Scientists From New York

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 1 
Neil deGrasse Tyson
(American Astrophysicist, Planetary Scientist and Science Communicator)
Neil deGrasse Tyson
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Birthdate: October 5, 1958
Sun Sign: Libra

Public Welfare Medal-winning astrophysicist and academic Neil deGrasse Tyson hosted shows such as NOVA ScienceNow, Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, and Star Talk. He is the director of Hayden Planetarium and contributed to the dismissal of Pluto’s status as the ninth planet. He has also written a monthly column as "Merlin.”

 2 
Carl Sagan
(Astronomer and Planetary Scientist Best Known for His Scientific Contribution in Research on Extraterrestrial Life)
Carl Sagan
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Birthdate: November 9, 1934
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: December 20, 1996
Pulitzer- and Emmy-winning astrophysicist and author Carl Sagan was best known for co-writing the TV series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage. His novel Contact was adapted into a film. He was known for his extensive research on extra-terrestrial life, had taught at major universities, and written countless papers and science books.
 3 
Richard Feynman
(One of the Joint Winners of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965)
Richard Feynman
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Birthdate: May 11, 1918
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died: February 15, 1988

Theoretical physicist Richard Feynman won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, along with Julian Schwinger and Shin'ichirō Tomonaga, for his research on quantum electrodynamics. He also contributed to the development of the atomic bomb. Feyman made it to Physics World’s list of the 10 greatest physicists of all time.

 4 
J. Robert Oppenheimer
(Theoretical physicist)
J. Robert Oppenheimer
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Birthdate: April 22, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died: February 18, 1967

Hailed as a brilliant scientific mind, American physicist J Robert Oppenheimer, led the Manhattan Project which resulted in the development of atomic bomb during the World War II. The bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. However, Oppenheimer was in a constant conflict over the moral issue of the weapons of mass destruction and rallied against nuclear proliferation.

 5 
Grace Hopper
(Computer Scientist)
Grace Hopper
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Birthdate: December 9, 1906
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: January 1, 1992
Computer scientist and U.S. Navy rear admiral Grace Hopper was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computing system. She pioneered the machine-independent programming language technique, and the FLOW-MATIC language used by her was later used to create COBOL. She received a posthumous Presidential Medal of Freedom.
 6 
Dennis Ritchie
(Computer Scientist)
Dennis Ritchie
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Birthdate: September 9, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: October 12, 2011

Computer scientist, Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie, worked at Bell Labs Computing Sciences Research Center for most of his career, co-developing the Unix operating system and B programming language with Kenneth Thompson, co-winning the 1983 A.M. Turing Award for it. Earlier, he had also created C programming language and was involved with the development of the Plan 9 and Inferno operating systems.

 7 
Murray Gell-Mann
(Physicist)
Murray Gell-Mann
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Birthdate: September 15, 1929
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: May 24, 2019

Nobel Prize-winning American physicist Murray Gell-Mann is best remembered for his research on elementary particles. The Yale and MIT alumnus later taught at Caltech and is credited with coining the terms "quark" and "strangeness" in quantum physics. A linguistic enthusiast, he also co-established the Evolution of Human Languages program.

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 8 
Jonas Salk
(Medical researcher)
Jonas Salk
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Birthdate: October 28, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: June 23, 1995

If the world is successful in its fight against polio, the credit goes to American virologist Jonas Salk who developed a vaccine for the disease. Described as a “miracle worker”, his concerns for humanity were reflected in the fact that he did not claim a patent for the vaccine. He founded the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, based in California.

 9 
Tom Lehrer
(American musician)
Tom Lehrer
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Birthdate: April 9, 1928
Sun Sign: Aries

While he grew up to be a Harvard math professor, that didn’t stop Tom Lehrer from pursuing his childhood love for music. He gained fame as a satirical composer, with songs such as So Long, Mom, I’m Off to Drop the Bomb and That Was The Year That Was.

