Sculptors

A sculptor is a visual artist who creates three-dimensional works of art with materials like wood, stone, marble, glass, clay, metal or Plaster of Paris. Statues and abstract shapes are the works of highly skilled, professional sculptors, which are representations of the artist’s moods or feelings or adaptations of two dimensional pictures. Sculptors generally use a number of tools, the most important one being, the chisel. This helps a sculptor carve an object into a desired shape. Their techniques and style vary and one sculptor might specialize in carving small wooden statues, while the other may work to build life-sized statues or artistic pieces. Their work entails extreme artistry, precision and dexterousness and requires extreme hard work and determination. The art of sculpture has existed since the beginning of time and some of the oldest recorded sculptures date back to roughly around 10,000 BC. In modern times, sculptors either work from home or rent out commercial spaces or artist’s studio to produce their work. In order to get both their and talent out to the public, they promote their artistic services through portfolios or through advertisements in the local papers. They also showcase their works at museums at local galleries. Here is a list of famous sculptors. Go through their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.
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 1 Michelangelo

Michelangelo.
4
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Died: February 18, 1564

Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet Michelangelo was a prominent figure of the High Renaissance. He is credited to have influenced the Western art in unprecedented ways. He is widely regarded as the greatest artist of his age and one of the greatest artists of all time. He was equally revered and respected as an architect.

 2 Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas.
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Famous As: Impressionist Painter
Birthdate: July 19, 1834
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 27, 1917

French Impressionist artist Edgar Degas is best remembered for his oil paintings and pastel drawings and for his signature use of dancers and bathing women as themes in his works such as Fin d'Arabesque and Woman in a Tub. He had also experimented with bronze sculptures and called himself a realist.

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 3 Donatello

Donatello.
4
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1386 AD
Birthplace: Florence
Died: December 13, 1466

Donatello was an Italian sculptor best remembered for his most famous work, David, which is often viewed as the first major work of Renaissance sculpture. Donatello is one of the most popular Italian sculptors of all time. He was played by English actor Ben Starr in a historical drama TV series titled Medici: Masters of Florence.

 4 Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp.
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Blainville-Crevon
Died: October 2, 1968
French-American painter and sculptor Marcel Duchamp is remembered for his association with movements such as Cubism and Dadaism. A significant figure in conceptual art, he was against art that was meant to just cater to the eyes. He was also a skilled chess player and carved his own chess set.

 5 El Greco

El Greco.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Crete
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.

 6 Andy Goldsworthy

Andy Goldsworthy.
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Famous As: Sculptor & Photographer
Birthdate: July 26, 1956
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cheshire, England

English sculptor, artist, and photographer Andy Goldsworthy has revolutionized outdoor art by creating masterpieces with naturally available material such as rain, snow, and rocks. A farm laborer in his younger days, he developed an early love for nature and the elements. Rain Shadows remains one of his best-loved works.

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 7 Henry Moore

Henry Moore.
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Birthdate: July 30, 1898
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Castleford
Died: August 31, 1986

Best known for his abstract bronze and stone sculptures, Henry Moore is also renowned for his many nudes, such as the 1930 sculpture Reclining Woman. Born to a coal miner and trade unionist father, he was pushed into a teaching career initially but later turned to art and eventually rediscovered modernism.

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 8 Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: July 22, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lawnton
Died: November 11, 1976

 9 Jeff Koons

Jeff Koons
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: January 21, 1955
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: York

 10 Louise Bourgeois

Louise Bourgeois.
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 25, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 31, 2010

Louise Bourgeois was a French-American artist best remembered for her large-scale installation art and sculpture. Also a prolific printmaker and painter, Bourgeois explored a variety of themes, such as sexuality and death. In 1997, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts. In 2009, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

 11 Barbara Hepworth

Barbara Hepworth.
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 10, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wakefield
Died: May 20, 1975
English sculptor Barbara Hepworth, CBE and DBE, was a prominent figure in Modern Art. A Royal College of Art alumna, she used bronze, marble, and wood to create masterpieces such as Single Form and Family of Man, which adorn various venues. She died in a fire at her studio.

