Famous 18th Century British Political Leaders

Find out more about the greatest 18th Century British Political Leaders, including William Wilberforce, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, William Pitt the Younger, Charles James Napier and Robert Peel.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite 18th Century British Political Leaders

 1 Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
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Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1834)
Birthdate: May 1, 1769
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 14, 1852
Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, served as the British prime minister twice. He also served as the governor of Seringapatam and Mysore, and won the Battle of Assaye. He led the Hundred Days War and along with the Prussian army, won the Battle of Waterloo, defeating Napoleon.

 2 William Wilberforce

William Wilberforce
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Famous As: Abolitionist
Birthdate: August 24, 1759
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kingston upon Hull
Died: July 29, 1833
William Wilberforce, an independent MP from Yorkshire, was a champion for the British anti-slavery movement and made a significant contribution to the passage of the 1807 Slave Trade Act and the 1833 Slavery Abolition Act. He supported missionaries in India, founded the Church Mission Society, and was against animal cruelty.

 3 William Pitt the Younger

William Pitt the Younger
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Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783-1801, 1804-06)
Birthdate: May 28, 1759
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hayes, Bromley, England
Died: January 23, 1806

British statesman, William Pitt the Younger, became the youngest prime minister of Great Britain in 1783 when he was just 24. During his stint as the prime minister, he was also Chancellor of the Exchequer. Several major political events,  including the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, happened during his tenure.  He is ranked highly among all British Prime Ministers.

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 4 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 20, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Westminster, Middlesex, England
Died: October 18, 1865

 5 Robert Clive

Robert Clive
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Famous As: British Military Officer
Birthdate: September 25, 1725
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Styche Hall, England
Died: November 22, 1774

 6 Robert Walpole

Robert Walpole
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Famous As: Prime Minister of Great Britain (1721-42)
Birthdate: August 26, 1676
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Houghton, Norfolk, England
Died: March 18, 1745

 7 John Graves Simcoe

John Graves Simcoe
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Famous As: First Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Birthdate: February 25, 1752
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cotterstock, Oundle, England
Died: October 26, 1806
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 8 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
4
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of United Kingdom
Birthdate: March 13, 1764
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Fallodon, Northumberland, England
Died: July 17, 1845

 9 William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 14, 1748
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 29, 1811

 10 William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
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Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1766-68)
Birthdate: November 15, 1708
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Westminster, London, England
Died: May 11, 1778

 11 Spencer Perceval

Spencer Perceval
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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer
Birthdate: November 1, 1762
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London
Died: May 11, 1812

Spencer Perceval was an English barrister and statesman who served as the United Kingdom's Prime Minister from 1809 to 1812. The only solicitor-general to have served as UK's prime minister, Perceval was also the only British PM to have been murdered. His assassination inspired poems like Universal sympathy on the martyr'd statesman, which was published in 1812.

 12 John Montagu, 4th earl of Sandwich

John Montagu, 4th earl of Sandwich
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: November 13, 1718
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: England
Died: April 30, 1792

At age 10, John Montagu succeeded his grandfather, Edward Montagu, as the earl of Sandwich. The Eton- and Cambridge-educated statesman had held several important positions, such as the First Lord of the Admiralty. While gambling, he would often have bread and meat, leading to the delicacy being named “sandwich.”

 13 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald

Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 14, 1775
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Died: October 31, 1860

One of the best-known seamen from Britain, Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald had also been an MP. He is also remembered for his conflict with Admiral James Gambier. Though expelled from the Parliament for spreading a death hoax about Napoleon I along with his uncle, he was later proved to be innocent.

 14 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis
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Famous As: Governor-General of India (1786-1793, 1805)
Birthdate: December 31, 1738
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Grosvenor Square, London, England
Died: October 5, 1805

 15 Lord North

Lord North
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Birthdate: April 13, 1732
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Piccadilly
Died: August 5, 1792

 16 Arthur Phillip

Arthur Phillip
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Famous As: Navy officer
Birthdate: October 11, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cheapside, London, England
Died: August 31, 1814

British admiral Arthur Phillip was a pioneering leader of the colonization of Australia. He established the first permanent European colonial settlement in Australia. He had also served as the first governor of New South Wales but was unable to establish peace. He was part of the Seven Years' War, too.

 17 John Burgoyne

John Burgoyne
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Famous As: General, dramatist and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1761 to 1792
Birthdate: February 24, 1722
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sutton, Bedfordshire, England
Died: August 4, 1792

 18 Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool

Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 7, 1770
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 4, 1828

 19 William Blackstone

William Blackstone
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Famous As: Jurist
Birthdate: July 10, 1723
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 14, 1780

William Blackstone was a British politician, jurist, and judge of the 18th century. Best remembered for authoring the Commentaries on the Laws of England, Blackstone is credited with influencing prominent American personalities like Abraham Lincoln, James Kent, Alexander Hamilton, and John Marshall among others. His Commentaries, which were cited often in Supreme Court cases, were repeatedly republished throughout the 1770s.

