Famous People Who Died In 1919

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1919. This list includes people like Theodore Roosevelt, Andrew Carnegie, Emiliano Zapata, Rosa Luxemburg, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, poets, prime ministers and artists who died in 1919. This list includes people from United States, Germany, United Kingdom & Canada and many more countries.
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 1 
Theodore Roosevelt
(26th President of the United States (1901-1909))
Theodore Roosevelt
97
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 27, 1858
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York, United States
Died: January 6

The 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt is generally ranked as one of the five best presidents of the country. A man of many talents, he was a politician, conservationist, naturalist, and writer. He supported  Progressive Era policies in the early 20th century and championed his "Square Deal" domestic policies.

 2 
Madam C. J. Walker
(Entrepreneur)
Madam C. J. Walker
48
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: December 23, 1867
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Delta, Louisiana, United States
Died: May 25
Madam C.J. Walker is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the first female self-made American millionaire. She manufactured and promoted a cosmetic-and-hair-care line catering to black women, through the Madam C. J. Walker Manufacturing Company. She was also the richest African-American businesswoman when she died.
 3 
Andrew Carnegie
(Industrialist, Businessman, Entrepreneur and a major Philanthropist.)
Andrew Carnegie
32
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: November 25, 1835
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dunfermline
Died: August 11
Andrew Carnegie revolutionized the 19th-century steel industry by investing in railroads, bridges, and other projects. He donated most of his wealth to philanthropic causes, and built significant establishments, such as the Carnegie Hall and the Carnegie Mellon University. In the Gospel of Wealth, he urged the wealthy to donate.
 4 
Emiliano Zapata
(Leading Figure in the Mexican Revolution of 1910–1920)
Emiliano Zapata
31
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 8, 1879
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Anenecuilco, Mexico
Died: April 10
Emiliano Zapata was a key figure in the Mexican Revolution of 1910–1920 and led the agrarian movement known as Zapatismo. As the leader of the Liberation Army of the South, he contributed to the fall of Mexican dictator Porfirio Díaz and later fought against Venustiano Carranza.
 5 
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
(French Impressionist Painter)
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
11
Birthdate: February 25, 1841
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Limoges, France
Died: December 3

French artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir, father of actor Pierre Renoir and director Jean Renoir, was a key Impressionist painter. His best-known works include The Swing, Diana, and Seated Girl. He was known for his use of vibrant colors and feminine sensuality in his works. He also painted landscapes and portraits.

 6 
L. Frank Baum
(Best Known for His Children's Books Like 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz' and its Sequels)
L. Frank Baum
7
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 15, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Chittenango, New York, United States
Died: May 6

L. Frank Baum was an author remembered for writing children's books including The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, which inspired the 1902 Broadway musical and the 1939 live-action film of the same name. His works anticipated the invention of gadgets like TV that would be invented later. In 2013, Baum was made an inductee of the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame.

 7 
Rosa Luxemburg
(Revolutionary Socialist, Marxist Philosopher & Anti-War Activist)
Rosa Luxemburg
19
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: January 15
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution
 8 
Ernst Haeckel
(Zoologist & Evolutionist Who Was a Strong Proponent of 'Darwinism')
Ernst Haeckel
4
Birthdate: February 16, 1834
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: August 9

Ernst Haeckel had initially practiced medicine before he gained an interest in Charles Darwin’s theory and began exploring zoology and related fields. He not only coined terms such as ecology, but also named numerous species and created a genealogical tree. He drew numerous figures of animals and sea creatures, too.

 9 
Mary Edwards Walker
(Surgeon, Feminist, Activist)
Mary Edwards Walker
3
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: November 26, 1832
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oswego
Died: February 21

Mary Edwards Walker, or Dr. Mary Walker, was the only female surgeon who served injured soldiers during the American Civil War. A dress reform supporter, she believed women should value comfort more than tradition when it came to clothes. She was also the first and only Medal of Honor winner.