 12 Edmonia Lewis

Edmonia Lewis
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Famous As: sculptor
Birthdate: July 4, 1845
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rensselaer County
Died: September 17, 1907

 13 Constantin Brâncuși

Constantin Brâncuși.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 19, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Peștișani
Died: March 16, 1957

Constantin Brâncuși was a Romanian sculptor, painter, and photographer. A pioneer of modernism, he is considered one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century. The son of poor parents, he worked hard to fund his training at the Bucharest School of Fine Arts and became a skilled sculptor. He left behind 1200 photographs and 215 sculptures at his death. 

 14 Yvonne McGuinness

Yvonne McGuinness.
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Famous As: Visual Artist
Birthdate: October 12, 1972
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kilkenny
Irish visual artist Yvonne McGuinness is renowned for her video installations and prints. Most of her art works revolve around themes of conflict between revealing and hiding one’s true self. She has also made several short films, such as Charlie's Place. She is married to Irish actor Cillian Murphy.

 15 Leslie Stefanson

Leslie Stefanson.
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Famous As: Actress, Model, Artist, Sculptor
Birthdate: May 10, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Fargo, Cass County, North Dakota

Leslie Stefanson is an American model, artist, and actress. She achieved popularity after playing important roles in popular films, such as The General's Daughter. A multi-talented personality, Leslie Stefanson also makes terracotta and bronze sculptures in New York City and Los Angeles.

 16 Yayoi Kusama

Yayoi Kusama.
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Famous As: Contemporary Artist
Birthdate: March 22, 1929
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan
Japanese contemporary artist Yayoi Kusama is known for her variety of artforms, including sculpture, installations, paintings, and fashion. She mingles elements such as feminism, surrealism, and abstract expressionism, and expresses her struggle with mental illness through her art. She has also published books and produced an award-winning film. 

 17 Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: August 2, 1834
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Colmar, France
Died: October 4, 1904

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi was a French painter and sculptor remembered for designing the Statue of Liberty. He is also credited with designing other iconic statues like The Lion of Belfort and Marquis de Lafayette. In addition to being a sculptor, Bartholdi also played an important role in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, serving as a liaison officer to Giuseppe Garibaldi.

 18 H. R. Giger

H. R. Giger.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 5, 1940
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Chur
Died: May 12, 2014

H. R. Giger was a Swiss artist remembered for his airbrushed images of machines and humans intertwined in cold biomechanical relationships. He is also remembered for his work as part of the special effects team that worked in Ridley Scott's 1979 science fiction horror film Alien, for which the team won an Academy Award

 19 Gina Lollobrigida

Gina Lollobrigida
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Famous As: Actor, Photographer, Sculptor, Journalist
Birthdate: July 4, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Subiaco

Gina Lollobrigida is an Italian actress and photojournalist counted amongst the highest-profile European actresses of the 1950s and 1960s. Considered a  sex symbol in her youth, she had a successful career both in the film and TV industries. She later built a second career as a photojournalist. She is a recipient of the NIAF Lifetime Achievement Award.  

 20 Amedeo Modigliani

Amedeo Modigliani.
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Famous As: Painter & Sculptor
Birthdate: July 12, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Livorno
Died: January 24, 1920

Amedeo Modigliani was an Italian Jewish painter and sculptor. He is remembered for his surrealist and modern-style depiction of nudes in his portraits. Even though he spent his youth in Italy, he worked mainly in France. He enjoyed little success while he was alive. He died young at the age of 35 and received massive posthumous appreciation for his works.

 21 Ai Weiwei

Ai Weiwei.
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 28, 1957
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Beijing
Named Art Review’s most powerful artist in 2011, Chinese artist Ai Weiwei has become a symbol of resilience against the authoritarian Chinese government. Jailed and banned from leaving the country once, he is known for using various media, such as sculpture, photos, and documentaries, to reflect Chinese human-rights abuses.

 22 Donald Judd

Donald Judd
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Famous As: Artist, Architect, Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: June 3, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Excelsior Springs
Died: February 12, 1994

Donald Judd was an American artist widely regarded as one of the most prominent international exponents of minimalism. He is credited with founding a contemporary art museum named Chinati Foundation which houses the collection of popular artists like Carl Andre, Ilya Kabakov, Richard Long, and John Wesley. Judd also contributed as a teacher at many academic institutions in the USA.

