18th Century Mathematicians
Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Mathematicians, including Charles Babbage, Leonhard Euler, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Pierre-Simon Laplace and Daniel Bernoulli.
Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791, British
Father of the computer
Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707, Swiss, Russian
Mathematician, Physicist

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656, British
Astronomer

Daniel BernoulliDaniel Bernoulli
08 February 1700, Swiss
Mathematician

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist
Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French
Mathematician

Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
16 March 1789, German
Physicist & Mathematician

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743, French
Mathematician, Philosopher
Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625, French, Italian
Astronomer and Mathematician

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
07 September 1707, French
Naturalist
Anders CelsiusAnders Celsius
27 November 1701, Swedish
Astronomer, Physicist, Mathematician

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
18 September 1752, French
Mathematician

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728, Swiss, German, French
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer
Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician and Astronomer

William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793, British
Mathematician, Geologist

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775, French
Physicist and Mathematician

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician
Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician
Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet
17 December 1706, French
Philosopher

John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792, British
Polymath
David RittenhouseDavid Rittenhouse
08 April 1732, American
Astronomer

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD, British
Mathematician, Statistician
Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781, French
Mathematician

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François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,
Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre
26 May 1667, French
Mathematician, Statistician

Brook TaylorBrook Taylor
18 August 1685, British
Mathematician

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753, French
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794, British
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,
Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,
William PlayfairWilliam Playfair
22 September 1759, British
Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician

Richard PriceRichard Price
23 February 1723, British, Welsh
Philosopher

Bernard BolzanoBernard Bolzano
05 October 1781, Czech
Mathematician

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,
Colin MaclaurinColin Maclaurin
01 February 1698, British, Scottish
Edinburgh

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746, French
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,

Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly
15 September 1736, French
Astronomer

Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746, French
Mathematician
Pierre Louis MaupertuisPierre Louis Maupertuis
28 September 1698, French
Mathematician

Giuseppe PiazziGiuseppe Piazzi
16 July 1746, Italian
Astronomer, University teacher, Mathematician
Thomas ChalmersThomas Chalmers
17 March 1780, British
Mathematician, Theologian, Writer, University

Dugald StewartDugald Stewart
22 November 1753, British, Scottish
Philosopher

Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil
Gabriel CramerGabriel Cramer
31 July 1704, Swiss
Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher

John ArbuthnotJohn Arbuthnot
29 April 1667, British
Physician
Alexis ClairautAlexis Clairaut
13 May 1713, French
Mathematician

Charles Marie de La CondamineCharles Marie de La Condamine
28 January 1701, French
Explorer

Seki TakakazuSeki Takakazu
1642 AD, Japanese
Mathematician

Carsten NiebuhrCarsten Niebuhr
17 March 1733, German
Mathematician

John PlayfairJohn Playfair
10 March 1748, British
Mathematician
Pierre BouguerPierre Bouguer
French
 

Gaspard-Gustave de CoriolisGaspard-Gustave de Coriolis
21 May 1792, French
Mathematician

Jean-Robert ArgandJean-Robert Argand
French
 

Michel RolleMichel Rolle
French
 
Pieter van MusschenbroekPieter van Musschenbroek
14 March 1692, Dutch
Scientist

Jakob SteinerJakob Steiner
18 March 1796, Swiss
Mathematician
Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl StanhopeCharles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope
03 August 1753, British
Statesman

Paolo RuffiniPaolo Ruffini
22 September 1765, Italian
Italian mathematician

Sir John Leslie, 4th BaronetSir John Leslie, 4th Baronet
10 April 1766, Scottish
Mathematician
Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
French
 

Étienne-Louis MalusÉtienne-Louis Malus
23 July 1775, French
Physicist
Jesse RamsdenJesse Ramsden
06 October 1735, British
Mathematician

Joseph NicolletJoseph Nicollet
24 July 1786, French
Geographer

Alexandre-Théophile VandermondeAlexandre-Théophile Vandermonde
28 February 1735, French
Mathematician
José Celestino MutisJosé Celestino Mutis
06 April 1732, Spanish
Spanish botanist

Jean-Charles de BordaJean-Charles de Borda
French
 
Edward WaringEdward Waring
1736 AD, British
Mathematician

John HadleyJohn Hadley
16 April 1682, British
Mathematician

John MachinJohn Machin
1686 AD, British
Mathematician

William George HornerWilliam George Horner
09 June 1786, British
Mathematician
Joseph SauveurJoseph Sauveur
French
 
Diego de Torres VillarroelDiego de Torres Villarroel
17 June 1693, Spanish
Writer

William JonesWilliam Jones
28 September 1746, British
Philologist

Benjamin RobinsBenjamin Robins
1707 AD, British
Engineer and mathematician

John KeillJohn Keill
01 December 1671, British, Scottish
Mathematician
Theophan ProkopovichTheophan Prokopovich
18 June 1681, Ukrainian, Russian
Theologian

Gaspard de PronyGaspard de Prony
French
 

Johann Andreas SegnerJohann Andreas Segner
09 October 1704, Hungarian
Scientist

Jakob BernoulliJakob Bernoulli
01 January 1655, Swiss
Mathematician

George GreenGeorge Green
14 July 1793, British
Mathematician
Thomas BrattleThomas Brattle
20 June 1658, American
Merchant

Peter Andreas HansenPeter Andreas Hansen
08 December 1795, German, Danish
Astronomer
Robert SimsonRobert Simson
14 October 1687, Scottish
Mathematician1768

Giovanni CevaGiovanni Ceva
07 December 1647, Italian
Mathematician
Eaton HodgkinsonEaton Hodgkinson
26 February 1789, British
Engineer
Nathaniel BlissNathaniel Bliss
28 November 1700, British
Astronomer