Famous 19th Century American Musicians

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 1 
Arnold Schoenberg
(One of the Most Influential Composers of the 20th Century)
Arnold Schoenberg
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Birthdate: September 13, 1874
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria
Died: July 13, 1951
Austrian-born composer Arnold Schoenberg was part of the German Expressionist Movement and led the Second Viennese School. Being Jewish, he was banned by the Nazis and later became an American citizen. Known for his twelve-tone technique, he coined the term developing variation and formed motifs without a centralized melodic idea.
 2 
Cole Porter
(Composer, Songwriter)
Cole Porter
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Birthdate: June 9, 1891
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Peru, Indiana, United States
Died: October 15, 1964
Singer-songwriter Cole Porter is best known for his work in the Tony-winning musical, Kiss Me, Kate and for his hit tracks Night and Day, Got You Under My Skin, and You're the Top. He also composed for movies. His marriage to Linda Lee Thomas was a cover for his homosexuality.
 3 
Ma Rainey
(Street artist, Musician)
Ma Rainey
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Birthdate: April 26, 1886
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Columbus, Georgia, United States
Died: December 22, 1939
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 4 
Irving Berlin
(Street artist, Composer, Pianist, Songwriter, Screenwriter, Film score composer)
Irving Berlin
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Birthdate: May 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tyumen
Died: September 22, 1989

Irving Berlin was a composer and lyricist. He made tremendous contributions to the Great American Songbook and is widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history. He had an extensive career spanning six decades, during which he composed an estimated 1,500 songs. He received the Lawrence Langner Tony Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. 

 5 
Charles Ives
(Composer)
Charles Ives
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Birthdate: October 20, 1874
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Danbury, Connecticut, United States
Died: May 19, 1954
 6 
Scott Joplin
(Composer & Pianist)
Scott Joplin
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Birthdate: November 24, 1868
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Texas, United States
Died: April 1, 1917
Composer and pianist Scott Joplin, or the King of Ragtime, had written more than 100 original ragtime pieces. His most iconic piece was the Maple Leaf Rag. He had also written two operas, including Treemonisha. He was awarded a posthumous Pulitzer Prize. The film The Sting featured his compositions.
 7 
Lead Belly
(Folk and blues singer)
Lead Belly
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Birthdate: January 23, 1888
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mooringsport, Louisiana, United States
Died: December 6, 1949
 8 
John Philip Sousa
(Conductor, Composer)
John Philip Sousa
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Birthdate: November 6, 1854
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
Died: March 6, 1932
 9 
Stephen Foster
(Composer known as the Father of American music)
Stephen Foster
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Birthdate: July 4, 1826
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: January 13, 1864
 10 
Jimmie Rodgers
(Singer-songwriter and musician)
Jimmie Rodgers
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Birthdate: September 8, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Meridian, Mississippi, United States
Died: May 26, 1933
 11 
George M. Cohan
(American playwright)
George M. Cohan
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Birthdate: July 3, 1878
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.
Died: November 5, 1942
 12 
Jack Frost
(Composer)
Jack Frost
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Birthdate: November 25, 1893
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Died: October 21, 1959
 13 
Jelly Roll Morton
(Pianist, Bandleader, Composer, Conductor, Jazz musician)
Jelly Roll Morton
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Birthdate: October 20, 1890
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Gulfport
Died: July 10, 1941
 14 
Ethel Waters
(Actor, Singer, Jazz musician, Stage actor)
Ethel Waters
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Birthdate: October 31, 1896
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chester County
Died: September 1, 1977
 15 
Eddie Cantor
(comedian)
Eddie Cantor
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Birthdate: January 31, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, USA
Died: October 10, 1964
 16 
Fanny Crosby
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Birthdate: March 24, 1820
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brewster, New York, United States
Died: February 12, 1915
 17 
Jerome Kern
(Composer, Songwriter, Film score composer, Coin collecting)
Jerome Kern
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Birthdate: January 27, 1885
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City
Died: November 11, 1945
 18 
Zitkala-Sa
(Writer)
Zitkala-Sa
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Birthdate: February 22, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Yankton Reservation, South Dakota, United States
Died: January 26, 1938
 19 
Ira Gershwin
(Lyricist)
Ira Gershwin
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Birthdate: December 6, 1896
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City New York City, New York, U.S.
Died: August 17, 1983
 20 
W. C. Handy
(Composer)
W. C. Handy
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Birthdate: November 16, 1873
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Florence, Alabama, United States
Died: March 28, 1958
 21 
Buddy Bolden
(Musical Artist)
Buddy Bolden
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Birthdate: September 6, 1877
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Died: November 4, 1931
 22 
Josef Hofmann
(Polish-American Pianist, Composer and Inventor Known For His Invention of 'Pneumatic Shock Absorbers' for Cars and Airplanes)
Josef Hofmann
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Birthdate: January 20, 1876
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kraków, Poland
Died: February 16, 1957

Josef Hofmann was a Polish-American composer, pianist, inventor, and music teacher. From 1927 to 1938, he served as the director of the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, USA. As the director of the institute, Hofmann was instrumental in recruiting musicians like Efrem Zimbalist, Marcella Sembrich, Fritz Reiner, and Isabella Vengerova. Among his pupils were Abbey Simon and Shura Cherkassky.