 23 Auguste Rodin

Auguste Rodin.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 12, 1840
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 17, 1917
Initially aspiring to be a monk, Auguste Rodin found his true calling when he visited Italy and was awestruck by Michelangelo’s creations. His iconic sculptures such as The Thinker and The Age of Bronze are astoundingly life-like. He breathed magic into nudes and ballerinas made of stone and bronze.

 24 Phidias

Phidias
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 0480 BC
Birthplace: Athens
Died: 0430 BC

 25 Takashi Murakami

Takashi Murakami
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, Artist, Film director
Birthdate: February 1, 1962
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Itabashi-ku

Takashi Murakami is a Japanese contemporary artist who works in both fine arts media and commercial arts media. He is known for blurring the line between “high” and “low” arts. He is the founder of the art production and artist management company Kaikai Kiki Co., Ltd. He has collaborated with the fashion brand Louis Vuitton as well. 

 26 Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: December 7, 1598
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: November 28, 1680
Son of sculptor Pietro Bernini, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, introduced the Baroque style of sculpture to the world. Known for his masterpieces such as Apollo and Daphne and David, he excelled in depicting the fine details of skin and hair in his marble creations. His commissioned creations include St. Peter's baldachin.

 27 Filippo Brunelleschi

Filippo Brunelleschi.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1377 AD
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 15, 1446

Filippo Brunelleschi was an Italian architect, sculptor, and designer. Regarded as Renaissance architecture's founding father, Brunelleschi is hailed as the first modern engineer. Among his famous accomplishments is the design of the dome of the Florence Cathedral. He is also credited with inventing hydraulic machinery and designing machinery that was used in churches to re-enact Biblical stories through theatrical performances.

 28 Antonio Canova

Antonio Canova
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 1, 1757
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Possagno, Italy
Died: October 13, 1822

Antonio Canova was an Italian Neoclassical sculptor widely regarded as the greatest of the Neoclassical artists. He was famous for his marble sculptures. His work was inspired by the Baroque and the classical revival. His most notable works include Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss and Perseus Triumphant. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he refused to take in pupils. 

 29 Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti.
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: October 10, 1901
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Borgonovo, Bregaglia, Switzerland
Died: January 11, 1966

Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss painter, sculptor, printmaker, and draftsman. Widely regarded as one of the 20th century's most important sculptors, Giacometti's career and his friendship with American writer James Lord inspired the 2017 British-American drama film Final Portrait, in which Alberto Giacometti is portrayed by Australian actor Geoffrey Roy Rush.

 30 Fernando Botero

Fernando Botero
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Artist
Birthdate: April 19, 1932
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Medellín, Colombia

 31 Max Ernst

Max Ernst.
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: April 2, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brühl
Died: April 1, 1976

Max Ernst was a German painter, graphic artist, sculptor, and poet. A pioneer of the Dada movement, Ernst played an important role in popularizing surrealism during the early-20th century. He is also credited with inventing a couple of techniques, namely frottage and grattage. In 2005, the Max Ernst Museum was opened in his honor in Brühl, Germany.

 32 Gutzon Borglum

Gutzon Borglum.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 25, 1867
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: St. Charles, Idaho, United States
Died: March 6, 1941

 33 Jasper Johns

Jasper Johns
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Costume designer
Birthdate: May 15, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Augusta

 34 Lorenzo Ghiberti

Lorenzo Ghiberti
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: 1378 AD
Birthplace: Pelago, Italy
Died: December 1, 1455

Lorenzo Ghiberti was a Florentine Italian artist considered a major figure of the Early Renaissance. He is best known as the creator of the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, also called the Gates of Paradise. He was a trained goldsmith and ran a famous workshop for metal sculpture. His son Vittorio followed in his footsteps as a goldsmith. 

 35 Wes Borland

Wes Borland
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Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: February 7, 1975
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Richmond, Virginia, USA

 36 Camille Claudel

Camille Claudel.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 8, 1864
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Fère-en-Tardenois, France
Died: October 19, 1943

French sculptor Camille Claudel is also popularly known as legendary sculptor Auguste Rodin’s student, mistress, and muse. Claudel also contributed to many of Rodin’s masterpieces but never got any credit for it. After her relationship with Rodin soured, she became alienated and eventually died in an asylum.