 10 
Marvin Minsky
(Mathematician, Computer scientist, University teacher)
Marvin Minsky
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Birthdate: August 9, 1927
Sun Sign: Leo
Died: January 24, 2016
 11 
Leslie Lamport
(Mathematician, Computer scientist, Programmer, Engineer, Writer)
Leslie Lamport
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Birthdate: February 7, 1941
Sun Sign: Aquarius
 12 
John G. Trump
(Scientist)
John G. Trump
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Birthdate: August 21, 1907
Sun Sign: Leo
Died: February 21, 1985

Better known as former U.S. president Donald Trump’s uncle, John G. Trump was an MIT physicist and engineer. Though he had initially aspired to be an architect and join his brother Fred’s real-estate business, John later concentrated on his research that led to the invention of high-voltage generators.

 13 
Stephen Jay Gould
(Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist Known for His 'Theory of Punctuated Equilibrium' & Book ‘The Mismeasure of Man’)
Stephen Jay Gould
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Birthdate: September 10, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: May 20, 2002

Stephen Jay Gould was an American evolutionary biologist, paleontologist, and historian of science. One of the most widely read and influential authors of popular science, Gould was named a Living Legend in April 2000 by the US Library of Congress. He is also counted among the most frequently cited scientists, as far as evolutionary theory is concerned.

 14 
Richard Stallman
(Software Programmer)
Richard Stallman
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Birthdate: March 16, 1953
Sun Sign: Pisces

Computer programmer and free-software activist Richard Stallman established the Free Software Foundation. The Harvard and MIT alumnus led the free GNU project, aimed at creating a UNIX-like operating system. He was later dragged into a controversy when he dismissed a sexual assault victim’s allegation against Jeffrey Epstein.

 15 
Brian Greene
(Chairman of the World Science Festival Since Co-founding It in 2008)
Brian Greene
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Birthdate: February 9, 1963
Sun Sign: Aquarius

American theoretical physicist, mathematician, and string theorist Brian Greene is noted for popularising string theory through his books like The Elegant Universe, and The Fabric of the Cosmos and related PBS television specials. Greene taught as professor of physics at Cornell University, and presently serves as a professor at Columbia University. He is the co-founder and chairman of the World Science Festival.

 16 
Carl Woese
(American microbiologist)
Carl Woese
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Birthdate: July 15, 1928
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: December 30, 2012

Carl Woese was an American biophysicist and microbiologist. He is credited with originating the RNA world hypothesis as well as pioneering a technique that revolutionized microbiology. In 1992, he was awarded microbiology's highest honor, Leeuwenhoek Medal. In 1995, he was honored with the Selman A. Waksman Award in Microbiology. Carl Woese received the National Medal of Science in 2000.

Steven Weinberg
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Birthdate: May 3, 1933
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died: July 23, 2021

Nuclear physicist and Nobel laureate Steven Weinberg is known for establishing the electroweak theory, along with Sheldon Lee Glashow and Abdus Salam. He was born to Jewish immigrants in New York and made it to Cornell and Princeton. He is an atheist and supports the Israeli cause.

 18 
Nell Newman
(Former Child Actress and Founder of ‘Newman’s Own Organics')
Nell Newman
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Birthdate: April 8, 1959
Sun Sign: Aries

Nell Newman is a biologist, environmentalist, and former child actress. An ardent supporter of sustainable agriculture, Newman is credited with founding a pet food and organic food production company called Newman's Own. For her environmental leadership, Newman was honored with the Rachel Carson Award in 2014. In 2017, she was made an inductee of the Specialty Food Hall of Fame.

 19 
Douglas Hofstadter
(Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Computer scientist)
Douglas Hofstadter
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Birthdate: February 15, 1945
Sun Sign: Aquarius
 20 
Martin Hellman
(Cryptographer, Mathematician, Scientist, Computer scientist)
Martin Hellman
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Birthdate: October 2, 1945
Sun Sign: Libra
 21 
Andy Rubin
(Computer programmer)
Andy Rubin
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Birthdate: 1963 AD

Andy Rubin earned the nickname Android during his time at Apple due to his obsession with robots and later co-founded Android Inc., becoming its CEO. He worked with Google for 9 years but quit the company amid sexual harassment allegations and an employee walk-out over his supposed exit package.

 22 
Jeffrey Wigand
(Chemist, Activist, Scientist)
Jeffrey Wigand
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Birthdate: December 17, 1942
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
 23 
Stephen Cook
(American-Canadian Computer Scientist and Mathematician)
Stephen Cook
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Birthdate: December 14, 1939
Sun Sign: Sagittarius

A.M. Turing Award-winning American-Canadian computer scientist Stephen Cook is known for his contribution to the development of the computational complexity theory and laid down the Cook–Levin theorem. The Harvard alumnus has also taught at institutes such as the University of Toronto. He is also an avid sailor and violinist.