 10 
Seth Bullock
(Politician)
Seth Bullock
2
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: July 23, 1849
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Amherstburg, Canada
Died: September 23

Canadian-American frontiersman, hardware store owner, sheriff, U.S. Marshal, horse breeder and hotel owner Seth Bullock is best known for building the Bullock Hotel, the oldest hotel in Deadwood. Bullock was appointed the first sheriff of the then lawless Dakota where he eventually emerged as a prominent figure civilizing the rowdy camp without killing anyone.

 11 
Henry J. Heinz
(Businessperson)
Henry J. Heinz
3
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: October 11, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: South Side (Pittsburgh) Birmingham, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 14
 12 
William Osler
(Canadian Physician and Co-Founder of ‘Johns Hopkins Hospital’)
William Osler
4
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: July 12, 1849
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bradford West Gwillimbury, Canada
Died: December 29

Johns Hopkins Hospital co-founder William Osler was also an avid historian. He redefined medical education with his emphasis on clinical experience and his book The Principles and Practice of Medicine. Born to a missionary father in Canada, he was to follow in his father’s footsteps but decided to study medicine instead.

 13 
Alfred Deakin
(Former Prime Minister of Australia)
Alfred Deakin
9
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 3, 1856
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Melbourne
Died: October 7

The second prime minister of Australia and Federation movement leader Alfred Deakin had developed an interest in literature and philosophy and had written several pieces of drama and poetry while studying to be a barrister. He later joined the Liberal Party. He spent his final years struggling with memory loss.

 14 
Henry Clay Frick
(Industrialist)
Henry Clay Frick
4
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: December 19, 1849
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: West Overton, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 2
 15 
Princess Charlotte of Prussia
(Princess)
Princess Charlotte of Prussia
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 24, 1860
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Palace, Potsdam, Germany
Died: October 1
 16 
Ella Wheeler Wilcox
(Poet and Mystic Rosicrucian)
Ella Wheeler Wilcox
5
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: November 5, 1850
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Janesville, Wisconsin, United States
Died: October 30
 17 
Louis Botha
(Politician)
Louis Botha
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 27, 1862
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Greytown
Died: August 27
 18 
Gojong of Korea
(King)
Gojong of Korea
3
Birthdate: September 8, 1852
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Unhyeongung, Seoul, South Korea
Died: January 21
 19 
Wilfrid Laurier
(7th Prime Minister of Canada (1896 -1911))
Wilfrid Laurier
2
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: November 20, 1841
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint-Lin-Laurentides, Canada
Died: February 17

Wilfrid Laurier was a Canadian politician who served as the seventh prime minister of Canada; he was in office from 1896 to 1911. Counted amongst the country's greatest statesmen, he envisioned Canada as a “land of individual liberty and decentralized federalism.” He was placed first on Maclean's historical ranking of Canadian prime ministers in 2011.

 20 
William Crookes
(British Chemist and Physicist Known for His Discovery of the Element 'Thallium' and Invention of 'Crookes Tubes')
William Crookes
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: June 17, 1832
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 4

William Crookes was a British chemist and physicist remembered as a pioneer of vacuum tubes. He was the inventor of what became known as the Crookes tube. He is also credited with the discovery of the element thallium. He was the first person to describe the spectrum of terrestrial helium. He was interested in spiritualism and occultism as well. 

 21 
Lord Rayleigh
(Discoverer of Argon)
Lord Rayleigh
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 12, 1842
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Langford Grove, Maldon, Essex, England
Died: June 30

Although John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, received the Nobel Prize for his discovery and isolation of the inert gas argon, his contributions to Physics is not limited to that. Known to make extensive contributions to theoretical and practical physics, especially in the fields of acoustics and optics, his works are now considered to mark the beginning of modern acoustics.

 22 
Habibullah Khan
(Emir of Afghanistan from 1901 to 1919)
Habibullah Khan
5
Birthdate: June 3, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Samarkand, Uzbekistan
Died: February 20
Habibullah Khan reigned as the Emir of Afghanistan from 1 October 1901 until his demise on 20 February 1919. A reform-minded ruler, Habibullah aimed at modernizing his country and worked towards bringing modern medicine and technology into Afghanistan. He also founded a military academy and the Habibia School in 1903.
 23 
Kurt Eisner
(Statesman)
Kurt Eisner
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 14, 1867
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: February 21

Kurt Eisner was a German politician, theatre critic, journalist, and revolutionary. He is credited with organizing the Socialist Revolution, which played an important role in overthrowing Bavaria's Wittelsbach monarchy in 1918. His role in the Socialist Revolution made him a symbol of the Bavarian revolution.

