Famous 19th Century American Military Leaders

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 1 
Robert E. Lee
(Confederate General in the American Civil War)
Robert E. Lee
31
Birthdate: January 19, 1807
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stratford, Virginia, United States
Died: October 12, 1870

A commander of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, Robert E. Lee commanded the Army of Northern Virginia. He was a skilled tactician who served in the US Army for 32 years. Brilliant from a young age, he was a top graduate of the US Military Academy. In his later years, he became president of Washington College.

 2 
William Tecumseh Sherman
(Former Commanding General of the United States Army (1869 - 1883))
William Tecumseh Sherman
12
Birthdate: February 8, 1820
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lancaster, Ohio, United States
Died: February 14, 1891
William Tecumseh Sherman served as the Union Army general during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for his “scorched earth” military policy and was known as "the first modern general.” His 1875 book Memoir, related his war experiences. He was associated with wildlife conservation in his later years.
 3 
Stonewall Jackson
(One of the Best-Known Confederate Commanders During the American Civil War)
Stonewall Jackson
16
Birthdate: January 21, 1824
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Clarksburg, West Virginia, United States
Died: May 10, 1863

Stonewall Jackson was a commander of the Confederate States Army. He played a major role as a Confederate general in the American Civil War, winning several significant battles in the Eastern Theater of the war. Considered one of the most tactically sound commanders in the history of the US, Jackson was idolized by George Patton, Chesty Puller, and Alexander Vandegrift.

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 4 
John J. Pershing
(Former Military Officer Who Served as the Commander of the American Expeditionary Forces During World War I)
John J. Pershing
7
Birthdate: September 13, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Laclede, Missouri, United States
Died: July 15, 1948

John J. Pershing was a senior United States Army officer who served as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) in World War I. In his later years, he mentored generals who led the United States Army during World War II.  He was promoted to General of the Armies rank, the highest possible rank in the United States Army. 

 5 
William Halsey Jr.
(Military officer)
William Halsey Jr.
5
Birthdate: October 30, 1882
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States
Died: August 16, 1959
 6 
Nathan Bedford Forrest
(Confederate General During the American Civil War)
Nathan Bedford Forrest
15
Birthdate: July 13, 1821
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bedford County, Tennessee, United States
Died: October 29, 1877
Nathan Bedford Forrest, or the "Wizard of the Saddle", served as a Confederate general during the American Civil War. He was charged with war crimes at the Battle of Fort Pillow, where his forces killed Black prisoners of war. He was the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan.
 7 
David Farragut
(Military officer)
David Farragut
3
Birthdate: July 5, 1801
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Farragut, Tennessee, United States
Died: August 14, 1870
 8 
Sitting Bull
(Warrior)
Sitting Bull
7
Birthdate: 1831 AD
Birthplace: Grand River
Died: December 15, 1890
Hunkpapa Lakota leader Sitting Bull is symbolic of the Native American resistance against the U.S. government. After the Battle of the Little Bighorn, he surrendered and performed at Buffalo Bill's Wild West show. The U.S. government, fearing he might join the Ghost Dance Movement, killed him during an attempted arrest.
 9 
Geronimo
(Bedonkohe Apache Leader of the Chiricahua Apache)
Geronimo
6
Birthdate: June 16, 1829
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arizpe Municipality, Mexico
Died: February 17, 1909
Native American hero Geronimo is remembered for his heroics in the Apache Wars against the U.S. and Mexico. After his surrender in 1886, he lived as a U.S. prisoner of war and spent the rest of his life being exhibited at various events and selling his belongings for money.
 10 
Raymond A. Spruance
(Navy admiral during World War II)
Raymond A. Spruance
4
Birthdate: July 3, 1886
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: December 13, 1969
 11 
Paul Revere
(American Military Officer & Silversmith Who Warned Boston-Area Residents that the British Were Coming During His Midnight Ride)
Paul Revere
5
Birthdate: January 1, 1735
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 10, 1818
Paul Revere was a silversmith from Boston and a Patriot in the American Revolution who is remembered for alerting his fellow Patriots, during a midnight ride, about the approaching British forces prior to the battles of Lexington and Concord. He remains immortalized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem Paul Revere's Ride.
 12 
Billy Mitchell
(Military General)
Billy Mitchell
7
Birthdate: December 29, 1879
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: February 19, 1936
 13 
George Armstrong Custer
(United States Army Officer and Cavalry Commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars)
George Armstrong Custer
14
Birthdate: December 5, 1839
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New Rumley, Ohio, United States
Died: June 25, 1876

George Armstrong Custer was a US Army officer. He played an important role as a cavalry commander in the American Indian Wars and the American Civil War. His death at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, commonly referred to as Custer's Last Stand, went on to become a well-known episode of the American Indian Wars.

