Find out more about the greatest Ancient Romans, including Julius Caesar, Augustus, Nero, Caligula and Marcus Aurelius.

Ancient Roman Empire, located along the Mediterranean Sea, was one of the largest empires in the ancient world. A region where art and culture thrived, Ancient Rome was home to numerous scholars, philosophers, warriors, artists and painters of repute. Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius was not just a brave warrior, but also one of the most important Stoic philosophers of his era. His personal writings compiled as ‘Meditations’ is considered to be a seminal work of stoic philosophy. Gaius Julius Caesar is another well-known political figure who was instrumental in shaping the history of Ancient Rome. He played a vital role in bringing about the decline of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. Ancient Romans were pioneers in several fields, including medicine. Agathinus, an eminent physician was the founder of a new medical sect, to which he gave the name of Episynthetici, while Antonius Musa became famous for curing Emperor Augustus’ serious malady. Also famous as the land of intellectuals, Ancient Rome produced philosophers such as Amelius Gentilianus, Fabianus Papirius, and Gaius Musonius Rufus. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Ancient Romans.
Julius CaesarJulius Caesar

13 July 0100

AugustusAugustus
(Roman roman emperor)

23 September 0063

NeroNero
(Emperor of Rome)

15 December 0037

CaligulaCaligula
(Roman Emperor)

31 August 0012

Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius
(Roman Emperor)

26 April 0121

Constantine the GreatConstantine the Great
(Roman Emperor)

27 February 0272

Pontius PilatePontius Pilate
(Presided Over the Trial of Jesus)
CommodusCommodus
(Roman Emperor)

31 August 0161

CiceroCicero
(Philosopher, Political Theorist)

03 January 0106

TiberiusTiberius
(Roman Emperor)

16 November 0042

ClaudiusClaudius
(Roman emperor)

01 August 0010

Pliny the ElderPliny the Elder
(Philosopher)

0023 AD

HypatiaHypatia
(Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer)

0370 AD

Virgil Virgil
(Poet)

15 October 0070

VespasianVespasian
(Roman Emperor)

17 November 0009

Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus
(Roman General)

0115 BC

TitusTitus
(Roman Emperor)

30 December 0039

PlutarchPlutarch
(Philosopher, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, & Middle Platonist)

0045 AD

DomitianDomitian
(Roman Emperor)

24 October 0051

Jesus ChristJesus Christ
(Founder of Christianity)

Gaius MariusGaius Marius
(Roman General)

0157 BC

HoraceHorace
(Roman poet)

08 December 0065

VitruviusVitruvius
(Roman Architect)

0080 BC

Agrippina the YoungerAgrippina the Younger
(Roman Empress)

06 November 0015

PlotinusPlotinus
(Founder of Neo-Platonism)

0204 AD

PhiloPhilo
(Philosopher)

0025 BC

St. AugustineSt. Augustine
(Philosopher)

13 November 0354

Claudius PtolemyClaudius Ptolemy
(Astronomer, Cartographer & Mathematician)

0090 AD

Seneca the YoungerLucius Annaeus Seneca
(Roman Philosopher & Statesman)

0004 BC

Flavius OdoacerFlavius Odoacer
(Soldier)

0435 AD

Seneca the YoungerSeneca the Younger
(Roman statesman)

29 February 0004

NervaNerva
(politician)

08 November 0030

Cato the YoungerCato the Younger
(Statesman)

0095 BC

IrenaeusIrenaeus
(Bishop)

0130 AD

AmbroseAmbrose
(writer,philosopher,theologian)

0337 AD

BoethiusBoethius
(Philosopher)

0480 AD

LucretiusLucretius
(Poet, philosopher, writer)

15 October 0099

Simon MagusSimon Magus
(Priest)

DjoserDjoser
(Monarchs)

2700 BC

Constantius ChlorusConstantius Chlorus
(Politician)

31 March 0250

Valentinian IValentinian I
(Emperor)

03 July 0321

Decimus Junius Brutus AlbinusDecimus Junius Brutus Albinus
(Politician)

0085 BC

Baldwin I of JerusalemBaldwin I of Jerusalem
(King)

1058 AD

Petronius MaximusPetronius Maximus
(King)

0396 AD

PlautusPlautus
(Comedy writer)

0254 BC

Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana

PetroniusPetronius
(Author)

0027 AD

SejanusSejanus

Lucius Junius BrutusLucius Junius Brutus

0550 BC

PelagiusPelagius
(Theologian)

0354 AD

StilichoStilicho
(King)

0359 AD

Servius TulliusServius Tullius
(king)

TroilusTroilus
AppianAppian
(Historian)

0095 AD

LucanLucan
(poet)

03 November 0039

Sextus EmpiricusSextus Empiricus
(Physician ,Philosopher)

0160 AD

Pope Damasus IPope Damasus I
(Catholic priest , Poet)

0305 AD

Gaius MaecenasGaius Maecenas
(Poet)

15 April 0068

ValerianValerian
(Emperor)

0200 AD

SyagriusSyagrius
(Military commander)

0430 AD

AtticusAtticus
PropertiusPropertius
(poet)

0047 BC

Marcus Furius CamillusMarcus Furius Camillus
(Soldier, Statesman)

0446 BC

Marcus Claudius MarcellusMarcus Claudius Marcellus
(Military leader)

0268 BC

Theodoric ITheodoric I
(King)

0393 AD

StatiusStatius
(poet)

0045 AD

Quintus Curtius RufusQuintus Curtius Rufus
(Historian)
TibullusTibullus
(poet,writer)

0055 BC

AusoniusAusonius
(Poet)

0310 AD

Sidonius ApollinarisSidonius Apollinaris
(Poet)

0430 AD

ClaudianClaudian
(Poet)

0370 AD

Tetricus ITetricus I
(Emperor)

PrudentiusPrudentius
(Poet)

0348 AD

Paulinus of NolaPaulinus of Nola
(Poet)

0354 AD

PersiusPersius
(poet)

04 December 0034