John Maxwell’s quote, ‘A leader is the one who knows the way, goes the way and shows the way’ can best describe what distinguishing qualities great leaders have. Ever since the start of the civilization, there have been great political leaders who have led from the front and have been able to convert their vision into reality. They changed the paradigm of living life and influenced future generations with their inspirational and motivational thoughts, ideals and principles. Their influence is noteworthy as till date, these great leaders continue to exert a strong control over our life, inspiring us, entertaining us, challenging us and changing our world with their beliefs, ethics and standards set. The 20th century saw a surge of political leaders globally who changed the world, for better or worse. When Adolf Hitler took over the command over Germany, not many anticipated what his reign would be like. Arguably, the most debatable personality of the century, he was the cruellest and most hated leader in world history but with great leadership skills. Having said that, there have been many leaders who are honoured and loved till date for their work, be it John F. Kennedy, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr., Mikhail Gorbachev and so on. Explore this section to know more about some of the famous leaders of the 20th century.
Queen Victoria Queen Victoria
24 May 1819, British
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Barack ObamaBarack Obama
04 August 1961, American
44th U.S. President

Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler
20 April 1889, Austrian, German
Nazi Leader, German Dictator and Chancellor of

Arnold SchwarzeneggerArnold Schwarzenegger
30 July 1947, Austrian, American
Former Governor of California

Joe BidenJoe Biden
20 November 1942, American
Vice President of the U.S.A

Dick CheneyDick Cheney
30 January 1941, American
 
Theresa MayTheresa May
01 October 1956, British
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

John F. KennedyJohn F. Kennedy
29 May 1917, American
35th President of the United States

Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill
30 November 1874, British
Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin
18 December 1878, Georgian, Russian
Communist Revolutionary & Ruler of former USSR
Martin Luther King Jr Martin Luther King Jr.
15 January 1929, American
Civil Rights Activist

Bernie SandersBernie Sanders
08 September 1941, American
Politician
Ronald ReaganRonald Reagan
06 February 1911, American
40th President of the United States

Kamala HarrisKamala Harris
20 October 1964, American
US Senator

Richard NixonRichard Nixon
09 January 1913, American
37th President of the United States
George W. BushGeorge W. Bush
06 July 1946, American
43rd U.S. President

Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi
19 November 1917, Indian
 
Jimmy CarterJimmy Carter
01 October 1924, American
39th U.S. President

Vladimir PutinVladimir Putin
07 October 1952, Russian
President of Russia

Nelson MandelaNelson Mandela
18 July 1918, South African
Anti-Apartheid Activist, President of ANC and
George H. W. BushGeorge H. W. Bush
12 June 1924, American
41st U.S. President

Nancy PelosiNancy Pelosi
26 March 1940, American
Politician
Bill ClintonBill Clinton
19 August 1946, American
 

John McCainJohn McCain
29 August 1936, American
United States Senator

Margaret ThatcherMargaret Thatcher
13 October 1925, British
Only Woman Prime Minister of United Kingdom

Catherine, Duchess of CambridgeCatherine, Duchess of Cambridge
09 January 1982, British
The Duchess of Cambridge
Che GuevaraChe Guevara
14 June 1928, Argentinian
 
Mikhail GorbachevMikhail Gorbachev
02 March 1931, Russian, Russian
Former President of the former USSR

Dwight D. EisenhowerDwight D. Eisenhower
14 October 1890, American
34th U.S. President

AkihitoAkihito
23 December 1933, Japanese
Emperor of Japan

Lyndon B. JohnsonLyndon B. Johnson
27 August 1908, American
President of the U.S.A
Rajiv GandhiRajiv Gandhi
20 August 1944, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India

Imran KhanImran Khan
05 October 1952, Pakistani
22nd PM of Pakistan

Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi
09 December 1946, Indian
President of Congress Party

Mother TeresaMother Teresa
26 August 1910, Albanian, Indian
Founder of Missionaries of Charity

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Kim Jong-unKim Jong-un
08 January 1983, North Korean
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Pope FrancisPope Francis
17 December 1936, Argentinian
 

Saddam HusseinSaddam Hussein
28 April 1937, Iraqi
Dictator & President of Iraq
Benjamin Netanyahu Benjamin Netanyahu
21 October 1949, Israeli
Prime Minister of Israel

Justin TrudeauJustin Trudeau
25 December 1971, Canadian
23rd Prime Minister of Canada

Shirley TempleShirley Temple
23 April 1928, American
Actress
Gerald FordGerald Ford
14 July 1913, American
President of the USA

