Find out more about the greatest 18th Century British Scientists, including Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, John Dalton, Humphry Davy and William Herschel.
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791
Physicist & Chemist
Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791
Father of the computer

John DaltonJohn Dalton
06 September 1766
 

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778
Inventor of Davy Lamp

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738
Astronomer, Composer

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen
Henry CavendishHenry Cavendish
10 October 1731
Chemist

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656
Astronomer

Joseph BanksJoseph Banks
24 February 1743
Botanist
Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797
Lawyer

William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793
Mathematician, Geologist
Robert BrownRobert Brown
21 December 1773
Botanist

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD
Mathematician, Statistician

Thomas YoungThomas Young
13 June 1773
Physician

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792
Polymath
James HuttonJames Hutton
03 June 1726
Geologist

William BucklandWilliam Buckland
12 March 1784
Geologist

Brook TaylorBrook Taylor
18 August 1685
Mathematician

Colin MaclaurinColin Maclaurin
01 February 1698
Edinburgh
Charles MasonCharles Mason
31 March 1728
astronomer

Richard PriceRichard Price
23 February 1723
Philosopher
Jeremiah DixonJeremiah Dixon
27 July 1733
Astronomer

John SoaneJohn Soane
10 September 1753
Architect, Archaeologist

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,
William PlayfairWilliam Playfair
22 September 1759
Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician

William SmithWilliam Smith
23 March 1769
paleontologist, civil engineer, geologist
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781
Scientist

Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher

George GreenGeorge Green
14 July 1793
Mathematician
Thomas AddisonThomas Addison
02 April 1793
Physician, scientist

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William JonesWilliam Jones
28 September 1746
Philologist
James BruceJames Bruce
14 December 1730
Explorer, Archaeologist, Film editor, Botanist

William CullenWilliam Cullen
15 April 1710
Physician, Chemist, Farmer, Academic, University

John NeedhamJohn Needham
10 September 1713
Biologist

John FlamsteedJohn Flamsteed
19 August 1646
Astronomer
Charles BellCharles Bell
12 November 1774
Surgeon
Gideon MantellGideon Mantell
03 February 1790
Obstetrician

Adam SedgwickAdam Sedgwick
22 March 1785
Geologist

Gilbert WhiteGilbert White
18 July 1720
Naturalist

William Hyde WollastonWilliam Hyde Wollaston
06 August 1766
Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Metallurgist
Thomas ChalmersThomas Chalmers
17 March 1780
Mathematician, Theologian, Writer, University

James RennellJames Rennell
03 December 1742
Geographer

William SturgeonWilliam Sturgeon
22 May 1783
Physicist, Inventor

John ArbuthnotJohn Arbuthnot
29 April 1667
Physician

James BradleyJames Bradley
29 February 1693
Astronomer
Nehemiah GrewNehemiah Grew
26 September 1641
Medico

Francis HauksbeeFrancis Hauksbee
1660 AD
Scientist
John PlayfairJohn Playfair
10 March 1748
Mathematician

Robert BakewellRobert Bakewell
23 May 1725
Agriculturalist

Dugald StewartDugald Stewart
22 November 1753
Philosopher
John LindleyJohn Lindley
05 February 1799
Botanist

William WitheringWilliam Withering
17 March 1741
Botanist
William George HornerWilliam George Horner
09 June 1786
Mathematician

William Jackson HookerWilliam Jackson Hooker
06 July 1785
Botanist

Edward BancroftEdward Bancroft
20 January 1745
Physician

Goldsworthy GurneyGoldsworthy Gurney
14 February 1793
Surgeon

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl StanhopeCharles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope
03 August 1753
Statesman
Thomas NuttallThomas Nuttall
05 January 1786
Botanist

John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
06 February 1796
Priest

William HenryWilliam Henry
12 December 1774
Chemist

Joseph Jackson ListerJoseph Jackson Lister
11 January 1786
Physicist
John Frederic DaniellJohn Frederic Daniell
12 March 1790
Chemist

William ProutWilliam Prout
15 January 1785
Chemist
Ebenezer KinnersleyEbenezer Kinnersley
30 November 1711
Scientist

William NicholsonWilliam Nicholson
13 December 1753
Chemist and inventor

William KirbyWilliam Kirby
19 September 1759
Entomologist
John MachinJohn Machin
1686 AD
Mathematician

Alexander John ForsythAlexander John Forsyth
28 December 1768
Inventor
George HadleyGeorge Hadley
12 February 1685
Lawyer

William HewsonWilliam Hewson
14 November 1739
Surgeon

Peter BarlowPeter Barlow
13 October 1776
Mathematician
John FothergillJohn Fothergill
08 March 1712
Physician

Jesse RamsdenJesse Ramsden
06 October 1735
Mathematician
John HadleyJohn Hadley
16 April 1682
Mathematician

William ConybeareWilliam Conybeare
07 June 1787
Geologist

Edward WaringEdward Waring
1736 AD
Mathematician

John RoebuckJohn Roebuck
1718 AD
Inventor
Benjamin RobinsBenjamin Robins
1707 AD
Engineer and mathematician
Edward Albert Sharpey-SchaferEdward Albert Sharpey-Schafer
02 June 1850
Physiologist

William CookworthyWilliam Cookworthy
12 April 1705
Pharmacist

Edward TysonEdward Tyson
20 January 1651
Scientist

John HillJohn Hill
17 November 1714
Author and botanist
Marshall HallMarshall Hall
18 February 1790
Physician

Edward Daniel ClarkeEdward Daniel Clarke
05 June 1769
Naturalist

Thomas Andrew KnightThomas Andrew Knight
12 August 1759
Botanist

Matthew BaillieMatthew Baillie
27 October 1761
Physician

Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st BaronetSir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet
09 June 1783
Physiologist
Stephen GroombridgeStephen Groombridge
07 January 1755
Astronomer

Francis BailyFrancis Baily
28 April 1774
Astronomer
Charles HatchettCharles Hatchett
02 January 1765
Chemist

George Julius Poulett ScropeGeorge Julius Poulett Scrope
10 March 1797
Geologist
John CantonJohn Canton
31 July 1718
Physicist
John KeillJohn Keill
01 December 1671
Mathematician