Sculptors

A sculptor is a visual artist who creates three-dimensional works of art with materials like wood, stone, marble, glass, clay, metal or Plaster of Paris. Statues and abstract shapes are the works of highly skilled, professional sculptors, which are representations of the artist’s moods or feelings or adaptations of two dimensional pictures. Sculptors generally use a number of tools, the most important one being, the chisel. This helps a sculptor carve an object into a desired shape. Their techniques and style vary and one sculptor might specialize in carving small wooden statues, while the other may work to build life-sized statues or artistic pieces. Their work entails extreme artistry, precision and dexterousness and requires extreme hard work and determination. The art of sculpture has existed since the beginning of time and some of the oldest recorded sculptures date back to roughly around 10,000 BC. In modern times, sculptors either work from home or rent out commercial spaces or artist’s studio to produce their work. In order to get both their and talent out to the public, they promote their artistic services through portfolios or through advertisements in the local papers. They also showcase their works at museums at local galleries. Here is a list of famous sculptors. Go through their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.
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 1 Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: April 15, 1452
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Italian
Died: May 2, 1519

Widely regarded as one of the greatest painters ever, Leonardo da Vinci was an extremely talented polymath. While his work The Mona Lisa became the most famous portrait, his drawing The Vitruvian Man became a cultural icon. A man well ahead of his time, Leonardo is also known for his notes on science and invention.

 2 Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 25, 1881
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish
Died: April 8, 1973

Pablo Picasso was a renowned artist whose paintings sell by millions of dollars at auctions even today, many years after his death. With masterful strokes, attractive shades and rich textures, Picasso created some of the most visually impressive arts of the 20th century. While exploring new styles and experimenting with different techniques, Picasso co-founded Cubist art style and co-invented collage.

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 3 Käthe Kollwitz

Käthe Kollwitz
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Lithographer, Poster artist, Autobiographer, Graphic artist
Birthdate: July 8, 1867
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: April 22, 1945

 4 Paul Manship

Paul Manship
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 24, 1885
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: January 28, 1966

 5 Malvina Hoffman

Malvina Hoffman
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: June 15, 1885
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: July 10, 1966

 6 William Zorach

William Zorach
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: November 15, 1966
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 7 Pietro Bernini

Pietro Bernini
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: May 6, 1562
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Italian
Died: August 29, 1629
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 8 Janet Scudder

Janet Scudder
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: October 27, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: June 9, 1940

 9 Michelangelo

Michelangelo
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Italian
Died: February 18, 1564

Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet Michelangelo was a prominent figure of the High Renaissance. He is credited to have influenced the Western art in unprecedented ways. He is widely regarded as the greatest artist of his age and one of the greatest artists of all time. He was equally revered and respected as an architect.

 10 Yvonne McGuinness

Yvonne McGuinness
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Famous As: Visual Artist
Birthdate: October 12, 1972
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Irish
Irish visual artist Yvonne McGuinness is renowned for her video installations and prints. Most of her art works revolve around themes of conflict between revealing and hiding one’s true self. She has also made several short films, such as Charlie's Place. She is married to Irish actor Cillian Murphy.

 11 Don Gummer

Don Gummer
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 12, 1946
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Don Gummer, husband of actor Meryl Streep, is a talented sculptor who is known for his free-standing sculptures in bronze. He initially focused on wall-mounted and table-top pieces. An avid philanthropist, he has donated to various charitable organizations such as the Silver Mountain Arts Foundation, along with Meryl.

 12 Leslie Stefanson

Leslie Stefanson
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Famous As: Actress, Model, Artist, Sculptor
Birthdate: May 10, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American

Leslie Stefanson is an American model, artist, and actress. She achieved popularity after playing important roles in popular films, such as The General's Daughter. A multi-talented personality, Leslie Stefanson also makes terracotta and bronze sculptures in New York City and Los Angeles.

 13 Steve McQueen

Steve McQueen
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 9, 1969
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British

 14 Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French, American
Died: October 2, 1968
French-American painter and sculptor Marcel Duchamp is remembered for his association with movements such as Cubism and Dadaism. A significant figure in conceptual art, he was against art that was meant to just cater to the eyes. He was also a skilled chess player and carved his own chess set.

 15 H. R. Giger

H. R. Giger
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 5, 1940
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swiss
Died: May 12, 2014

H. R. Giger was a Swiss artist remembered for his airbrushed images of machines and humans intertwined in cold biomechanical relationships. He is also remembered for his work as part of the special effects team that worked in Ridley Scott's 1979 science fiction horror film Alien, for which the team won an Academy Award

 16 Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas
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Famous As: Impressionist Painter
Birthdate: July 19, 1834
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: September 27, 1917

French Impressionist artist Edgar Degas is best remembered for his oil paintings and pastel drawings and for his signature use of dancers and bathing women as themes in his works such as Fin d'Arabesque and Woman in a Tub. He had also experimented with bronze sculptures and called himself a realist.

 17 Donatello

Donatello
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1386 AD
Nationality: Italian
Died: December 13, 1466

Donatello was an Italian sculptor best remembered for his most famous work, David, which is often viewed as the first major work of Renaissance sculpture. Donatello is one of the most popular Italian sculptors of all time. He was played by English actor Ben Starr in a historical drama TV series titled Medici: Masters of Florence.

 18 Gina Lollobrigida

Gina Lollobrigida
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Famous As: Actor, Photographer, Sculptor, Journalist
Birthdate: July 4, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Italian

 19 Takeshi Kitano

Takeshi Kitano
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Famous As: Comedian
Birthdate: January 18, 1947
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Japanese

 20 Ai Weiwei

Ai Weiwei
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 28, 1957
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Chinese
Named Art Review’s most powerful artist in 2011, Chinese artist Ai Weiwei has become a symbol of resilience against the authoritarian Chinese government. Jailed and banned from leaving the country once, he is known for using various media, such as sculpture, photos, and documentaries, to reflect Chinese human-rights abuses.