 14 
Matthew Ridgway
(Military officer)
Matthew Ridgway
4
Birthdate: March 3, 1895
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hampton, Virginia, United States
Died: July 26, 1993
 15 
Kit Carson
(Explorer & Soldier)
Kit Carson
5
Birthdate: December 24, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Madison County
Died: May 23, 1868

A frontiersman and a fur-trapper, Kit Carson played a major role in the US’s westward expansion. Mostly known for guiding explorer John C. Frémont, he was criticized for his contribution to the displacement of native Americans as an Indian agent. He became part of folk legend for his exploits as a fighter, too.

 16 
Robert Gould Shaw
(Military Personnel)
Robert Gould Shaw
6
Birthdate: October 10, 1837
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died: July 18, 1863
Union Army officer Robert Gould Shaw commanded an all-Black regiment, the 54th Massachusetts, during the American Civil War. A staunch abolitionist, he died in the Second Battle of Fort Wagner in 1863, but became a hero after his death, especially among the Black community. He inspired the 1989 film Glory.
 17 
Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
(Military Leader)
Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
6
Birthdate: September 13, 1887
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York, USA
Died: July 12, 1944
 18 
James Longstreet
(United States Minister to the Ottoman Empire (1880-81))
James Longstreet
4
Birthdate: January 8, 1821
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Edgefield, South Carolina, United States
Died: January 2, 1904
 19 
Winfield Scott
(Military Officer)
Winfield Scott
4
Birthdate: June 13, 1786
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Dinwiddie County, Virginia, United States
Died: May 29, 1866
 20 
Matthew C. Perry
(Naval Officer)
Matthew C. Perry
4
Birthdate: April 10, 1794
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Newport, Rhode Island, United States
Died: March 4, 1858
 21 
Chief Seattle
(Tribal chief)
Chief Seattle
4
Birthdate: 1786 AD
Birthplace: Suquamish, Washington, United States
Died: June 7, 1866
Chief Seattle was a Suquamish and Duwamish chief who was a close friend of David Swinson "Doc" Maynard and is remembered for his amicable relationship with the white settlers. The city of Seattle was named after him. He is widely known for his speech on Native American land rights.
 22 
Joshua Chamberlain
(Educator & War Hero)
Joshua Chamberlain
4
Birthdate: September 8, 1828
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brewer
Died: February 24, 1914
 23 
Ulysses S. Grant
(Civil War Hero and the 18th President of the United States)
Ulysses S. Grant
5
Birthdate: April 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Point Pleasant, Ohio, United States
Died: July 23, 1885

The 18th president of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant held office from 1869 to 1877. He led the Union Army as Commanding General of the United States Army during the American Civil War and was a war hero. As president, he stabilized the post-war national economy and created the Department of Justice. Historians generally recognize his presidential accomplishments.

 24 
J. E. B. Stuart
(Confederate States Army General)
J. E. B. Stuart
4
Birthdate: February 6, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Patrick County, Virginia, United States
Died: May 12, 1864
 25 
Philip Sheridan
(Military Officer)
Philip Sheridan
3
Birthdate: March 6, 1831
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: August 5, 1888
 26 
Braxton Bragg
(Military Leader)
Braxton Bragg
6
Birthdate: March 22, 1817
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Warrenton, North Carolina, United States
Died: September 27, 1876
 27 
John Bell Hood
(Confederate General)
John Bell Hood
4
Birthdate: June 1, 1831
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Owingsville, Kentucky, United States
Died: August 30, 1879
 28 
Ambrose Burnside
(United States Senator from Rhode Island (1875-81))
Ambrose Burnside
4
Birthdate: May 23, 1824
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Liberty, Indiana, United States
Died: September 13, 1881
 29 
William Barret Travis
(Military Leader)
William Barret Travis
3
Birthdate: August 1, 1809
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Saluda County, South Carolina, United States
Died: March 6, 1836
 30 
Philip John Schuyler
5
Birthdate: November 20, 1733
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: November 18, 1804
 31 
Benjamin Tallmadge
(Military Leader)
Benjamin Tallmadge
6
Birthdate: February 25, 1754
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: East Setauket, Brookhaven, New York, United States
Died: March 7, 1835
 32 
George Meade
(American Army Officer Who Decisively Defeated Confederate General Robert E. Lee in the American Civil War)
George Meade
4
Birthdate: December 31, 1815
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cádiz, Spain
Died: November 6, 1872

George Meade was a civil engineer and United States Army officer best remembered for decisively defeating Robert E. Lee in the American Civil War. After the war, he played an important role during the Reconstruction era. As a civil engineer, George Meade was involved in the construction of many lighthouses. 

