Scientists From New Jersey

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New Jersey has produced a number of Scientists who have made it big. These include Alfred Kinsey, Cheryl Scott, Joshua Lederberg, George Hotz, Retta and others.
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 1 
Sylvia Earle
(The First Female Chief Scientist of the ‘U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’)
Sylvia Earle
10
Birthdate: August 30, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Sylvia Earle is known for her research on marine algae and she was the first female chief scientist of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Earle held the world record for the deepest untethered dive and was named by Time Magazine as its first Hero for the Planet, in 1998. She also featured in Netflix Original documentary Seaspiracy.
 2 
Alfred Kinsey
(American Biologist Who Founded The Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University)
Alfred Kinsey
7
Birthdate: June 23, 1894
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: August 25, 1956

Alfred Kinsey was an American biologist, sexologist, and professor of zoology and entomology. He is credited with founding the Indiana University's Institute for Sex Research in 1947. Kinsey's research on human sexuality and his other works have influenced cultural and social values in the USA as well as internationally. In 2012, Kinsey was inducted into Chicago's Legacy Walk.

 3 
Retta
(Stand-up Comedian)
Retta
19
Birthdate: April 12, 1970
Sun Sign: Aries
 4 
George Hotz
(Blogger, Programmer, Computer scientist)
George Hotz
10
Birthdate: October 2, 1989
Sun Sign: Libra

Known online as Geohot, George Francis Hotz is an American security hacker and software engineer, who at the age of seventeen became the first person to hack Apple’s iPhone. Later, he developed iOS jailbreaks and became the first person to crack a defense system in Sony PlayStation 3. Currently, he is working at comma.ai, a startup he founded in 2015.

 5 
Kathryn D. Sullivan
(US Oceanographer, Geologist, and Astronaut, Who Was the First American Woman to Walk in Space)
Kathryn D. Sullivan
3
Birthdate: October 3, 1951
Sun Sign: Libra

US oceanographer, geologist, and former US Navy officer and NASA astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan scripted history in 1984 when she became the first woman from the US to walk in space. Apart from being part of 3 Space Shuttle missions, she also worked in various administrative posts at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

 6 
Joshua Lederberg
(Geneticist)
Joshua Lederberg
3
Birthdate: May 23, 1925
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: February 2, 2008

Joshua Lederberg was an American molecular biologist best remembered for his work in the field of artificial intelligence, microbial genetics, and the US space program. In 1958, Lederberg won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine when he was just 33; he won the prize for discovering bacterial conjugation. In 2006, he was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 7 
John Milnor
(Mathematician)
John Milnor
3
Birthdate: February 20, 1931
Sun Sign: Pisces
 8 
Martin William Kratt
(Zoologist, Actor)
Martin William Kratt
0
Birthdate: December 23, 1965
Sun Sign: Capricorn
 9 
Howard H. Aiken
(Physicist, Scientist, Inventor)
Howard H. Aiken
3
Birthdate: March 8, 1900
Sun Sign: Pisces
Died: March 14, 1973
 10 
Robert Scoble
(Blogger, Writer, Computer scientist, Podcaster)
Robert Scoble
3
Birthdate: January 18, 1965
Sun Sign: Capricorn
 11 
Gregory Goodwin Pincus
(Former biologist and researcher who co-invented the combined oral contraceptive pill)
Gregory Goodwin Pincus
3
Birthdate: April 9, 1903
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: August 22, 1967

Gregory Goodwin Pincus revolutionized medical science by co-inventing the first oral contraceptive or birth control pill. The Cornell and Harvard alumnus was born to Russian Jewish immigrants and had an IQ of 210. Though he initially studied agriculture, he later focused on the study of hormones, steroids, and fertility.

 12 
Richard E. Stearns
(Computer scientist)
Richard E. Stearns
1
Birthdate: July 5, 1936
Sun Sign: Cancer
 13 
Paul Cohen
(Mathematician)
Paul Cohen
2
Birthdate: April 2, 1934
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: March 23, 2007
 14 
Philip Morrison
(Professor)
Philip Morrison
2
Birthdate: November 7, 1915
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: April 22, 2005
 15 
George Wiley
(Activist)
George Wiley
0
Birthdate: February 26, 1931
Sun Sign: Pisces
Died: August 8, 1973
 16 
Edward Feigenbaum
(Computer scientist)
Edward Feigenbaum
2
Birthdate: January 20, 1936
Sun Sign: Aquarius
 17 
Daniel Quillen
(Mathematician)
Daniel Quillen
2
Birthdate: June 22, 1940
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: April 30, 2011
 18 
Joseph Weber
(Physicist)
Joseph Weber
2
Birthdate: May 17, 1919
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died: September 30, 2000
 19 
Edward W. Morley
(Scientist)
Edward W. Morley
2
Birthdate: January 29, 1838
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: February 24, 1923
 20 
Hazel Bishop
(Chemist and businesswoman)
Hazel Bishop
1
Birthdate: August 17, 1906
Sun Sign: Leo
Died: December 5, 1998
 21 
James W. Alexander II
(Mathematician)
James W. Alexander II
1
Birthdate: September 19, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: September 23, 1971
 22 
Robert S. Dietz
(American Marine Geologist Who Conducted Pioneering Research Concerning Seafloor Spreading)
Robert S. Dietz
1
Birthdate: September 14, 1914
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: May 19, 1995

Robert S. Dietz was an American scientist, marine geologist, oceanographer, and geophysicist. He is best remembered for conducting pioneering research concerning seafloor spreading along with Harry Hammond Hess. Robert S. Dietz was also interested in meteorite impacts and is credited with discovering numerous impact craters, including the Sudbury Basin. 

