Female Revolutionaries

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 1 
Rosa Luxemburg
(Revolutionary Socialist, Marxist Philosopher & Anti-War Activist)
Rosa Luxemburg
9
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: January 15, 1919
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution
 2 
Charlotte Corday
(French Revolutionary Who Was Executed for the Assassination of Jacobin Leader Jean-Paul Marat)
Charlotte Corday
3
Birthdate: July 27, 1768
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Écorches, Normandy, France
Died: July 17, 1793

Charlotte Corday was an important figure of the French Revolution. She is remembered for murdering Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat, for which she was executed by guillotine. Her action changed the political position and role of women at the time. She was also considered a hero by those who opposed the teachings of Jean-Paul Marat.

 3 
Jiang Qing
(Chinese Political Figure Who Played an Important Role During 'The Cultural Revolution')
Jiang Qing
9
Birthdate: March 19, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zhucheng, Weifang, China
Died: May 14, 1991

Jiang Qing was a Chinese actress, communist revolutionary and major political figure who played an important role during the Cultural Revolution in China. She is also remembered for forming a Maoist political faction called the Gang of Four. Jiang Qing married Mao Zedong and played a prominent role in propagating Mao's brand of Communist ideology.

 4 
Friedrich Engels
(German Philosopher Who Developed 'Marxism' Together With Karl Max)
Friedrich Engels
4
Birthdate: November 28, 1820
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Barmen, Germany
Died: August 5, 1895

Friedrich Engels was a German philosopher, political scientist, and revolutionary socialist. Along with Karl Marx, Engels helped develop Marxism, which has had a profound impact on fields like philosophy and anthropology. Engels is credited with helping Marx publish Das Kapital, a foundational theoretical work in politics, economics, and materialist philosophy. He also co-authored influential political documents like The Communist Manifesto.

 5 
Grace O'Malley
3
Birthdate: 1530 AD
Birthplace: Umhaill, Ireland
Died: June 18, 1603

Part of Irish folklore, Grace O'Malley was known as The Pirate Queen. Born into a seafaring family and was known for her unrelenting attitude toward the English. Known for her exploits in the Nine Years' War, she refused to bow down to Queen Elizabeth, as she herself was a queen.

 6 
Constance Markievicz
3
Birthdate: February 4, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: July 15, 1927

Irish revolutionary political leader and suffragist Constance Markievicz scripted history by becoming the first woman to be elected as a cabinet minister in Europe and also the first female to be elected to the British Parliament. Sentenced to death for her role in the Easter Rising, she was later granted amnesty.

 7 
Manuela Sáenz
(South American Revolutionary and Spy)
Manuela Sáenz
3
Birthdate: December 27, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Quito, Ecuador
Died: November 23, 1856

Manuela Sáenz was an Ecuadorian revolutionary who supported women's rights. She received the Order of the Sun, honoring her services in the revolution. Today, she is widely regarded as a feminist symbol of the 19th century. In 2007, the Ecuadorian government honored her with the rank of General.

 8 
Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya
(Deputy Minister of Education in the Government of the Soviet Union 1929 – 1938)
Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya
3
Birthdate: February 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 27, 1939
 9 
Ulrike Meinhof
(Journalist and founding member of the Red Army Faction (RAF) in West Germany)
Ulrike Meinhof
4
Birthdate: October 7, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Oldenburg, Germany
Died: May 9, 1976
 10 
Sybil Ludington
(American Revolutionary War Heroine)
Sybil Ludington
9
Birthdate: April 5, 1761
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ludingtonville, New York, United States
Died: February 26, 1839

Born to a militia officer, Sybil Ludington later made history with her fearless resistance to the British during the American Revolutionary War. Most of her statues today find her perched on a horse, in a tribute to her night-long horseback ride to inform American soldiers of an impending British attack.

 11 
Fanny Kaplan
(Revolutionary)
Fanny Kaplan
3
Birthdate: February 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Volhynian Governorate
Died: September 3, 1918

Born into a poverty-stricken family of farmers, Fanny Kaplan was home-schooled. Later, while working as a milliner, she joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party and thus became part of radical politics. She developed anti-Bolshevik sentiments and attempted to assassinate Lenin. Though Lenin recovered, Kaplan was later executed.

 12 
Gabriela Silang
(Revolutionary)
Gabriela Silang
1
Birthdate: March 19, 1731
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Santa, Philippines
Died: September 20, 1763
 13 
Alexandra Kollontai
(Russian Revolutionary and Diplomat & First Woman in History to Become an Official Member of a Governing Cabinet)
Alexandra Kollontai
3
Birthdate: March 31, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 9, 1952

Alexandra Kollontai was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and diplomat. She served as the People's Commissar for Welfare in Lenin’s government. A powerful figure, she became the first woman in history to become an official member of a governing cabinet. She was also one of the few women to play a prominent role during the Russian Revolution. 