 20 John Wilkes

John Wilkes
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Famous As: English journalist
Birthdate: October 17, 1725
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Clerkenwell, London
Died: December 26, 1797

 21 George Canning

George Canning
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Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: April 11, 1770
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Marylebone
Died: August 8, 1827

 22 Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley

Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 20, 1760
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Dangan Castle, Ireland
Died: September 26, 1842

 23 William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland

William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 14, 1738
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nottinghamshire, England
Died: October 30, 1809

 24 Button Gwinnett

Button Gwinnett
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1735 AD
Birthplace: Down Hatherley, Gloucestershire, Great Britain
Died: May 19, 1777

 25 Lord William Bentinck

Lord William Bentinck
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Famous As: Former Governor-General of India
Birthdate: September 14, 1774
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom
Died: June 17, 1839

 26 Robert Harley, 1st earl of Oxford

Robert Harley, 1st earl of Oxford
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Famous As: English statesman
Birthdate: December 5, 1661
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 21, 1724

 27 William Whipple

William Whipple
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Famous As: Politician, Officer
Birthdate: January 14, 1730
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kittery, Maine
Died: November 28, 1785

 28 Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat

Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat
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Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: January 5, 1667
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: England
Died: April 9, 1747

 29 Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: July 21, 1693
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 17, 1768

 30 Thomas Hutchinson

Thomas Hutchinson
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Famous As: Businessman
Birthdate: September 9, 1711
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: British America
Died: June 3, 1780

 31 Henry Clinton

Henry Clinton
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Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: April 16, 1730
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Newfoundland, Canada
Died: December 23, 1795

 32 Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh

Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: June 18, 1769
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: August 12, 1822

 33 Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings

Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings
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Famous As: Governor-Genera
Birthdate: December 9, 1754
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: County Down, Ireland
Died: November 28, 1826

 34 Henry Pelham

Henry Pelham
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 25, 1694
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Laughton
Died: March 6, 1754

 35 Thomas McKean

Thomas McKean
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Famous As: Lawyer, Politician, Judge
Birthdate: March 19, 1734
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Province of Pennsylvania
Died: June 24, 1817

One of the Founding Fathers of the US, Thomas McKean was the son of a tavern keeper and later became a successful barrister and politician. He simultaneously served in the Continental Congress of Delaware while he was also the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.

 36 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham

Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: May 13, 1730
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wentworth, Yorkshire, England
Died: July 1, 1782

 37 William Cobbett

William Cobbett
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Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: March 9, 1763
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Farnham, Surrey, England
Died: June 18, 1835

 38 George Grenville

George Grenville
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 14, 1712
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Westminster
Died: November 13, 1770

 39 John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby

John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby
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Famous As: Former Lord Privy Seal
Birthdate: September 8, 1647
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 24, 1721

 40 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield
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Famous As: Barrister
Birthdate: March 2, 1705
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Scone Palace, Scotland
Died: March 20, 1793

British jurist William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield is remembered for his significant contribution to the English commercial law. He had been the chief justice of the King’s Bench. Though he brough in new reforms in areas of finance, he mostly avoided dealing with issues such as slavery.

 41 Sir Edmund Andros

Sir Edmund Andros
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Famous As: Colonial official
Birthdate: December 6, 1637
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 24, 1714

 42 Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of Sunderland

Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of Sunderland
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Famous As: British statesman
Birthdate: April 23, 1675
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Not Known
Died: April 19, 1722

 43 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne

William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne
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Famous As: Political Leaders
Birthdate: May 2, 1737
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: County Dublin, Ireland
Died: May 7, 1805

 44 Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield

Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: September 20, 1694
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 24, 1773

 45 Charles Townshend

Charles Townshend
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 29, 1725
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Raynham Hall, Norfolk, England
Died: September 4, 1767

 46 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville

William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville
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Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: October 25, 1759
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England
Died: January 12, 1834

 47 John Lindsay

John Lindsay
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Famous As: Royal Navy officer
Birthdate: 1737 AD
Birthplace: British
Died: June 4, 1788

 48 Henry Hunt

Henry Hunt
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 6, 1773
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Upavon, England
Died: February 15, 1835

 49 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire

William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire
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Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: January 25, 1640
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: United Kingdom
Died: August 18, 1707

 50 Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton

Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 28, 1735
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: England
Died: March 14, 1811