19th Century Philosophers
19th century philosophers belong to the age of advancement and progress. Their philosophies was not rationally grounded or justified but simply came from traditions and feelings that were largely ignored previously. 19th century thinkers understood that the value of something that was unique, individual and spontaneous was much more than those that belonged to a particular standard of taste. They looked for hidden meaning of things and nurtured the same into a system of thoughts. While talking of some of the greatest 19th century philosophers, the first name that strikes the mind is that of Karl Marx. A Geran philosopher, Marx’s theories about society, economics and politics are today collectively known as Marxism. Together with fellow German philosopher Friedrich Engels, he published various works that have since influenced the intellectual, economic, and political history of the world. Yet another famed philosopher of the 19th century was John Stuart Mill. An English political economist and civil servant, he was one of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism who widely contributed to social theory, political theory and political economy. Other prominent philosophers of the period include Thomas Hill Green, Auberon Herbert, Josiah Royce and so on. Browse through this section further to update yourself with knowledge about the famous philosophers of the 19th century.
Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888, Indian
Confident, Ambitious
Karl MarxKarl Marx
05 May 1818, Prussian
Economist, Philosopher

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Russian Revolutionary & Head of Communist Party

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844, German
Philosopher and Philologist

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army
Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Psychiatrist

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898, Irish, British
Novelist

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820, Indian
Social Reformer, Philosopher

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy
09 September 1828, Russian
 
Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky
11 November 1821, Russian
Russian novelist

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Philosopher
Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau
12 July 1817, American
Writer and Philosopher

Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal
09 November 1877, Pakistani
Poet & Philosopher

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806, British
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.
William JamesWilliam James
11 January 1842, American
Philosopher, Psychologist

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
26 April 1889, Austrian
Philosopher

Jean PiagetJean Piaget
09 August 1896, Swiss
 
John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American
Philosopher

Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger
26 September 1889, German
German Philosopher
Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895, Indian
Public Speaker & Philosopher

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels
28 November 1820, German
Philosopher

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871, German, Polish
Marxist Theorist

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820, British
Philosopher
Khalil GibranKhalil Gibran
06 January 1883, Lebanese
Artist
Rudolf SteinerRudolf Steiner
25 February 1861, Croatian
Philosopher, social reformer, architect and

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte
19 January 1798, French
Philosopher

Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin
15 July 1892, German
 

Edith SteinEdith Stein
12 October 1891, German
Philosopher
 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist

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Mikhail BakuninMikhail Bakunin
30 May 1814, Swiss, Russian
Philosopher

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises
29 September 1881, Austrian
Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist
Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748, German
Philosopher

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher
Henri BergsonHenri Bergson
18 October 1859, French
Philosopher and Writer

Reinhold NiebuhrReinhold Niebuhr
21 June 1892, American
Theologian

Pierre Teilhard de ChardinPierre Teilhard de Chardin
01 May 1881, French
Philosopher & Jesuit Priest
Martin BuberMartin Buber
08 February 1878, Austrian, Israeli
Philosopher

Paul TillichPaul Tillich
20 August 1886, German, American
 
Will DurantWill Durant
05 November 1885, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher

vNikos Kazantzakis
18 February 1883, Greek
Philosopher and Writer

Miguel de UnamunoMiguel de Unamuno
29 September 1864, Spanish
Writer

William Desmond TaylorWilliam Desmond Taylor
26 April 1872, Irish, American
Actor, Director

Debendranath TagoreDebendranath Tagore
15 May 1817, Indian
Philosopher
Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817, Indian
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University

Alfred KorzybskiAlfred Korzybski
03 July 1879, Polish
Scholar who developed the field of General

Alexander HerzenAlexander Herzen
06 April 1812, Russian
Father of Russian socialism

Nicholas Murray ButlerNicholas Murray Butler
02 April 1862, American
Philosopher, Educator
Milan Rastislav ŠtefánikMilan Rastislav Štefánik
21 July 1880, Slovak
Politician

Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim
15 April 1858, French
Sociologist & Philosopher
Ľudovít ŠtúrĽudovít Štúr
28 October 1815, Slovak
Author

Mirza Fatali AkhundovMirza Fatali Akhundov
12 July 1812, Azerbaijani
Writer and Philisopher

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846, British
Philosopher
Paul BernaysPaul Bernays
17 October 1888, Swiss
Mathematician

Soren KierkegaardSoren Kierkegaard
05 May 1813, Danish
Philosopher, Theologian & Religious Author
Alexander Bain - PhilosopherAlexander Bain - Philosopher
11 June 1818, Scottish
Scottish philosopher

Søren KierkegaardSøren Kierkegaard
05 May 1813, Danish
Philosopher, Theologian, Poet, Writer, Novelist,

Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen
12 November 1866, Chinese, American
Politician, Physician, Philosopher
Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817, Indian, British
Judge, Philosopher, Knight, Lawyer

G. K. ChestertonG. K. Chesterton
29 May 1874, British
Journalist, Poet, Novelist, Autobiographer,
RamakrishnaRamakrishna
18 February 1836, Indian
Philosopher

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891, Italian
Italian Politician

Dayananda SaraswatiDayananda Saraswati
12 February 1824, Indian
Philosopher, Autobiographer

Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
26 November 1857, Swiss
Linguist, Educationist, University teacher,
Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi
30 December 1879, Indian
Philosopher
Allan KardecAllan Kardec
03 October 1804, French
Writer, Teacher, Philosopher

Narayana GuruNarayana Guru
20 August 1856, Indian
Philosopher

Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898, Italian
Poet, Racial theorist, Writer, Painter,

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce
10 September 1839, American
Mathematician, Philosopher, Logician, Pragmatist,
Max StirnerMax Stirner
25 October 1806, German
Philosopher, Journalist, Writer, Anarchist

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888, German
Jurist, Geopolitician, Politician, Philosopher,

Leo StraussLeo Strauss
20 September 1899, German, American
Politician, Political scientist, Philosopher,

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl
08 April 1859, Austrian, Czech, German
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon
15 January 1809, French
Economist, Sociologist, Politician, Journalist,
Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille
10 September 1897, French
Philosopher, Librarian, Poet, Novelist, Writer,

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Writer, Historian, Philosopher, Sociologist,
Fyodor DostoyevskyFyodor Dostoyevsky
Russian
 

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848, French, Italian
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

George Herbert MeadGeorge Herbert Mead
27 February 1863, American
Philosopher, Sociologist, Psychologist, University
Dwight L. MoodyDwight L. Moody
05 February 1837, American
Editor, Philosopher, Writer, Evangelist,

Georg SimmelGeorg Simmel
01 March 1858, German
Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher
Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848, German
Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher,

Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
17 November 1895, Russian
Philosopher, Linguist, Writer, Literary critic

M. N. RoyM. N. Roy
21 March 1887, Indian
Politician, Philosopher

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,
Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
29 May 1875, Italian
 

Karl PolanyiKarl Polanyi
25 October 1886, Hungarian
Economist, Anthropologist, Economic historian,
Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
09 October 1874, Russian
Philosopher, Painter, Choreographer, Writer,

José Ortega y GassetJosé Ortega y Gasset
09 May 1883, Spanish
Philosopher, Educationist, Writer, University
Ludwig FeuerbachLudwig Feuerbach
28 July 1804, German
Anthropologist, Philosopher, University teacher

Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855, German, British
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,
Anandamayi MaAnandamayi Ma
30 April 1896, Indian
Philosopher