 24 
Shafi Goldwasser
(university teacher, cryptographer, mathematician, computer scientist)
Shafi Goldwasser
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Birthdate: 1958 AD

Shafi Goldwasser is a computer scientist who serves as the chief scientist of Duality Technologies which she co-founded in 2016. In 1997, she started serving as RSA Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), becoming the institute's first holder of the professorship. In 2012, she was honored with the Turing Award for her work in the field of cryptography.

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 25 
Thomas J. Watson
(Entrepreneur)
Thomas J. Watson
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Birthdate: February 17, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: June 19, 1956
 26 
Lisa Randall
(Physicist, University teacher)
Lisa Randall
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Birthdate: June 18, 1962
Sun Sign: Gemini

Apart from teaching at Harvard, theoretical physicist Lisa Randall has also held professorships at MIT and Princeton. She has also written several popular books, such as Warped Passages and Knocking on Heaven’s Door. One of Time’s 100 Most Influential People of 2007, she has also written a libretto for an opera.

 27 
Kenneth Arrow
(Eonomist)
Kenneth Arrow
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Birthdate: August 23, 1921
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: February 21, 2017
 28 
Michael P. Anderson
(Officer, Astronaut, Physicist)
Michael P. Anderson
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Birthdate: December 25, 1959
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Died: February 1, 2003

Michael Phillip Anderson began his career with the United States Air Force, logging more than 3,000 hours of flight time before joining NASA. Selected as a mission specialist first on STS-89 Endeavour and then on STS-107 Columbia, he was killed along with the rest of the crew when the later disintegrated during its re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere.

 29 
Sidney Gottlieb
(American Chemist and Spymaster Who Headed Project Mkultra)
Sidney Gottlieb
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Birthdate: August 3, 1918
Sun Sign: Leo
Died: March 7, 1999

Sidney Gottlieb was an American spymaster and chemist who played a major role in the CIA's mind-control program and assassination attempts during the 1950s and 1960s; the illegal human experimentation program which he headed was called Project MKUltra.

 30 
Thomas Szasz
(Psychiatrist)
Thomas Szasz
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Birthdate: April 15, 1920
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: September 8, 2012

Hungarian-American psychiatrist Thomas Szasz, who spent most of life teaching at the State University of New York Health Science Center, was known for his controversial claim that mental illnesses aren’t illnesses at all. Part of the anti-psychiatry movement, he penned books such as The Myth of Mental Illness.

 31 
David Baltimore
(Virologist)
David Baltimore
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Birthdate: March 7, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces

David Baltimore is an American university administrator and biologist. He is currently serving as President Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He won the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries concerning the interaction between the genetic material of the cell and tumor viruses. In 1999, he was honored with the National Medal of Science. 

 32 
Andrew S. Tanenbaum
(Computer scientist best known as the author of MINIX, a free Unix-like operating system for teaching purposes, created Electoral-vote.com)
Andrew S. Tanenbaum
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Birthdate: March 16, 1944
Sun Sign: Pisces
 33 
Jef Raskin
(Computer scientist)
Jef Raskin
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Birthdate: March 9, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Died: February 26, 2005
One of the first employees of Apple Computer, Jef Raskin introduced the Macintosh project, to create a computer that was much less complex compared to the Apple II. Before joining Apple, he was a computer science teacher and a Stanford researcher. He was also a passionate music composer.
 34 
David D. Friedman
(Economist, Physicist, Blogger, Writer, University teacher)
David D. Friedman
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Birthdate: February 12, 1945
Sun Sign: Aquarius

Eminent scholar David D. Friedman has excelled in a wide range of academic areas, including economics, physics, law, and business. The Harvard alumnus is best known for his anarcho-capitalist theories and the book The Machinery of Freedom but has penned countless other books, too, including two science-fiction fantasy novels.

