Famous Socialist Leaders Of All Time

Socialism is an ideology which became popular over the years due to the increase in inequality and discrimination across the world. ‘A society where most resources are equally owned by every citizen’ is one of the several ways of defining this ideology. Socialists opine that capitalistic economies create hierarchy and divide the society in forms such as ‘rich’ and ‘poor’. Legendary communist leaders Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Che Guevara, Fidel Castro and Mao Zedong are a few distinguished personalities who preached and practiced socialism. Fidel Castro, who served as the president of Cuba for a few decades, set up the perfect example of a socialist society. China, the Soviet Union and Cuba are a few nations where the socialist model of governance has been prevalent since many years. Here are the names of a few other eminent leaders who believed in this ideology.
Vote for Your Favourite Socialist Leaders Of All Time

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

 1 
Helen Keller
(American Author and First Deaf-Blind Person to Earn a Bachelor of Arts Degree)
Helen Keller
96
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: June 27, 1880
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tuscumbia, Alabama, United States
Died: June 1, 1968

A prolific author, having written 12 published books and several articles, Helen Keller was the first deaf-blind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree. Her autobiography, The Story of My Life, made Keller famous and was adapted for film and stage. She was also an activist and campaigned for women's suffrage, labour rights, socialism and other such causes.

 2 
Billy Connolly
(Stand-up Comedian)
Billy Connolly
32
Birthdate: November 24, 1942
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland

Billy Connolly is a retired stand-up comedian, actor, and musician. Known for his observational and idiosyncratic comedy, Connolly is widely considered one of the most influential and greatest stand-up comedians of all time. He has also worked with the British charity, Comic Relief and has appeared in a documentary and a live stage show for the charity.

 3 
Indira Gandhi
(3rd Prime Minister of India)
Indira Gandhi
75
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 19, 1917
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: October 31, 1984

The third Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi served as PM from 1966 till 1977 and then again from 1980 till her assassination in October 1984. She is considered one of India’s strongest PM and is hailed for leading India to victory over Pakistan in 1971, which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh. However, she is also categorised as authoritarian and is criticised for imposing Emergency in 1975.

Recommended Lists:
 4 
Gamal Abdel Nasser
(Political Leader of Egypt)
Gamal Abdel Nasser
22
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 15, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bacos, Egypt
Died: September 28, 1970

Gamal Abdel Nasser was an Egyptian politician. He was the second president of Egypt, serving from 1954 to 1970. Before becoming the president, Nasser played a crucial role in the Egyptian revolution of 1952, in which he led a group of army to overthrow King Farouk. Nasser remains an iconic figure, not just in Egypt, but the entire Arab world.

 5 
Lal Bahadur Shastri
(2nd Prime Minister of India)
Lal Bahadur Shastri
37
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 2, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: January 11, 1966

The second prime minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri, was known for his environmental campaigns and his support for the White Revolution. His slogan "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan,” during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War, became immensely popular. He ended the war by signing the Tashkent Agreement, but died a day later.

 6 
Emmanuel Macron
(President of France )
Emmanuel Macron
70
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 21, 1977
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Amiens, France

Emmanuel Macron, the President of France, created history on May 14, 2017 when at age 39 he became the youngest person to occupy the chair in the history of the country. He was initially a member of the Socialist Party, but fought the presidential elections under the banner of En Marche, a centrist political movement founded by him in 2016.

Recommended Lists:
 7 
Julia Gillard
(27th Prime Minister of Australia (2010 - 2013))
Julia Gillard
43
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 29, 1961
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Barry, Wales
Julia Gillard was the Australian prime minister from 2010 to 2013. She became the first lady prime minister, deputy prime minister, and leader of a political party in Australia. She has also held other significant positions, such as the minister of education. She has now devoted her life to academics.
 8 
Gordon Brown
(Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2007 to 2010)
Gordon Brown
18
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 20, 1951
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Govan
Gordon Brown served as the British prime minister from 2007 to 2010. Blinded in on eye, he had previously been a lecturer and a journalist. He has been the Chancellor of the Exchequer, has held various Shadow Cabinet posts, and been the UN’s special envoy on global education. 
 9 
Edmund Barton
(1st Prime Minister of Australia)
Edmund Barton
21
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: January 18, 1849
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glebe, Australia
Died: January 7, 1920

The first prime minister of Australia, Edmund Barton had also been a senior judge at the High Court of Australia. The federation movement leader was also a major force behind the drafting of the constitution of his country. After rejecting the knighthood thrice, he finally accepted the honor in 1902.

