Ancient Roman Empire, located along the Mediterranean Sea, was one of the largest empires in the ancient world. A region where art and culture thrived, Ancient Rome was home to numerous scholars, philosophers, warriors, artists and painters of repute. Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius was not just a brave warrior, but also one of the most important Stoic philosophers of his era. His personal writings compiled as ‘Meditations’ is considered to be a seminal work of stoic philosophy. Gaius Julius Caesar is another well-known political figure who was instrumental in shaping the history of Ancient Rome. He played a vital role in bringing about the decline of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. Ancient Romans were pioneers in several fields, including medicine. Agathinus, an eminent physician was the founder of a new medical sect, to which he gave the name of Episynthetici, while Antonius Musa became famous for curing Emperor Augustus’ serious malady. Also famous as the land of intellectuals, Ancient Rome produced philosophers such as Amelius Gentilianus, Fabianus Papirius, and Gaius Musonius Rufus. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Ancient Romans.
Julius CaesarJulius Caesar

13 July 0100

AugustusAugustus
(Roman roman emperor)

23 September 0063

CommodusCommodus
(Roman Emperor)

31 August 0161

NeroNero
(Emperor of Rome)

15 December 0037

Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius
(Roman Emperor)

26 April 0121

CaligulaCaligula
(Roman Emperor)

31 August 0012

Constantine the GreatConstantine the Great
(Roman Emperor)

27 February 0272

CiceroCicero
(Philosopher, Political Theorist)

03 January 0106

TiberiusTiberius
(Roman Emperor)

16 November 0042

Pontius PilatePontius Pilate
(Presided Over the Trial of Jesus)

ClaudiusClaudius
(Roman emperor)

01 August 0010

Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus
(Roman General)

0115 BC

TrajanTrajan
(Roman Emperor)

18 September 0053

Jesus ChristJesus Christ
(Founder of Christianity)

VespasianVespasian
(Roman Emperor)

17 November 0009

HypatiaHypatia
(Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer)

0370 AD

TitusTitus
(Roman Emperor)

30 December 0039

Pliny the ElderPliny the Elder
(Philosopher)

0023 AD

Virgil Virgil
(Poet)

15 October 0070

DomitianDomitian
(Roman Emperor)

24 October 0051

PlutarchPlutarch
(Philosopher, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, & Middle Platonist)

0045 AD

HoraceHorace
(Roman poet)

08 December 0065

Gaius MariusGaius Marius
(Roman General)

0157 BC

VitruviusVitruvius
(Roman Architect)

0080 BC

Agrippina the YoungerAgrippina the Younger
(Roman Empress)

06 November 0015

PlotinusPlotinus
(Founder of Neo-Platonism)

0204 AD

PhiloPhilo
(Philosopher)

0025 BC

St. AugustineSt. Augustine
(Philosopher)

13 November 0354

Claudius PtolemyClaudius Ptolemy
(Astronomer, Cartographer & Mathematician)

0090 AD

Marc AntonyMarc Antony
(Roman General)

14 January 0083

Seneca the YoungerLucius Annaeus Seneca
(Roman Philosopher & Statesman)

0004 BC

Flavius OdoacerFlavius Odoacer
(Soldier)

0435 AD

Seneca the YoungerSeneca the Younger
(Roman statesman)

29 February 0004

NervaNerva
(politician)

08 November 0030

Cato the YoungerCato the Younger
(Statesman)

0095 BC

AmbroseAmbrose
(writer,philosopher,theologian)

0337 AD

IrenaeusIrenaeus
(Bishop)

0130 AD

BoethiusBoethius
(Philosopher)

0480 AD

LucretiusLucretius
(Poet, philosopher, writer)

15 October 0099

DjoserDjoser
(Monarchs)

2700 BC

Simon MagusSimon Magus
(Priest)
Constantius ChlorusConstantius Chlorus
(Politician)

31 March 0250

Valentinian IValentinian I
(Emperor)

03 July 0321

PlautusPlautus
(Comedy writer)

0254 BC

Lucius Junius BrutusLucius Junius Brutus

0550 BC

Baldwin I of JerusalemBaldwin I of Jerusalem
(King)

1058 AD

Decimus Junius Brutus AlbinusDecimus Junius Brutus Albinus
(Politician)

0085 BC

Marcus Furius CamillusMarcus Furius Camillus
(Soldier, Statesman)

0446 BC

PelagiusPelagius
(Theologian)

0354 AD

PetroniusPetronius
(Author)

0027 AD

Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana

StilichoStilicho
(King)

0359 AD

SejanusSejanus
Servius TulliusServius Tullius
(king)

Sextus EmpiricusSextus Empiricus
(Physician ,Philosopher)

0160 AD

Pope Damasus IPope Damasus I
(Catholic priest , Poet)

0305 AD

TroilusTroilus

LucanLucan
(poet)

03 November 0039

AppianAppian
(Historian)

0095 AD

Petronius MaximusPetronius Maximus
(King)

0396 AD

AtticusAtticus
Gaius MaecenasGaius Maecenas
(Poet)

15 April 0068

SyagriusSyagrius
(Military commander)

0430 AD

ValerianValerian
(Emperor)

0200 AD

Marcus Claudius MarcellusMarcus Claudius Marcellus
(Military leader)

0268 BC

PropertiusPropertius
(poet)

0047 BC

Theodoric ITheodoric I
(King)

0393 AD

StatiusStatius
(poet)

0045 AD

Quintus Curtius RufusQuintus Curtius Rufus
(Historian)

AusoniusAusonius
(Poet)

0310 AD

Sidonius ApollinarisSidonius Apollinaris
(Poet)

0430 AD

Tetricus ITetricus I
(Emperor)

TibullusTibullus
(poet,writer)

0055 BC

ClaudianClaudian
(Poet)

0370 AD

PrudentiusPrudentius
(Poet)

0348 AD