Famous 19th Century Pianists

Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Pianists, including Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt, Duke Ellington, Camille Saint-Saëns and Sergei Prokofiev.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Pianists

 1 Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven.
4
Famous As: Composer, Pianist
Birthdate: December 16, 1770
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bonn, Germany
Died: March 26, 1827

German composer and pianist, Ludwig van Beethoven, remains one of the most admired composers in the history of Western music even two centuries after his death. Born into a musical family, he was initially tutored by his father. He found success early as a pianist and went on to become an admired composer despite suffering from hearing-impairment.

 2 Frédéric Chopin

Frédéric Chopin.
4
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 1, 1810
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Żelazowa Wola
Died: October 17, 1849

Romantic Era virtuoso pianist and composer Frédéric Chopin, nicknamed The Poet of the Piano, is remembered as the inventor of the instrumental ballade. The legendary composer mostly created solo piano masterpieces but also experimented with piano concertos and chamber pieces. He was influenced by Bach, Mozart, and Polish folk music.

Recommended Lists:

 3 Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt.
4
Famous As: Composer, pianist, conductor and teacher
Birthdate: October 22, 1811
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Raiding, Hungary
Died: July 31, 1886

Franz Liszt was a Hungarian composer, conductor, arranger, music teacher, and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era. Considered one of the greatest pianists ever, Liszt's works influenced his contemporaries and successors alike. Perhaps his greatest legacy is his work as a teacher, although his rich body of work might suggest otherwise; he taught people like Karl Klindworth among other pianists.

 4 Johannes Brahms

Johannes Brahms.
4
Famous As: Composer, pianist
Birthdate: May 7, 1833
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: April 3, 1897
German composer, conductor, and pianist Johannes Brahms is considered as one of the "Three Bs" of music, the other two being Bach and Beethoven. He was known for his perfectionism. Some of his best-known works are Saint Anthony Variations and A German Requiem. His work mingled traditional and modern elements.

 5 Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky

Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky.
5
Famous As: Composer, Pianist & Conductor
Birthdate: June 17, 1882
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lomonosov, Russia
Died: April 6, 1971

Four-time Grammy-winning Russian composer and pianist Igor Stravinsky is regarded as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. He is remembered for his ballets The Firebird, Petrushka, and The Rite of Spring. He broke the traditional flow of music and incorporated his own style.

 6 Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann.
3
Famous As: Composer, Pianist & Music Critic
Birthdate: June 8, 1810
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Zwickau, Germany
Died: July 29, 1856
Robert Schumann was a German pianist, music critic, and composer. An influential musician of the Romantic era, Schumann is considered one of the greatest composers of the era. Schumann was initially focused on becoming the finest pianist in Europe. However, a hand injury brought an end to his dream, forcing him to focus on composing.

 7 Maurice Ravel

Maurice Ravel.
3
Famous As: Composer, Pianist
Birthdate: March 7, 1875
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ciboure, France
Died: December 28, 1937
French impressionist composer Maurice Ravel is best known for his orchestral composition Boléro. He rejected the Legion d'honneur and all French awards. He was one the first composers to realize the importance of recording music to gain a wider reach. Most of his music consisted of piano and orchestration.
You May Like

 8 Sergei Prokofiev

Sergei Prokofiev.
3
Famous As: Composer and pianist
Birthdate: April 23, 1891
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Krasne, Ukraine
Died: March 5, 1953

Sergei Prokofiev was a Russian Soviet pianist, composer, and conductor. Renowned for creating masterpieces across various genres, Prokofiev is widely considered one of the 20th century's major composers. Many other composers like Arthur Honegger have called Prokofiev the greatest contemporary musician of all time. An open pianists' competition, which is held every year in Ukraine, is named after Sergei Prokofiev.

 9 Felix Mendelssohn

Felix Mendelssohn
4
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: February 3, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: November 4, 1847

 10 Edvard Grieg

Edvard Grieg.
3
Famous As: Pianist, Composer
Birthdate: June 15, 1843
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bergen, Norway
Died: September 4, 1907
Regarded as Norway’s Shakespeare, musical legend Edvard Grieg learned the piano from his mother. The Scottish claim he was their own, as Grieg’s Scottish grandfather had migrated to Norway. Grieg was known for his compositions such as the Piano Concerto and for infusing Norwegian folk elements into his music.

