Scientists From Ohio

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Ohio has produced a number of Scientists who have made it big. These include Arthur Compton, Richard E. Smalley, William Lipscomb, Donald A. Glaser, Frank Sherwood Rowland and others.
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 1 
Arthur Compton
(Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics)
Arthur Compton
3
Birthdate: September 10, 1892
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: March 15, 1962

American physicist Arthur Compton is best-known for introducing Compton wavelength, discovering Compton scattering, first identifying the Compton–Getting effect in the intensity of cosmic rays along with Ivan A. Getting, and for the Compton generator. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for discovering Compton effect. He also remained a prominent figure during the Manhattan Project.

 2 
Willard Van Orman Quine
(Mathematician, Analytic philosopher, Philosopher of language, Epistemologist, Philosopher of science, University teacher, Professor, Philosopher)
Willard Van Orman Quine
4
Birthdate: June 25, 1908
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: December 25, 2000
 3 
Marion Tinsley
(Mathematician)
Marion Tinsley
3
Birthdate: February 3, 1927
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: April 3, 1995
 4 
Paul Stamets
(Mycologist)
Paul Stamets
6
Birthdate: July 17, 1955
Sun Sign: Cancer

Paul Stamets is an American entrepreneur and mycologist. An ardent supporter of mycoremediation and medicinal fungi, Stamets sells various mushroom products. In 2014, he was honored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science with an Invention Ambassador award. In 2019, he contributed immensely to the creation of a documentary film titled Fantastic Fungi.

 5 
Richard Hamilton (Mathematician)
(Known for Contributions to Geometric Analysis & Partial Differential Equations.)
Richard Hamilton (Mathematician)
4
Birthdate: January 10, 1943
Sun Sign: Capricorn
 6 
Richard M. Krause
4
Birthdate: January 4, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Died: January 6, 2015
 7 
Amy Mainzer
(American Astronomer Specializing in Astrophysical Instrumentation and Infrared Astronomy)
Amy Mainzer
5
Birthdate: January 2, 1974
Sun Sign: Capricorn

Astronomer Amy Mainzer has been associated with NASA's NEOWISE mission and specializes in asteroid detection. The Stanford and Caltech alumna now teaches at the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory of the University of Arizona and has also appeared on the History Channel series The Universe and in several documentaries.

 8 
Charles Francis Richter
4
Birthdate: April 26, 1900
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died: September 30, 1985
 9 
John Mauchly
(Physicist)
John Mauchly
3
Birthdate: August 30, 1907
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: January 8, 1980
 10 
Arthur T. Benjamin
(Mathematician)
Arthur T. Benjamin
3
Birthdate: March 19, 1961
Sun Sign: Pisces
 11 
Richard E. Smalley
(Father of Nanotechnology)
Richard E. Smalley
3
Birthdate: June 6, 1943
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: October 28, 2005
 12 
Paul Lauterbur
3
Birthdate: May 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died: March 27, 2007
 13 
Lyman Spitzer
(Astronomer, Astrophysicist, Physicist, University teacher)
Lyman Spitzer
2
Birthdate: June 26, 1914
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: March 31, 1997

Lyman Spitzer was an American theoretical physicist, mountaineer, and astronomer. He was known for his research into star formation and plasma physics. He is credited with the invention of the stellarator plasma device and he was the one who first conceived the idea of telescopes operating in outer space. He was a founding member of the World Cultural Council. 

 14 
Karl Gordon Henize
(Astronomer, Astronaut, Scientist)
Karl Gordon Henize
4
Birthdate: October 17, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Died: October 5, 1993

Karl Gordon Henize was a space scientist and astronaut who authored seventy papers on astronomy. He was posted at various observatories round the world. Later on, he joined NASA as scientist-astronaut and flew on space shuttle Challenger as a mission specialist.