 24 
James Reese Europe
(Composer)
James Reese Europe
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: February 22, 1880
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mobile, Alabama, United States
Died: May 9
 25 
Ruggero Leoncavallo
(Italian Opera Composer and Librettist)
Ruggero Leoncavallo
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: April 23, 1857
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: August 9

Best known for his iconic opera Pagliacci, Ruggero Leoncavallo was one of the greatest opera composers of Italy. He was his own librettist in most of his operas. Mattinata, the song which he wrote for the Gramophone Company, or HMV, is another of his notable works.

 26 
Adelina Patti
(Italian Opera Singer Who is Considered One of the Most Popular Sopranos of All Time)
Adelina Patti
2
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: February 19, 1843
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: September 27

Adelina Patti was an Italian opera singer who achieved immense poularity in the USA and Europe. One of the finest singers of her generation, Patti was also among the highest-paid at the peak of her career. Along with her near contemporaries Thérèse Tietjens and Jenny Lind, Adelina Patti is considered one of the most popular sopranos of all time.

 27 
Milan Rastislav Štefánik
(One of the Founding Fathers of Czechoslovakia)
Milan Rastislav Štefánik
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 21, 1880
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Košariská, Slovakia
Died: May 4

Milan Rastislav Štefánik was a Slovak politician, diplomat, aviator, and Freemason. He served as the minister of war for Czechoslovakia during World War I while simultaneously serving as a general in the French Army. He was a  leading member of the Czechoslovak National Council and contributed to the cause of Czechoslovakian sovereignty. He died in a plane crash in 1919.  

 28 
Henry Gantt
(Engineer)
Henry Gantt
1
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: May 20, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Calvert County
Died: November 23

Best known for creating the Gantt Chart, a management tool used for scheduling tasks, mechanical engineer Henry Gantt had been a disciple and colleague of Frederick W. Taylor. He also prepared ground for the Human Relations School of management and spoke about the social responsibility of business.

 29 
Anna Howard Shaw
(Leader of the women's suffrage movement in the United States.)
Anna Howard Shaw
3
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: February 14, 1847
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Newcastle-on-Tyne, England
Died: July 2
 30 
Sophia Tolstaya
(Writer)
Sophia Tolstaya
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 22, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Northwestern Administrative Okrug, Russia
Died: November 4
 31 
Endre Ady
(One of the Greatest Hungarian Poets of the 20th Century)
Endre Ady
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: November 22, 1877
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ady Endre, Romania
Died: January 27

Endre Ady was a Hungarian poet and journalist. Widely regarded as the 20th century's greatest Hungarian poet, Ady is credited with introducing a new, modern style of poetry, breaking away from the folksy style of Sándor Petőfi, which was widely followed by Hungarian poets at that time. In 1947, a postage stamp featuring Ady's likeness was issued by Hungary. 

 32 
Alfred Werner
(Chemist)
Alfred Werner
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France
Died: November 15

Alfred Werner was a Swiss chemist who is credited with developing the fundamental for modern coordination chemistry. In 1913, he became the first inorganic chemist to receive the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which he won for proposing the correct configuration of transition metal complexes.

 33 
Terauchi Masatake
(Former Prime Minister of Japan (1916 - 1918))
Terauchi Masatake
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 5, 1852
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi, Japan
Died: November 3

Born Tada Jusaburō, Terauchi Masatake changed his name after being adopted by the Terauchi family. He was the army minister for a decade and later became the prime minister of Japan. Known for its aggressive foreign policies, his government collapsed when riots broke out over a rice shortage in Tokyo.

