Tabaré Vázquez Biography

(39th and 41st President of Uruguay (2005 - 2010, 2015 - 2020))

Birthday: January 17, 1940 (Capricorn)

Born In: Montevideo, Uruguay

Tabaré Vázquez is a member of the Uruguayan political party 'Frente Amplio', who served as the 39th President of Uruguay. This political leader began his career as an oncologist, and eventually went on to serve as the mayor of his hometown, a few years later. He participated in the presidential elections of Uruguay on two occasions, both of which were failed attempts. On the third try, as a representative of the 'Frente Amplio' political party, he won the elections with a majority of votes, to become the President of the country. As the President, he attempted to bring about new economic reforms, the most effective being the 'Plan de Atención Nacional a la Emergencia Social' ('PANES'), which sought to alleviate poverty in the country. The President also took measures to promote positive international relations between Uruguay and other countries. Amongst other reforms, the most controversial was the 'I.R.P.F', where he set one single tax rate for people of all income groups. The reason for it being controversial was that certain groups of people ended up paying more tax than the others, and this caused public dissent. Despite a career that has had its share of controversies, Vázquez is still popular, and has recently been re-elected for a second Presidential term
Quick Facts

Also Known As: Tabaré Ramón Vázquez Rosas

Died At Age: 80


Spouse/Ex-: María Auxiliadora Delgado

father: Héctor Vázquez

mother: Elena Rosas

children: Álvaro Vázquez, Fabián Vázquez, Ignacio Vázquez, Javier Vázquez

Presidents Political Leaders

political ideology: Political party Socialist Party

Died on: December 6, 2020

place of death: Montevideo, Uruguay

Notable Alumni: University Of The Republic

Diseases & Disabilities: Lung Cancer

Cause of Death: Lung Cancer

City: Montevideo, Uruguay

Ideology: Socialists

More Facts

education: University Of The Republic

Childhood & Early Life
Tabaré Ramón Vázquez Rosas was born on January 17, 1940, in Montevideo, the capital city of Uruguay.
In 1972, he graduated in Oncology, from the medical school affiliated to the 'Universidad de la República'. Four years later, the government of France offered him a scholarship to pursue further training from the 'Gustave Roussy Institute', Paris.
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Tabaré’s political career kick-started when he served as Montevideo's Mayor from 1990-95, as a member of the 'Frente Amplio' socialist-leftist political party. During the same decade he contested in the presidential elections twice, but lost out on both occasions.
Vázquez contested in the 2004 elections, winning with almost 51% votes, and was sworn in early the following year. With this historic win, he became the first Socialist-Leftist Uruguayan President who did not belong to any of the major political parties of the nation.
A majority of the parliamentary members were from the new President's left-wing coalition party, the 'Frente Amplio'. He was also supported by the Head of State of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and thus did not face too many hurdles as the newly elected leader of Uruguay.
Tabaré introduced certain new economic reforms in the country after assuming his office. One of the most important policies was the 'Impuesto a la Renta de las Personas Fisica', or the 'I.R.P.F. Reform' ('Income Tax on Natural Persons').
The reform replaced tax slabs with a uniform rate of personal income tax, and reduced value added tax. It was a controversial reform since it meant that certain groups of citizens would have to pay more taxes. Though it was also quite unlike Tabaré's Finance Minister Danilo Astori's careful economic policies, it met with huge success.
The President's term was marked by a distinct ground of social equality and justice. Vázquez used $100 million in a contingency plan titled 'Plan de Atención Nacional a la Emergencia Social' ('PANES'), for meeting the basic needs of the citizens for the next two years.
'PANES', which introduced new food and health programmes, and was run by Marina Arismendi, Minister of Social Development, with the goal of eradicating poverty and hunger, was initially criticised. However, it was similar to Brazil's emergency plan 'Fome Zero', and was considered to be a major step in bringing about social development.
In November 2005, he formed a committee of experts to investigate the disappearance and murder of innumerable leftists that had occurred during the final military dictatorship. His endeavour was successful, and several corpses were discovered in the plausible sites.
The same year, the Parliament decided to pass a law known as 'Ley de Salud Sexual y Reproductiva', after receiving a majority of votes for its approval, from the 'Frente Amplio' members. The law aimed at reversing an old rule against abortion, and legalizing the medical procedure in Uruguay. However, despite majority approval, the President vetoed the decision to legalize abortion in the country.
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One of the challenges that Tabaré faced during his term, was the dispute with the government of Argentina, where the latter claimed that Uruguayan pulp factories are polluting the Uruguay River.
Vázquez became the first Uruguayan President to travel to nations like South Korea and New Zealand, thus promoting foreign relations. He is also known for having maintained amicable relationships with the US, despite refusing to sign the 'Free Trade Area of the Americas' pact initiated by former US President George Bush.
The President has often been involved in political controversies, including the time when, in 2007, a Uruguayan Navy ship was found carrying Iranian weapons. This occurred at a time when the United Nations was promoting global peace by condemning the trade of ammunitions.
Tabaré attended several important events in Cuba, including a conference with Cuban President Raúl Castro, in June 2008. The same year, he gave his resignation as the leader of his party, because of protest over his refusal to pass the abortion law.
After his presidency ended, Tabaré announced his decision to contest the 2014 elections. He succeeded José Mujica and was sworn in as President for a second time in March the following year.
Major Works
As the President of Uruguay, Vázquez took mammoth steps to eradicate poverty by introducing food, educational, and health care reforms in the country. Under his presidency, the poverty in the nation dropped from 32% in 2004 to 20% within a period of five years.
Awards & Achievements
For his efforts to control the use of tobacco in Uruguay, the 'World Health Organization' felicitated Vázquez in 2006 with the 'Director General's Award'.
The government of Qatar honoured the president of Uruguay with their 'Order of Merit' in 2007.
He received the rank of 'Grand Collar of the National Order of San Lorenzo' from the Ecuadorian government in September 2010.
Personal Life & Legacy
The President of Uruguay is married to María Auxiliadora Delgado, and the couple have four sons, Ignacio, Álvaro, Javie, and Fabián, the latter being adopted.
This Uruguayan President is famous for his love for football and he served as the President of the ‘Club Progreso’ team from 1979-89. In the last year of his term as the President of the club, he led the team to its only victory in the ‘Professional National Championship’

See the events in life of Tabaré Vázquez in Chronological Order

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