 11 Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington.
4
Famous As: Composer, Pianist and Bandleader
Birthdate: April 29, 1899
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Washington, D.C.
Died: May 24, 1974
Jazz legend Duke Ellington managed his orchestra till his death, and over a 6-decade-long career. He is known for his collaborations with legends such as pianist and composer Billy Strayhorn. He termed his music “American music” and refused to attach any category to it. He received a posthumous Pulitzer Prize.

 12 Florence Foster Jenkins

Florence Foster Jenkins.
4
Famous As: Socialite
Birthdate: July 19, 1868
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: November 26, 1944

Florence Foster Jenkins was an American socialite who was often ridiculed and mocked for her poor singing ability, which in turn made her popular. Known as the world's worst opera singer, Jenkins became a musical cult-figure in New York City due to her technical incompetence as an amateur soprano. Her life inspired several plays and films, including Florence Foster Jenkins.

 13 Aleksandr Scriabin

Aleksandr Scriabin.
3
Famous As: Composer, Pianist
Birthdate: December 25, 1871
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: April 14, 1915

Russian composer and pianist Aleksandr Scriabin is considered one of the most innovative and controversial of early modern composers. Interested in music from an early age, he built pianos as a young man and didn’t take long to establish himself as a brilliant composer. Unfortunately, he died at the height of his career, at the age of just 43. 

 14 Erik Satie

Erik Satie.
3
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: May 17, 1866
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Honfleur
Died: July 1, 1925

Erik Satie was a French pianist and composer. An influential artist during his time, Satie's works served as a predecessor to later artistic movements like repetitive music, minimalism, and the Theatre of the Absurd. Apart from being a musician, Erik Satie was also a prolific writer, who contributed to publications, such as Vanity Fair and 391.

 15 Jimmy Durante

Jimmy Durante.
3
Famous As: Actor, Comedian, Singer, Pianist
Birthdate: February 10, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brooklyn
Died: January 29, 1980

Jimmy Durante was an American comedian, actor, singer, and pianist. Widely regarded as one of America's most popular and familiar personalities of all time, Durante was often characterized by his Lower East Side accent, gravelly speech, and a prominent nose. Also known for his charitable work, Durante worked closely with Fraternal Order of Eagles, which raises money for abused children.

 16 Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin
3
Famous As: Street artist, Composer, Pianist, Songwriter, Screenwriter, Film score composer
Birthdate: May 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tyumen
Died: September 22, 1989

Irving Berlin was a composer and lyricist. He made tremendous contributions to the Great American Songbook and is widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history. He had an extensive career spanning six decades, during which he composed an estimated 1,500 songs. He received the Lawrence Langner Tony Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. 

 17 Camille Saint-Saëns

Camille Saint-Saëns.
3
Famous As: Composer, Organist, Pianist
Birthdate: October 9, 1835
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris
Died: December 16, 1921
French composer and multi-instrumentalist Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns was an icon of the Romantic era, known for masterpieces such as the First Cello Concerto and the opera Samson and Delilah. He was initially a church organist and then became a freelance composer and pianist. He also taught music in Paris.

 18 Gabriel Fauré

Gabriel Fauré.
3
Famous As: French Composer & Pianist
Birthdate: May 12, 1845
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pamiers, Ariège, Midi-Pyrénées, France
Died: November 4, 1924

One of the greatest composers of all time, French pianist and organist Gabriel Fauré is best remembered for his masterpieces such as Requiem. His music career began at 9, when he was sent to Paris to become a choirmaster. At 75, he was awarded the Grand-Croix of the Légion d'honneur.

 19 Artur Schnabel

Artur Schnabel
1
Famous As: Composer, Pianist, Music educator
Birthdate: April 17, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bielsko-Biała
Died: August 15, 1951

 20 Jelly Roll Morton

Jelly Roll Morton
3
Famous As: Pianist, Bandleader, Composer, Conductor, Jazz musician
Birthdate: October 20, 1890
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Gulfport
Died: July 10, 1941

 21 Maria Anna Mozart

Maria Anna Mozart
2
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: July 30, 1751
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Died: October 29, 1829

 22 Carl Maria von Weber

Carl Maria von Weber
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: November 18, 1786
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Eutin, Germany
Died: June 5, 1826

 23 W. C. Handy

W. C. Handy
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: November 16, 1873
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Florence, Alabama, United States
Died: March 28, 1958

 24 Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart

Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart
2
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: July 26, 1791
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: July 29, 1844

 25 Samuel Coleridge-Taylor

Samuel Coleridge-Taylor
2
Famous As: Composer, Pianist, Conductor
Birthdate: August 15, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London
Died: September 1, 1912

 26 Isaac Albeniz

Isaac Albeniz.
2
Famous As: Pianist
Birthdate: May 29, 1860
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Camprodon, Catalonia, Spain
Died: May 18, 1909

Isaac Albeniz was a Spanish composer, conductor, and virtuoso pianist. Widely regarded as one of the most important composers of the Post-Romantic era, Albeniz had a strong influence on younger composers as well as his contemporaries. Many of his personal papers are preserved in several prominent institutions, such as the Library of Catalonia.

