Find out more about the greatest 18th Century British Scientists, including Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, John Dalton, Humphry Davy and William Herschel.
Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
17 January 1706
Founding Father of the United States
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791
Physicist & Chemist

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791
Father of the computer

John DaltonJohn Dalton
06 September 1766
 

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738
Astronomer, Composer

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778
Inventor of Davy Lamp
Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656
Astronomer

Henry CavendishHenry Cavendish
10 October 1731
Chemist
Joseph BanksJoseph Banks
24 February 1743
Botanist

Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797
Lawyer
Robert BrownRobert Brown
21 December 1773
Botanist

William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793
Mathematician, Geologist

John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792
Polymath

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD
Mathematician, Statistician
James HuttonJames Hutton
03 June 1726
Geologist

William BucklandWilliam Buckland
12 March 1784
Geologist

Jeremiah DixonJeremiah Dixon
27 July 1733
Astronomer

Charles MasonCharles Mason
31 March 1728
astronomer
Brook TaylorBrook Taylor
18 August 1685
Mathematician

Gilbert WhiteGilbert White
18 July 1720
Naturalist
William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

John SoaneJohn Soane
10 September 1753
Architect, Archaeologist

William PlayfairWilliam Playfair
22 September 1759
Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician
Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher

Richard PriceRichard Price
23 February 1723
Philosopher
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Colin MaclaurinColin Maclaurin
01 February 1698
Edinburgh

James BruceJames Bruce
14 December 1730
Explorer, Archaeologist, Film editor, Botanist
Thomas AddisonThomas Addison
02 April 1793
Physician, scientist

Continue Reading Below
William CullenWilliam Cullen
15 April 1710
Physician, Chemist, Farmer, Academic, University
James RennellJames Rennell
03 December 1742
Geographer

John FlamsteedJohn Flamsteed
19 August 1646
Astronomer

Ebenezer KinnersleyEbenezer Kinnersley
30 November 1711
Scientist

Charles BellCharles Bell
12 November 1774
Surgeon
Gideon MantellGideon Mantell
03 February 1790
Obstetrician
Adam SedgwickAdam Sedgwick
22 March 1785
Geologist

William Hyde WollastonWilliam Hyde Wollaston
06 August 1766
Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Metallurgist

Thomas ChalmersThomas Chalmers
17 March 1780
Mathematician, Theologian, Writer, University

Dugald StewartDugald Stewart
22 November 1753
Philosopher
John ArbuthnotJohn Arbuthnot
29 April 1667
Physician

John NeedhamJohn Needham
10 September 1713
Biologist

William Jackson HookerWilliam Jackson Hooker
06 July 1785
Botanist

James BradleyJames Bradley
29 February 1693
Astronomer

William SturgeonWilliam Sturgeon
22 May 1783
Physicist, Inventor
Francis HauksbeeFrancis Hauksbee
1660 AD
Scientist

John LindleyJohn Lindley
05 February 1799
Botanist
William WitheringWilliam Withering
17 March 1741
Botanist

Edward BancroftEdward Bancroft
20 January 1745
Physician

Nehemiah GrewNehemiah Grew
26 September 1641
Medico
John PlayfairJohn Playfair
10 March 1748
Mathematician

Thomas NuttallThomas Nuttall
05 January 1786
Botanist
John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
06 February 1796
Priest

William SmithWilliam Smith
23 March 1769
paleontologist, civil engineer, geologist

William ProutWilliam Prout
15 January 1785
Chemist

Goldsworthy GurneyGoldsworthy Gurney
14 February 1793
Surgeon

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl StanhopeCharles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope
03 August 1753
Statesman
Jesse RamsdenJesse Ramsden
06 October 1735
Mathematician

John Frederic DaniellJohn Frederic Daniell
12 March 1790
Chemist

Joseph Jackson ListerJoseph Jackson Lister
11 January 1786
Physicist

John RoebuckJohn Roebuck
1718 AD
Inventor
Edward Albert Sharpey-SchaferEdward Albert Sharpey-Schafer
02 June 1850
Physiologist

Edward WaringEdward Waring
1736 AD
Mathematician
John HadleyJohn Hadley
16 April 1682
Mathematician

John MachinJohn Machin
1686 AD
Mathematician

Alexander John ForsythAlexander John Forsyth
28 December 1768
Inventor
William George HornerWilliam George Horner
09 June 1786
Mathematician

Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st BaronetSir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet
09 June 1783
Physiologist
George HadleyGeorge Hadley
12 February 1685
Lawyer

John HillJohn Hill
17 November 1714
Author and botanist

William JonesWilliam Jones
28 September 1746
Philologist
Benjamin RobinsBenjamin Robins
1707 AD
Engineer and mathematician

Francis BailyFrancis Baily
28 April 1774
Astronomer
John KeillJohn Keill
01 December 1671
Mathematician

Thomas Andrew KnightThomas Andrew Knight
12 August 1759
Botanist

Charles HatchettCharles Hatchett
02 January 1765
Chemist

Edward Daniel ClarkeEdward Daniel Clarke
05 June 1769
Naturalist
John CantonJohn Canton
31 July 1718
Physicist
George GreenGeorge Green
14 July 1793
Mathematician

Matthew BaillieMatthew Baillie
27 October 1761
Physician

Edward TysonEdward Tyson
20 January 1651
Scientist

William HenryWilliam Henry
12 December 1774
Chemist
Thomas YoungThomas Young
13 June 1773
Physician

William CookworthyWilliam Cookworthy
12 April 1705
Pharmacist

John PondJohn Pond
1767 AD
Astronomer

Eaton HodgkinsonEaton Hodgkinson
26 February 1789
Engineer

Nathaniel BlissNathaniel Bliss
28 November 1700
Astronomer
Alexander WilsonAlexander Wilson
1714 AD
Astronomer

George Julius Poulett ScropeGeorge Julius Poulett Scrope
10 March 1797
Geologist
Edward TroughtonEdward Troughton
1753 AD
Instrument maker

William Rutter DawesWilliam Rutter Dawes
19 March 1799
Astronomer
Samuel MolyneuxSamuel Molyneux
16 July 1689
Astronomer
Gowin KnightGowin Knight
10 September 1713
Scientist