Famous People Born In 1888

Discover the most famous people born in 1888. The list includes people like Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Jim Thorpe, John Logie Baird, Raymond Chandler, Harpo Marx and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, poets, physicists and diplomats born in 1888. This list includes people from United States, Germany, India & United Kingdom and many more countries.
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 1 
T. S. Eliot
(Best Known as a Leader of the Modernist Movement in Poetry)
T. S. Eliot
74
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 26th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Died: January 4, 1965
American-born British poet T. S. Eliot is best remembered for his poems The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, The Waste Land, and Ash Wednesday, and his plays such as Murder in the Cathedral. He won the Nobel Prize for literature and became a prominent figure of Modernist poetry.  
 2 
Harpo Marx
(Comedian and Actor Well-Known for His Clown and Pantomime Traditions With a Curly Reddish Blond Hairstyle)
Harpo Marx
4
Birthdate: 23rd November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: September 28, 1964
Harpo Marx was the second-oldest of the Marx Brothers, namely Groucho and Chico Marx. Opposed to the verbal comedy of his brothers, Harpo focused on physical comedy and gained fame for his signature curly-haired wig. He used props such as canes and harps, and was always silent in his appearances.
 3 
Irving Berlin
(American Composer and Lyricist)
Irving Berlin
8
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 11th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tyumen, Russian Empire
Died: September 22, 1989

Irving Berlin was a composer and lyricist. He made tremendous contributions to the Great American Songbook and is widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history. He had an extensive career spanning six decades, during which he composed an estimated 1,500 songs. He received the Lawrence Langner Tony Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. 

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 4 
Dale Carnegie
(Self-Help Writer, Motivational Guru, Public Speaker)
Dale Carnegie
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 24th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Maryville, Missouri, United States
Died: November 1, 1955
Writer and academic Dale Carnegie is best remembered for his work on courses in areas such as corporate training, self-improvement, and salesmanship. He started his career as a salesperson. He wrote many books, including the international bestseller How to Win Friends and Influence People, and was a successful lecturer, too.
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 5 
Eugene O'Neill
(American Playwright and Winner of the 1936 Nobel Prize in Literature)
Eugene O'Neill
2
Listed In: Playwrights
Birthdate: 16th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: November 27, 1953

Eugene O'Neill was an American playwright whose works earned him several prestigious awards, including four Pulitzer Prizes for Drama and the 1936 Nobel Prize in Literature. His play Long Day's Journey into Night is frequently named among the 20th century's finest American plays. In the 1981 film Reds, Eugene O'Neill is played by actor Jack Nicholson.

 6 
John Logie Baird
10
Birthdate: 13th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Helensburgh
Died: June 14, 1946

Scottish inventor, electrical engineer, and innovator, John Logie Baird, is best known for demonstrating a working TV system in 1926. He then went on to invent the first viable purely electronic color TV picture tube and founded the Baird Television Development Company. He was inducted into the Scottish Engineering Hall of Fame in 2015.

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 7 
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(2nd President of India (1962 – 1967), 1st Vice President of India (1952 - 1962))
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
87
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 5th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Thiruttani, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: April 17, 1975

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the second President of India and served from 1962 to 1967. He is regarded as one of India’s most eminent scholars and wrote extensively on Indian philosophy and religion. Lifelong he defended Hindu traditions and culture against criticism from the West. September 5, his birthday, is observed as Teachers Day in India, in his honour.

 8 
C.V. Raman
(Physicist)
C.V. Raman
92
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 7th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tiruchirappalli, Madras Province
Died: November 21, 1970
Indian physicist C.V. Raman earned the Nobel Prize in Physics after discovering the Raman effect. He was the first director of the IISc and founded the Indian Academy of Sciences and the Raman Research Institute. He destroyed his Bharat Ratna medal in protest against Jawaharlal Nehru’s policies on science.
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 9 
Lead Belly
(Folk and blues singer)
Lead Belly
4
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 23rd January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mooringsport, Louisiana, United States
Died: December 6, 1949
 10 
Raymond Chandler
(Novelist and Screenwriter)
Raymond Chandler
4
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 23rd July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: March 26, 1959
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 11 
Richard E. Byrd
(American Naval Officer and Explorer Known for His Expedition of the Antarctic Plateau)
Richard E. Byrd
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 25th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Winchester, Virginia, United States
Died: March 11, 1957

American naval officer Richard E. Byrd is remembered for his pioneering expeditions to Antarctica, using airplanes. Though he was awarded a US Congressional Medal of Honor for completing the first flight over the North Pole, it was later revealed that he had returned when he was 150 miles away from the destination.