 15 
Donald A. Glaser
(Physicist)
Donald A. Glaser
2
Birthdate: September 21, 1926
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: February 28, 2013
 16 
George Carruthers
(Inventor, physicist, engineer and space scientist)
George Carruthers
2
Birthdate: October 1, 1939
Sun Sign: Libra
Died: December 26, 2020
 17 
Scott Fahlman
(Computer scientist, University teacher)
Scott Fahlman
2
Birthdate: March 21, 1948
Sun Sign: Aries
 18 
Judah Folkman
(American Medical Scientist Best Known for His Research on 'Tumor Angiogenesis')
Judah Folkman
2
Birthdate: February 24, 1933
Sun Sign: Pisces
Died: January 14, 2008

Best known for his pathbreaking study on angiogenesis, Judah Folkman discovered that tumors required blood vessels to survive, while on duty as a navy doctor. The son of a rabbi, he chose to study medicine instead of following in his father’s footsteps and ended up graduating from Harvard.

 19 
Charles Henry Turner
2
Birthdate: February 3, 1867
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: February 14, 1923
 20 
Michael Posner
(Psychologist, Neuroscientist)
Michael Posner
0
Birthdate: September 12, 1936
Sun Sign: Virgo
 21 
William Lipscomb
2
Birthdate: December 9, 1919
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: April 14, 2011
 22 
Thomas Corwin Mendenhall
2
Birthdate: October 4, 1841
Sun Sign: Libra
Died: March 23, 1924
 23 
Frank Sherwood Rowland
(Atmospheric Chemist)
Frank Sherwood Rowland
1
Birthdate: June 28, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: March 10, 2012
 24 
Wallace Clement Sabine
(American physicist)
Wallace Clement Sabine
1
Birthdate: June 13, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: January 19, 1919
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 25 
Karl Taylor Compton
1
Birthdate: September 14, 1887
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: June 22, 1954
 26 
James V. Neel
(Geneticist)
James V. Neel
2
Birthdate: March 22, 1915
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: February 1, 2000

Geneticist James V. Neel is known for his extensive research on genetic epidemiology and often studied sickle-cell disease and thalassemia. He also studied the effect of ionizing radiation on the survivors of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings. He had also penned several books and over 600 scientific articles.

 27 
William Wallace Campbell
1
Birthdate: April 11, 1862
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: June 14, 1938

Though William Wallace Campbell initially studied civil engineering, he later developed a love for astronomy. Starting his career as a math professor, he later taught astronomy and became the director of the Lick Observatory. He is best remembered for his research on astronomical spectroscopy and binary stars.

 28 
John Jacob Abel
(American Biochemist and Pharmacologist Known for His Contributions to a Modern Understanding of the Ductless, or Endocrine, Glands)
John Jacob Abel
1
Birthdate: May 19, 1857
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died: May 26, 1938

John Jacob Abel was a biochemist and pharmacologist who established the pharmacology department at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. While at Hopkins, he made several important medical advancements. He made significant contributions in the field of hormone extraction and founded the Journal of Biological Chemistry. He was a recipient of the Conne Medal and the Kober Medal. 

 29 
George Pake
(Physicist)
George Pake
1
Birthdate: April 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: March 4, 2004
 30 
George Rieveschl
1
Birthdate: January 9, 1916
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Died: September 27, 2007
 31 
Howard Taylor Ricketts
1
Birthdate: February 9, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: May 3, 1910
 32 
William Henry Holmes
1
Birthdate: December 1, 1846
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: April 20, 1933
 33 
Emma Lucy Braun
(Distinguished Botanist and Ecologist Reputed as an Expert on the Forests of Eastern United States)
Emma Lucy Braun
1
Birthdate: April 19, 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: March 5, 1971
 34 
George Harrison Shull
(American Botanist and Geneticist Known for Developing a Method of Corn Breeding)
George Harrison Shull
1
Birthdate: April 15, 1874
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: September 28, 1954

George Harrison Shull gained fame not just as a plant geneticist but also for his pioneering discovery of hybrid corn, or maize. He also coined the term heterosis. He taught at Princeton for 27 years and also established the journal Genetics, serving as its managing editor.