 14 
Begum Hazrat Mahal
(Wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah)
Begum Hazrat Mahal
3
Birthdate: 1820 AD
Birthplace: Faizabad
Died: April 7, 1879

Also known as Begum of Awadh, Begum Hazrat Mahal was the second wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. She is remembered for rebelling against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Following her husband’s exile, she took over affairs in the state of Awadh. However, she was forced by the British to abandon Awadh.

 15 
Kim Jong-suk
(Revolutionary)
Kim Jong-suk
1
Birthdate: December 24, 1917
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hoeryŏng, North Korea
Died: September 22, 1949
 16 
Louise Michel
(French Anarchist Who Fervently Preached Revolutionary Socialist Themes)
Louise Michel
3
Birthdate: May 29, 1830
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vroncourt-la-Côte, France
Died: January 9, 1905

A significant figure of the Paris Commune, Louise Michel was born as an illegitimate child of a maid. She had initially been trained to be a teacher but later began developing an interest in revolutionary socialist ideas. She was also once sent behind bars for inciting riots.

 17 
Kitty Kiernan
(Revolutionary)
Kitty Kiernan
4
Birthdate: January 26, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Granard, Ireland
Died: July 25, 1945
 18 
Vilma Espín
(Cuban Revolutionary, Feminist, and Chemical Engineer Who Helped Organize the '26th of July Movement')
Vilma Espín
3
Birthdate: April 7, 1930
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
Died: June 18, 2007

Vilma Espín Guillois was a Cuban revolutionary, chemical engineer, and feminist. She is best remembered as an adamant feminist who helped organize a vanguard revolutionary organization called 26th of July Movement, which later became a political party. Vilma Espín also helped establish the Federation of Cuban Women. She also advocated equal rights for women in all aspects of life.

 19 
Madame Roland
(French Revolutionary, Salonnière and Writer)
Madame Roland
3
Birthdate: March 17, 1754
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 8, 1793

The wife of Jean-Marie Roland, Madame Roland was a leading French revolutionary and often hosted significant political meets at her salon. She often directed her husband’s political actions and was responsible for creating a rift between the Jacobin and Girondin factions. She was later arrested and guillotined.

 20 
Natalia Sedova
(Second wife of Leon Trotsky, the Russian revolutionary)
Natalia Sedova
3
Birthdate: April 5, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Romny, Ukraine
Died: January 23, 1962
 21 
Mary Hays
(Woman Who Fought in the American War of Independence at the Battle of Monmouth)
Mary Hays
3
Birthdate: October 13, 1754
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Trenton, New Jersey, United States
Died: January 22, 1832

Mary Ludwig Hays, an American brave heart who is considered to have fought at the Battle of Monmouth in June 1778 during the American War of Independence, is mostly identified as the woman behind the legend of Molly Pitcher. She reportedly took her husband's place working a gun after he was wounded and brought water to troops at the battle  

 22 
Maud Gonne
(English-born Irish Republican Revolutionary, Suffragette & Actress)
Maud Gonne
1
Birthdate: December 21, 1866
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tongham, England
Died: April 27, 1953

Maud Gonne not just co-founded the Sinn Féin party but also participated in the theater movement of W.B Yeats, who made her his muse and proposed to her many times, only to be rejected. An Irish nationalist, she also formed the Daughters of Ireland and acted in Yeats’s first play Cathleen ni Houlihan.

 23 
Elena Stasova
(Politician)
Elena Stasova
2
Birthdate: October 3, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 31, 1966
 24 
Tamara Bunke
(Argentine-born East German Spy and Revolutionary)
Tamara Bunke
1
Birthdate: November 19, 1937
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: August 31, 1967

Tamara Bunke was an Argentine-born East German spy and revolutionary. She played an important role in the Cuban government and in various revolutionary movements across Latin America. She also fought during the Bolivian insurgency and was killed in an ambush by Bolivian Army Rangers while fighting alongside communist guerrillas led by Che Guevara.

 25 
Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova
(Revolutionary leader and founder of the Soviet Union)
Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova
0
Birthdate: March 6, 1835
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 25, 1916
 26 
Huda Sharawi
(Feminist and nationalist)
Huda Sharawi
4
Birthdate: June 23, 1879
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Minya, Egypt
Died: December 12, 1947
 27 
Celia Sánchez
(Revolutionary, Politician)
Celia Sánchez
0
Birthdate: May 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Media Luna, Cuba
Died: January 11, 1980

Celia Sánchez was a Cuban revolutionary, researcher, politician, and archivist. A close colleague of Fidel Castro, Sánchez played an important role in the Cuban Revolution. She was one of the founders of a revolutionary organization called 26th of July Movement. She was also the first woman to become a part of the guerilla. Sánchez is considered a heroine in Cuba.