 12 
Katherine Mansfield
(One of the Most Highly Regarded Short Story Writers of the 20th Century)
Katherine Mansfield
8
Birthdate: 14th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wellington
Died: January 9, 1923

Katherine Mansfield was a New Zealand modernist writer best remembered for her short stories. Her life and career inspired several films, plays, novels, and TV series. In 1973, she became the subject of a BBC miniseries titled A Picture of Katherine Mansfield. In 2011, actress Kate Elliott played Mansfield in a TV biopic titled Bliss.

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 13 
Maurice Chevalier
(French Singer Best Known for His Signature Songs: "Livin' In The Sunlight", "Valentine", "Louise" and "Mimi")
Maurice Chevalier
3
Birthdate: 12th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 1, 1972
Best remembered for the song Valentine and the musical Gigi, French musician Maurice Chevalier not only fought in World War I, but was also injured and later imprisoned. During World War II, he reluctantly agreed to perform in exchange of the release of a few French prisoners. 
 14 
Fernando Pessoa
(Portuguese Modernist Poet and Author of 'Mensagem' and 'The Book of Disquiet')
Fernando Pessoa
4
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 13th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: November 30, 1935

Fernando Pessoa was a Portuguese poet, writer, translator, and publisher. A prolific writer, he is considered one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century. While he mostly wrote in the Portuguese language, he also wrote in English and French occasionally. Besides writing under his own name, he also wrote under approximately 75 other names.

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 15 
Nestor Makhno
(Ukrainian Anarchist Revolutionary and the Commander of the Revolutionary Insurgent Army of Ukraine)
Nestor Makhno
21
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 7th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hulyaipole, Ukraine
Died: July 25, 1934
Remembered for his guerrilla tactics, his Robin Hood image, and his Black Army that kept the Red and White armies away from a part of Ukraine, Nestor Makhno lost his father as an infant. He began working on farms at age 7 and grew up to be an anarchist revolutionary. 
 16 
Robert Moses
(49th Secretary of State of New York (1927 - 1929))
Robert Moses
6
Birthdate: 18th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut, United States
Died: July 29, 1981

Robert Moses was an American public official. Often referred to as the master builder, Moses is credited with influencing the creation of the modern suburbs of Long Island, which in turn influenced a generation of urban planners, architects, and engineers. Robert Moses is widely regarded as one of the most polarizing personalities in urban development history in the US.

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 17 
Dame Gladys Cooper
(Actress)
Dame Gladys Cooper
1
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 18th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hither Green, London, United Kingdom
Died: November 17, 1971
 18 
Roland Garros
(French Aviation Pioneer and Fighter Pilot)
Roland Garros
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 6th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint-Denis, Réunion, France
Died: October 5, 1918
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 19 
Giorgio de Chirico
(Italian Painter and Founder of the ‘Scuola Metafisica’ Art Movement)
Giorgio de Chirico
3
Birthdate: 10th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Volos, Greece
Died: November 20, 1978

Italian artist Giorgio de Chirico, the founder of the scuola metafisica art movement, showed marked influence of his childhood spent in Greece in his work. His metaphysical paintings showcased empty cityscapes, mannequins, trains, and towers. His notable works include The Child's Brain and The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon.

 20 
F. W. Murnau
(Film director)
F. W. Murnau
4
Listed In: Directors
Birthdate: 28th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bielefeld, Germany
Died: March 11, 1931

F. W. Murnau was a German film director best remembered for directing the 1922 silent horror film Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror, which is widely regarded as a masterpiece of German Expressionist cinema. He also made Hollywood films like Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans, which is often counted among the best movies ever made by critics and film directors.

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 21 
Max Steiner
(Conductor, Composer, Musician, Screenwriter, Film score composer)
Max Steiner
2
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 10th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: December 28, 1971
 22 
José Raúl Capablanca
(Cuban Chess Player)
José Raúl Capablanca
4
Listed In: Chess Players
Birthdate: 19th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba
Died: March 8, 1942
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 23 
Tris Speaker
(Baseball Player)
Tris Speaker
0
Listed In: Baseball Players
Birthdate: 4th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hubbard, Texas, United States
Died: December 8, 1958
 24 
Grey Owl
(Writer, Novelist)
Grey Owl
2
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 18th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hastings
Died: April 13, 1938
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 25 
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
(Indian Independence Activist and 1st Indian Minister of Education)
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
8
Birthdate: 11th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Died: February 22, 1958

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was an Indian independence activist, Islamic theologian, and scholar. He played a key role in the Indian independence movement, serving as a senior leader of the Congress. His contribution to the Indian education system is recognized across India by celebrating his birthday as National Education Day

 26 
Grace Gifford
(Artist)
Grace Gifford
1
Birthdate: 4th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rathmines, Dublin, Ireland
Died: December 13, 1955

Immortalized in the Irish ballad Grace, Irish cartoonist Grace Gifford was a regular contributor to many reputed publications such as The Irish Review. She was part of the Republican movement and married her lover Joseph Plunkett just hours before he was killed by firing squad for his invoolvement in the Easter Rising.

