Renaissance Painters

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The Renaissance was a rich, dynamic and vibrant era in Europe, marking the period from the 14th to the 17th century. Starting as a cultural movement in Italy in the Late Medieval period, it later spread to the rest of Europe, marking the beginning of the Early Modern Age. Renaissance painting shifted towards a more natural reality as reflected in the works of great artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Tiziano Vecelli, a versatile Italian painter and an important member of the 16th-century Venetian school was another artist who deeply influenced the development of Renaissance art. His impact was so profound that generations of future artists in the West continued to be influenced by his techniques. Masaccio, another major figure in Renaissance painting, was considered the best painter of his generation because of his ability to create a convincing sense of three-dimensionality in his works. Flemish painter Hugo van der Goes along with Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, Hans Memling and Dieric Bouts was one of the most important of the Early Netherlandish painters while Giorgione was one of the founders of the distinctive Venetian school of Italian Renaissance painting. Read on to know about the life and works of famous Renaissance painters.
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 1 
Leonardo da Vinci
(Italian Polymath & Artist Known for His Paintings: ‘Mona Lisa’, ‘The Last Supper’ and ‘Virgin of the Rocks’)
Leonardo da Vinci
15
Birthdate: April 15, 1452
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Anchiano, Italy
Died: May 2, 1519

Widely regarded as one of the greatest painters ever, Leonardo da Vinci was an extremely talented polymath. While his work The Mona Lisa became the most famous portrait, his drawing The Vitruvian Man became a cultural icon. A man well ahead of his time, Leonardo is also known for his notes on science and invention.

 2 
Michelangelo
(Regarded as the Most Accomplished Artist of His Era (High Renaissance))
Michelangelo
9
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Died: February 18, 1564

Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet Michelangelo was a prominent figure of the High Renaissance. He is credited to have influenced the Western art in unprecedented ways. He is widely regarded as the greatest artist of his age and one of the greatest artists of all time. He was equally revered and respected as an architect.

 3 
Sandro Botticelli
(One of the Greatest Painters of the Florentine Renaissance)
Sandro Botticelli
6
Birthdate: 1445 AD
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: May 17, 1510
Italian painter Sandro Botticelli was one of the most influential figures of the Early Renaissance. His works later influenced the Pre-Raphaelites. He is best known for his iconic works Primavera and The Birth of Venus and his versions of the Madonna and Child. He also painted the Sistine Chapel.
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 4 
Albrecht Durer
(German High Renaissance Painter Best Known for His Work ‘Meisterstiche’)
Albrecht Durer
6
Birthdate: May 21, 1471
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: April 6, 1528

Albrecht Durer was a German painter, theorist, and printmaker of the German Renaissance. During his 20s, Durer established his reputation as a popular printmaker across Europe, thanks to his high-quality woodcut prints. His popularity enabled him to work with major Italian artists like Leonardo da Vinci, Giovanni Bellini, and Raphael. Albrecht Durer also influenced generations of artists, especially in printmaking.

 5 
Titian
(One of the Greatest Venetian Artists of the 16th-Century)
Titian
8
Birthdate: 1488 AD
Birthplace: Pieve di Cadore, Italy
Died: August 27, 1576
Trained by Giovanni Bellini as a boy, Titian also joined hands with Giorgione to work on a number of frescoes. The Renaissance artist is regarded as one of the key figures of the Venetian school and is remembered for his masterpieces such as the three miracles of Anthony of Padua.
 6 
El Greco
(Greek Painter, Sculptor and Architect of the Spanish Renaissance)
El Greco
6
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Greece
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.
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 7 
Jan van Eyck
(Painter)
Jan van Eyck
4
Birthdate: 1390 AD
Birthplace: Maaseik, Belgium
Died: July 9, 1441

