of Albanian expatriate movement. He went to the United States and lived there for many years as he built up the strength of that movement and it was during his time in the US that Noli established the Albanian Orthodox Church. After the end of the First World War, Noli became the most powerful representative of the movement and with the help of the US President, Woodrow Wilson, he helped Albania get the membership of the League of Nations. He went back to his native Albanai and joined the People’s Party. Noli went on to become the Prime Minister of Albania and also became the Archbishop of the Albanian Orthodox Church. Noli is regarded as one of the most influential men in the history of Albania due to his role in mobilising the expatriate movement from the United States and having a deep influence on the Albanian political landscape.

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Childhood & Early Life
  • During his stay in the United States, Fan S. Noli, was involved in the Albanian expatriate movement. Quite a few Albanians in the United States were part of the Greek Orthodox Church, which was fiercely opposed to the Albanian nationalist cause. When a Greek Orthodox priest refused to perform the last rights of one of the Albanians because of his nationalist activities, Noli helped create the Albanian Orthodox Church and became a clergyman. He became a priest in 1908 and a bishop at the Orthodox Autocephalous Church of Albania 15 years later.
  • Noli took admission at Harvard University and graduated in the year 1912. The following year he went back to Albania in order to further strengthen the case for Albanian liberation in Europe. However, he went back to the United States after the break out of the First World War and helped in the war effort. That also made him the leader and voice of the expatriate Albanians.
  • The then United States President Woodrow Wilson supported the cause of a new Albanian state and Albania was inducted into the League of Nations in the year 1920, which gave it legitimacy as a country. A year later, Noli became a member of the Albanian parliament as a representative of the People’s Party which was liberal in its ideas.
  • In his early years as a politician, Noli found himself in a bitter power struggle between the liberals and the conservatives in the country. The conservatives were the more powerful faction at the time but after their leader Ahmet Zogu was forced to leave Albania and go to Yugoslavia; Noli became the Prime Minister of Albania on 17 July 1924.
  • As the Prime Minister of Albania, Noli started the ill-fated ‘twenty point program’ that led to widespread opposition and on 24 Dec 1924 the government led by Noli was thrown out by people close to Ahmet Zogu. Noli fled to Italy and later on went to Vienna in Austria where he established the ‘National Revolutionary Committee’ or ‘KONARE’.
  • Noli moved to the United States in the year 1932 and continued his education. He studied Byzantine Music and later went on to become a teacher in the subject. In 1945, Noli received his Ph.D. in History from Boston History.
  • Noli tried to get back into Albanian politics from his base in the United States for many years but he was unsuccessful in his attempts. The rest of his life was spent in academics and religion.
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Major Works
  • Fan S. Noli’s relentless campaign for the recognition of Albania by the powers that be in the world is without doubt his greatest work in his life and he moved to the United States to further strengthen the movement with the help of expatriate Albanians. He is often regarded as one of the most important founding fathers of the Balkan state.
Personal Life & Legacy
  • Fan S. Noli died on 13 March 1965 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. He was 83 years old.

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- Fan S. Noli Biography
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Last Updated
- November 01, 2017
Fan S. Noli

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