 23 
Christian J. Lambertsen
1
Birthdate: May 15, 1917
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died: February 11, 2011
 24 
Elizabeth Clare Prophet
(Writer, Religious leader)
Elizabeth Clare Prophet
0
Birthdate: April 8, 1939
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: October 15, 2009
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 25 
Dickinson W. Richards
(American Physiologist and Physician Who Invented Cardiac Catheterization)
Dickinson W. Richards
1
Birthdate: October 30, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: February 23, 1973

Dickinson W. Richards was an American physiologist and physician. He is best remembered for winning the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the invention of cardiac catheterization. Over the course of his illustrious career, Dickinson W. Richards was also honored with several other prestigious awards, such as the John Phillips Memorial Award and the Trudeau Medal. 

 26 
Kenneth Lacovara
(American Paleontologist Known for the Discovery of the Titanosaurian Dinosaur Dreadnoughtus)
Kenneth Lacovara
1
Birthdate: March 11, 1961
Sun Sign: Pisces

Kenneth Lacovara is an American paleontologist who works at Rowan University. Lacovara is credited with the discovery of Dreadnoughtus. He was also involved in the discovery of the Paralititan. In 2017, he published his book Why Dinosaurs Matter which earned him a Nautilus Book Award. He has also been honored by the Explorers Club with the prestigious Explorers Club Medal.

 27 
Julian Bigelow
(Engineer)
Julian Bigelow
1
Birthdate: March 19, 1913
Sun Sign: Pisces
Died: February 17, 2003
 28 
Joel Henry Hildebrand
1
Birthdate: November 16, 1881
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: April 30, 1983
 29 
Frank Chapman
(American Ornithologist and Writer of Field Guides)
Frank Chapman
1
Birthdate: June 12, 1864
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: November 15, 1945

Frank Chapman was an American ornithologist and writer of field guides. He is best remembered for his immense contribution to magazines and scientific journals like the National Geographic Magazine. Frank Chapman also wrote numerous ornithological books, such as Birds of Eastern North America, Bird Life, and Life in an Air Castle.

 30 
William E. Gordon
(American Electrical Engineer, Physicist and Astronomer Who Designed, Built and Operated the World’s Largest Radio Telescope)
William E. Gordon
1
Birthdate: January 8, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Died: February 16, 2010

William Edwin Gordon was a pioneer in the research on the ionosphere. An electrical engineer, he earned a PhD from Cornell before joining the faculty of Cornell and then Rice University. He was also associated with the Arecibo Observatory. His radar telescope in Puerto Rico is used for radar astronomy.

 31 
Julius Stieglitz
0
Birthdate: May 26, 1867
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: January 10, 1937
 32 
Alvin Radkowsky
(Physicist)
Alvin Radkowsky
0
Birthdate: June 30, 1915
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: February 17, 2002
 33 
Joseph Barrell
(American Geologist Who is Known for His Theories on the Origins of the Earth and Sedimentary Rocks)
Joseph Barrell
0
Birthdate: December 15, 1869
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: May 4, 1919

Joseph Barrell was an American geologist best remembered for his theories on the origins of the Earth and sedimentary rocks. He is also remembered for his work with the US Geological Survey. Joseph Barrell also worked as an educator; he received an invitation from Yale University in 1903 to come up with a course in structural geology.

 34 
Louis Alan Hazeltine
(American Electronics Engineer and Physicist Who Invented the 'Neutrodyne Circuit')
Louis Alan Hazeltine
0
Birthdate: August 7, 1886
Sun Sign: Leo
Died: May 24, 1964

Electrical engineer and physicist Louis Alan Hazeltine is best remembered for his invention of the neutrodyne circuit, which contributed to the development of commercial radio. The Hazeltine Corporation founder was also a US Navy consultant and had taught at his alma, the Stevens Institute of Technology.

 35 
Maurice M. Rapport
(American Biochemist Best Known for His Work With the Neurotransmitter Serotonin)
Maurice M. Rapport
0
Birthdate: September 23, 1919
Sun Sign: Libra
Died: August 18, 2011

Maurice M. Rapport was a biochemist known for his work with the neurotransmitter serotonin. He collaborated with  Irvine H. Page and Arda A. Green to isolate and name the chemical. He also conducted important research in the fields of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and connective tissue diseases. He worked at the Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research. 

 36 
Cheryl Scott
(American TV Meteorologist and Geologist)
Cheryl Scott
0
Birthdate: January 29, 1985
Sun Sign: Aquarius
 37 
Peter A. Rona
(Oceanographer)
Peter A. Rona
0
Birthdate: August 17, 1934
Sun Sign: Leo
Died: February 20, 2014
 38 
Samuel L. Leonard
0
Birthdate: November 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: November 11, 2007
 39 
Helen Almira Shafer
(Mathematician)
Helen Almira Shafer
0
Birthdate: September 23, 1839
Sun Sign: Libra
Died: January 20, 1894