Jan van Eyck was a painter best remembered for his Early Northern Renaissance art. He was one of the early innovators of Early Netherlandish painting and one of the most significant painters of his generation. A highly influential painter, Jan van Eyck's style and techniques were adopted by the Early Netherlandish painters.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder
6
Birthdate: 1525 AD
Birthplace: Breda or nearby, Duchy of Brabant, Habsburg Netherlands (modern-day Netherlands)
Died: September 9, 1569
Sixteenth-century Flemish painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder is remembered for his depiction of peasants through his paintings. His origins remain elusive, though most of his paintings carried his signature, which made it easy for researchers to trace the evolution of his art. Both his sons, too, became painters.
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 9 
Hans Holbein the Younger
(One of the Greatest Portraitists of the 16th Century)
Hans Holbein the Younger
4
Birthdate: 1497 AD
Birthplace: Augsburg, Germany
Died: 1543 AD

Hans Holbein the Younger was a German printmaker and painter. Regarded as one of the 16th century's greatest portraitists, Holbein was also renowned for producing Reformation propaganda, satire, and religious art. Many of his portraits are now considered cultural icons. Holbein is also credited with contributing immensely to the evolution of book design.

 10 
Giorgio Vasari
(Artist and Author Best Known for His Biographies of Italian Artists)
Giorgio Vasari
4
Birthdate: July 30, 1511
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: June 27, 1574

Giorgio Vasari was an Italian architect, painter, writer, engineer, and historian. He is best remembered for his work The Lives, a series of artist biographies, which is regarded as the art-historical writing's ideological foundation. Vasari is also credited with the formulation of the term Renaissance as it was first suggested by Jules Michelet based on Giorgio Vasari's text.

 11 
Fra Angelico
(Italian Painter Who is Known for a Series of Frescoes He Made for His Own Friary in Florence)
Fra Angelico
4
Birthdate: 1395 AD
Birthplace: Vicchio, Italy
Died: February 18, 1455

Fra Angelico was an Italian painter best remembered for a series of frescoes which he made for his own friary in Florence. Described by Giorgio Vasari as having a rare and perfect talent, Fra Angelico was proclaimed blessed by Pope John Paul II in 1982 in recognition of the saintliness of his life. 

 12 
Masaccio
(One of the Best Painters of His Generation)
Masaccio
3
Birthdate: December 21, 1401
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: San Giovanni Valdarno, Italy
Died: 1428 AD

Masaccio was a Florentine artist best remembered for his skills at recreating lifelike figures and imitating nature. Widely regarded as the best painter of his generation, Masaccio employed foreshortenings and nudes in his paintings, which were rarely seen at that time. He is also considered the first great Italian artist of the Quattrocento period.

 13 
Lucas Cranach the Elder
(German Renaissance Painter and Printmaker)
Lucas Cranach the Elder
4
Birthdate: 1472 AD
Birthplace: Kronach, Germany
Died: October 16, 1553

German painter Lucas Cranach the Elder enriched the German Renaissance with his paintings and wood engravings. A court painter of the Electors of Saxony, he specialized in painting both nudes and ladies in fine clothing, and mostly depicted biblical and mythological themes. He also inspired the Danube school of Austria.

 14 
Leon Battista Alberti
(Architect and Principal Initiator of Renaissance Art Theory)
Leon Battista Alberti
6
Birthdate: February 14, 1404
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: April 25, 1472
Born into an affluent banker family of Florence, Leon Battista Alberti was rumored to be an illegitimate son of his father and a Bolognese widow. The ideal Renaissance man, he later applied mathematical precision to his paintings and architectural work. His written work on art remains invaluable.
 15 
Giovanni Bellini
(Italian Renaissance Painter)
Giovanni Bellini
5
Birthdate: 1430 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: 1516 AD

Giovanni Bellini was an Italian painter who hailed from the famous Bellini family of painters. Giovanni is credited with revolutionizing Venetian painting, shifting it towards a more coloristic and sensuous style. Best remembered for creating paintings with detailed shadings and rich tints, Giovanni's work had a strong influence on the Venetian painting school.

 16 
Andrea del Verrocchio
(Italian Painter, Sculptor and Goldsmith Known for His Equestrian Statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni)
Andrea del Verrocchio
3
Birthdate: 1435 AD
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: October 10, 1488

Andrea del Verrocchio was an Italian sculptor, painter, and goldsmith. He was a master of an important workshop in Florence and his pupils included famous men like Leonardo da Vinci, Lorenzo di Credi, and Pietro Perugino. As a sculptor, he is best known for his masterpiece, the Equestrian statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni in Venice. 

