Edvard Grieg Biography
Died At Age: 64
Sun Sign: Gemini
Born in: Bergen
Famous as: Pianist and music composer
Spouse/Ex-: Nina Hagerup
father: Alexander Grieg
mother: Gesine Hagerup
siblings: Elisabeth, Ingeborg Benedicte, John Grieg, Maren
place of death: Bergen
City: Bergen, Norway
education: Leipzig Conservatory (1862)
Known for his concertos and piano miniatures, Edvard Grieg contributed immensely to the world of music in Norway. His works became popular all over the world, and most of his music was inspired from his own emotions, real life scenarios and a lot of descriptive imagery. Norway was never known for its love for the arts or anything creative. One would always ponder over how a small country like Norway came up with and nurtured a musical genius such as Edvard Grieg. His love for folk music, landscapes and traditions seamlessly penetrated the creative boundaries of his music and he grew to become one of the most prominent names in the country. Grieg lived and dreamt music, and it was this dream that brought him to his evergreen masterpiece, the ‘Piano Concerto in A minor’. To know more on the life of Edvard Grieg, read on the biography below.
Marriage And Career
Edvard Grieg married his first cousin, Nina Hagerup, in 1867. During 1867-1869, Edvard created and composed his ‘Piano Concerto ‘A’ minor’, while on a holiday to Denmark. The concerto became such a rage that it was adopted by the famous Edmund Neupert who promised Edvard his concerto’s debut in Copenhagen on 3rd April 1869. Edward was however, unable to make it for his own piano concerto ‘A’ minor, as he was held up with other commitments in Oslo.
In 1868, Edvard met another gentleman by the name Franz Liszt who was deeply moved by his music. Liszt ensured that Edvard got a travel grant to meet him in Rome. Grieg visited Liszt twice and played the violin sonata for him. He even tried adopting Edvard’s Piano concerto however, Edvard felt that it was tampered with and played too quickly. In return, Liszt taught Edvard the ways and methods of orchestration. Edvard began to compose different types of music during his early years and came up with a lot of imagery-based music during 1874-1876. Some of his most famous works were for Ibsen’s play ‘Peer Gynt’, who specially requested him to compose music for the play. This not only won him accolades but also brought out his artistic capabilities to a forefront.
The music that he composed for the play was adopted by orchestras and piano-duet arrangements. He began to affiliate himself with different orchestras including the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra. As his popularity increased, he grew as a musical celebrity and then became music director of the orchestra from 1880-1882. In 1885, Edvard and Nina made Bergen their home and settled after an extensive period of touring. The house in which they settled called ‘Troldhaugen’ is now a central museum for all things related to Edvard Grieg, and carries on the magic of his music and legacy.
Grieg’s music and prominence both increased as he aged, and he was more of a celebrity in his later years than in his younger days. He started recording his music for gramophones and showed his flair for music as a pianist. These were made on both LP’s and CD’s and can still be found in historic musical records today. Grieg began to get pension from the government for his works and in the year 1906, he met musician Percy Grainger at a concert in London. Percy slowly began adopting Grieg’s music and played the Piano Concerto several times to high standards in various concerts throughout the world.
Grieg died on September 4, 1907 after a long period of degenerating health. He was 64 when he died and had an elaborate funeral with over 40,000 devoted listeners pouring out on to the streets as a mark of respect for their lovable composer. This teary farewell was accompanied by the funeral march that he had composed for his friend, Rikard Nordraak’s death; this time, it was orchestrated by another friend, Johan Halverson. This was also followed by Edvard’s favorite Piano Sonata by Chopin. The legacy that Grieg left behind is an indelible one.
Grieg himself would not have imagined the magnitude and the impact of his music on others. He brought about a new culture that defined and fostered the cultural growth of Norway. His gripping works told countless stories of his hard work and struggles, in a period where he was not too recognized. It also brought to the forefront, his immense talent and his influence on budding musicians. His works are still performed and resonate in orchestra halls even today. He not only defined a new life for Norwegian music but also took his music on a global platform that transcended through generations.
EDVARD GRIEG TIMELINE
Edvard Grieg was born in Bergen, Norway.
He was sent to the Leipzig conservatory to refine his musical talent.
Life threatening lung disease and debut performance in Karlshamm, Sweden.
Went to Italy and worked on his compositions.
Death of dear friend and guide, Rikard Nordraak, for whom he composed a funeral march as a tribute.
Marries his first cousin Nina Hagerup, who is also a talented artist herself.
Death of only daughter, Alexandra, due to Meningitis and Neupert’s debut orchestration of Piano Concerto.
Visited Italy and met Liszt.
He was recognized by the government for his work and given pension.
Became music director for Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra till 1882.
Settled in Troldhaugen after years of nomadic travel.
Visited Paris and England and recorded music for gramophones.
Passed away at home after prolonged sickness, on September 4.
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