Find out more about the greatest 18th Century French Scientists, including Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, Antoine Lavoisier, Pierre-Simon Laplace, John James Audubon and Louis Daguerre.
Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat
24 May 1743
Physician
Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
26 August 1743
Chemist

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749
Scientist

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
07 September 1707
Naturalist

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768
Mathematician & Physicist

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769
Naturalist
Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789
Mathematician

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743
Mathematician, Philosopher

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788
Physicist
Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776
Mathematician

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
18 September 1752
Mathematician
Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625
Astronomer and Mathematician

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778
Chemist and Physicist

Charles MessierCharles Messier
26 June 1730
Astronomer

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician and Astronomer

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer
Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot
01 June 1796
Physicist and Scientist

Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De Coulomb
14 June 1736
French physicist

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775
Physicist and Mathematician

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet
17 December 1706
Philosopher
Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb
14 June 1736
Physicist

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781
Mathematician

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,
Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre
26 May 1667
Mathematician, Statistician

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,
Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher

Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
12 August 1737
Botanist, Pharmacist, Physician, Agronomist,

Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly
15 September 1736
Astronomer
Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,

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Michel Eugène ChevreulMichel Eugène Chevreul
31 August 1786
Chemist
Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University

Claude-Louis NavierClaude-Louis Navier
10 February 1785
physicist, economist, mathematician, engineer of

Pierre Louis MaupertuisPierre Louis Maupertuis
28 September 1698
Mathematician

Alexis ClairautAlexis Clairaut
13 May 1713
Mathematician
Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
12 April 1748
Botanist
Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil

Guillaume AmontonsGuillaume Amontons
31 August 1663
Physicist

Bernard Germain de LacépèdeBernard Germain de Lacépède
26 December 1756
Naturalist

Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
30 January 1781
Botanist, Poet, Pteridologist, Bryologist, Writer
Joseph ProustJoseph Proust
26 September 1754
Chemist

Charles Marie de La CondamineCharles Marie de La Condamine
28 January 1701
Explorer

Xavier BichatXavier Bichat
14 November 1771
Medical doctor

Joseph Pitton de TournefortJoseph Pitton de Tournefort
05 June 1656
Botanist

Jérôme LalandeJérôme Lalande
11 July 1732
Astronomer
André MichauxAndré Michaux
08 March 1746
Botanist

Étienne-Louis MalusÉtienne-Louis Malus
23 July 1775
Physicist
Michel RolleMichel Rolle
 

Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-PierreJacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre
19 January 1737
Writer

Pierre BouguerPierre Bouguer
 
Michel AdansonMichel Adanson
07 April 1727
Botanist

Gaspard-Gustave de CoriolisGaspard-Gustave de Coriolis
21 May 1792
Mathematician
Jean-Robert ArgandJean-Robert Argand
 

François MagendieFrançois Magendie
06 October 1783
Physiologist

Anselme PayenAnselme Payen
06 January 1795
Chemist

Jean Charles Athanase PeltierJean Charles Athanase Peltier
22 February 1785
Physicist

Jean de NoaillesJean de Noailles
26 October 1739
General and Chemist
Louis Nicolas VauquelinLouis Nicolas Vauquelin
16 May 1763
Pharmacist

Louis-Sébastien LenormandLouis-Sébastien Lenormand
25 May 1757
Chemist

Jacques CassiniJacques Cassini
18 February 1677
Astronomer

Jean Pierre FlourensJean Pierre Flourens
13 April 1794
Physiologist
Alexandre-Théophile VandermondeAlexandre-Théophile Vandermonde
28 February 1735
Mathematician

Joseph NicolletJoseph Nicollet
24 July 1786
Geographer
Firmin AbauzitFirmin Abauzit
11 November 1679
Scholar

Pierre PoivrePierre Poivre
23 August 1719
Horticulturist

Alexis BouvardAlexis Bouvard
27 June 1767
Astronomer
Jean-Charles de BordaJean-Charles de Borda
 

Nicolas LeblancNicolas Leblanc
06 December 1742
Chemist
Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
 

César-François Cassini de ThuryCésar-François Cassini de Thury
17 June 1714
Astronomer

Déodat Gratet de DolomieuDéodat Gratet de Dolomieu
23 June 1750
Geologist
Bernard CourtoisBernard Courtois
08 February 1777
Chemist

Jeanne Villepreux-PowerJeanne Villepreux-Power
24 September 1794
Biologist
Joseph SauveurJoseph Sauveur
 

Henri DutrochetHenri Dutrochet
14 November 1776
Physician

Alexandre BrongniartAlexandre Brongniart
05 February 1770
Chemist

Louis-Jean-Marie DaubentonLouis-Jean-Marie Daubenton
29 May 1716
Naturalist
Pierre Louis DulongPierre Louis Dulong
12 February 1785
Physicist
Louis-Bernard Guyton de MorveauLouis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau
04 January 1737
Chemist

Pierre Jean Georges CabanisPierre Jean Georges Cabanis
05 June 1757
Physiologist

Dominique, comte de CassiniDominique, comte de Cassini
30 June 1748
Astronomer

Joseph-Nicolas DelisleJoseph-Nicolas Delisle
04 April 1688
Astronomer
Gaspard de PronyGaspard de Prony
 

Jean CruveilhierJean Cruveilhier
09 February 1791
Anatomist

Joachim BarrandeJoachim Barrande
11 August 1799
Geologist

Antoine de JussieuAntoine de Jussieu
06 July 1686
Plant biologist

Jean-Étienne GuettardJean-Étienne Guettard
22 September 1715
Doctor of medicine
Nicolas DesmarestNicolas Desmarest
16 September 1725
Geologist

Ami BouéAmi Boué
16 March 1794
Geologist
Étienne François GeoffroyÉtienne François Geoffroy
13 February 1672
Physician

Charles-François Brisseau de MirbelCharles-François Brisseau de Mirbel
27 March 1776
Botanist
Jean de HautefeuilleJean de Hautefeuille
20 March 1647
Physicist
Charles Julien BrianchonCharles Julien Brianchon
19 December 1783
Mathematician