Mikhail Lomonosov Biography
(Scientist, Polymath, Writer)
Birthday: November 19, 1711 (Scorpio)
Born In: Lomonossowo, Russia
Mikhail Lomonosov was a Russian scientist, poet, geologist and astronomer, who is also believed to have influenced the formation of the modern Russian literary language. His expertise in diverse fields earned him the title of becoming the first scientist-naturalist from Russia to have gained international acclaim. Born into a family of peasants, he was urged to pursue the family business from a young age; however, his passion to study led him to Moscow, Kiev and later to Germany. Upon his return to Russia, he began his teaching career at the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. Alongside he made several independent discoveries like the determination of freezing temperature of mercury, definition of the law of mass conservation, atmosphere around planet Venus, explanation of the phenomenon of icebergs and understanding gravity from a mechanical perspective. He was an advocate of progress in domestic education and was responsible for the establishment of the first Russian chemical laboratory at St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. He also co-founded the Moscow University. A linguistic reformer, he was known to have set the foundation for Russian literature. Other than writing poems and books, he also composed plays that were well appreciated. He was elected as Secretary of State in 1764; however, he could serve in the position only for a year.