18th Century Mathematicians
Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Mathematicians, including Charles Babbage, Leonhard Euler, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Pierre-Simon Laplace and Daniel Bernoulli.
Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791, British
Father of the computer
Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707, Swiss, Russian
Mathematician, Physicist

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

Daniel BernoulliDaniel Bernoulli
08 February 1700, Swiss
Mathematician

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656, British
Astronomer

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist
Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
16 March 1789, German
Physicist & Mathematician

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French
Mathematician

Anders CelsiusAnders Celsius
27 November 1701, Swedish
Astronomer, Physicist, Mathematician

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician
Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743, French
Mathematician, Philosopher

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
07 September 1707, French
Naturalist
Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625, Italian
Astronomer and Mathematician

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
18 September 1752, French
Mathematician

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian
Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775, French
Physicist and Mathematician

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728, Swiss, German, French
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer
Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician and Astronomer

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician

William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793, British
Mathematician, Geologist
Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, Politician,

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD, British
Mathematician, Statistician

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
01 June 1796, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Scientist
William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794, British
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781, French
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University

Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre
26 May 1667, French
Mathematician, Statistician

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,
William PlayfairWilliam Playfair
22 September 1759, British
Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician

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Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753, French
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746, French
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University

Brook TaylorBrook Taylor
18 August 1685, British
Mathematician
Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746, French
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,

Colin MaclaurinColin Maclaurin
01 February 1698, British, Scottish
Edinburgh
Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,

Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer, Mathematician, University teacher

John ArbuthnotJohn Arbuthnot
British
 
Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly
15 September 1736, French
Astronomer, Politician, Mathematician

Pierre Louis MaupertuisPierre Louis Maupertuis
17 July 1698, French
astronomer, philosopher, mathematician, physicist
Thomas ChalmersThomas Chalmers
17 March 1780, British
Mathematician, Theologian, Writer, University

Dugald StewartDugald Stewart
British, Scottish
 

Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil

Gabriel CramerGabriel Cramer
31 July 1704, Swiss
Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher

Jean Léonard Marie PoiseuilleJean Léonard Marie Poiseuille
22 April 1797, French
Physician, Physicist, Mathematician
Giuseppe PiazziGiuseppe Piazzi
16 July 1746, Italian
Astronomer, University teacher, Mathematician

Alexis ClairautAlexis Clairaut
French
 

Charles Marie de La CondamineCharles Marie de La Condamine
French
 

John PlayfairJohn Playfair
British
 
Pierre BouguerPierre Bouguer
French
 

Michel RolleMichel Rolle
French
 
Jean-Robert ArgandJean-Robert Argand
French
 

Jean-Charles de BordaJean-Charles de Borda
French
 

Alexandre-Théophile VandermondeAlexandre-Théophile Vandermonde
French
 
Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
French
 

Alexander WilsonAlexander Wilson
1714 AD, British, Scottish
Astronomer
Joseph SauveurJoseph Sauveur
French
 

John KeillJohn Keill
01 December 1671, British, Scottish
Mathematician

William JonesWilliam Jones
British
 
Gaspard de PronyGaspard de Prony
French
 

Robert SimsonRobert Simson
British
 
William WalesWilliam Wales
British
 

Patrick KellyPatrick Kelly
British
 

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet
French