Famous 19th Century British Philosophers

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 1 
Bertrand Russell
(Philosopher)
Bertrand Russell
11
Birthdate: May 18, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Trellech, Monmouthshire, Wales
Died: February 2, 1970

Bertrand Russell was a British polymath and Nobel laureate. His work, which is spread across various fields, has had a considerable influence on philosophy, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, mathematics, linguistics, and logic. Russell is also credited with leading the revolt against idealism in Britain and is regarded as one of the founders of analytic philosophy.

 2 
John Stuart Mill
(The Most Influential English-Speaking Philosopher of the Nineteenth Century)
John Stuart Mill
8
Birthdate: May 20, 1806
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pentonville, London, England
Died: May 7, 1873
Nineteenth-century philosopher John Stuart Mill is best remembered for his work On Liberty, which spoke of personal freedom and "the harm principle.” His The Subjection of Women was one of the first works written by a male author that promoted women's rights. He supported Jeremy Bentham's ethical utilitarianism.
 3 
Jeremy Bentham
(British Philosopher, Social Activist and One of the Founders of 'Modern Utilitarianism')
Jeremy Bentham
6
Birthdate: February 15, 1748
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: June 6, 1832
Philosopher and jurist Jeremy Bentham is remembered as the pioneer of modern utilitarianism. He believed in economic freedoms, women’s rights, animal rights, the separation of the church and the state, and freedom of expression. Bentham wished for his body to be dissected and then to be displayed as an auto-icon.
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 4 
George Boole
(Mathematician, Philosopher, and Logician Best Known as the Author of ‘The Laws of Thought’)
George Boole
4
Birthdate: November 2, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England
Died: December 8, 1864

George Boole is remembered for pioneering Boolean algebra, a tool used in digital computer circuits. More of a self-taught mathematician, Boole began teaching at 16 and later grew up to be a math professor at Queen’s College, Cork. His work in differential equations and algebraic logic was groundbreaking.

 5 
Samuel Coleridge
4
Birthdate: October 21, 1772
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ottery St Mary, Devon, Great Britain, United Kingdom
Died: July 25, 1834

Samuel Coleridge was an English poet, philosopher, theologian, and literary critic. He is credited with co-founding the Romantic Movement in England along with his friend William Wordsworth. Despite struggling from bouts of depression and anxiety throughout his adult life, Samuel Coleridge had a major influence on American transcendentalism and writers like Ralph Waldo Emerson.

 6 
Herbert Spencer
(Philosopher and Sociologist Known for His Hypothesis of ‘Social Darwinism’ and the Expression 'Survival of the Fittest')
Herbert Spencer
5
Birthdate: April 27, 1820
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Derby, Derbyshire, England
Died: December 8, 1903

Herbert Spencer was the man behind the expression “survival of the fittest,” after reading Charles Darwin's iconic work On the Origin of Species. The British anthropologist, sociologist, and philosopher introduced the concept of Social Darwinism, which applied the theory of evolution to societies and social classes.

 7 
Joseph Priestley
(Discoverer of Oxygen)
Joseph Priestley
4
Birthdate: March 24, 1733
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Birstall, England
Died: February 6, 1804

Best remembered for his contribution to the chemistry of gases, Joseph Priestley was an English scientist, clergyman, political theorist and educator, who has been credited with discovering oxygen independently, publishing his findings before Carl Wilhelm could. A prolific writer, he has authored 150 works on various subjects including electricity. He also contributed immensely to the advancement of political and religious thoughts.

 8 
Alfred North Whitehead
(Mathematician, Philosopher)
Alfred North Whitehead
4
Birthdate: February 15, 1861
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ramsgate, Kent, England
Died: December 30, 1947

Alfred North Whitehead was a British mathematician and philosopher, best known for his collaboration with his student Bertrand Russell on Principal of Mathematics, a three-volume work on the foundations of mathematics. Also known for his pioneering works on process philosophy and metaphysics, he is credited with developing a comprehensive metaphysical system that differs from most Western philosophies.

 9 
Henry Cavendish
(English Scientist Who Discovered Hydrogen)
Henry Cavendish
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1731
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: February 24, 1810

English natural philosopher, scientist, and a prominent experimental and theoretical physicist and chemist Henry Cavendish is best-remembered for his discovery of hydrogen and his Cavendish experiment. He first recognized that hydrogen, which he termed inflammable air, is a discrete substance which produces water on combustion. He conducted the Cavendish experiment to measure and produce a value for Earth’s density.