 27 Erich Wolfgang Korngold

Erich Wolfgang Korngold
2
Famous As: Composer, Pianist, Conductor, Film score composer
Birthdate: May 29, 1897
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brno
Died: November 29, 1957

 28 Carl Czerny

Carl Czerny
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: February 21, 1791
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: July 15, 1857

 29 Muzio Clementi

Muzio Clementi
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: January 23, 1752
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 10, 1832

 30 Darius Milhaud

Darius Milhaud
2
Famous As: Classical composer, Conductor, Autobiographer, Musicologist, Music educator, Jazz musician, Music critic, Composer, Pianist, Film score composer
Birthdate: September 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Aix-en-Provence
Died: June 22, 1974

 31 Anton Rubinstein

Anton Rubinstein
2
Famous As: Pianist
Birthdate: November 28, 1829
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ofatinti, Moldova
Died: November 20, 1894

 32 Henry Cowell

Henry Cowell
2
Famous As: Composer, Musicologist, Music theorist, Pianist
Birthdate: March 11, 1897
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Menlo Park
Died: December 10, 1965

 33 Charles-Valentin Alkan

Charles-Valentin Alkan
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: November 30, 1813
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 29, 1888

 34 Florence Price

Florence Price
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: 1887 AD
Birthplace: Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
Died: 1953 AD

 35 Reynaldo Hahn

Reynaldo Hahn
2
Famous As: Conductor, Composer, Choreographer, Music critic, Pianist
Birthdate: August 9, 1874
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caracas
Died: January 28, 1947

 36 Max Brod

Max Brod
2
Famous As: Linguist, Composer, Pianist, Novelist, Translator, Journalist, Writer, Poet lawyer
Birthdate: May 27, 1884
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Prague
Died: December 20, 1968

Max Brod was a Czech German-speaking Jewish author, composer, and journalist. He studied law at the German Charles-Ferdinand University and proceeded to pursue a career as a journalist and composer. He worked as an editor and literary adviser for the Israeli national theatre for three decades. He was a close friend and biographer of writer Franz Kafka. 

 37 Hans von Bülow

Hans von Bülow
2
Famous As: Conductor
Birthdate: January 8, 1830
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: February 12, 1894

 38 Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji

Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji
1
Famous As: Pianist, Composer, Music critic, Writer
Birthdate: August 14, 1892
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Essex
Died: October 15, 1988

 39 Nikolai Medtner

Nikolai Medtner
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: January 5, 1880
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 13, 1951

 40 Moritz Moszkowski

Moritz Moszkowski
1
Famous As: Composer, Pianist, Conductor, Musicologist
Birthdate: August 23, 1854
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: March 8, 1925

 41 Cécile Chaminade

Cécile Chaminade
1
Famous As: Pianist, Composer, Musician
Birthdate: August 8, 1857
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris
Died: April 13, 1944

 42 William Sterndale Bennett

William Sterndale Bennett
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: April 13, 1816
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
Died: February 1, 1875

 43 Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmuller

Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmuller
1
Famous As: Pianist
Birthdate: December 4, 1806
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Regensburg, Germany
Died: February 13, 1874

 44 Emmanuel Chabrier

Emmanuel Chabrier
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: January 18, 1841
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ambert, France
Died: September 13, 1894

 45 Louise Farrenc

Louise Farrenc
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: May 31, 1804
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 15, 1875

 46 Friedrich Kuhlau

Friedrich Kuhlau
1
Famous As: Pianist
Birthdate: September 11, 1786
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Uelzen, Germany
Died: March 12, 1832

 47 Charlotte de Rothschild

Charlotte de Rothschild
1
Famous As: Socialite
Birthdate: May 6, 1825
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 20, 1899

 48 Ignaz Pleyel

Ignaz Pleyel
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: June 18, 1757
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lower Austria, Austria
Died: November 14, 1831

 49 Jan Ladislav Dussek

Jan Ladislav Dussek
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: February 12, 1760
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Čáslav, Czechia
Died: March 20, 1812

 50 Maria Theresia von Paradis

Maria Theresia von Paradis
1
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: May 15, 1759
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 1, 1824