Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Astronomers, including Pierre-Simon Laplace, William Herschel, Benjamin Banneker, Edmond Halley and Patrick Wilson.
Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist
William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656, British
Astronomer

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker
09 November 1731, American
Compiler of Almanacs

Anders CelsiusAnders Celsius
27 November 1701, Swedish
Astronomer, Physicist, Mathematician

Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov
19 November 1711, Russian
Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer
Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German
Astronomer

Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625, Italian
Astronomer and Mathematician

Charles MessierCharles Messier
26 June 1730, French
Astronomer

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728, Swiss, German, French
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer
Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician and Astronomer

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician
Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781, French
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University
François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

Ernst ChladniErnst Chladni
30 November 1756, German
Physicist, Astronomer
Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly
15 September 1736, French
Astronomer, Politician, Mathematician

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
06 March 1787, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Chemist

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,
David RittenhouseDavid Rittenhouse
08 April 1732, American
Astronomer

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
Croatian
 
Charles MasonCharles Mason
31 March 1728, British
astronomer

Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer, Mathematician, University teacher

Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,

John FlamsteedJohn Flamsteed
19 August 1646, British
Astronomer
Johann Elert BodeJohann Elert Bode
German
 
Giuseppe PiazziGiuseppe Piazzi
16 July 1746, Italian
Astronomer, University teacher, Mathematician

Pierre Louis MaupertuisPierre Louis Maupertuis
17 July 1698, French
astronomer, philosopher, mathematician, physicist

Nevil MaskelyneNevil Maskelyne
 

Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil
Antonio de UlloaAntonio de Ulloa
12 January 1716, Spanish
Astronomer, Explorer, Meteorologist

Continue Reading Below
Alexis ClairautAlexis Clairaut
13 May 1713, French
Mathematician

James BradleyJames Bradley
 

Charles Marie de La CondamineCharles Marie de La Condamine
28 January 1701, French
Explorer

Jérôme LalandeJérôme Lalande
11 July 1732, French
Astronomer
Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
French
 

Alexander WilsonAlexander Wilson
1714 AD, British, Scottish
Astronomer
John GoodrickeJohn Goodricke
 

Colin CampbellColin Campbell
26 January 1752, Jamaican, Scottish
Astronomer

William WalesWilliam Wales
31 January 1734, British
Mathematician
Heinrich Wilhelm OlbersHeinrich Wilhelm Olbers
11 October 1758, German
 

Maria Margarethe KirchMaria Margarethe Kirch
25 February 1670, German
Astronomer
Johann BodeJohann Bode
19 January 1747, German