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 27 
Jean Monnet
(French Politician and One of the Founding Fathers of the 'European Union')
Jean Monnet
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 9th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cognac, France
Died: March 16, 1979

Son of a brandy merchant, French economist Jean Monnet is known as The Father of Europe. He was one of the first to propose a common European market, leading six countries, including France, to form the European Coal and Steel Community, which eventually led to the modern-day European Union.

 28 
Milunka Savic
(Military personnel)
Milunka Savic
1
Listed In: Soldiers
Birthdate: 10th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Koprivnica, Novi Pazar Koprivnica, Kingdom of Serbia
Died: October 5, 1973
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 29 
Selman Waksman
(Biochemist and Microbiologist Who Discovered ‘Streptomycin’ and Several Other Antibiotics)
Selman Waksman
2
Birthdate: 22nd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nova Pryluka, Ukraine
Died: August 16, 1973
Nobel Prize-winning Ukrainian-American biochemist and microbiologist Selman Waksman revolutionized science with his pathbreaking discovery of a number of antibiotics. His research on soil microbes helped in the discovery of streptomycin, the first successful treatment of tuberculosis, though he was sued by his student Albert Schatz for stealing credits.
 30 
Barry Fitzgerald
(Actor)
Barry Fitzgerald
6
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 10th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: January 14, 1961
 31 
Inge Lehmann
(Seismologist & Geophysicist Known for Her Discovery that Earth’s Outer Core is Molten & its Inner Core Solid)
Inge Lehmann
4
Listed In: Geologists
Birthdate: 13th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: February 21, 1993

Danish seismologist Inge Lehmann is remembered for her groundbreaking discovery of the Earth’s solid inner core and molten outer core, using seismic waves. While she initially studied math, she later deviated to seismology, with a focus on ascertaining earthquake epicenters. The William Bowie Medal-winning scientist died at age 104.

 32 
Vladimir K. Zworykin
(Russian-American Inventor of Television Transmitting and Receiving System Employing Cathode Ray Tubes)
Vladimir K. Zworykin
0
Birthdate: 29th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Murom, Russia
Died: July 29, 1982

Often referred to as the Father of the Television, Russian-American engineer Vladimir K. Zworykin is remembered for inventing the kinescope picture tube, also known as the cathode-ray tube, used in the television. He was associated with the Radio Corporation of America, and his other creations included the iconoscope camera.

 33 
Aurora Quezon
(Former First Lady of the Philippines)
Aurora Quezon
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 19th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Baler, Philippines
Died: April 28, 1949

Aurora Quezon was a Filipino political figure best remembered for her role as the First Lady of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. Quezon is also remembered for her humanitarian activities; from 1947 to 1949, she served as the chairperson of the Philippine Red Cross. In the 2018 biographical drama film Quezon's Game, Aurora Quezon was played by Rachel Alejandro.

 34 
Georgios Papandreou
(Politician, Economist, Diplomat, Lawyer)
Georgios Papandreou
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 13th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kalentzi
Died: November 1, 1968

Georgios Papandreou was a Greek politician who served as the Prime Minister of Greece on three occasions between 1944 and 1965. Papandreou, whose illustrious political career spanned over 50 years, is also credited with founding the Papandreou political dynasty. Georgios Papandreou was also counted among the best orators in Greece.

 35 
Chick Gandil
(Baseball player)
Chick Gandil
2
Listed In: Baseball Players
Birthdate: 19th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States
Died: December 13, 1970
 36 
Dame Edith Evans
(British actress)
Dame Edith Evans
2
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 8th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 14, 1976
Alexander I of Yugoslavia
7
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 16th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cetinje, Montenegro
Died: October 9, 1934

Alexander I of Yugoslavia reigned as the king of Yugoslavia from 1921 until his death in 1934. During a state visit to France, Alexander was murdered by Bulgarian Vlado Chernozemski. The assassination inspired the opening of Christopher Hyde's book, The Second Assassin. Alexander's life and career inspired a TV series titled Alexander of Yugoslavia.

