Find out more about the greatest 18th Century French Scientists, including Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, Antoine Lavoisier, Pierre-Simon Laplace, John James Audubon and Louis Daguerre.
Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
26 August 1743
Chemist
Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat
24 May 1743
Physician

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
07 September 1707
Naturalist

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749
Scientist

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768
Mathematician & Physicist

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769
Naturalist
Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789
Mathematician

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776
Mathematician

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743
Mathematician, Philosopher
Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
18 September 1752
Mathematician

Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625
Astronomer and Mathematician
Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788
Physicist

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778
Chemist and Physicist

Charles MessierCharles Messier
26 June 1730
Astronomer

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician and Astronomer
Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot
01 June 1796
Physicist and Scientist

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775
Physicist and Mathematician

Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De Coulomb
14 June 1736
French physicist

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet
 

Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb
14 June 1736
Physicist
Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781
Mathematician

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre
26 May 1667
Mathematician, Statistician
Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,

Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher
Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
12 August 1737
Botanist, Pharmacist, Physician, Agronomist,

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University
Claude-Louis NavierClaude-Louis Navier
10 February 1785
physicist, economist, mathematician, engineer of

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Michel Eugène ChevreulMichel Eugène Chevreul
31 August 1786
Chemist
Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly
15 September 1736
Astronomer

Alexis ClairautAlexis Clairaut
13 May 1713
Mathematician

Pierre Louis MaupertuisPierre Louis Maupertuis
28 September 1698
Mathematician

Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
12 April 1748
Botanist
Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil
Guillaume AmontonsGuillaume Amontons
31 August 1663
Physicist

Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
30 January 1781
Botanist, Poet, Pteridologist, Bryologist, Writer

Joseph ProustJoseph Proust
26 September 1754
Chemist

Xavier BichatXavier Bichat
14 November 1771
Medical doctor
Jean Léonard Marie PoiseuilleJean Léonard Marie Poiseuille
22 April 1797
Physician, Physicist, Mathematician

Charles Marie de La CondamineCharles Marie de La Condamine
28 January 1701
Explorer

Joseph Pitton de TournefortJoseph Pitton de Tournefort
05 June 1656
Botanist

Étienne-Louis MalusÉtienne-Louis Malus
23 July 1775
Physicist

Michel RolleMichel Rolle
 
François MagendieFrançois Magendie
06 October 1783
Physiologist

Michel AdansonMichel Adanson
07 April 1727
Botanist
Jérôme LalandeJérôme Lalande
11 July 1732
Astronomer

Pierre Jean Georges CabanisPierre Jean Georges Cabanis
05 June 1757
Physiologist

Pierre BouguerPierre Bouguer
 
Alexandre-Théophile VandermondeAlexandre-Théophile Vandermonde
28 February 1735
Mathematician

César-François Cassini de ThuryCésar-François Cassini de Thury
17 June 1714
Astronomer
Nicolas LeblancNicolas Leblanc
06 December 1742
Chemist

Anselme PayenAnselme Payen
06 January 1795
Chemist

Jacques CassiniJacques Cassini
18 February 1677
Astronomer

Louis Nicolas VauquelinLouis Nicolas Vauquelin
16 May 1763
Pharmacist

Jean-Robert ArgandJean-Robert Argand
 
Jean Pierre FlourensJean Pierre Flourens
13 April 1794
Physiologist

Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-PierreJacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre
19 January 1737
Writer

Firmin AbauzitFirmin Abauzit
11 November 1679
Scholar

Jean Charles Athanase PeltierJean Charles Athanase Peltier
22 February 1785
Physicist
Alexandre BrongniartAlexandre Brongniart
05 February 1770
Chemist

Louis-Sébastien LenormandLouis-Sébastien Lenormand
25 May 1757
Chemist
Ami BouéAmi Boué
16 March 1794
Geologist

Bernard CourtoisBernard Courtois
08 February 1777
Chemist

André MichauxAndré Michaux
08 March 1746
Botanist
Jean-Charles de BordaJean-Charles de Borda
 

Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
 
Jeanne Villepreux-PowerJeanne Villepreux-Power
24 September 1794
Biologist

Pierre PoivrePierre Poivre
23 August 1719
Horticulturist

Joseph NicolletJoseph Nicollet
24 July 1786
Geographer
Alexis BouvardAlexis Bouvard
27 June 1767
Astronomer

Joseph SauveurJoseph Sauveur
 
Dominique, comte de CassiniDominique, comte de Cassini
30 June 1748
Astronomer

Déodat Gratet de DolomieuDéodat Gratet de Dolomieu
23 June 1750
Geologist

Joseph-Nicolas DelisleJoseph-Nicolas Delisle
04 April 1688
Astronomer

Henri DutrochetHenri Dutrochet
14 November 1776
Physician
Pierre Louis DulongPierre Louis Dulong
12 February 1785
Physicist
Louis-Bernard Guyton de MorveauLouis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau
04 January 1737
Chemist

Gaspard de PronyGaspard de Prony
 

Louis-Jean-Marie DaubentonLouis-Jean-Marie Daubenton
29 May 1716
Naturalist

Joachim BarrandeJoachim Barrande
11 August 1799
Geologist
Jean CruveilhierJean Cruveilhier
09 February 1791
Anatomist

Antoine de JussieuAntoine de Jussieu
06 July 1686
Plant biologist

Nicolas DesmarestNicolas Desmarest
16 September 1725
Geologist

Étienne François GeoffroyÉtienne François Geoffroy
13 February 1672
Physician

Jean de HautefeuilleJean de Hautefeuille
20 March 1647
Physicist
Charles-François Brisseau de MirbelCharles-François Brisseau de Mirbel
27 March 1776
Botanist

Jean-Étienne GuettardJean-Étienne Guettard
22 September 1715
Doctor of medicine
Émiland GautheyÉmiland Gauthey
03 December 1732
Mathematician

Charles Julien BrianchonCharles Julien Brianchon
19 December 1783
Mathematician
Joseph de JussieuJoseph de Jussieu
03 September 1704
Botanist
Claude-Louis MathieuClaude-Louis Mathieu
25 November 1783
Mathematician