 21 Amedeo Modigliani

Amedeo Modigliani
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Famous As: Painter & Sculptor
Birthdate: July 12, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Italian
Died: January 24, 1920

Amedeo Modigliani was an Italian Jewish painter and sculptor. He is remembered for his surrealist and modern-style depiction of nudes in his portraits. Even though he spent his youth in Italy, he worked mainly in France. He enjoyed little success while he was alive. He died young at the age of 35 and received massive posthumous appreciation for his works.

 22 Jeff Koons

Jeff Koons
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: January 21, 1955
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 23 El Greco

El Greco
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Spanish, Greek
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.

 24 Anish Kapoor

Anish Kapoor
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Famous As: Sculptor, Visual artist, Painter, Architect
Birthdate: March 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Indian, British

 25 Wes Borland

Wes Borland
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Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: February 7, 1975
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 26 Takashi Murakami

Takashi Murakami
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, Artist, Film director
Birthdate: February 1, 1962
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Japanese

 27 Edmonia Lewis

Edmonia Lewis
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Famous As: sculptor
Birthdate: July 4, 1845
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: September 17, 1907

 28 Max Ernst

Max Ernst
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: April 2, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: April 1, 1976

Max Ernst was a German painter, graphic artist, sculptor, and poet. A pioneer of the Dada movement, Ernst played an important role in popularizing surrealism during the early-20th century. He is also credited with inventing a couple of techniques, namely frottage and grattage. In 2005, the Max Ernst Museum was opened in his honor in Brühl, Germany.

 29 Jasper Johns

Jasper Johns
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Costume designer
Birthdate: May 15, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American

 30 Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: July 22, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: November 11, 1976

 31 Gutzon Borglum

Gutzon Borglum
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 25, 1867
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: March 6, 1941

 32 Camille Claudel

Camille Claudel
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 8, 1864
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: October 19, 1943

French sculptor Camille Claudel is also popularly known as legendary sculptor Auguste Rodin’s student, mistress, and muse. Claudel also contributed to many of Rodin’s masterpieces but never got any credit for it. After her relationship with Rodin soured, she became alienated and eventually died in an asylum.

 33 Isamu Noguchi

Isamu Noguchi
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Famous As: Sculptor, Architect
Birthdate: November 17, 1904
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Japanese, American
Died: December 30, 1988

 34 Andy Goldsworthy

Andy Goldsworthy
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Famous As: Sculptor & Photographer
Birthdate: July 26, 1956
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 35 Matthew Barney

Matthew Barney
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Famous As: Artist, Sculptor, Screenwriter
Birthdate: March 25, 1967
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 36 Dora Maar

Dora Maar
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Famous As: Photographer, Artist, Painter, Poet, Choreographer, Sculptor, Model
Birthdate: November 22, 1907
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: July 16, 1997

 37 Henry Moore

Henry Moore
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Birthdate: July 30, 1898
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: August 31, 1986

 38 Georges Braque

Georges Braque
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, Engraver
Birthdate: May 13, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: August 31, 1963

 39 Bharathan

Bharathan
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Famous As: film director
Birthdate: November 14, 1947
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: July 30, 1998

 40 Louise Bourgeois

Louise Bourgeois
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 25, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French, American
Died: May 31, 2010

Louise Bourgeois was a French-American artist best remembered for her large-scale installation art and sculpture. Also a prolific printmaker and painter, Bourgeois explored a variety of themes, such as sexuality and death. In 1997, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts. In 2009, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

 41 Frank Frazetta

Frank Frazetta
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: February 9, 1928
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: May 10, 2010

 42 Cy Twombly

Cy Twombly
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Famous As: Praemium Imperiale
Birthdate: April 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: July 5, 2011

 43 Barbara Hepworth

Barbara Hepworth
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 10, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: May 20, 1975
English sculptor Barbara Hepworth, CBE and DBE, was a prominent figure in Modern Art. A Royal College of Art alumna, she used bronze, marble, and wood to create masterpieces such as Single Form and Family of Man, which adorn various venues. She died in a fire at her studio.

 44 George Montgomery

George Montgomery
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Famous As: Film actor
Birthdate: August 29, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: December 12, 2000

 45 Joseph Beuys

Joseph Beuys
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Famous As: Sculptor, Choreographer, Painter, University teacher
Birthdate: May 12, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: January 23, 1986

 46 Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Finnish
Died: May 11, 1976

Finnish architect Alvar Aalto initially had his studies interrupted by the Finnish Civil War, which saw him fighting for the White Army. His first architectural design was for his parents’ house. He had experimented with furniture and glassware, too. His works showcase a move from classicism to functionalism.

 47 Antony Gormley

Antony Gormley
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Famous As: Sculptor, Artist
Birthdate: August 30, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British

 48 Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
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Famous As: Sculptor, Architect
Birthdate: August 2, 1834
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: October 4, 1904

 49 Eric Gill

Eric Gill
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: November 17, 1940

 50 Constantin Brâncuși

Constantin Brancusi
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 19, 1876
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Romanian
Died: March 16, 1957

Constantin Brâncuși was a Romanian sculptor, painter, and photographer. A pioneer of modernism, he is considered one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century. The son of poor parents, he worked hard to fund his training at the Bucharest School of Fine Arts and became a skilled sculptor. He left behind 1200 photographs and 215 sculptures at his death. 

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