 28 
Helene Rytmann
(Louis Althusser's Wife)
Helene Rytmann
2
Birthdate: October 15, 1910
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 16, 1980

Helene Rytmann was a French sociologist and revolutionary who played an important role in the French Resistance. Widely regarded as a historically important Jewish woman, Helene Rytmann was murdered by her husband Louis Althusser. The case was never properly investigated and the scandal of Rytmann's murder inspired the 2002 novel Shroud which was written by Irish novelist William John Banville.

 29 
Vera Zasulich
2
Birthdate: August 8, 1849
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gzhatsky Uyezd
Died: August 8, 1919
 30 
Emilia Plater
(Polish-Lithuanian Revolutionary and Noblewoman)
Emilia Plater
2
Birthdate: November 13, 1806
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vilnius, Lithuania
Died: December 23, 1831

Emilia Plater was a Polish-Lithuanian revolutionary and noblewoman. Often compared with France's Joan of Arc, Plater is seen as a national heroine in Belarus, Lithuania, and Poland. Emilia Plater's story has inspired numerous works of art and literature and she is often seen as a symbol of women empowerment in Lithuania.

 31 
Pritilata Waddedar
(Former Revolutionary nationalist known for Pahartali European Club attack (1932))
Pritilata Waddedar
2
Birthdate: May 5, 1911
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Patiya Upazila, Bangladesh
Died: September 24, 1932
Pritilata Waddedar was a prominent Indian revolutionary leader who was an integral part of India’s freedom movement. She joined Surya Sen’s revolutionary group and led the 1932 armed raid on Chittagong’s Pahartali European Club. She died by consuming cyanide to avoid arrest. The Birkannya Pritilata Trust was later established in her honor.
 32 
Sophia Perovskaya
(Revolutionary)
Sophia Perovskaya
2
Birthdate: September 13, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 15, 1881
 33 
Timoclea
(Freedom fighter)
Timoclea
2
Birthplace: Thebes
 34 
Jane McCrea
(North American colonist)
Jane McCrea
2
Birthdate: 1752 AD
Birthplace: New Jersey, United States
Died: July 27, 1777
 35 
La Mulâtresse Solitude
(Historical figure and heroine in the fight against slavery on French Guadeloupe)
La Mulâtresse Solitude
0
Birthdate: 1772 AD
Birthplace: Guadeloupe
Died: November 29, 1802
 36 
Doria Shafik
(Egyptian Poet, Editor, and Feminist)
Doria Shafik
2
Birthdate: December 14, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ṭanṭā, Egypt
Died: September 20, 1975

Doria Shafik was an Egyptian poet, editor, and feminist. One of the most important and influential leaders of the famous women's liberation movement in Egypt, Doria Shafik is best remembered for her work in the mid-1940s that led to a change in the Egyptian constitution, granting Egyptian women the right to vote.

 37 
Madeleine Pauliac
2
Birthdate: September 17, 1912
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Villeneuve-sur-Lot, France
Died: February 13, 1946
Part of the French Resistance movement, Madeleine Pauliac was also a doctor. She is best known for her relentless service in Poland and the Soviet Union, and her efforts in helping the French wounded in World War II. Anne Fontaine's 2016 film Les innocents portrayed her heroics during her Polish mission.
 38 
Libertas Schulze-Boysen
1
Birthdate: November 20, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 22, 1942

Libertas Schulze-Boysen was a German aristocrat who fought against the Nazi regime. Libertas, who had contact with important people in different strata of society, started documenting the atrocities carried out by the Nazis during the early 1940s. She also played an important role in the formation of the Red Orchestra. Libertas Schulze-Boysen was executed by the Nazis, at the age of 29.

 39 
Vera Figner
(Revolutionary Whose Work to Free All Russian People Led to Her Involvement in the Assassination of 'Alexander II')
Vera Figner
1
Birthdate: July 7, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: June 15, 1942

Russian revolutionary Vera Figner was a major figure of the Populist (Narodnik) movement. Initially a medical student, she later left her studies midway to devote herself to politics. She also left her husband for her revolutionary cause and became associated with the Zemlya i Volya party.