 35 
Julian Schwinger
(Physicist)
Julian Schwinger
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Birthdate: February 12, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: July 16, 1994
 36 
John Vincent Atanasoff
(American Physicist and Inventor Known for Inventing the First Electronic Digital Computer)
John Vincent Atanasoff
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Birthdate: October 4, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Died: June 15, 1995

Born to an electrical engineer father and a math teacher mother, John V. Atanasoff grew up to invent the Atanasoff-Berry Computer, which was declared the world’s first electronic digital computer after a legal dispute. The physicist was also an active part of the atomic bomb tests conducted at Bikini Atoll.

 37 
Jaron Lanier
(Computer scientist, Composer)
Jaron Lanier
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Birthdate: May 3, 1960
Sun Sign: Taurus
 38 
Caldwell Esselstyn
(Nutritionist, Rower)
Caldwell Esselstyn
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Birthdate: December 12, 1933
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
 39 
David Gale
(Mathematician, Economist)
David Gale
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Birthdate: December 13, 1921
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: March 7, 2008
 40 
Gertrude B. Elion
(Biochemist, Pharmacologist)
Gertrude B. Elion
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Birthdate: January 23, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: February 21, 1999

The daughter of Jewish immigrants in New York, Gertrude B. Elion excelled in chemistry at Hunter College, where she studied for free, but was initially unable to find a job due to gender bias. The renowned biochemist and pharmacologist later won a Nobel and became a pioneer in medical research.

 41 
Lawrence M. Krauss
(Astronomer, Physicist, Astrophysicist, Academic, Non-fiction writer, University teacher, Theoretical physicist)
Lawrence M. Krauss
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Birthdate: May 27, 1954
Sun Sign: Gemini

American-Canadian theoretical physicist Lawrence M. Krauss has taught at institutes such as ASU and Yale and also penned several bestselling books. Known for his research on dark energy and zero-energy states, he was later accused of sexual misconduct and thus lost the directorship of the ASU’s Origins Project.

 42 
Carl David Anderson
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Birthdate: September 3, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: January 11, 1991
 43 
Robert Metcalfe
(Computer scientist, Engineer)
Robert Metcalfe
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Birthdate: April 7, 1946
Sun Sign: Aries
 44 
Anthony Fauci
(Chief Medical Advisor to the President of United States)
Anthony Fauci
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Birthdate: December 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn

American physician-scientist and immunologist Anthony Fauci serves as director of National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and Chief Medical Advisor to President Joe Biden. As research scientist and chief of NIAID, Fauci contributed in the areas of HIV/AIDS research and other immunodeficiency diseases and received Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work on the AIDS relief program PEPFAR.

 45 
Joseph Henry
(Scientist)
Joseph Henry
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Birthdate: December 17, 1797
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: May 13, 1878
 46 
Frank Wilczek
(American theoretical physicist)
Frank Wilczek
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Birthdate: May 15, 1951
Sun Sign: Taurus

MIT professor and theoretical physicist Frank Wilczek won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his research on asymptotic freedom related to the theory of the strong interaction. An expert in quantum field theory and particle physics, he has penned books both for laymen and physics enthusiasts.

 47 
Bruce Lipton
(Biologist)
Bruce Lipton
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Birthdate: October 21, 1944
Sun Sign: Libra

Bruce Lipton is a developmental biologist. He is best known as the author of the book The Biology of Belief, in which he claims that beliefs control human biology rather than DNA and inheritance. He earned a Ph.D. in developmental biology from the University of Virginia and began his academic career. He received the 2009 Goi Peace Award. 

 48 
Irving Langmuir
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Birthdate: January 31, 1881
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: August 16, 1957

Irving Langmuir was an American physicist, chemist, and engineer. He is credited with popularizing the concentric theory of atomic structure. Irving Langmuir is also credited with inventing the hydrogen welding technique and the gas-filled incandescent lamp. In 1932, Langmuir won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his contribution to surface chemistry. He also won other prestigious awards like Faraday Medal.

 49 
David Berlinski
(philosopher, mathematician, university teacher)
David Berlinski
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Birthdate: 1942 AD
 50 
Ron Rivest
(Cryptographer)
Ron Rivest
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Birthdate: May 6, 1947
Sun Sign: Taurus
New York has produced a number of Scientists who have made it big. These include J. Robert Oppenheimer, Carl Sagan, Neil deGrasse Tyson, Richard Feynman, Anthony Fauci and others.