 10 
Salvador Allende
(28th President of Chile)
Salvador Allende
25
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 26, 1908
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Santiago, Chile
Died: September 11, 1973
Salvador Allende was a physician who later became the Chilean president, this becoming the first Marxist president of a Latin American nation. His policies included nationalization and collectivization. He committed suicide after delivering a farewell speech over radio, to escape General Augusto Pinochet’s coup to oust him from the government.
 11 
Slobodan Milosevic
(3rd President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1997 - 2000))
Slobodan Milosevic
31
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 20, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Požarevac, Serbia
Died: March 11, 2006

Slobodan Milosević was a Serbian political leader who served as the President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997 and of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000. He pursued Serbian nationalist policies, which resulted in the breakup of the socialist Yugoslav federation. Milosevic was charged with war crimes in connection to the Bosnian War, the Croatian War, and the Kosovo War, and died in custody.

 12 
Upton Sinclair
(American writer)
Upton Sinclair
11
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 20, 1878
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland
Died: November 25, 1968
Pulitzer Prize-winning author and political activist Upton Sinclair is best remembered for his novels such as The Jungle and The Brass Check, which mirrored the exploitative and unjust nature of various sectors. He was also an occult and telepathy enthusiast. He was actively involved with the Socialist and Democratic parties.
 13 
François Hollande
(President of France from 2012 to 2017)
François Hollande
12
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rouen, Seine-Maritime Seine-Inférieure, France

François Hollande served as the president of France from 2012 to 2017. He has earlier been the president of the General Council of Corrèze and the First Secretary of the Socialist Party. Of the many significant policies undertaken by him was the legalization of same-sex marriage through Bill 344.

 14 
James Callaghan
(Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979)
James Callaghan
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 27, 1912
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Portsmouth
Died: March 26, 2005

James Callaghan was a British politician who served as the prime minister from 1976 to 1979. Also having served as Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, James Callaghan is the only person in the history of the United Kingdom to have served in all the four Great Offices of State.

 15 
Eugene V. Debs
(Union Leader)
Eugene V. Debs
10
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 5, 1855
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Terre Haute
Died: October 20, 1926
Eugene V. Debs, one of the founders of the Industrial Workers of the World, was a renowned socialist and a five-time presidential candidate for the Socialist Party. He is remembered for founding the American Railway Union. He was convicted of sedition, but his sentence was later commuted.
 16 
Tommy Douglas
(Canadian Politician Who was Premier of Saskatchewan from 1944 to 1961)
Tommy Douglas
7
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 20, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Camelon, Falkirk, Scotland
Died: February 24, 1986

Tommy Douglas was a Scottish Canadian politician. From 1944 to 1961, he served as premier of Saskatchewan. His cabinet was the first to introduce North America's first single-payer, universal health care program. His life and career inspired a TV miniseries titled Prairie Giant: The Tommy Douglas Story, in which Douglas was played by actor Michael Therriault.

 17 
Evo Morales
(President of Bolivia)
Evo Morales
22
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 26, 1959
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orinoca Canton
Evo Morales was the Bolivian president from 2006 to 2019. Known for his campaign for coca plantations, which some attribute to the growth of illegal cocaine production, he earned the nickname World Hero of Mother Earth. He leads the Movement for Socialism party and is a champion for indigenous rights.
 18 
James Connolly
(Socialist Leader)
James Connolly
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 5, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cowgate
Died: May 12, 1916
 19 
Rigoberta Menchú
(Guatemalan Human Rights Activist and Winner of the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize )
Rigoberta Menchú
27
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: January 9, 1959
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Laj Chimel, Guatemala

Nobel Peace Prize-winning Guatemalan activist is known for her fight for the rights of indigenous people and women. Her entire family was accused of participating in guerrilla activities, brutalized, and killed by the Guatemalan army. She has been a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador and founded the first Guatemalan indigenous political party.

