Birthday: February 15, 1820
Died At Age: 86
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Also Known As: Susan Anthony
Born in: Adams
Famous as: Women’s Rights Activist
Quotes By Susan B. Anthony
father: Daniel Anthony
mother: Lucy Read
siblings: Daniel Read Anthony
Died on: March 13, 1906
place of death: Rochester
U.S. State: Massachusetts
Founder/Co-Founder: International Council of Women, National American Woman Suffrage Association, National Woman Suffrage Association, American Equal Rights Association, League of Women Voters
Susan B. Anthony was an American feminist who played a major role in the women's suffrage movement and served as the president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. She was committed to social equality and was also a civil rights activist and abolitionist. Born into a Quaker family with strong activist traditions, she developed a sense of justice early on and ventured into social activism as a teenager. Her father as well as several other members of her family, were abolitionists, and as a young girl, she too became involved in the anti-slavery movement. She grew up to become a teacher and ultimately became the head of the girls' department at Canajoharie Academy. She became acquainted with the prominent abolitionist Frederick Douglass and the fiery feminist Elizabeth Cady Stanton and was inspired to become a full-time social activist herself. She left the academy and joined Stanton in founding the New York Women's State Temperance Society. The duo then went on to initiate the American Equal Rights Association, which campaigned for equal rights for both women and African Americans. A very active figure in the women’s suffrage movement, she tirelessly campaigned to gain support for women’s right to vote. A strong willed and independent woman, she never married and dedicated her entire life to the causes she believed in.
Childhood & Early Life
Susan Brownell Anthony was born on February 15, 1820, to Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read in Adams, Massachusetts. Her father, a Quaker, was an abolitionist and a temperance advocate. Her parents instilled in her the values of justice and integrity at an early age.
As a young girl she became involved in the anti-slavery movement and collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. Her father encouraged all his children to get a good education, but unfortunately due to a financial crisis Susan had to discontinue her studies in 1837.
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To help her family financially, she took up a teaching job at a Quaker boarding school. By 1846, she had risen to the position of the headmistress of the female department of the Canajoharie Academy. Her family had always been active in social reform movements and now her own interest in social reform was also growing.
The Canajoharie Academy closed in 1849 and she took over the operation of the family farm in Rochester. She managed the farm for a couple of years, but it did not take her long to realize that she wanted to fully engage herself in reform work.
She played a major role in the formation of the American Equal Rights Association (AERA) in 1866 which was established with the purpose of securing equal rights to all American citizens, especially the right of suffrage, irrespective of race, color or sex.
Susan B. Anthony was one of the founders of the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) which was formed in 1869. The association worked to secure women's enfranchisement through a federal constitutional amendment and allowed only women to control the leadership of the group even though it accepted men who supported women’s suffrage as its members.
Personal Life & Legacy
Susan B. Anthony never married, and was not known to have been in any serious romantic relationship.
She had a very close personal and professional relationship with fellow reformer Elizabeth Cady Stanton. She even lived in the Stanton household for some time and helped her married friend in taking care of the children. Even though the two women developed differences in ideologies in their later years, they continued to be close friends till the very end.
She remained very active in the women’s rights movement even when she was in her seventies. After having lived for years in hotels and with friends and relatives, she finally moved in with her sister in 1891.
Susan B. Anthony died on March 13, 1906, at the age of 86, due of heart failure and pneumonia. At the time of her death, women had achieved suffrage in Wyoming, Utah, Colorado and Idaho, and she was happy at the progress made by the movement.
The U.S. Post Office issued its first postage stamp honoring Susan B. Anthony in 1936.
Her home in Rochester is now a National Historic Landmark called the National Susan B. Anthony Museum and House.
In 1979, the United States Mint began issuing the Susan B. Anthony dollar.