Famous 19th Century Civil Rights Activists

Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Civil Rights Activists, including Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, William Lloyd Garrison and Paul Robeson.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite 19th Century Civil Rights Activists

 1 
W. E. B. Du Bois
(Civil Rights Activists)

W. E. B. Du Bois
18
Birthdate: February 23, 1868
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Great Barrington, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 27, 1963

W. E. B. Du Bois was an American civil rights activist, sociologist, and Pan-Africanist. Du Bois played an instrumental role in fighting for full civil rights for people of color around the world. A co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Du Bois also played an important role as the leader of the Niagara Movement.

 2 
Ida B. Wells
(Women's Rights Activist and Civil Rights Leader)

Ida B. Wells
5
Birthdate: July 16, 1862
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Holly Springs, Mississippi, United States
Died: March 25, 1931
Civil rights and women's rights activist Ida B. Wells is remembered for speaking up against the lynching of Blacks in the U.S. She was born a slave and freed by the Emancipation Proclamation. She later co-founded the NAACP. She also co-owned and wrote for Memphis Free Speech and Headlight.

 3 
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(Women’s Rights Activist)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton
5
Birthdate: November 12, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Johnstown
Died: October 26, 1902
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 4 

Mary McLeod Bethune
3
Birthdate: July 10, 1875
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Mayesville, South Carolina, United States
Died: May 18, 1955

 5 
A. Philip Randolph
(Leader of the African-American civil-rights movement,)

A. Philip Randolph
3
Birthdate: April 15, 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Crescent City
Died: May 16, 1979

James Weldon Johnson
3
Birthdate: June 17, 1871
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Jacksonville, Florida, United States
Died: June 26, 1938

 7 

Wendell Willkie
3
Birthdate: February 18, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Elwood, Indiana, USA
Died: October 8, 1944
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 8 
Lucy Stone
(Women's Rights Activist)

Lucy Stone
2
Birthdate: August 13, 1818
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: West Brookfield, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died: October 19, 1893

 9 
Edith Cowan
(Social Campaigner)

Edith Cowan
2
Birthdate: August 2, 1861
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Geraldton, Australia
Died: June 9, 1932

Edith Cowan was an Australian social reformer best remembered for serving as a member of parliament; she was the first Australian woman to do so. She is also remembered for working for the welfare and rights of children and women. In recognition of her contribution, Cowan has been depicted on Australia's fifty-dollar note since 1995.

 10 
Anna Julia Cooper
(Author, Educator)

Anna Julia Cooper
2
Birthdate: August 10, 1858
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.A.
Died: February 27, 1964

 11 
Mary Church Terrell
(One of the first African-American women to earn a college degree)

Mary Church Terrell
2
Birthdate: September 23, 1863
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Died: July 24, 1954

 12 
Matilda Joslyn Gage
(Abolitionist, Freethinker, Author)

Matilda Joslyn Gage
2
Birthdate: March 24, 1826
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cicero
Died: March 18, 1898

 13 

Septima Poinsette Clark
2
Birthdate: May 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina
Died: December 15, 1987

 14 
Yun Posun
(President)

Yun Posun
2
Birthdate: August 26, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dunpo-myeon, Asan-si, South Korea
Died: July 18, 1990

William Monroe Trotter
4
Birthdate: April 7, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chillicothe, Ohio, United States
Died: April 7, 1934

 16 
Charlotta Spears Bass
(Editor and activist)

Charlotta Spears Bass
2
Birthdate: February 14, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sumter, South Carolina
Died: April 12, 1969

 17 
E. D. Nixon
(Civil Rights Activist)

E. D. Nixon
2
Birthdate: July 12, 1899
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Died: February 25, 1987

 18 
Andreas Hofer
(Tirolean leader)

Andreas Hofer
2
Birthdate: November 22, 1767
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: near Sankt Leonhard, Italy
Died: February 20, 1810
Andreas Hofer, a Tyrolean innkeeper and drover, became Tyrolean Rebellion leader against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition. Still venerated as a folk hero, freedom fighter, and Austrian patriot, Hofer was captured near his home and executed by a firing squad in 1810. His biopic, Andreas Hofer, a German silent film, was made in 1929.