 17 
Raphael
(Painter and Architect of the High Renaissance)
Raphael
6
Birthdate: April 6, 1483
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Urbino, Italy
Died: April 6, 1520

Italian painter and architect Raphael, along with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, formed the great trio who ushered in the High Renaissance. He is mostly known for his frescoes of the Vatican Palace and The School of Athens. He also designed the Chigi Chapel, among other structures in Rome.

 18 
Andrea Mantegna
(Italian Renaissance Painter Known for His Works: 'St. Sebastian', 'Camera degli Sposi' and 'The Agony in the Garden')
Andrea Mantegna
3
Birthdate: 1431 AD
Birthplace: Republic of Venice
Died: September 13, 1506

Italian Renaissance painter Andrea Mantegna is remembered for his iconic frescoes and paintings such as St. Sebastian, Painted Room, and The Agony in the Garden. Known as the first fully Renaissance artist from Northern Italy, he began his artistic journey as an apprentice of Francesco Squarcione.

 19 
Sofonisba Anguissola
(Renaissance painter)
Sofonisba Anguissola
3
Birthdate: 1532 AD
Birthplace: Cremona, Italy
Died: November 16, 1625
 20 
Paolo Veronese
(Italian Painter Who Became Famous for His Extremely Large Paintings of Mythology and Religion)
Paolo Veronese
3
Birthdate: 1528 AD
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: April 19, 1588

Paolo Veronese was an Italian painter best remembered for his extremely large history paintings of mythology and religion, such as The Feast in the House of Levi and The Wedding at Cana. The leading Venetian painter of ceilings during his time, Paolo Veronese has always been appreciated for the splendor of his brushwork and the chromatic brilliance of his palette.

 21 
Paolo Uccello
(Florentine Painter and Mathematician Known for His Pioneering Work on Visual Perspective in Art)
Paolo Uccello
3
Birthdate: 1397 AD
Birthplace: Pratovecchio, Italy
Died: December 10, 1475

Paolo Uccello was a 15th-century Florentine painter and mathematician. He worked in the Late Gothic tradition and had a style best described as idiosyncratic. As a young man, he was apprenticed to the famous sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti, with whom he collaborated on his later works. His paintings representing the battle of San Romano are considered his best. 

 22 
Matthias Grünewald
(German Renaissance Painter)
Matthias Grünewald
3
Birthdate: 1470 AD
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: August 31, 1528

German Renaissance painter Matthias Grünewald, also known as Master Mathis, was the court painter of the elector of Mainz. His drawings were mostly made in black chalk. Of his religious works, the Isenheim Altarpiece still survives, though most of his works were destroyed in the Thirty Years' War.

 23 
Domenico Ghirlandaio
3
Birthdate: June 2, 1448
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 11, 1494
 24 
Pontormo
(Italian Mannerist Painter and Portraitist)
Pontormo
3
Birthdate: May 24, 1494
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Empoli, Italy
Died: January 2, 1557

Pontormo was an Italian Mannerist painter and portraitist from the Florentine School. His style was remarkably different from what characterized the art of the Florentine Renaissance. Orphaned young, he struggled for several years before he was able to establish his painting career. He painted many altarpiece canvases and frescoes, of which only a few survive today. 

 25 
Francesco Melzi
3
Birthdate: 1491 AD
Birthplace: Italy
Died: 1570 AD
 26 
Vittore Carpaccio
(Former painter best known for a cycle of nine paintings, The Legend of Saint Ursula)
Vittore Carpaccio
3
Birthdate: 1465 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: 1525 AD
 27 
Giorgione
(Painter)
Giorgione
3
Birthdate: 1477 AD
Birthplace: Castelfranco Veneto, Italy
Died: October 25, 1510
 28 
Jean Fouquet
(Painter and miniaturist)
Jean Fouquet
5
Birthdate: 1420 AD
Birthplace: Tours, France
Died: 1481 AD

Jean Fouquet was a 15th-century French painter and miniaturist. He was highly skilled in panel painting and manuscript illumination and is considered one of the most important painters of his era. The first French artist to travel to Italy, he had a first-hand experience of the early Italian Renaissance. French king Charles VII was among his many patrons.