 10 
Houston Stewart Chamberlain
3
Birthdate: September 9, 1855
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Southsea, Hampshire, England
Died: January 9, 1927
 11 
Harriet Martineau
(First female sociologist)
Harriet Martineau
3
Birthdate: June 12, 1802
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Norwich, Norfolk, England
Died: June 27, 1876

Regarded by many as the first female sociologist, Harriet Martineau was a prominent 19th-century social theorist, classical economist, and intellectual who penned the iconic work The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte. She was partially deaf and had lost her sense of taste and smell in childhood.

 12 
E. H. Carr
(Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political scientist, Professor)
E. H. Carr
3
Birthdate: June 28, 1892
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London
Died: November 3, 1982

Best known for his 14-volume book A History of Soviet Russia, British historian and diplomat E. H. Carr had been part of the Foreign Office for a long time, before stepping into the academic world. He had also been an assistant editor of The Times and a fellow of both Oxford and Cambridge.

 13 
G. E. Moore
(Philosopher)
G. E. Moore
3
Birthdate: November 4, 1873
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 24, 1958

English philosopher G. E. Moore was one of the pioneers of analytic philosophy. Best known for his iconic works such as Principia Ethica, he also taught moral science and philosophy. Moore was also a sworn agnostic and was part of the Cambridge Apostles, a secret society of British intellectuals.

 14 
Karl Pearson
(Mathematician, Historian of mathematics, Statistician, Historian, Philosopher, Biographer)
Karl Pearson
3
Birthdate: March 27, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London
Died: April 27, 1936

One of the greatest statisticians of all time, Karl Pearson established the first university-level statistics department at UCL and also launched the statistics-oriented journal Biometrika. He was also well-versed in law and believed in eugenics. His The Grammar of Science later inspired Albert Einstein and other scientists.

 15 
Edward B. Titchener
(Philosopher, Psychologist, University teacher)
Edward B. Titchener
3
Birthdate: January 11, 1867
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chichester
Died: August 3, 1927
 16 
Edward Carpenter
(Poet, Philosopher, Writer)
Edward Carpenter
3
Birthdate: August 29, 1844
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hove
Died: June 28, 1929
 17 
R. G. Collingwood
(Philosopher)
R. G. Collingwood
3
Birthdate: February 22, 1889
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cartmel Fell, England
Died: January 9, 1943
 18 
George Henry Lewes
(Philosopher)
George Henry Lewes
3
Birthdate: April 18, 1817
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 30, 1878
 19 
Henry Sidgwick
(British Philosopher and Economist Best Known in Philosophy for His Utilitarian Treatise 'The Methods of Ethics')
Henry Sidgwick
2
Birthdate: May 31, 1838
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Skipton, Yorkshire, England
Died: August 28, 1900

An influential English ethical philosopher and economist of the Victorian era, Henry Sidgwick is perhaps best known for his utilitarian treatise The Methods of Ethics. He promoted higher education of women and co-founded Newnham College. He remained a member of the Metaphysical Society and co-founded and served as first president of the Society for Psychical Research.

 20 
Owen Barfield
(Philosopher, Writer)
Owen Barfield
2
Birthdate: November 9, 1898
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London
Died: December 14, 1997
 21 
William Stanley Jevons
(British Economist and Philosopher Who Foreshadowed Several Developments of the 20th Century)
William Stanley Jevons
3
Birthdate: September 1, 1835
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Died: August 13, 1882

A pioneer of the mathematical method in economics, William Stanley Jevons was the son of an iron merchant and economic enthusiast. Remembered for his studies on marginal utility and supply/demand, he penned the iconic work A General Mathematical Theory of Political Economy and also wrote on Britain’s depleting coal supplies.

 22 
William Kingdon Clifford
2
Birthdate: May 4, 1845
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Exeter, England
Died: March 3, 1879
 23 
John Cowper Powys
(Philosopher)
John Cowper Powys
2
Birthdate: October 8, 1872
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Shirley, England, United Kingdom
Died: June 17, 1963
 24 
F. H. Bradley
(Philosopher)
F. H. Bradley
2
Birthdate: January 30, 1846
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Clapham, England
Died: September 18, 1924

A prominent 19th century English philosopher of the absolute Idealist school and a fellow of Merton College, Oxford, Francis Herbert Bradley was an opponent of the British Empiricist theories and utilitarian trends.  Well-known for his non-pluralistic approach to philosophy, he devoted his life to writing, publishing five books in his lifetime, most significant among them being Appearance and Reality.

Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane
2
Birthdate: July 30, 1856
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: August 19, 1928

Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane was a British philosopher, lawyer, and politician. Between 1905 and 1912, he served as the Secretary of State for War and was instrumental in implementing a series of reforms of the British Army called The Haldane Reforms. He also served as the Lord Chancellor twice during his illustrious career. Richard was also an influential writer.

