19th Century Philosophers
19th century philosophers belong to the age of advancement and progress. Their philosophies was not rationally grounded or justified but simply came from traditions and feelings that were largely ignored previously. 19th century thinkers understood that the value of something that was unique, individual and spontaneous was much more than those that belonged to a particular standard of taste. They looked for hidden meaning of things and nurtured the same into a system of thoughts. While talking of some of the greatest 19th century philosophers, the first name that strikes the mind is that of Karl Marx. A Geran philosopher, Marx’s theories about society, economics and politics are today collectively known as Marxism. Together with fellow German philosopher Friedrich Engels, he published various works that have since influenced the intellectual, economic, and political history of the world. Yet another famed philosopher of the 19th century was John Stuart Mill. An English political economist and civil servant, he was one of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism who widely contributed to social theory, political theory and political economy. Other prominent philosophers of the period include Thomas Hill Green, Auberon Herbert, Josiah Royce and so on. Browse through this section further to update yourself with knowledge about the famous philosophers of the 19th century.
Karl MarxKarl Marx
05 May 1818, Prussian
Economist, Philosopher
Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844, German
Philosopher

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy
09 September 1828, Russian
 

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army

Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Psychiatrist
C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898, Irish, British
Novelist

Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau
12 July 1817, American
Writer and Philosopher

Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky
11 November 1821, Russian
Russian novelist
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Philosopher
Søren KierkegaardSøren Kierkegaard
05 May 1813, Danish
Philosopher

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895, Indian
Public Speaker & Philosopher

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806, British
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
26 April 1889, Austrian
Philosopher
Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal
09 November 1877, Pakistani
Poet & Philosopher

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist

Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger
26 September 1889, German
German Philosopher

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels
28 November 1820, German
Philosopher
Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871, German, Polish
Marxist Theorist

John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American
Philosopher
William JamesWilliam James
11 January 1842, American
Philosopher, Psychologist

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888, Indian
Confident, Ambitious

Helena BlavatskyHelena Blavatsky
12 August 1831, American, Russian
Philosopher
Rudolf SteinerRudolf Steiner
25 February 1861, Croatian
Philosopher, social reformer, architect and

Jean PiagetJean Piaget
09 August 1896, Swiss
 
 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820, British
Philosopher

Mikhail BakuninMikhail Bakunin
30 May 1814, Swiss, Russian
Philosopher
George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

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Max StirnerMax Stirner
25 October 1806, German
Philosopher
Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin
15 July 1892, German
 

Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748, German
Philosopher

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises
29 September 1881, Austrian
Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician
Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888, German
Jurist, Geopolitician, Political Scientist
Auguste ComteAuguste Comte
19 January 1798, French
Philosopher

Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon
15 January 1809, French
Politician

Reinhold NiebuhrReinhold Niebuhr
21 June 1892, American
Theologian

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820, Indian
Social Reformer, Philosopher
Henri BergsonHenri Bergson
18 October 1859, French
Philosopher and Writer

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce
10 September 1839, American
Scientist, Philosopher

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Philosopher

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Will DurantWill Durant
05 November 1885, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher
William Desmond TaylorWilliam Desmond Taylor
26 April 1872, Irish, American
Actor, Director

Norbert WienerNorbert Wiener
26 November 1894, American
Father of Cybernetics
Edith SteinEdith Stein
12 October 1891, German
Philosopher

Paul TillichPaul Tillich
20 August 1886, German, American
 

vNikos Kazantzakis
18 February 1883, Greek
Philosopher and Writer
Miguel de UnamunoMiguel de Unamuno
29 September 1864, Spanish
Writer

Martin BuberMartin Buber
08 February 1878, Austrian, Israeli
Philosopher
Debendranath TagoreDebendranath Tagore
15 May 1817, Indian
Philosopher

George Herbert MeadGeorge Herbert Mead
27 February 1863, American
Philosopher

Alfred KorzybskiAlfred Korzybski
03 July 1879, Polish
Scholar who developed the field of General

Alexander HerzenAlexander Herzen
06 April 1812, Russian
Father of Russian socialism

Milan Rastislav ŠtefánikMilan Rastislav Štefánik
21 July 1880, Slovak
Politician
Khalil GibranKhalil Gibran
06 January 1883, Lebanese
Artist

Nicholas Murray ButlerNicholas Murray Butler
02 April 1862, American
Philosopher, Educator

Ľudovít ŠtúrĽudovít Štúr
28 October 1815, Slovak
Author

Mirza Fatali AkhundovMirza Fatali Akhundov
12 July 1812, Azerbaijani
Writer and Philisopher
F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846, British
Philosopher

Paul BernaysPaul Bernays
17 October 1888, Swiss
Mathematician
Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim
15 April 1858, French
Sociologist & Philosopher

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817, Indian
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University

Soren KierkegaardSoren Kierkegaard
05 May 1813, Danish
Philosopher, Theologian & Religious Author
Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772, British
Poet

Alexander Bain - PhilosopherAlexander Bain - Philosopher
11 June 1818, Scottish
Scottish philosopher
RamakrishnaRamakrishna
18 February 1836, Indian
Philosopher

Dayananda SaraswatiDayananda Saraswati
12 February 1824, Indian
Philosopher, Autobiographer

Joel TeitelbaumJoel Teitelbaum
13 January 1887, Romanian
Philosopher, Rabbi
Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848, French, Italian
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
09 October 1874, Russian
Philosopher, Painter, Choreographer, Writer,
György LukácsGyörgy Lukács
13 April 1885, Hungarian
Philosopher

Dwight L. MoodyDwight L. Moody
05 February 1837, American
Editor, Philosopher, Writer, Evangelist,

Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848, German
Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher,

Karl PolanyiKarl Polanyi
25 October 1886, Hungarian
Economist, Anthropologist, Economic historian,
Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
30 May 1875, Italian
Philosopher
Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,

Ludwig FeuerbachLudwig Feuerbach
28 July 1804, German
Anthropologist, Philosopher, University teacher

José Ortega y GassetJosé Ortega y Gasset
09 May 1883, Spanish
Philosopher, Educationist, Writer, University

Anandamayi MaAnandamayi Ma
30 April 1896, Indian
Philosopher
Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855, German, British
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,

Georg SimmelGeorg Simmel
01 March 1858, German
Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher

Arthur de GobineauArthur de Gobineau
14 July 1816, French
Racial theorist, Philosopher, Writer, Diplomat,

Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre
01 April 1753, French
Philosopher

Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers
23 February 1883, Swiss, German
Philosopher, Psychiatrist, Physician, Theologian,
Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841, French
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798, Italian
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist
Max HorkheimerMax Horkheimer
14 February 1895, German, American
Philosopher, Educationist, Sociologist, University

Karl KautskyKarl Kautsky
16 October 1854, Czech, German
Philosopher
Ernest RenanErnest Renan
27 February 1823, French
Philosopher
Lewis MumfordLewis Mumford
19 October 1895, American
Architect, Historian of technology, Historian,