19th Century Philosophers
19th century philosophers belong to the age of advancement and progress. Their philosophies was not rationally grounded or justified but simply came from traditions and feelings that were largely ignored previously. 19th century thinkers understood that the value of something that was unique, individual and spontaneous was much more than those that belonged to a particular standard of taste. They looked for hidden meaning of things and nurtured the same into a system of thoughts. While talking of some of the greatest 19th century philosophers, the first name that strikes the mind is that of Karl Marx. A Geran philosopher, Marx’s theories about society, economics and politics are today collectively known as Marxism. Together with fellow German philosopher Friedrich Engels, he published various works that have since influenced the intellectual, economic, and political history of the world. Yet another famed philosopher of the 19th century was John Stuart Mill. An English political economist and civil servant, he was one of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism who widely contributed to social theory, political theory and political economy. Other prominent philosophers of the period include Thomas Hill Green, Auberon Herbert, Josiah Royce and so on. Browse through this section further to update yourself with knowledge about the famous philosophers of the 19th century.
Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Russian Revolutionary & Head of Communist Party
Karl MarxKarl Marx
05 May 1818, Prussian
Economist, Philosopher

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844, German
Philosopher and Philologist

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army

Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Psychiatrist

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898, Irish, British
Novelist
Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888, Indian
Confident, Ambitious

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy
09 September 1828, Russian
 

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Philosopher

Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky
11 November 1821, Russian
Russian novelist
Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau
12 July 1817, American
Writer and Philosopher

Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal
09 November 1877, Pakistani
Poet & Philosopher
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895, Indian
Public Speaker & Philosopher

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806, British
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
26 April 1889, Austrian
Philosopher
Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger
26 September 1889, German
German Philosopher

John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American
Philosopher

Jean PiagetJean Piaget
09 August 1896, Swiss
 
William JamesWilliam James
11 January 1842, American
Philosopher, Psychologist

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels
28 November 1820, German
Philosopher
Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820, Indian
Social Reformer, Philosopher

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871, German, Polish
Marxist Theorist

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820, British
Philosopher

Rudolf SteinerRudolf Steiner
25 February 1861, Croatian
Philosopher, social reformer, architect and
Auguste ComteAuguste Comte
19 January 1798, French
 
Khalil GibranKhalil Gibran
06 January 1883, Lebanese
Artist

Mikhail BakuninMikhail Bakunin
30 May 1814, Swiss, Russian
Philosopher

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist

Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin
15 July 1892, German
 
Edith SteinEdith Stein
12 October 1891, German
Philosopher

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George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises
29 September 1881, Austrian
Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748, German
Philosopher
George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

Reinhold NiebuhrReinhold Niebuhr
21 June 1892, American
Theologian
Henri BergsonHenri Bergson
18 October 1859, French
Philosopher and Writer

Pierre Teilhard de ChardinPierre Teilhard de Chardin
01 May 1881, French
Philosopher & Jesuit Priest

Paul TillichPaul Tillich
20 August 1886, German, American
 
Will DurantWill Durant
05 November 1885, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher

vNikos Kazantzakis
18 February 1883, Greek
Philosopher and Writer
Martin BuberMartin Buber
08 February 1878, Austrian, Israeli
Philosopher

William Desmond TaylorWilliam Desmond Taylor
26 April 1872, Irish, American
Actor, Director

Miguel de UnamunoMiguel de Unamuno
29 September 1864, Spanish
Writer

Debendranath TagoreDebendranath Tagore
15 May 1817, Indian
Philosopher

Alfred KorzybskiAlfred Korzybski
03 July 1879, Polish
Scholar who developed the field of General
Alexander HerzenAlexander Herzen
06 April 1812, Russian
Father of Russian socialism

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817, Indian
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University

Milan Rastislav ŠtefánikMilan Rastislav Štefánik
21 July 1880, Slovak
Politician

Nicholas Murray ButlerNicholas Murray Butler
02 April 1862, American
Philosopher, Educator
Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim
15 April 1858, French
Sociologist & Philosopher

Mirza Fatali AkhundovMirza Fatali Akhundov
12 July 1812, Azerbaijani
Writer and Philisopher
Ľudovít ŠtúrĽudovít Štúr
28 October 1815, Slovak
Author

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846, British
Philosopher

Paul BernaysPaul Bernays
17 October 1888, Swiss
Mathematician
Soren KierkegaardSoren Kierkegaard
05 May 1813, Danish
Philosopher, Theologian & Religious Author

Alexander Bain - PhilosopherAlexander Bain - Philosopher
11 June 1818, Scottish
Scottish philosopher
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Poet, Philosopher, Politician, Playwright

Søren KierkegaardSøren Kierkegaard
05 May 1813, Danish
Philosopher, Theologian, Poet, Writer, Novelist,

Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen
12 November 1866, Chinese, American
Politician, Physician, Philosopher
G. K. ChestertonG. K. Chesterton
29 May 1874, British
Journalist, Poet, Novelist, Autobiographer,

RamakrishnaRamakrishna
18 February 1836, Indian
Philosopher
Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891, Italian
Italian Politician

Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817, Indian, British
Judge, Philosopher, Knight, Lawyer

Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
26 November 1857, Swiss
Linguist, Educationist, University teacher,

Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi
30 December 1879, Indian
Philosopher
Dayananda SaraswatiDayananda Saraswati
12 February 1824, Indian
Philosopher, Autobiographer
Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898, Italian
Poet, Racial theorist, Writer, Painter,

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce
10 September 1839, American
Mathematician, Philosopher, Logician, Pragmatist,

Max StirnerMax Stirner
25 October 1806, German
Philosopher, Journalist, Writer, Anarchist

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888, German
Jurist, Geopolitician, Politician, Philosopher,
Narayana GuruNarayana Guru
20 August 1856, Indian
Philosopher

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl
08 April 1859, Austrian, Czech, German
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon
15 January 1809, French
Economist, Sociologist, Politician, Journalist,

Fyodor DostoyevskyFyodor Dostoyevsky
Russian
 

Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille
10 September 1897, French
Philosopher, Librarian, Poet, Novelist, Writer,
Leo StraussLeo Strauss
20 September 1899, German, American
Politician, Political scientist, Philosopher,

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Writer, Historian, Philosopher, Sociologist,
Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848, French, Italian
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

M. N. RoyM. N. Roy
21 March 1887, Indian
Politician, Philosopher

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
09 October 1874, Russian
Philosopher, Painter, Choreographer, Writer,
Dwight L. MoodyDwight L. Moody
05 February 1837, American
Editor, Philosopher, Writer, Evangelist,

Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848, German
Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher,
Georg SimmelGeorg Simmel
01 March 1858, German
Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher

Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
17 November 1895, Russian
Philosopher, Linguist, Writer, Literary critic

Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
29 May 1875, Italian
 

Allan KardecAllan Kardec
03 October 1804, French
Writer, Teacher, Philosopher
George Herbert MeadGeorge Herbert Mead
27 February 1863, American
Philosopher, Sociologist, Psychologist, University

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,
José Ortega y GassetJosé Ortega y Gasset
09 May 1883, Spanish
Philosopher, Educationist, Writer, University

Ludwig FeuerbachLudwig Feuerbach
28 July 1804, German
Anthropologist, Philosopher, University teacher
Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
05 April 1804, German
Biologist, Botanist, Philosopher, University

Karl PolanyiKarl Polanyi
25 October 1886, Hungarian
Economist, Anthropologist, Economic historian,
Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855, German, British
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,