 33 
George Pickett
(Military Officer)
George Pickett
4
Birthdate: January 16, 1825
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Richmond, Virginia, United States
Died: July 30, 1875
 34 
Henry H. Arnold
(Military Leader)
Henry H. Arnold
3
Birthdate: June 25, 1886
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gladwyne, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: January 15, 1950
 35 
Alfred Thayer Mahan
(Naval Officer)
Alfred Thayer Mahan
3
Birthdate: September 27, 1840
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: West Point, New York, United States
Died: December 1, 1914
 36 
Anthony McAuliffe
(Military Leader)
Anthony McAuliffe
3
Birthdate: July 2, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Washington, District of Columbia, USA
Died: August 11, 1975
 37 
Alexander Hamilton
(American Revolutionary and Founding Father of the United States)
Alexander Hamilton
5
Birthdate: January 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Died: July 12, 1804

Known as America’s one of the most influential Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and served as the first secretary of the treasury. He also fought in the American Revolutionary War and was considered as a leading votary of the strong central government.

 38 
Abner Doubleday
(Military Leader)
Abner Doubleday
3
Birthdate: June 26, 1819
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ballston Spa, New York, United States
Died: January 26, 1893
 39 
George Dewey
(Military Leader)
George Dewey
3
Birthdate: December 26, 1837
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Montpelier, Vermont, United States
Died: January 16, 1917
 40 
Horatio Gates
(Army General)
Horatio Gates
5
Birthdate: July 26, 1727
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Maldon, England
Died: April 10, 1806
 41 
George B. McClellan
6
Birthdate: December 3, 1826
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: October 29, 1885

George McClellan was the governor of New Jersey from 1878 to 1881. He had previously been part of the Mexican–American War. He later quit the Army to serve railroads but re-joined during the American Civil War. He eventually became the commanding general and formed the Army of the Potomac.

 42 
Albert Sidney Johnston
(Military general)
Albert Sidney Johnston
3
Birthdate: February 2, 1803
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Washington, Kentucky
Died: April 6, 1862
 43 
Ernest Joseph King
(Naval Officer)
Ernest Joseph King
4
Birthdate: November 23, 1878
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lorain, Ohio, United States
Died: June 25, 1956
 44 
John C. Frémont
(5th Governor of Arizona Territory (1878 - 1881))
John C. Frémont
4
Birthdate: January 21, 1813
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Savannah, Georgia, United States
Died: July 13, 1890

John C. Frémont is best remembered for his role in the expansion of US settlements in the West and also for the development of what is now known as California. A military officer, he became one of the first senators from California and had also been the 5th governor of Arizona.

 45 
William D. Leahy
(Naval Officer)
William D. Leahy
3
Birthdate: May 6, 1875
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hampton, Iowa, United States
Died: July 20, 1959
 46 
Oliver Hazard Perry
(Former U.S. naval officer who became a national hero when he defeated a British squadron in the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812)
Oliver Hazard Perry
3
Birthdate: August 23, 1785
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: South Kingstown, Rhode Island, United States
Died: August 23, 1819
 47 
Daniel Daly
(Military Leader)
Daniel Daly
3
Birthdate: November 11, 1873
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Glen Cove, New York, United States
Died: April 27, 1937
 48 
Henry Wirz
(Military personnel)
Henry Wirz
3
Birthdate: November 25, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zürich, Switzerland
Died: November 10, 1865
 49 
Black Hawk
(Military Leader during the Black Hawk War of 1832)
Black Hawk
3
Birthdate: 1767 AD
Birthplace: Rock Island, Illinois, United States
Died: October 3, 1838
 50 
Busby Berkeley
(Film director)
Busby Berkeley
3
Birthdate: November 29, 1895
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States
Died: March 14, 1976