 38 
Friedrich Fromm
(German Army officer)
Friedrich Fromm
7
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 8th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: March 12, 1945

Friedrich Fromm was a German Army officer who served as the Replacement Army's Commander in Chief during the Second World War. He is best remembered for his decision not to act against the plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, for which he was executed on 12 March 1945. In the 2008 thriller movie Valkyrie, Friedrich Fromm was played by Tom Wilkinson.

 39 
Johannes Itten
(Swiss Expressionist Painter & Designer Known for His Work 'Farbkreis')
Johannes Itten
0
Birthdate: 11th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Südern-Linden, Switzerland
Died: March 25, 1967

Swiss expressionist painter Johannes Itten developed his own color theories. Before joining the German art school Bauhaus, he had received elementary school teachers’ training. He often skipped correcting his students’ mistakes, fearing it might spoil their creative impulse. He followed the neo-Zoroastrian fire cult Mazdaznan and practiced meditation and vegetarianism.

 40 
Eduardo Ciannelli
(Actor)
Eduardo Ciannelli
0
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 30th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ischia, Italy
Died: October 8, 1969
 41 
Thomas C. Kinkaid
(Officer)
Thomas C. Kinkaid
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 3rd April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: November 17, 1972
 42 
Horace Pippin
(Painter)
Horace Pippin
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 22nd February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: West Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: July 6, 1946
 43 
Willis Augustus Lee
(American Vice Admiral of the United States Navy and Sport Shooter)
Willis Augustus Lee
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: 11th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Natlee, Kentucky, United States
Died: August 25, 1945
 44 
Alexander Friedmann
(Physicist and Mathematician Best Known for His Pioneering Theory That the Universe Was Expanding)
Alexander Friedmann
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 16th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: September 16, 1925

Though born to a ballet dancer father and a pianist mother, Alexander Friedmann grew up to be a talented mathematician and cosmologist. He had served as an aviator during World War I and later also taught. He died of typhoid at age 37 after eating a pear during his honeymoon.

 45 
Georges Vanier
(Diplomat, Military personnel)
Georges Vanier
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 23rd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Montreal
Died: March 5, 1967

Georges Vanier was a Canadian military officer and diplomat. He was the governor-general of Canada from 1959 to 1967; he was the first French-Canadian to hold this post. A lawyer by qualification, he served in the army before joining politics. He was popular as the governor-general and earned respect for his war record. He received the Distinguished Service Order.  

 46 
Friedrich Olbricht
(Military personnel, Officer)
Friedrich Olbricht
1
Listed In: Soldiers
Birthdate: 4th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Leisnig
Died: July 21, 1944

German general Friedrich Olbricht was part of the First World War but is best remembered for his association with the July Plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler. Eventually arrested for the conspiracy, he and the other plotters were executed, and Olbricht was the first to be shot.

 47 
Hans Richter
(Artist and Filmmaker Known for His Role in the 'Dada Movement')
Hans Richter
1
Birthdate: 6th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, German
Died: February 1, 1976

German artist and filmmaker Hans Richter was initially associated with the Blaue Reiter and later inspired by Cubism. He made a significant impact on Dadaism. A Jew, he fled the Nazi regime by escaping first to the Soviet Union, then to Switzerland, and then finally to the US.

 48 
Thomas Sopwith
(Aircraft designer)
Thomas Sopwith
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 18th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kensington, England
Died: January 27, 1989
 49 
John Garand
(American Designer of Firearms Who Created the 'M1 Garand', a Semi-automatic Rifle)
John Garand
1
Birthdate: 1st January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: St. Rémi, Quebec, Canada
Died: February 16, 1974

One of his parents’ 12 children, Canadian-born John Garand moved to the U.S. with his father and siblings after his mother’s death. He went from working in a textile mill as a child to creating the semi-automatic rifle M1 Garand, used widely by the U.S. military in World War II.

 50 
Alfonso Bialetti
(Italian Engineer Best Known for Inventing 'Moka Express' Coffeemaker)
Alfonso Bialetti
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 17th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Montebuglio, Italy
Died: March 4, 1970

Alfonso Bialetti was an Italian engineer best remembered for inventing the famous Moka Express coffeemaker. The coffee pot, designed by Bialetti in 1933, has been a style icon ever since it achieved popularity during the 1950s. Alfonso Bialetti is also credited with founding Bialetti Industries, a giant kitchen-ware company.