Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Astronomers, including Pierre-Simon Laplace, William Herschel, Benjamin Banneker, Edmond Halley and Patrick Wilson.
Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician
Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker
09 November 1731, American
Compiler of Almanacs

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656, British
Astronomer

Anders CelsiusAnders Celsius
27 November 1701, Swedish
Astronomer, Physicist, Mathematician
Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov
19 November 1711, Russian
Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German
Astronomer

Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625, French, Italian
Astronomer and Mathematician
Charles MessierCharles Messier
26 June 1730, French
Astronomer

Guillaume Le GentilGuillaume Le Gentil
12 September 1725, French
Astronomer
Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728, Swiss, German, French
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician and Astronomer

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792, British
Polymath

Ernst ChladniErnst Chladni
30 November 1756, German
Physicist, Astronomer

David RittenhouseDavid Rittenhouse
08 April 1732, American
Astronomer

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,
Jeremiah DixonJeremiah Dixon
27 July 1733, British
Astronomer

Charles MasonCharles Mason
31 March 1728, British
astronomer
Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
18 May 1711, Croatian, Italian
Physicist

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
06 March 1787, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Chemist

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Scientist
Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer

Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,
Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly
15 September 1736, French
Astronomer

John FlamsteedJohn Flamsteed
19 August 1646, British
Astronomer

Thomas BrisbaneThomas Brisbane
23 July 1773, Scottish
Officer
Maria Margarethe KirchMaria Margaretha Kirch
25 February 1670, German
Astronomer

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Pierre Louis MaupertuisPierre Louis Maupertuis
28 September 1698, French
Mathematician
Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil

Antonio de UlloaAntonio de Ulloa
12 January 1716, Spanish
Astronomer, Explorer, Meteorologist

Nevil MaskelyneNevil Maskelyne
 

Giuseppe PiazziGiuseppe Piazzi
16 July 1746, Italian
Astronomer, University teacher, Mathematician
James BradleyJames Bradley
29 February 1693, British
Astronomer
Johann BodeJohann Bode
19 January 1747, German
 

Johann Elert BodeJohann Elert Bode
German
 

Alexis ClairautAlexis Clairaut
13 May 1713, French
Mathematician

Pieter van MusschenbroekPieter van Musschenbroek
14 March 1692, Dutch
Scientist
Jérôme LalandeJérôme Lalande
11 July 1732, French
Astronomer

John GoodrickeJohn Goodricke
17 September 1764, Dutch
Amateur astronomer

César-François Cassini de ThuryCésar-François Cassini de Thury
17 June 1714, French
Astronomer

Alexis BouvardAlexis Bouvard
27 June 1767, French
Astronomer

Heinrich Wilhelm OlbersHeinrich Wilhelm Olbers
11 October 1758, German
 
Jacques CassiniJacques Cassini
18 February 1677, French
Astronomer

Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
French
 
Jean-Baptiste-Joseph DelambreJean-Baptiste-Joseph Delambre
19 September 1749, French
Mathematician

John HadleyJohn Hadley
16 April 1682, British
Mathematician

Edward SabineEdward Sabine
14 October 1788, Irish
Astronomer
Dominique, comte de CassiniDominique, comte de Cassini
30 June 1748, French
Astronomer

Joseph NicolletJoseph Nicollet
24 July 1786, French
Geographer
Tobias MayerTobias Mayer
17 February 1723, German
Astronomer

Giovanni Battista AmiciGiovanni Battista Amici
25 March 1786, Italian
Astronomer

Francis BailyFrancis Baily
28 April 1774, British
Astronomer

Thomas BrattleThomas Brattle
20 June 1658, American
Merchant

Peter Andreas HansenPeter Andreas Hansen
08 December 1795, German, Danish
Astronomer
Friedrich Wilhelm ArgelanderFriedrich Wilhelm Argelander
22 March 1799, German
Astronomer

Joseph-Nicolas DelisleJoseph-Nicolas Delisle
04 April 1688, French
Astronomer

MinggantuMinggantu
1692 AD, Chinese, Mongolian
Astronomer

Thomas HendersonThomas Henderson
28 December 1798, Scottish
Astronomer
William Cranch BondWilliam Cranch Bond
09 September 1789, American
Astronomer

Franz Xaver von ZachFranz Xaver von Zach
04 June 1754, Hungarian
Astronomer
Johann Daniel TitiusJohann Daniel Titius
02 January 1729, German, Polish
Astronomer

Wilhelm BeerWilhelm Beer
04 January 1797, German
Banker

Heinrich SchwabeHeinrich Schwabe
25 October 1789, German
Astronomer
William WalesWilliam Wales
31 January 1734, British
Mathematician

George DarleyGeorge Darley
1795 AD, Irish
Poet
Johann Heinrich von MädlerJohann Heinrich von Mädler
29 May 1794, German
Astronomer

Nathaniel BlissNathaniel Bliss
28 November 1700, British
Astronomer

John PondJohn Pond
1767 AD, British
Astronomer
Christopher HansteenChristopher Hansteen
26 September 1784, Norwegian
Astronomer

Samuel MolyneuxSamuel Molyneux
16 July 1689, British
Astronomer
Alexander WilsonAlexander Wilson
1714 AD, British, Scottish
Astronomer

William Rutter DawesWilliam Rutter Dawes
19 March 1799, British
Astronomer

James ShortJames Short
10 June 1710, Scottish
Astronomer

Edward TroughtonEdward Troughton
1753 AD, British
Instrument maker
Stephen GroombridgeStephen Groombridge
07 January 1755, British
Astronomer
Jean-Baptiste-Gaspard Bochart de SaronJean-Baptiste-Gaspard Bochart de Saron
16 January 1730, French
Astronomer

Giuseppe CampaniGiuseppe Campani
1635 AD, Italian
Optician

Colin CampbellColin Campbell
26 January 1752, Jamaican, Scottish
Astronomer

Wilhelm von BielaWilhelm von Biela
19 March 1782, Austrian, German
Military Officer
Paolo FrisiPaolo Frisi
13 April 1728, Italian
Mathematician

Claude-Louis MathieuClaude-Louis Mathieu
25 November 1783, French
Mathematician

Mei JuechengMei Juecheng
19 May 1681, Chinese
Politician

Mei WendingMei Wending
1633 AD, Chinese
Writer