 37 Gustave Doré

Gustave Doré
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: January 23, 1883

Best known for his wood-engraving, Gustave Doré was a child prodigy who began his artwork at the tender age of 5. A master lithographer and caricaturist, he began his career with Journal pour Rire. He also worked on commissions from authors such as Cervantes, Milton, and Dante.

 38 Zdzisław Beksiński

Zdzisław Beksiński
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 24, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sanok, Poland
Died: February 21, 2005

 39 Jean Arp

Jean Arp
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 16, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: June 7, 1966

Jean Arp was born in Strasbourg, to a German father and a French mother. After studying art in Paris and Switzerland, he co-created The Modern Alliance and participated in the Dada and Abstraction-Création movements. An avant-garde painter and sculptor, he also experimented with media such as embroidery.

 40 Dora Maar

Dora Maar
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Famous As: Photographer, Artist, Painter, Poet, Choreographer, Sculptor, Model
Birthdate: November 22, 1907
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris
Died: July 16, 1997

Born to a French mother and a Croatian father, Dora Maar spent her childhood in Argentina and later studied art in Paris. The renowned surrealist artist and photographer later gained fame as Pablo Picasso’s lover and muse, and was featured in his paintings such as Weeping Woman.

 41 Umberto Boccioni

Umberto Boccioni
3
Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Artist
Birthdate: October 19, 1882
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Reggio Calabria
Died: August 17, 1916

Umberto Boccioni was an Italian painter and sculptor credited to have shaped the revolutionary aesthetic of the Futurism movement. Even though he died at the young age of 33, he left behind a rich legacy as an artist. He was of a rebellious nature and played a key role in the development of the Futurism movement. 

 42 George Montgomery

George Montgomery
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Famous As: Film actor
Birthdate: August 29, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brady, Pondera County, Montana Pondera County Montana, U.S.
Died: December 12, 2000

 43 Georges Braque

Georges Braque
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 13, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Argenteuil, France
Died: August 31, 1963

French painter Georges Braque is considered one of the pioneers of Cubism. His 1908 masterpiece Large Nude is one of his most celebrated pieces. Critics often argue whether Braque or Picasso had first begun developing Cubism, and many of their works are very similar in nature.

 44 Frank Frazetta

Frank Frazetta
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: February 9, 1928
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: May 10, 2010

 45 Isamu Noguchi

Isamu Noguchi
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Famous As: Sculptor, Architect
Birthdate: November 17, 1904
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Los Angeles
Died: December 30, 1988

Isamu Noguchi was an American landscape architect and artist best remembered for designing the iconic Noguchi table. His sculptures are credited with bridging East and West and some of his works are considered landmarks of 20th-century art. In 1982, he won the Edward MacDowell Medal. In 1987, he received the National Medal of Arts for his contribution to the arts. 

 46 Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kuortane
Died: May 11, 1976

Finnish architect Alvar Aalto initially had his studies interrupted by the Finnish Civil War, which saw him fighting for the White Army. His first architectural design was for his parents’ house. He had experimented with furniture and glassware, too. His works showcase a move from classicism to functionalism.

 47 Cy Twombly

Cy Twombly.
4
Famous As: Praemium Imperiale
Birthdate: April 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lexington city
Died: July 5, 2011

 48 Eric Gill

Eric Gill.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brighton, East Sussex, England
Died: November 17, 1940

English sculptor and printer Eric Gill first gained attention with his work Mother and Child. Apart from co-founding the St. Dominic’s Press, he also contributed to the illustrations and woodcuts for The Four Gospels. He was also infamous form his deviant sexual behavior, which included incest and animal abuse.

 49 Anish Kapoor

Anish Kapoor
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Famous As: Sculptor, Visual artist, Painter, Architect
Birthdate: March 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mumbai

Born in India, sculptor Anish Kapoor initially studied engineering in Israel but soon quit his studies to study art in Britain. The Turner Prize-winning artist was the first living artist to earn a solo show at London’s Royal Academy of Arts. The Cloud Gate in Chicago remain his best-loved work.

 50 Praxiteles

Praxiteles
3
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 0395 BC
Birthplace: Athens
Died: 0330 BC
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