19th Century Philosophers
19th century philosophers belong to the age of advancement and progress. Their philosophies was not rationally grounded or justified but simply came from traditions and feelings that were largely ignored previously. 19th century thinkers understood that the value of something that was unique, individual and spontaneous was much more than those that belonged to a particular standard of taste. They looked for hidden meaning of things and nurtured the same into a system of thoughts. While talking of some of the greatest 19th century philosophers, the first name that strikes the mind is that of Karl Marx. A Geran philosopher, Marx’s theories about society, economics and politics are today collectively known as Marxism. Together with fellow German philosopher Friedrich Engels, he published various works that have since influenced the intellectual, economic, and political history of the world. Yet another famed philosopher of the 19th century was John Stuart Mill. An English political economist and civil servant, he was one of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism who widely contributed to social theory, political theory and political economy. Other prominent philosophers of the period include Thomas Hill Green, Auberon Herbert, Josiah Royce and so on. Browse through this section further to update yourself with knowledge about the famous philosophers of the 19th century.
Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869, Indian
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Karl MarxKarl Marx
05 May 1818, German

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861, Indian

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844, German

Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy
09 September 1828, Russian

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863, Indian
Indian Monk

Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky
11 November 1821, Russian
Novelist & Philosopher
Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau
12 July 1817, American
Writer and Philosopher

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Ralph Waldo EmersionRalph Waldo Emerson
25 May 1803, American
American Lecturer, Philosopher, Essayist & Poet

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895, Indian
Public Speaker & Philosopher

Soren KierkegaardSoren Kierkegaard
05 May 1813, Danish
Philosopher, Theologian & Religious Author

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian
Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
26 April 1889, Austrian, British

Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal
09 November 1877, Pakistani
Poet & Philosopher

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German

Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger
26 September 1889, German
German Philosopher
John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806, British
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.

Khalil GibranKhalil Gibran
06 January 1883, Lebanese
Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels
28 November 1820, German

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888, Indian
Confident, Ambitious

Ramakrishna ParamhamsaRamakrishna Paramhamsa
18 February 1836, Indian
Spiritual & Religious Leader
Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871, German, Polish
Marxist Theorist

Rudolf SteinerRudolf Steiner
25 February 1861, Croatian
Philosopher, social reformer, architect and
Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817, Indian
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University

John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American

William JamesWilliam James
11 January 1842, American
Philosopher, Psychologist
Jean PiagetJean Piaget
09 August 1896, Swiss

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Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772, British
Helena BlavatskyHelena Blavatsky
12 August 1831, American, Russian

Paramahansa YoganandaParamahansa Yogananda
05 January 1893, Indian

Sri AurobindoSri Aurobindo
15 August 1872, Indian
Philosopher, Spiritual Leader

Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim
15 April 1858, French
Sociologist & Philosopher
 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist
Mikhail BakuninMikhail Bakunin
30 May 1814, Swiss, Russian

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte
19 January 1798, French

Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin
15 July 1892, German
Philosopher, Cultural Critic, Essayist

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820, British
Max StirnerMax Stirner
25 October 1806, German

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises
29 September 1881, Austrian
Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820, Indian
Social Reformer, Philosopher

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888, German
Jurist, Geopolitician, Political Scientist

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon
15 January 1809, French

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist
Henri BergsonHenri Bergson
18 October 1859, French
Philosopher and Writer

Reinhold NiebuhrReinhold Niebuhr
21 June 1892, American

Will DurantWill Durant
05 November 1885, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher
George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce
10 September 1839, American
Scientist, Philosopher
Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Edith SteinEdith Stein
12 October 1891, German

vNikos Kazantzakis
18 February 1883, Greek
Philosopher and Writer

Martin BuberMartin Buber
08 February 1878, Austrian, Israeli

Paul TillichPaul Tillich
20 August 1886, German, American
Norbert WienerNorbert Wiener
26 November 1894, American
Father of Cybernetics

William Desmond TaylorWilliam Desmond Taylor
26 April 1872, Irish, American
Actor, Director

Miguel de UnamunoMiguel de Unamuno
29 September 1864, Spanish

Debendranath TagoreDebendranath Tagore
15 May 1817, Indian
George Herbert MeadGeorge Herbert Mead
27 February 1863, American

Alexander HerzenAlexander Herzen
06 April 1812, Russian
Father of Russian socialism
Alfred KorzybskiAlfred Korzybski
03 July 1879, Polish
Scholar who developed the field of General

Milan Rastislav ŠtefánikMilan Rastislav Štefánik
21 July 1880, Slovak

Nicholas Murray ButlerNicholas Murray Butler
02 April 1862, American
Philosopher, Educator
Ľudovít ŠtúrĽudovít Štúr
28 October 1815, Slovak

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846, British
Mirza Fatali AkhundovMirza Fatali Akhundov
12 July 1812, Azerbaijani
Writer and Philisopher

Alexander Bain - PhilosopherAlexander Bain - Philosopher
11 June 1818, Scottish
Scottish philosopher

Paul BernaysPaul Bernays
17 October 1888, Swiss
Dayananda SaraswatiDayananda Saraswati
12 February 1824, Indian
Philosopher, Autobiographer

Emanuel LaskerEmanuel Lasker
24 December 1868, German
Chess player
Teilhard de ChardinTeilhard de Chardin
01 May 1881, French

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848, French, Italian
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Swami SivanandaSwami Sivananda
08 September 1887, Indian
Spiritual & Yoga Teacher

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
09 October 1874, Russian
Philosopher, Painter, Choreographer, Writer,
György LukácsGyörgy Lukács
13 April 1885, Hungarian
Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
30 May 1875, Italian

Chen DuxiuChen Duxiu
08 October 1879, Chinese
Politician, Professor, Philosopher, Journalist

Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848, German

José Carlos MariáteguiJosé Carlos Mariátegui
14 June 1894, Peruvian
Anandamayi MaAnandamayi Ma
30 April 1896, Indian

Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855, German, British

Dwight L. MoodyDwight L. Moody
05 February 1837, American
Editor, Philosopher, Writer, Evangelist,

Ludwig FeuerbachLudwig Feuerbach
28 July 1804, German

Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre
01 April 1753, French
Karl PolanyiKarl Polanyi
25 October 1886, Hungarian
Economist, Anthropologist, Economic historian,

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,
José Ortega y GassetJosé Ortega y Gasset
09 May 1883, Spanish
Philosopher, Educationist, Writer, University

Georg SimmelGeorg Simmel
01 March 1858, German
Ōkawa ShūmeiŌkawa Shūmei
06 December 1886, Japanese
Lysander SpoonerLysander Spooner
19 January 1808, American
Lawyer, Journalist, Essayist, Philosopher