Lev Kamenev Biography
(Revolutionary, Political Leader)
Birthday: July 18, 1883 (Cancer)
Born In: Moscow, Russia
Lev Kamenev was a Bolshevik revolutionary and a prominent Soviet politician who was one of the seven members of the first Politburo alongside Vladimir Lenin, Grigory Zinoviev, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Grigori Sokolnikov, and Andrei Bubnov. He worked as an associate of Lenin during the latter's exile in Europe and helped him in editing the Bolshevik magazine 'Proletariy', but later opposed his armed revolution against the Russian Provisional Government. In 1917, he briefly served as the Chairman of the permanent All-Russian Central Executive Committee, a position equivalent to the head of state of Soviet Russia. He was also the acting Premier during the last year of Lenin's life in 1923-24. He had formed the 'triumvirate' or 'troika' with Zinoviev and Stalin to marginalize his brother-in-law Trotsky during Lenin's illness, but later opposed Stalin, which eventually led to his execution during the Great Purges.