 29 
Gentile Bellini
(Italian Painter and One of the Founders of the Orientalist Tradition in Western Painting)
Gentile Bellini
3
Birthdate: 1429 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: February 23, 1507

Gentile Bellini was an Italian painter affiliated with the school of Venice. He hailed from Venice's leading family of painters and was the official portrait artist for the Doges of Venice. He worked for the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II in Constantinople for several months. He was a co-founder of the Orientalist tradition in Western painting.  

 30 
Luca Signorelli
(Italian Renaissance painter who was noted in particular for his ability as a draftsman and his use of foreshortening)
Luca Signorelli
3
Birthdate: 1441 AD
Birthplace: Cortona, Italy
Died: October 16, 1523
 31 
Sebastiano del Piombo
3
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: June 21, 1547
 32 
Giulio Romano
(Architect)
Giulio Romano
3
Birthdate: 1499 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: November 1, 1546
 33 
Filippino Lippi
(Former painter working in Florence, Italy during the later years of the Early Renaissance and first few years of the High Renaissance)
Filippino Lippi
3
Birthdate: April 15, 1457
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Prato, Italy
Died: April 18, 1504
 34 
Andrea del Sarto
3
Birthdate: July 16, 1486
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: September 29, 1530
 35 
Carlo Crivelli
3
Birthdate: 1430 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: 1495 AD
 36 
François Clouet
3
Birthdate: 1515 AD
Birthplace: Tours, France
Died: September 22, 1572
 37 
Antonello da Messina
3
Birthdate: 1430 AD
Birthplace: Messina, Italy
Died: February 19, 1479
 38 
Lorenzo Lotto
(Painter)
Lorenzo Lotto
3
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: 1557 AD
 39 
Hans Baldung
(Artist)
Hans Baldung
3
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany
Died: August 31, 1545
 40 
Albrecht Altdorfer
3
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Regensburg, Germany
Died: February 12, 1538

Albrecht Altdorfer was a German painter, engraver, and architect active during the Renaissance. He predominantly worked in Regensburg, Bavaria. He is considered one of the main representatives of the Danube School of painters. He was one of the first artists to focus on landscape as an independent subject. As an architect, he oversaw the construction of several commercial structures. 

 41 
Benozzo Gozzoli
3
Birthdate: 1420 AD
Birthplace: Scandicci, Italy
Died: October 4, 1497
 42 
Pisanello
(Painter)
Pisanello
3
Birthdate: 1395 AD
Birthplace: Pisa, Italy
Died: 1455 AD
 43 
Bernardino Luini
(Italian painter)
Bernardino Luini
3
Birthdate: 1482 AD
Birthplace: Lake Maggiore
Died: May 31, 1532
 44 
Piero di Cosimo
3
Birthdate: January 2, 1462
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 12, 1522
Lucas Cranach the Younger
3
Birthdate: October 4, 1515
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wittenberg, Germany
Died: January 25, 1586
 46 
Antonis Mor
(Netherlandish painter)
Antonis Mor
3
Birthdate: 1517 AD
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: 1577 AD
 47 
Francesco del Cossa
3
Birthdate: 1430 AD
Birthplace: Ferrara, Italy
Died: 1477 AD
 48 
Dieric Bouts
(Early Netherlandish painter who was among the first northern painters to demonstrate the use of a single vanishing point)
Dieric Bouts
2
Birthdate: 1415 AD
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: 1475 AD
 49 
Jean Clouet
(Painter)
Jean Clouet
2
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: 1541 AD
 50 
Dosso Dossi
(Artist)
Dosso Dossi
2
Birthdate: 1489 AD
Birthplace: San Giovanni del Dosso, Italy
Died: 1542 AD