 19 
Prudence Crandall
(Connecticut's official State Heroine)

Prudence Crandall
2
Birthdate: September 3, 1803
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rhode Island
Died: January 28, 1890

 20 
Charles S. Johnson
(Sociologist)

Charles S. Johnson
3
Birthdate: July 24, 1893
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bristol, Virginia, United States
Died: October 27, 1956

 21 
Lyda D. Newman
(Inventor and involved activist for women's suffrage)

Lyda D. Newman
3
Birthdate: 1885 AD
Birthplace: Ohio, United States

 22 
Amanda Smith
(Leader)

Amanda Smith
1
Birthdate: January 23, 1837
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Long Green, Maryland, United States
Died: February 24, 1915

Born into slavery, Amanda Smith later stepped into freedom after her father bought his and his family’s freedom. Starting as a domestic help, she later became a missionary and a Holiness movement leader, who invested in women’s education wholeheartedly and even established an orphanage for Black girls.

 23 

Itagaki Taisuke
1
Birthdate: May 21, 1837
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tosa Domain, Japan
Died: July 16, 1919

Initially the commander of the Tosa troops, Itagaki Taisuke participated in the Meiji Restoration. He was the founder of the Liberal Party, which was the first Japanese political party. Itagaki was later stabbed by a right-wing militant, to whom he reacted by saying “Itagaki may die, but liberty, never.”

 24 

Sarah Louise Delany
2
Birthdate: September 19, 1889
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lynch Station, Virginia, United States
Died: January 25, 1999

 25 

George Frisbie Hoar
1
Birthdate: August 29, 1826
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Concord, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 30, 1904

 26 

Annie Elizabeth Delany
3
Birthdate: September 3, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Raleigh, North Carolina, United States
Died: September 25, 1995

 27 

Zechariah Chafee, Jr.
3
Birthdate: December 7, 1885
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: February 8, 1957

 28 
William L. Patterson
(Political Leader)

William L. Patterson
1
Birthdate: August 27, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: San Francisco, California
Died: March 5, 1980

 29 
Yun Chi-ho
(Political Activist and Thinker)

Yun Chi-ho
1
Birthdate: January 23, 1864
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dunpo-myeon, Asan-si, South Korea
Died: December 6, 1945

 30 
Ralph McGill
(Journalist)

Ralph McGill
1
Birthdate: February 5, 1898
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States
Died: February 3, 1969

 31 
Maria Weston Chapman
(Abolitionist)

Maria Weston Chapman
3
Birthdate: July 25, 1806
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Weymouth, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 12, 1885

 32 

Jessie Daniel Ames
1
Birthdate: November 2, 1883
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palestine, Texas, United States
Died: February 21, 1972

 33 
Quamina
(Civil rights activists)

Quamina
2
Birthdate: 1778 AD
Birthplace: Ghana
Died: September 16, 1823

 34 

Emmett Matthew Hall
1
Birthdate: November 29, 1898
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint-Colomban, Canada
Died: November 12, 1995

Considered father of the Canadian Medicare system, Emmett Matthew Hall was an eminent lawyer, jurist and civil libertarian. Beginning his career as a private practitioner, he eventually retired as the Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. Meanwhile, appointed as the chairman of the Royal Commission on Health Services, he recommended the creation of a universal health care system.

 35 

Alexander Crummell
2
Birthdate: March 3, 1819
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: September 10, 1898

Alexander Crummell was an African-American minister, African nationalist, and academic. He studied at the University of Cambridge with the support of abolitionists and developed the concepts of pan-Africanism while studying at the university. He worked towards educating Africans and spent 20 years in Liberia. He is also credited with founding St. Luke's Episcopal Church.

 36 
Elizabeth Rous Comstock
(Social reformer)

Elizabeth Rous Comstock
1
Birthdate: October 30, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Maidenhead, England
Died: August 3, 1891

 37 
Margaret Dreier Robins
(Labour Leader)

Margaret Dreier Robins
0
Birthdate: September 6, 1868
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 21, 1945

 38 
Caroline Severance
(Social reformer)

Caroline Severance
0
Birthdate: 1820 AD
Birthplace: Canandaigua, New York, United States
Died: November 10, 1914

Reformer Caroline Severance is best known for establishing women’s clubs in the US. A champion for women’s rights and women’s suffrage, she was also an abolitionist. Along with her husband, she formed the Independent Christian Church. She was also the first female to join the Parker Fraternity Course.

 39 
Mary Bonney
(Educator)

Mary Bonney
0
Birthdate: June 8, 1816
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hamilton, New York, United States
Died: July 24, 1900