 23 
Pierre Monteux
(Conductor)
Pierre Monteux
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Birthdate: April 4, 1875
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 1, 1964
 24 
Max Steiner
(Conductor, Composer, Musician, Screenwriter, Film score composer)
Max Steiner
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Birthdate: May 10, 1888
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: December 28, 1971
 25 
Mississippi John Hurt
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Birthdate: March 8, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Teoc, Mississippi, United States
Died: November 2, 1966
 26 
Paul Whiteman
(Bandleader)
Paul Whiteman
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Birthdate: March 28, 1890
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Denver, Colorado, United States
Died: December 29, 1967
 27 
Lorenz Hart
(Lyricist, Composer, Playwright, Songwriter, Librettist)
Lorenz Hart
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Birthdate: May 2, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York City
Died: November 22, 1943
 28 
Big Bill Broonzy
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Birthdate: June 26, 1893
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lake Dick, Arkansas, United States
Died: August 15, 1958
 29 
King Oliver
(Musician)
King Oliver
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Birthdate: December 19, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Aben, Louisiana, United States
Died: April 10, 1938
 30 
Amy Beach
(Composer)
Amy Beach
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Birthdate: September 5, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Henniker, New Hampshire, United States
Died: December 27, 1944
 31 
Florence Price
(Composer)
Florence Price
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Birthdate: 1887 AD
Birthplace: Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
Died: 1953 AD
 32 
Thomas Andrew Dorsey
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Birthdate: July 1, 1899
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Villa Rica, Georgia, United States
Died: January 23, 1993
 33 
Miklós Rózsa
(Composer)
Miklós Rózsa
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Birthdate: April 18, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: July 27, 1995

Born in Hungary, Miklós Rózsa was a music prodigy and learned to play the violin at age 5. After studying music in Germany, he pursued his music career in France, the UK, and the US. He is remembered for his Academy Award-winning scores in movies such as Ben-Hur and Spellbound.

 34 
Tommy Johnson
(American musician)
Tommy Johnson
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Birthdate: 1896
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Terry, Mississippi, United States
Died: November 1, 1956
 35 
E.Y. Harburg
(Lyricist)
E.Y. Harburg
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Birthdate: April 8, 1896
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Manhattan, New York, United States
Died: March 5, 1981
 36 
Billy Rose
(Impresario)
Billy Rose
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Birthdate: September 6, 1899
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: February 10, 1966
 37 
Sidney Lanier
(Musician)
Sidney Lanier
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Birthdate: February 3, 1842
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Macon, Georgia, United States
Died: September 7, 1881
 38 
Henry Cowell
(Composer, Musicologist, Music theorist, Pianist)
Henry Cowell
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Birthdate: March 11, 1897
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Menlo Park
Died: December 10, 1965
 39 
Harry Partch
(Composer)
Harry Partch
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Birthdate: June 24, 1901
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Oakland, California, United States
Died: September 3, 1974
 40 
Molly Picon
(Actress)
Molly Picon
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Birthdate: February 28, 1898
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: April 5, 1992
 41 
Harry Warren
(Composer)
Harry Warren
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Birthdate: December 24, 1893
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: September 22, 1981
 42 
Louis Moreau Gottschalk
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Birthdate: May 8, 1829
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New Orleans
Died: December 18, 1869
 43 
Efrem Zimbalist
(Composer, Conductor, Music educator, Violinist, University teacher)
Efrem Zimbalist
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Birthdate: April 21, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rostov-on-Don
Died: February 22, 1985
 44 
Arthur Fiedler
(Conductor)
Arthur Fiedler
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Birthdate: December 17, 1894
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts
Died: July 10, 1979
 45 
James Reese Europe
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Birthdate: February 22, 1880
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mobile, Alabama, United States
Died: May 9, 1919
 46 
Arthur Freed
(Film producer, Composer, Screenwriter, Actor, Lyricist, Songwriter)
Arthur Freed
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Birthdate: September 9, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Charleston
Died: April 12, 1973
 47 
Gus Kahn
(Composer, Songwriter, Lyricist, Film score composer)
Gus Kahn
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Birthdate: November 6, 1886
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Koblenz
Died: October 8, 1941
 48 
Victor Herbert
(Composer)
Victor Herbert
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Birthdate: February 1, 1859
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: May 26, 1924
 49 
Patty Hill
(Composer)
Patty Hill
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Birthdate: March 27, 1868
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Anchorage, Kentucky, United States
Died: May 25, 1946
 50 
Nicolas Slonimsky
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Birthdate: April 27, 1894
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 25, 1995