Born In: Harlem, New York, United States
Colin Powell was the first African-American to hold the key positions of the U.S Joint Chief of Staff and the Secretary of State. Born to Jamaican immigrant parents, he joined the U.S. Army and saw limited action in Vietnam. As a White House Fellow in the Nixon administration, he impressed Casper Weinberger and became his senior military assistant, when Weinberger became the Secretary of Defence. He rapidly climbed up the military ranks to become the youngest Joint Chief of Staff. ‘The Powell Doctrine’ calling for the use of maximum power over Iraq during the Operation Desert Storm, so as to minimize fatalities was applied during his tenure. After his retirement from the army, he was appointed the 65th Secretary of State of the United States. He was reluctant to support the Bush administration’s plans to invade Iraq, and only did so when convinced that diplomacy had failed. He was able to convince the members of the UN Security Council about the grave threat posed by Saddam Hussein’s weapons of mass destruction. He was proved wrong on this contention later, as nothing of that sort was found by international weapons inspectors. Though he was a Republican, he was a liberal, and endorsed President Obama’s candidacy. Powell died on October 18, 2021, of complications due to Covid-19.
Also Known As: Colin Luther Powell
Died At Age: 84
Spouse/Ex-: Alma Powell
father: Luther Theophilus Powell
mother: Maud Arial
siblings: Marilyn Powell
children: Annmarie, Linda, Michael Powell
Born Country: United States
place of death: Bethesda, Maryland, United States
Ancestry: Jamaican American
Notable Alumni: City College Of New York
Cause of Death: Deaths From The COVID-19 Pandemic
City: Harlem, New York
U.S. State: New Yorkers
education: George Washington University, City College Of New York
awards: 1988 - Academy of Achievement's Golden Plate Award
1991 - Presidential Medal of Freedom
1991 - Spingarn Medal
1993 - Presidential Medal of Freedom
1993 - Ronald Reagan Freedom Award
2002 - Liberty Medal
2005 - Bishop John T. Walker Distinguished Humanitarian Service Award
2005 - Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service
Colin Powell was born to Maud Arial and Luther Theophilus Powell, Jamaican immigrant parents. Brought up in the South Bronx, Powell graduated in 1954, from Morris High School.
While Colin Powell studied Geology, he joined the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) and received training. He became commander of his unit and enjoyed the experience, which helped him choose a military career.
Colin Powell initially did not support President Bush’s plans to forcibly overthrow Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, but eventually toed the line, after being convinced that diplomacy had failed. However he wanted the international community to be involved in the action.
After the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, he embarked on rebuilding Iraq. He admitted that he had presented wrong information before the UN Security Council. He resigned as the Secretary of State in 2004.
In 2006, he joined Secretaries of Defense and State at a White House meeting to discuss United States foreign policy. He was also a speaker at the Get Motivated series that year.
Colin Powell was a member of the board of directors of Revolution Health, owned by business leader Steve Case. A health-related website, which provides online tools to help people better manage their health.
His first book, ‘My American Journey,’ was penned with Joseph E. Persico, and in 2012, he published ‘It Worked for Me, Lesson in Life and Leadership’
To mobilize international support for the invasion of Iraq, Colin Powell addressed the United Nations Security Council in 2003, and forcefully argued that Saddam Hussein had biological weapons and the means to manufacture more.
In 1991, Colin Powell was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George H. W. Bush and the NAACP's Spingarn Medal. He was inducted into the Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans.
In 1993, he was presented his second Presidential Medal of Freedom and the second Ronald Reagan Freedom Award. He was appointed honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath by the British Queen.
He was also awarded the Sylvanus Thayer Award by the United States Military Academy, the Liberty Medal, and the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service by the Smithsonian Institution.
A distinguished soldier, Colin Powell was decorated with the Defense Distinguished Service Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters, the Distinguished Service Medal (Army), the Bronze Star, the Purple Heart, and many other awards.
Colin Powell married Alma Johnson in 1962. The couple has a son, Michael and two daughters, Linda and Annemarie. His favorite pastime was restoring old Volvo and Saab cars.
Colin Powell died on October 18, 2021, at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center due to complications from COVID-19. He was 84.
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