19th Century Philosophers
19th century philosophers belong to the age of advancement and progress. Their philosophies was not rationally grounded or justified but simply came from traditions and feelings that were largely ignored previously. 19th century thinkers understood that the value of something that was unique, individual and spontaneous was much more than those that belonged to a particular standard of taste. They looked for hidden meaning of things and nurtured the same into a system of thoughts. While talking of some of the greatest 19th century philosophers, the first name that strikes the mind is that of Karl Marx. A Geran philosopher, Marx’s theories about society, economics and politics are today collectively known as Marxism. Together with fellow German philosopher Friedrich Engels, he published various works that have since influenced the intellectual, economic, and political history of the world. Yet another famed philosopher of the 19th century was John Stuart Mill. An English political economist and civil servant, he was one of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism who widely contributed to social theory, political theory and political economy. Other prominent philosophers of the period include Thomas Hill Green, Auberon Herbert, Josiah Royce and so on. Browse through this section further to update yourself with knowledge about the famous philosophers of the 19th century.
Karl MarxKarl Marx

05 May 1818

Prussian

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin

22 April 1870

Russian

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche

15 October 1844

German

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky

07 November 1879

Russian,Ukrainian,Russian

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis

29 November 1898

Irish,British

Carl JungCarl Jung

26 July 1875

Swiss

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy

09 September 1828

Russian

Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky

11 November 1821

Russian

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell

18 May 1872

British,Welsh

Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau

12 July 1817

American

Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal

09 November 1877

Pakistani

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill

20 May 1806

British

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Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

27 August 1770

German

Jean PiagetJean Piaget

09 August 1896

Swiss

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein

26 April 1889

Austrian

John DeweyJohn Dewey

20 October 1859

American

Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger

26 September 1889

German

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan

05 September 1888

Indian

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Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg

05 March 1871

German,Polish

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels

28 November 1820

German

William JamesWilliam James

11 January 1842

American

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti

12 May 1895

Indian

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer

27 April 1820

British

Rudolf SteinerRudolf Steiner

25 February 1861

Croatian

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Auguste ComteAuguste Comte

19 January 1798

French

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar

26 September 1820

Indian

Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin

15 July 1892

German

Mikhail BakuninMikhail Bakunin

30 May 1814

Swiss,Russian

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin

09 December 1842

Russian

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises

29 September 1881

Austrian

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George SantayanaGeorge Santayana

16 December 1863

Spanish,Italian

George BooleGeorge Boole

02 November 1815

British

Reinhold NiebuhrReinhold Niebuhr

21 June 1892

American

Henri BergsonHenri Bergson

18 October 1859

French

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead

15 February 1861

British,American

Pierre Teilhard de ChardinPierre Teilhard de Chardin

01 May 1881

French

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Edith SteinEdith Stein

12 October 1891

German

Will DurantWill Durant

05 November 1885

American

Paul TillichPaul Tillich

20 August 1886

German,American

Martin BuberMartin Buber

08 February 1878

Austrian,Israeli

vNikos Kazantzakis

18 February 1883

Greek

Miguel de UnamunoMiguel de Unamuno

29 September 1864

Spanish

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William Desmond TaylorWilliam Desmond Taylor

26 April 1872

Irish,American

Debendranath TagoreDebendranath Tagore

15 May 1817

Indian

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan

17 October 1817

Indian

Khalil GibranKhalil Gibran

06 January 1883

Lebanese

Alfred KorzybskiAlfred Korzybski

03 July 1879

Polish

Alexander HerzenAlexander Herzen

06 April 1812

Russian

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Milan Rastislav ŠtefánikMilan Rastislav Štefánik

21 July 1880

Slovak

Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim

15 April 1858

French

Nicholas Murray ButlerNicholas Murray Butler

02 April 1862

American

Ľudovít ŠtúrĽudovít Štúr

28 October 1815

Slovak

Mirza Fatali AkhundovMirza Fatali Akhundov

12 July 1812

Azerbaijani

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley

30 January 1846

British

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Paul BernaysPaul Bernays

17 October 1888

Swiss

Soren KierkegaardSoren Kierkegaard

05 May 1813

Danish

Alexander Bain - PhilosopherAlexander Bain - Philosopher

11 June 1818

Scottish

Søren KierkegaardSøren Kierkegaard

05 May 1813

Danish

Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen

12 November 1866

Chinese,American

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar

28 May 1883

Indian

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Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci

22 January 1891

Italian

G. K. ChestertonG. K. Chesterton

29 May 1874

British

Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan

17 October 1817

Indian,British

RamakrishnaRamakrishna

18 February 1836

Indian

Dayananda SaraswatiDayananda Saraswati

12 February 1824

Indian

Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi

30 December 1879

Indian

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Julius EvolaJulius Evola

19 May 1898

Italian

Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure

26 November 1857

Swiss

Max StirnerMax Stirner

25 October 1806

German

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt

11 July 1888

German

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce

10 September 1839

American

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl

08 April 1859

Austrian,Czech,German

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Narayana GuruNarayana Guru

20 August 1856

Indian

Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon

15 January 1809

French

Fyodor DostoyevskyFyodor Dostoyevsky

Russian

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto

15 July 1848

French,Italian

Leo StraussLeo Strauss

20 September 1899

German,American

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler

29 May 1880

German

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Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin

17 November 1895

Russian

Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille

10 September 1897

French

M. N. RoyM. N. Roy

21 March 1887

Indian