 35 
Robert Huebner
(American Virologist and Physician Known for His Research Regarding Connection Between Viruses and Cancer)
Robert Huebner
1
Birthdate: February 23, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Died: August 26, 1998

Robert Huebner was an American virologist and physician best remembered for his research into viruses and the connection between viruses and cancer. His research led to new treatments and earned him the prestigious National Medal of Science in 1970. Robert Huebner was also inducted into the US National Academy of Sciences.

 36 
Arthur B. C. Walker Jr.
1
Birthdate: August 24, 1936
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: April 29, 2001
 37 
Paul Zamecnik
(Scientist)
Paul Zamecnik
1
Birthdate: November 22, 1912
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: October 27, 2009
 38 
Charles Dillon Perrine
1
Birthdate: July 28, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Died: June 21, 1951

Though interested in photography and astronomy since an early age, Charles Dillon Perrine failed to fund a proper college education. His zeal earned him a job at the Lick Observatory. Apart from discovering two moons of Jupiter, Himalia and Elara, he also served as the director of the Argentine National Observatory.

 39 
William Merriam Burton
1
Birthdate: November 17, 1865
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: December 29, 1954
 40 
Edwin Conklin
(Biologist)
Edwin Conklin
1
Birthdate: November 24, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: November 20, 1952
 41 
Charles Edwin Bessey
(Botanist and Educator)
Charles Edwin Bessey
1
Birthdate: May 21, 1845
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: February 25, 1915

Charles Edwin Bessey was an American botanist and educator. He is remembered for his work in prestigious education institutions like the Iowa Agricultural College and the University of Nebraska. Apart from working as a professor, he also served as the head dean and later as Chancellor of the University of Nebraska. Bessey is a Nebraska Hall of Fame inductee.

 42 
Willard Harrison Bennett
0
Birthdate: June 13, 1903
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: September 28, 1987
 43 
James L. Elliot
(Astronomical Scientist)
James L. Elliot
1
Birthdate: June 19, 1943
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: March 3, 2011

MIT and Harvard alumnus James L. Elliot returned to MIT as a professor after completing his postdoctoral research at Cornell. He is best remembered for discovering Uranus’s rings. His research also included Pluto and Triton. He also contributed to astrophotography by developing a special telescope camera for the Las Campanas Observatory.

 44 
Charles Schuchert
(Paleontologist)
Charles Schuchert
0
Birthdate: July 3, 1858
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: November 20, 1942

Invertebrate paleontologist Charles Schuchert had initially been part of his father’s furniture business. After his father’s death, he developed an affinity for studying fossils while working to support his family. He later came to be known as a pioneer in the study of paleogeography and also taught at Yale.

 45 
Gerald Alan Soffen
3
Birthdate: February 7, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: November 22, 2000
 46 
Donald Edward Osterbrock
1
Birthdate: July 13, 1924
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: January 11, 2007

Donald Edward Osterbrock is best remembered for his research on the Milky Way and the stellar structure and later specialized in the history of astronomy. His studies on the nebulae and galaxies are invaluable. He was associated with Caltech and had also been the director of the Lick Observatory.

 47 
Charles Stuart Bowyer
0
Birthdate: August 2, 1934
Sun Sign: Leo
Died: September 23, 2020

A pilot’s son, Charles Stuart Bowyer excelled in physics and became a professor at the University of California at Berkeley. A pioneer of extreme ultraviolet astronomy, he spearheaded the launch of the first EUVE satellite and also pushed for the search for extra-terrestrial intelligence. He died of COVID-19 complications.

 48 
William Keith Brooks
0
Birthdate: March 25, 1848
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: November 12, 1908
William Starling Sullivant
0
Birthdate: January 15, 1803
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Died: April 30, 1873
Charles Joseph Chamberlain
0
Birthdate: February 23, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Died: February 5, 1943