Jose Marti Biography
(Cuban Nationalist, Poet and Philosopher)
Birthday: January 28, 1853 (Aquarius)
Born In: Havana, Cuba
Jose Marti was a freedom fighter, poet and a national hero of Cuba. Apart from that, he was a professor and political theorist. He dreamt of achieving freedom for Cuba. His writing works of poems, essays letters and novels were his attempt to spread his message for Cuba’s independence. His essay titled “Our America” mirrors his opinion about the establishment of separate government of Latin American countries based on their cultures and needs. As an important figure of the Spanish American literary movement, issues like liberty and democracy played dominant role in most of his writing works. As a journalist, he used to write for papers like “El Diablo Cojuelo” and “La Patria Libre” which acted as his mediums to express his political view about Cuba. After a brief period of serving as the professor of Universidad National, he was taken into legal custody for his involvement in the Little War in Cuba. After his exile in Spain, he shifted to New York where he acted as a diplomat for several Latin American countries. As part of this job, his extensive travel in various cities determined his plan regarding Cuban independence. This prominent personality of Cuba’s struggle for independence lost his life in the battle against Spanish troops.