 34 
Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria
(Noblemen)
Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 15, 1842
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: January 18
 35 
Georg von Hertling
(Politician)
Georg von Hertling
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 31, 1843
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: January 4
 36 
Hermann Emil Fischer
(German Chemist and Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry in 1902)
Hermann Emil Fischer
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: October 9, 1852
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Euskirchen, Germany
Died: July 15

Hermann Emil Fischer was a German chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1902. He is credited with discovering the Fischer esterification, which is named in his honor. He is also credited with developing the Fischer projection, which was originally used for the depiction of carbohydrates. Several chemical reactions and concepts like Fischer glycosidation are named after him.

 37 
Sam Steele
(Canadian Police Official and Soldier)
Sam Steele
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 5, 1848
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Purbrook, Bracebridge, Canada
Died: January 30
 38 
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
(Queen)
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 2, 1849
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brno, Czechia
Died: February 3
 39 
Ricardo Palma
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: February 7, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lima, Peru
Died: October 6

Ricardo Palma was a Peruvian author, scholar, librarian, and politician. He became interested in politics as a young man and held several political positions. He began writing seriously following the birth of his first son, for whom he used to write fantastic tales. He went on to pursue a literary career and published various articles and books. 

 40 
Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia
(Grand Duke of Russia)
Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 3, 1860
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: January 28
 41 
Guido von List
(Poet, Journalist, Novelist)
Guido von List
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 5, 1848
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 17
 42 
Carl Larsson
(Swedish Painter Known for His Watercolors of Idyllic Family Life)
Carl Larsson
1
Birthdate: May 28, 1853
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: January 22

Part of the Arts and Crafts movement of the late 19th century, Swedish painter Carl Larsson is best remembered for his iconic painting Midvinterblot, or Midwinter Sacrifice. Born to a poor casual laborer, he had a tough childhood and began working as an illustrator at age 18.

 43 
Princess Marie Isabelle of Orleans
(Princess)
Princess Marie Isabelle of Orleans
1
Birthdate: September 21, 1848
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: San Telmo Palace, Seville, Spain
Died: April 23
 44 
Johannes Rydberg
(Swedish Physicist Known for Devising the Rydberg Formula to Describe the Wavelengths of Photons)
Johannes Rydberg
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 8, 1854
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Halmstad, Sweden
Died: December 28

Renowned Swedish physicist Johannes Rydberg is most recognised for devising the Rydberg formula, a mathematical formula used to determine the wavelengths of photons. He was twice nominated for the Nobel Prize and was inducted as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1919. He worked at the Lund University as a provisional professor of physics before becoming a full professor.

 45 
Evelyn De Morgan
(Painter)
Evelyn De Morgan
0
Birthdate: August 30, 1855
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London
Died: May 2
 46 
José Santos Zelaya
(President of Nicaragua (1893 - 1909))
José Santos Zelaya
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 1, 1853
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: May 17

José Santos Zelaya was a Nicaraguan political figure best remembered for his service as the President of Nicaragua from 1893 to 1909. During his presidency, Zelaya enacted many progressive programs, such as established steam ship lines and improved railroads and public education. José Santos Zelaya also enacted a number of constitutional rights.

 47 
Francisco Moreno
(Naturalist, Explorer, Anthropologist, Geographer)
Francisco Moreno
0
Birthdate: May 31, 1852
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: November 22

Argentine explorer Francisco Moreno, better known as Perito Moreno, is remembered as one of his country’s greatest heroes. His explorations helped define the border of Chile. He discovered Patagonian treasures such as Mount Fitz Roy and established Argentina’s first national park, Nahuel Huapi. His accolades include the Cullum Geographical Medal.

 48 
Vera Zasulich
(Writer)
Vera Zasulich
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 8, 1849
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gzhatsky Uyezd
Died: August 8
 49 
Raymonde de Laroche
(Pilot)
Raymonde de Laroche
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 18
 50 
Abraham Valdelomar
(Peruvian Author, Poet, Journalist, and Caricaturist Who Pioneered Avant-Garde Literature in Peru)
Abraham Valdelomar
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 27, 1888
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pisco
Died: November 3
A pioneer of avant-garde literature in Peru, author and journalist Abraham Valdelomar redefined Peruvian poetry. A regular at the intellectual hub Palais Concert, he had a successful career as a caricaturist, too. He also wrote using the pseudonym Conde de Lemos. He died in his early 30s due to an accidental fall.