 20 
J. B. Kripalani
(Politician)
J. B. Kripalani
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hyderabad, Pakistan
Died: March 19, 1982
 21 
A. Philip Randolph
(Leader of the African-American civil-rights movement,)
A. Philip Randolph
6
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: April 15, 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Crescent City
Died: May 16, 1979
 22 
Léon Blum
(Former Prime Minister of France)
Léon Blum
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 9, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris
Died: March 30, 1950

Born into a Jewish family in Paris, three-time French prime minister Léon Blum had initially studied law. He joined politics inspired by the Dreyfus affair. The first socialist and the first Jew to head France, he introduced reforms such as the 40-hour work week and paid vacations.

 23 
Miguel Ãngel Asturias
(Winner of 1967 Nobel Prize in Literature)
Miguel Ãngel Asturias
6
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 19, 1899
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Guatemala City, Guatemala
Died: June 9, 1974

Miguel Ãngel Asturias was a Guatemalan poet-diplomat, journalist, playwright, and novelist. He played a significant role in spreading the importance of indigenous cultures. In 1966, he was honored with the International Lenin Peace Prize. In 1967, he became only the second Latin American author to win the prestigious Nobel Prize for Literature.

 24 
Tabaré Vázquez
(39th and 41st President of Uruguay (2005 - 2010, 2015 - 2020))
Tabaré Vázquez
10
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 17, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Montevideo, Uruguay
Died: December 6, 2020

Tabaré Vázquez was a Uruguayan politician who served as the 39th and 41st president of Uruguay from 2005 to 2010 and from 2015 to 2020 respectively. The first socialist president of Uruguay, Vázquez's first presidency strengthened the country's diplomatic ties with Argentina and Brazil. In 2006, Tabaré Vázquez was honored by WHO for implementing strict tobacco control laws in Uruguay.

 25 
Mauricio Funes
(Former President of El Salvador)
Mauricio Funes
12
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 18, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Salvador

Mauricio Funes is a Salvadoran politician who won the 2009 presidential election representing the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front political party. He served as the 44th president of El Salvador from 2009 to 2014. Before establishing himself as a politician, Mauricio Funes had a successful career in journalism, hosting local news programs and interviewing leftist rebel leaders.

 26 
Arnoldo Alemán
(President of Nicaragua)
Arnoldo Alemán
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 23, 1946
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Managua

Arnoldo Alemán is a Nicaraguan politician who became the 81st President of Nicaragua on 10 January 1997. A qualified lawyer, he practiced law for several years before entering politics. As the president, he was successful in promoting economic growth in the country. After his term ended in 2002, he was convicted of corruption. These convictions were later overturned. 

 27 
Laisenia Qarase
(6th Prime Minister of Fiji)
Laisenia Qarase
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 4, 1941
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vanua Balavu, Colony of Fiji
Died: April 21, 2020

Laisenia Qarase was a Fijian politician who served as the Fijian prime minister from 2000 to 2006. He was overthrown from power as a result of a military coup in 2006. Subsequently, the military-backed regime pressed corruption charges against Qarase and he was imprisoned in 2012 amidst rumors that the charges were politically motivated.

 28 
David Dubinsky
(Political leader)
David Dubinsky
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 22, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brest
Died: September 17, 1982
 29 
Son Sann
(Former Prime Minister of Cambodia (1967 – 1968))
Son Sann
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 5, 1911
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Phnom Penh
Died: December 19, 2000

Son Sann was a Cambodian anti-communist resistance leader and politician. He is best remembered for his service as the Prime Minister of Cambodia from 1 May 1967 to 31 January 1968. Son Sann is also credited with forming a new political party called the Buddhist Liberal Democratic Party.

 30 
Abune Paulos
(Patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church from 1992 to 2012)
Abune Paulos
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 3, 1936
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Adwa, Ethiopia
Died: August 16, 2012

Ethiopian religious leader Abune Paulos, who led the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church for 2 decades, began his journey as a trainee deacon in his youth. He later joined the doctoral program at the Princeton Theological Seminary. His humanitarian work earned him a Nansen Medal from the UNCHR.