Find out more about the greatest 18th Century British Scientists, including Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, John Dalton, Humphry Davy and William Herschel.
Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
17 January 1706
Founding Father of the United States
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791
Physicist & Chemist

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791
Father of the computer

John DaltonJohn Dalton
06 September 1766
 

Henry CavendishHenry Cavendish
10 October 1731
Chemist

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778
Inventor of Davy Lamp
William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738
Astronomer, Composer

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656
Astronomer
Joseph BanksJoseph Banks
24 February 1743
Botanist

Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797
Lawyer
William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793
Mathematician, Geologist

Robert BrownRobert Brown
21 December 1773
Botanist

Thomas YoungThomas Young
13 June 1773
Physician

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD
Mathematician, Statistician

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792
Polymath

James HuttonJames Hutton
03 June 1726
Geologist

Brook TaylorBrook Taylor
18 August 1685
Mathematician

Colin MaclaurinColin Maclaurin
01 February 1698
Edinburgh
Jeremiah DixonJeremiah Dixon
27 July 1733
Astronomer

Charles MasonCharles Mason
31 March 1728
astronomer
William BucklandWilliam Buckland
12 March 1784
Geologist

Thomas AddisonThomas Addison
02 April 1793
Physician, scientist

William PlayfairWilliam Playfair
22 September 1759
Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician
William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher
John SoaneJohn Soane
10 September 1753
Architect, Archaeologist

George GreenGeorge Green
14 July 1793
Mathematician

James BruceJames Bruce
14 December 1730
Explorer, Archaeologist, Film editor, Botanist
William SmithWilliam Smith
23 March 1769
paleontologist, civil engineer, geologist

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David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781
Scientist
Charles BellCharles Bell
12 November 1774
Surgeon

Richard PriceRichard Price
23 February 1723
Philosopher

Gilbert WhiteGilbert White
18 July 1720
Naturalist

William CullenWilliam Cullen
15 April 1710
Physician, Chemist, Farmer, Academic, University
John FlamsteedJohn Flamsteed
19 August 1646
Astronomer
Gideon MantellGideon Mantell
03 February 1790
Obstetrician

John NeedhamJohn Needham
10 September 1713
Biologist

James RennellJames Rennell
03 December 1742
Geographer

Thomas ChalmersThomas Chalmers
17 March 1780
Mathematician, Theologian, Writer, University
Adam SedgwickAdam Sedgwick
22 March 1785
Geologist

William Hyde WollastonWilliam Hyde Wollaston
06 August 1766
Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Metallurgist

William SturgeonWilliam Sturgeon
22 May 1783
Physicist, Inventor

William JonesWilliam Jones
28 September 1746
Philologist

James BradleyJames Bradley
29 February 1693
Astronomer
John PlayfairJohn Playfair
10 March 1748
Mathematician

John LindleyJohn Lindley
05 February 1799
Botanist
Joseph Jackson ListerJoseph Jackson Lister
11 January 1786
Physicist

John ArbuthnotJohn Arbuthnot
29 April 1667
Physician

Francis HauksbeeFrancis Hauksbee
1660 AD
Scientist
John FothergillJohn Fothergill
08 March 1712
Physician

Nehemiah GrewNehemiah Grew
26 September 1641
Medico
Ebenezer KinnersleyEbenezer Kinnersley
30 November 1711
Scientist

Dugald StewartDugald Stewart
22 November 1753
Philosopher

Robert BakewellRobert Bakewell
23 May 1725
Agriculturalist

William WitheringWilliam Withering
17 March 1741
Botanist

William George HornerWilliam George Horner
09 June 1786
Mathematician
William HenryWilliam Henry
12 December 1774
Chemist

William Jackson HookerWilliam Jackson Hooker
06 July 1785
Botanist

Thomas NuttallThomas Nuttall
05 January 1786
Botanist

Edward BancroftEdward Bancroft
20 January 1745
Physician
Goldsworthy GurneyGoldsworthy Gurney
14 February 1793
Surgeon

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl StanhopeCharles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope
03 August 1753
Statesman
William ProutWilliam Prout
15 January 1785
Chemist

William HewsonWilliam Hewson
14 November 1739
Surgeon

William KirbyWilliam Kirby
19 September 1759
Entomologist
John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
06 February 1796
Priest

John Frederic DaniellJohn Frederic Daniell
12 March 1790
Chemist
George HadleyGeorge Hadley
12 February 1685
Lawyer

William NicholsonWilliam Nicholson
13 December 1753
Chemist and inventor

Jesse RamsdenJesse Ramsden
06 October 1735
Mathematician
John MachinJohn Machin
1686 AD
Mathematician

Peter BarlowPeter Barlow
13 October 1776
Mathematician
Alexander John ForsythAlexander John Forsyth
28 December 1768
Inventor

Edward WaringEdward Waring
1736 AD
Mathematician

John HadleyJohn Hadley
16 April 1682
Mathematician

John RoebuckJohn Roebuck
1718 AD
Inventor
Edward Albert Sharpey-SchaferEdward Albert Sharpey-Schafer
02 June 1850
Physiologist
Benjamin RobinsBenjamin Robins
1707 AD
Engineer and mathematician

Marshall HallMarshall Hall
18 February 1790
Physician

William ConybeareWilliam Conybeare
07 June 1787
Geologist

Matthew BaillieMatthew Baillie
27 October 1761
Physician
Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st BaronetSir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet
09 June 1783
Physiologist

Edward TysonEdward Tyson
20 January 1651
Scientist

Thomas Andrew KnightThomas Andrew Knight
12 August 1759
Botanist

Francis BailyFrancis Baily
28 April 1774
Astronomer

Edward Daniel ClarkeEdward Daniel Clarke
05 June 1769
Naturalist
William CookworthyWilliam Cookworthy
12 April 1705
Pharmacist

Charles HatchettCharles Hatchett
02 January 1765
Chemist
John HillJohn Hill
17 November 1714
Author and botanist

John KeillJohn Keill
01 December 1671
Mathematician
William WalesWilliam Wales
31 January 1734
Mathematician
George Julius Poulett ScropeGeorge Julius Poulett Scrope
10 March 1797
Geologist