Scientists From Iowa

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Iowa has produced a number of Scientists who have made it big. These include Norman Borlaug, Aldo Leopold, Peggy Whitson, Wallace Carothers, Stanley B. Prusiner and others.
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 1 
Norman Borlaug
(American Agronomist and Winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1970)
Norman Borlaug
6
Birthdate: March 25, 1914
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: September 12, 2009

Norman Borlaug was an American agronomist who played a key role in the Green Revolution, a set of research technology transfer initiatives that increased agricultural production, for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970. Nicknamed the Father of the Green Revolution, Borlaug was also honored with the Congressional Gold Medal and Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work.

 2 
Peggy Whitson
(Biochemistry Researcher and First Female Astronaut to Command the International Space Station)
Peggy Whitson
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Birthdate: February 9, 1960
Sun Sign: Aquarius

The first woman to command the International Space Station, NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson was born to farmers and decided to become an astronaut after watching the moon landing on TV. She also boasts of a PhD in biochemistry and has been a researcher and educator of biochemistry and genetic engineering.

 3 
Aldo Leopold
(American Author & Environmentalist Who is Best Known for His Book 'A Sand County Almanac')
Aldo Leopold
5
Birthdate: January 11, 1887
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Died: April 21, 1948
 4 
Wallace Carothers
(Chemist and Inventor of Nylon)
Wallace Carothers
3
Birthdate: April 27, 1896
Sun Sign: Taurus
Died: April 29, 1937

Wallace Carothers was an American inventor and chemist. He worked for DuPont where he was the leader of organic chemistry. Carothers, who played a major role at the DuPont Experimental Station, is credited with inventing nylon. Despite his success, Carothers was unhappy with his life and committed suicide at the age of 41; he was troubled by bouts of depression.

 5 
James Van Allen
(Physicist)
James Van Allen
3
Birthdate: September 7, 1914
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: August 9, 2006
 6 
Stanley B. Prusiner
(Neurologist and Biochemist)
Stanley B. Prusiner
3
Birthdate: May 28, 1942
Sun Sign: Gemini

The son of an architect, Stanley B. Prusiner earned the nickname "little Genius" for inventing a bug repellent in school. The Nobel Prize-winning biochemist and neurologist is best known for discovering prions, or proteins that cause diseases, and thus suggesting an explanation for the mad cow disease.

 7 
Oswald Veblen
(Mathematician)
Oswald Veblen
2
Birthdate: June 24, 1880
Sun Sign: Cancer
Died: August 10, 1960
 8 
Allan Sandage
(Astronomer)
Allan Sandage
2
Birthdate: June 18, 1926
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: November 13, 2010

Considered to be one of the most influential astronomers of the 20th century, Allan Rex Sandage is credited with determining the first reasonably accurate value of Hubble’s constant and the age of the universe, a work he began while serving as a graduate student assistant to cosmologist Edwin Hubble. Later, he also made significant contributions to quasi-stellar radio sources.

 9 
Alan J. Heeger
(American physicist)
Alan J. Heeger
2
Birthdate: January 22, 1936
Sun Sign: Aquarius
 10 
Edwin G. Krebs
(Biochemist)
Edwin G. Krebs
2
Birthdate: June 6, 1918
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: December 21, 2009

American biochemist Edwin Gerhard Krebs is best-known for collaborating with Edmond H. Fischer in elucidating the way reversible phosphorylation works as a switch in activating proteins and regulating different cellular processes. This key discovery of reversible protein phosphorylation led the two to receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1992.

 11 
Gerald Guralnik
(Physicist)
Gerald Guralnik
1
Birthdate: September 17, 1936
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: April 26, 2014
 12 
Fred Lawrence Whipple
(Astronomer, who worked at the Harvard College Observatory for more than 70 years.)
Fred Lawrence Whipple
1
Birthdate: November 5, 1906
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: August 30, 2004
Remembered for his 70-year stint at the Harvard Observatory, astronomer Fred Lawrence Whipple was born to a farmer in Iowa and had to abandon his dream of becoming a tennis player due to a bout of polio. His best-known discovery was the Whipple shield, which protected spacecrafts against small meteors.
 13 
Libbie Hyman
(Zoologist)
Libbie Hyman
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Birthdate: December 6, 1888
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Died: August 3, 1969
 14 
William John McGee
(US Geologist, Anthropologist, and Ethnologist)
William John McGee
1
Birthdate: April 17, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: September 4, 1912

US geologist, ethnologist, and anthropologist William John McGee was associated with the US Geological Survey and the Bureau of American Ethnology. He was also a co-founder of the Geological Society of America and served the National Geographic Society as its president. California’s Mount McGee was named in his honor.

 15 
Bruce C. Heezen
(American Geologist Who Worked With Oceanographic Cartographer Marie Tharp to Map the Mid-Atlantic Ridge)
Bruce C. Heezen
0
Birthdate: April 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: June 21, 1977

Bruce C. Heezen was an American geologist best remembered for his work at Columbia University, where he joined forces with oceanographic cartographer Marie Tharp to map the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. In 1964, he was honored by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution with the Henry Bryant Bigelow Medal in Oceanography. In 1973, Bruce C. Heezen was awarded the prestigious Cullum Geographical Medal.

Margaret Warner Morley
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Birthdate: February 17, 1858
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: December 12, 1923
 17 
Robert Almer Harper
0
Birthdate: January 21, 1862
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: May 12, 1946