 40 
Maria Nikiforova
(Revolutionarist)
Maria Nikiforova
3
Birthdate: 1885 AD
Birthplace: Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine
Died: 1919 AD
 41 
Haydée Santamaría
(Cuban Revolutionary and One of the Most Prominent Women in Cuba Under the Government of 'Fidel Castro')
Haydée Santamaría
1
Birthdate: December 30, 1922
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Encrucijada, Cuba
Died: July 28, 1980

Haydée Santamaría was a Cuban politician and revolutionary who is considered a heroine in post-revolutionary Cuba. She was among a small group of people who took part in the attack on Moncada Barracks on July 26, 1953, in Santiago de Cuba. Haydée Santamaría was also one of the first women to become a part of the Communist Party of Cuba.

 42 
Elise Hampel
(Resistance fighter)
Elise Hampel
1
Birthdate: October 27, 1903
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bismark, Germany
Died: April 8, 1943

Elise Hampel was a German domestic servant best remembered for creating postcards against Hitler's government and leaving them in public places during World War II. Elise and her husband, Otto Hampel, were caught and beheaded in Plötzensee Prison in 1943. Their bravery inspired Hans Fallada to write a novel, which was later adapted into a film named Alone in Berlin. 

 43 
Catherine Breshkovsky
(Political figure)
Catherine Breshkovsky
1
Birthdate: January 25, 1844
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: September 12, 1934
 44 
Felice Schragenheim
(Resistance fighter)
Felice Schragenheim
0
Birthdate: March 9, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: December 31, 1944

Felice Schragenheim was a German Jewish resistance fighter who fought against the Nazi regime during the Second World War. She is best remembered for her relationship with Lilly Wust; the tragic love story inspired the 1999 German drama film Aimée & Jaguar. Schragenheim was killed at the age of 22, when she was part of a death march from Poland to Germany.

 45 
Ana Maria
(Salvadoran Political Figure & Icon Among Revolutionary Women)
Ana Maria
1
Birthdate: May 17, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Santiago Texacuangos, El Salvador
Died: April 6, 1983

Ana Maria was a Salvadoran political figure who was second in command of a guerrilla military and political organization called the Fuerzas Populares de Liberación Farabundo Martí (FPL). An intellectual, Ana Maria was regarded as an icon among revolutionary women. She was assassinated on April 6, 1983 by her own comrades in Managua, Nicaragua.

 46 
Bartolina Sisa
(Revolutionary, Indigenous people)
Bartolina Sisa
1
Birthdate: 1750 AD
Birthplace: Corregimiento de La Paz
Died: September 5, 1782
 47 
Ann Bailey
(American Revolutionary Who Served in the Fights of the 'American Revolutionary War' and the 'Northwest Indian War')
Ann Bailey
1
Birthdate: 1742 AD
Birthplace: Liverpool, England
Died: November 22, 1825

A legend during the American Revolutionary War, Ann Bailey was a British-born American woman, who took up arms to become a frontier scout, messenger and spy. She became a heroine when during the seize of Fort Lee, she made a hundred miles single-person ride through host of besiegers and forestland to get powder supply and thus saved the Clendenin's Settlement.

 48 
Arlen Siu
(Nicaraguan Singer-Songwriter and a Prominent Member and an Earliest Female Martyr of Sandinista Revolution)
Arlen Siu
1
Birthdate: July 15, 1955
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nicaragua
Died: August 1, 1975

Arlen Siu gained fame in Nicaragua as singer-songwriter and guitarist by the time she joined the Sandinistas. Killed by the soldiers of National Guard at just 20 years of age, Siu is counted among the first female martyrs of Sandinista revolution. Her works on Marxism and feminism remained a source of inspiration for the Sandinistas and the Nicaraguan women's movement.

 49 
Melba Hernández
(Cuban Ambassador to Vietnam and Politician)
Melba Hernández
0
Birthdate: July 28, 1921
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cruces, Cuba
Died: March 9, 2014

Melba Hernández was a Cuban diplomat and politician. She is best remembered for her service as the Ambassador to Cambodia and Vietnam during the Fidel Castro regime in the 1980s. Melba Hernández was also an active participant in the Cuban Revolution; she was among the best-known women that fought in the Revolutionary war against Fulgencio Batista alongside Fidel Castro.

 50 
Laila Shawa
(One of the Most Prolific and Important Artists of the Revolutionary Contemporary Art Scene in the Arab World)
Laila Shawa
1
Birthdate: 1940 AD
Birthplace: Gaza
Laila Shawa is a Palestinian artist who uses art to highlight the political situation of her country. She is one of the most prolific and important artists of the revolutionary contemporary art scene in the Arab world. Laila Shawa's artwork, which includes installations, sculptures, and paintings, has been exhibited all over the world.