 26 
C.E.M. Joad
(Philosopher)
C.E.M. Joad
2
Birthdate: August 12, 1891
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Durham, England
Died: April 9, 1953
 27 
Dugald Stewart
(Philosopher)
Dugald Stewart
2
Birthdate: November 22, 1753
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Edinburgh,Scotland
Died: June 11, 1828

Dugald Stewart was a Scottish mathematician and philosopher best remembered for his efforts to popularize the works of Adam Smith and Francis Hutcheson. Considered one of the most prominent personalities of the Scottish Enlightenment, Stewart played a major role in explaining the Scottish Common Sense Realism. Among his students were Sir Walter Scott, Sir Archibald Alison, and Sir James Mackintosh. 

 28 
Bernard Bosanquet
(philosopher)
Bernard Bosanquet
3
Birthdate: July 14, 1848
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Alnwick
Died: February 8, 1923
 29 
T. H. Green
(Philosopher)
T. H. Green
1
Birthdate: April 7, 1836
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Birkin, England
Died: March 26, 1882
 30 
Richard Whately
(British Philosopher, Economist, Theologian and Former Archbishop of Dublin)
Richard Whately
1
Birthdate: February 1, 1787
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cavendish Square, London, England
Died: October 8, 1863

Richard Whately was an English logician, academic, rhetorician, economist, theologian, and philosopher. His influential work Elements of Logic, which popularized the study of logic in the United States of America and in Britain, inspired several logicians including Charles Sanders Peirce, who read the book when he was 12 years old.

 31 
Charles Kay Ogden
2
Birthdate: June 1, 1889
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fleetwood, England
Died: March 20, 1957
 32 
Samuel Alexander
(Philosopher)
Samuel Alexander
1
Birthdate: January 6, 1859
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sydney, Australia
Died: September 13, 1938

Australian-British philosopher Samuel Alexander initially rejected a fellowship at Lincoln College, Oxford, to study experimental psychology instead. He taught at Owens College for most of his life. He is best remembered for the philosophical ideas expressed in his book Space, Time and Deity, and for his interest in metaphysics.

 33 
Walter Terence Stace
(Civil Servant)
Walter Terence Stace
1
Birthdate: November 17, 1886
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: August 2, 1967
 34 
Richard Payne Knight
(Archaeologist)
Richard Payne Knight
0
Birthdate: February 11, 1751
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: England
Died: April 23, 1824
 35 
James Martineau
(Philosopher)
James Martineau
1
Birthdate: April 21, 1805
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Norwich, England, United Kingdom
Died: January 11, 1900
 36 
John Cartwright
(British politician)
John Cartwright
1
Birthdate: September 17, 1740
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Marnham, England
Died: September 23, 1824

Known as the Father of Reform, John Cartwright made significant parliamentary reforms, which later became part of the People’s Charter. An English naval officer, he had also been part of the Seven Years’ War. He also worked for universal suffrage and, in his later life, invested in crop trials and agricultural improvement.

 37 
George Stout
(Philosopher)
George Stout
0
Birthdate: January 6, 1860
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: South Shields, England
Died: August 18, 1944
 38 
Edward Spencer Beesly
(Historian, philosopher and positivist)
Edward Spencer Beesly
0
Birthdate: January 23, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Feckenham, Worcestershire, England
Died: March 7, 1915
 39 
Frederick Robert Tennant
0
Birthdate: September 1, 1866
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Burslem, Staffordshire, England
Died: September 9, 1957
 40 
Samuel Bailey
(Philosopher)
Samuel Bailey
0
Birthdate: July 5, 1791
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Dunstable, England
Died: January 18, 1870

After initially working at his father’s business, Samuel Bailey established the Sheffield Banking Company. The 19th-century British philosopher and economist was a significant figure of Utilitarianism and classical liberalism. He wrote extensively on the concept of value and how it is just a state of mind.

 41 
Thomas Spencer Baynes
0
Birthdate: March 24, 1823
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wellington, England
Died: May 31, 1887
 42 
Norman Robert Campbell
0
Birthdate: March 7, 1880
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 18, 1949
 43 
Henry Longueville Mansel
0
Birthdate: October 6, 1820
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cosgrove, England
Died: July 1, 1871
 44 
H.A. Prichard
(Philosopher)
H.A. Prichard
0
Birthdate: October 30, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 29, 1947
 45 
Richard Congreve
(Philosopher)
Richard Congreve
0
Birthdate: September 4, 1818
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leamington, England
Died: July 5, 1899
 46 
A.C. Ewing
(Philosopher)
A.C. Ewing
0
Birthdate: May 11, 1899
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dundee, Scotland
Died: May 14, 1973
 47 
Clement Charles Julian Webb
(Philosopher)
Clement Charles Julian Webb
0
Birthdate: June 25, 1865
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 5, 1954