Scott MorrisonScott Morrison
13 May 1968, Australian
Prime Minister of Australia
David DukeDavid Duke
01 July 1950, American
White Nationalist, Far-Right Politician

Hillary ClintonHillary Clinton
26 October 1947, American
Former First Lady, Political Leader

Boris JohnsonBoris Johnson
19 June 1964, American
British Politician

Robert F. KennedyRobert F. Kennedy
20 November 1925, American
Brother of President John F. Kennedy

Muammar GaddafiMuammar Gaddafi
07 June 1942, Libyan
 
Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee
25 December 1924, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India

Bob HawkeBob Hawke
09 December 1929, Australian
23rd Prime Minister of Australia

Jeremy Bernard CorbynJeremy Corbyn
26 May 1949, British
Politician, Trade Unionist

Xi JinpingXi Jinping
15 June 1953, Chinese
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
Jaggi VasudevJaggi Vasudev
03 September 1957, Indian
Yoga Guru

Fidel CastroFidel Castro
13 August 1926, Cuban
Cuban Revolutionary Leader
Lal Bahadur ShastriLal Bahadur Shastri
02 October 1904, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India

Prince Andrew, Duke of YorkPrince Andrew, Duke of York
19 February 1960, British
Son of Queen Elizabeth II & Prince Philip

Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India
David CameronDavid Cameron
09 October 1966, British
Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Mike PenceMike Pence
07 June 1959, American
Vice Presidential Running Mate of Donald Trump
Heinrich HimmlerHeinrich Himmler
07 October 1900, German
Nazi Commander

Idi AminIdi Amin
1925 AD, Ugandan
 

Henry KissingerHenry Kissinger
27 May 1923, American
Diplomat, National Security Advisor (America)
Tony BlairTony Blair
06 May 1953, British
Prime Minister of Britain

Louis FarrakhanLouis Farrakhan
11 May 1933, American
 
Angela MerkelAngela Merkel
17 July 1954, German
Chancellor of Germany

Pope Benedict XVIPope Benedict XVI
16 April 1927, German
Pope

Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh
27 September 1907, Indian
Revolutionary

Ted KennedyTed Kennedy
22 February 1932, American
Former US Senator
Mitch McConnellMitch McConnell
20 February 1942, American
United States Senator
Mohammed bin Rashid Al MaktoumMohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
15 July 1949, Emirati
Ruler of Dubai

Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II
18 May 1920, Polish
The 264th Pope (Bishop of Rome)

Pol PotPol Pot
19 May 1925, Cambodian
Dictator, War Criminal

Omar al-BashirOmar al-Bashir
01 January 1944, Sudanese
President of Sudan
Maneka GandhiManeka Gandhi
26 August 1956, Indian
Politician, Animal Rights Activist

Al GoreAl Gore
31 March 1948, American
Politician

Erwin RommelErwin Rommel
15 November 1891, German
General

L.K. AdvaniL. K. Advani
08 November 1927, Indian
Politician

Dalai LamaDalai Lama
06 July 1935, Tibetan
Spiritual Leader of Tibet
Jimmy HoffaJimmy Hoffa
14 February 1913, American
Labor Union Leader

Nursultan NazarbayevNursultan Nazarbayev
06 July 1940, Kazakh
1st President of Kazakhstan
Joko WidodoJoko Widodo
21 June 1961, Indonesian
President of Indonesia

Rodrigo DuterteRodrigo Duterte
28 March 1945, Filipino
President of Philippines

Ben CarsonBen Carson
18 September 1951, American
Politician, Former Neurosurgeon
Boris YeltsinBoris Yeltsin
01 February 1931, Russian
 

Jair BolsonaroJair Bolsonaro
21 March 1955, Brazilian
Political Leader
Benazir BhuttoBenazir Bhutto
21 June 1953, Pakistani
 

Shah of IranMohammad Reza Pahlavi
26 October 1919, Iranian
Last Shah of Iran

Colin PowellColin Powell
05 April 1937, American
65th United States Secretary of State

Reinhard HeydrichReinhard Heydrich
07 March 1904, German
Nazi Official
Arvind KejriwalArvind Kejriwal
16 August 1968, Indian
Anti Corruption Activist, Politician

John KerryJohn Kerry
11 December 1943, American
Politician
Bashar al-AssadBashar al-Assad
11 September 1965, Syrian
President of Syria

Mahathir MohamadMahathir Mohamad
10 July 1925, Malaysian
Prime Minister of Malaysia

David KoreshDavid Koresh
17 August 1959, American
Religious Leader

Gordon BrownGordon Brown
20 February 1951, British
 
Condoleezza RiceCondoleezza Rice
14 November 1954, American