Famous Black Revolutionaries

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 1 
Jean-Jacques Dessalines
(Haitian General)
Jean-Jacques Dessalines
3
Birthdate: September 20, 1758
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Guinea
Died: August 17, 1806

Jean-Jacques Dessalines was an important figure and leader of the Haitian Revolution. He went on to rule an independent Haiti, which became the first country to abolish slavery permanently. Considered one of Haiti's founding fathers, Dessalines reigned as the emperor of Haiti from 1804 until his murder in 1806. Today, he is regarded as an icon of Haitian nationalism.

 2 
Kenneth Kaunda
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Chinsali, Awemba North, Northern Rhodesia
Died: June 17, 2021

Kenneth Kaunda is a Zambian former politician. He served as the first president of Zambia from 1964 to 1991. A major figure in Zambia’s struggle for independence from British rule, he became the first president of independent Zambia. As the president, he implemented many educational and economic reforms to accelerate the rate of modernization in the country.

 3 
Robert Mugabe
(Former PM & President of Zimbabwe)
Robert Mugabe
13
Birthdate: February 21, 1924
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Harare, Zimbabwe
Died: September 6, 2019

Robert Mugabe was a Zimbabwean revolutionary. He played a major role in the Rhodesian Bush War, which eventually led to the Lancaster House Agreement, resulting in the creation of the Republic of Zimbabwe. Subsequently, Mugabe served as the first prime minister of Zimbabwe and later as its president. A controversial figure, Mugabe is also often criticized for his tyrannical ways.

 4 
Jonas Savimbi
(Politician)
Jonas Savimbi
3
Birthdate: August 3, 1934
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Munhango, Angola
Died: February 22, 2002
 5 
Agostinho Neto
(Former President of Angola)
Agostinho Neto
3
Birthdate: September 17, 1922
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ícolo e Bengo
Died: September 10, 1979

MPLA leader Agostinho Neto was Angola’s first president. Born to school teacher parents, Neto grew up to become a poet and later studied medicine. However, while pursuing his academic career, he also participated in indigenous movements. Following his arrest and the subsequent unrest, he joined the Angolan liberation movement.

 6 
Laurent-Désiré Kabila
(3rd President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Laurent-Désiré Kabila
3
Birthdate: November 27, 1939
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moba, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Died: January 16, 2001
 7 
Michael X
(Civil rights activist, Revolutionary)
Michael X
1
Birthdate: August 17, 1933
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Belmont, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Died: May 16, 1975
 8 
Gabriel Prosser
(Blacksmith)
Gabriel Prosser
3
Birthdate: 1776 AD
Birthplace: Henrico County, Virginia, United States
Died: October 10, 1800

One of the rare literate slaves of the colonial era, Gabriel Prosser was born into slavery at a tobacco plantation in Virginia. He led one of the first great slave revolutions of the U.S., aspiring to create an all-Black state, with himself as the king. He was eventually hanged.

 9 
Sam Nujoma
(1st President of Namibia)
Sam Nujoma
3
Birthdate: May 12, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ongandjera, Namibia
 10 
Dutty Boukman
(Haitian Revolutionary Who was Active During the Haitian Revolution)
Dutty Boukman
0
Birthdate: 1767 AD
Birthplace: Senegambia
Died: November 7, 1791

Dutty Boukman was a Haitian revolutionary who was active during the Haitian Revolution. It is believed that Boukman and a Vodou mambo named Cécile Fatiman presided over a religious ceremony at Bois Caïman that instigated the 1791 slave revolt which came to be known as the Haitian Revolution.

 11 
Ndabaningi Sithole
(Zimbabwean Political Leader & Founder of a Militant Organization Called Zimbabwe African National Union)
Ndabaningi Sithole
2
Birthdate: July 21, 1920
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nyamandhlovu, Zimbabwe
Died: December 12, 2000

Ndabaningi Sithole was a Zimbabwean political leader best remembered for founding a militant organization called the Zimbabwe African National Union, which fought against the government of Rhodesia during the 1960s and 1970s. Ndabaningi Sithole was also one of the most prolific authors in Rhodesia; he published 12 books including a novel titled The Polygamist.

 12 
Holden Roberto
(President of the National Liberation Front of Angola from 1954 to 2007)
Holden Roberto
2
Birthdate: January 12, 1923
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: M'banza-Kongo, Angola
Died: August 2, 2007

Holden Roberto was an Angolan politician and freedom fighter. He is credited with founding a militant organization and political party called the National Liberation Front of Angola, which played a major role in the Angolan War of Independence. The party, which Roberto led from 1962 to 1999, played an influential role in Angola's independence from Portugal.

 13 
John Okello
(Revolutionary)
John Okello
0
Birthdate: 1937 AD
Birthplace: Otuke District, Uganda
Died: 1971 AD
 14 
Samuel Maharero
0
Birthdate: 1856 AD
Birthplace: Namibia
Died: March 14, 1923
 15 
Chief Mkwawa
(Revolutionary)
Chief Mkwawa
0
Birthdate: 1855 AD
Birthplace: Iringa Region, Tanzania
Died: July 19, 1898
 16 
Kinjikitile Ngwale
(Revolutionary)
Kinjikitile Ngwale
0
Birthplace: Tanzania
Died: August 4, 1905
 17 
Harry Gwala
(South African Politician)
Harry Gwala
1
Birthdate: July 30, 1920
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New Hanover, South Africa
Died: June 20, 1995

African National Congress and South African Communist Party leader Harry Gwala was popular as The Lion of the Midlands among his followers. Though sentenced to life imprisonment for his revolutionary activities, he was later released after his arms were paralyzed. He once used the Bible to teach communism.

 18 
Hosea Kutako
(Politician)
Hosea Kutako
0
Birthdate: 1870 AD
Birthplace: Kalkfeld, Namibia
Died: July 18, 1970
 19 
Maharero
(Revolutionary)
Maharero
0
Birthdate: 1820 AD
Birthplace: Okahandja
Died: October 7, 1890
 20 
Kukoi Sanyang
(Politician and leader of the unsuccessful 1981 coup d'état against the government of Dawda Jawara)
Kukoi Sanyang
0
Birthdate: 1952 AD
Birthplace: Wassadung, The Gambia
Died: June 18, 2013
 21 
Jan Jonker Afrikaner
(Revolutionary)
Jan Jonker Afrikaner
0
Birthdate: December 12, 1820
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bethanie, Namibia
Died: August 10, 1889
 22 
Thenjiwe Lesabe
(Zimbabwean Nationalist, War Veteran and Political Activist)
Thenjiwe Lesabe
0
Birthdate: January 5, 1932
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hope Fountain, Matabele, Zimbabwe
Died: 2011 AD

Zimbabwean war-veteran and political-activist Thenjiwe Lesabe was one of the first members of the Southern Rhodesian African National Congress, one of the first female members of the National Democratic Party (NDP), and leader of ZAPU Women's League.  She became an elected Member of Parliament for Matobo on a PF-Zapu ticket following Zimbabwe’s Independence and served as Deputy Minister of Tourism.

 23 
Carlo Poerio
(Former Deputy of the Kingdom of Italy and Poet)
Carlo Poerio
0
Birthdate: October 13, 1803
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: April 27, 1867

The son of lawyer Baron Giuseppe Poerio and the brother of poet Alessandro Poerio, Carlo Poerio was a renowned Italian poet and revolutionary, known for his association with the Risorgimento and the 1848 Revolution. Once arrested, he was confined under inhumane conditions but was later released.