Ancient Roman Empire, located along the Mediterranean Sea, was one of the largest empires in the ancient world. A region where art and culture thrived, Ancient Rome was home to numerous scholars, philosophers, warriors, artists and painters of repute. Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius was not just a brave warrior, but also one of the most important Stoic philosophers of his era. His personal writings compiled as ‘Meditations’ is considered to be a seminal work of stoic philosophy. Gaius Julius Caesar is another well-known political figure who was instrumental in shaping the history of Ancient Rome. He played a vital role in bringing about the decline of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. Ancient Romans were pioneers in several fields, including medicine. Agathinus, an eminent physician was the founder of a new medical sect, to which he gave the name of Episynthetici, while Antonius Musa became famous for curing Emperor Augustus’ serious malady. Also famous as the land of intellectuals, Ancient Rome produced philosophers such as Amelius Gentilianus, Fabianus Papirius, and Gaius Musonius Rufus. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Ancient Romans.
Julius CaesarJulius Caesar
13 July 0100
Former Roman dictator
AugustusAugustus
23 September 0063
Roman roman emperor

CaligulaCaligula
31 August 0012
Roman Emperor

CiceroCicero
03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

CommodusCommodus
31 August 0161
Roman Emperor

Constantine the GreatConstantine the Great
27 February 0272
Roman Emperor
Virgil Virgil
15 October 0070
Poet

Saint PeterSaint Peter
0001 AD
Saint

TiberiusTiberius
16 November 0042
Roman Emperor
Pontius PilatePontius Pilate
 
Roman official

ClaudiusClaudius
01 August 0010
Roman emperor
TrajanTrajan
18 September 0053
Roman Emperor

Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus
0115 BC
Roman General

ElagabalusElagabalus
0204 AD
Emperor of Rome

DiocletianDiocletian
22 December 0244
Roman Emperor

Saint ChristopherSaint Christopher
 
Patron Saint of Travellers
John the ApostleJohn the Apostle
0006 AD
One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus

VespasianVespasian
17 November 0009
Roman Emperor

Pliny the ElderPliny the Elder
0023 AD
Philosopher

TitusTitus
30 December 0039
Roman Emperor
HypatiaHypatia
0370 AD
Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer

Gaius MariusGaius Marius
0157 BC
Roman General
DomitianDomitian
24 October 0051
Roman Emperor

Theodosius ITheodosius I
11 January 0347
Emperor

PlutarchPlutarch
0045 AD
Philosopher, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, &
Antoninus PiusAntoninus Pius
19 September 0086
Roman Emperor

TacitusTacitus
0056 AD
Historian
OthoOtho
28 April 0032
Emperor

PertinaxPertinax
01 August 0126
Military Leader

NervaNerva
08 November 0030
Roman Emperor
Agrippina the YoungerAgrippina the Younger
06 November 0015
Roman Empress

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GalbaGalba
24 December 0003
Roman Emperor
HoraceHorace
08 December 0065
Roman poet

Marcus Vipsanius AgrippaMarcus Vipsanius Agrippa
0064 BC
Roman Consul

Ignatius of AntiochIgnatius of Antioch
15 May 0035
Religious Leader

VitruviusVitruvius
0080 BC
Roman Architect
Didius JulianusDidius Julianus
02 February 0137
Roman Emperor
Lucius VerusLucius Verus
15 December 0130
Roman Emperor

IrenaeusIrenaeus
0130 AD
Bishop

Cato the ElderCato the Elder
0234 BC
Historian

PlotinusPlotinus
0204 AD
Founder of Neo-Platonism
LivyLivy
0059 BC
Historian

CaiaphasCaiaphas
0014 BC
High priest

LucretiusLucretius
15 October 0099
Philosopher

PhiloPhilo
0025 BC
Philosopher

Tiberius GracchusTiberius Gracchus
0165 BC
Military Leader
St. AugustineSt. Augustine
13 November 0354
Philosopher

Claudius PtolemyClaudius Ptolemy
0090 AD
Astronomer, Cartographer & Mathematician
Marc AntonyMarc Antony
14 January 0083
Roman General

Seneca the YoungerLucius Annaeus Seneca
0004 BC
Roman Philosopher & Statesman

Flavius OdoacerFlavius Odoacer
0435 AD
Soldier
JesusJesus
0004 AD
Preacher

AttilaAttila
0406 AD
Ruler
HannibalHannibal
0247 AD
General

Mark AntonyMark Antony
14 January 0083
Politician

Jude the ApostleJude the Apostle
Apostle

Constantine XI PalaiologosConstantine XI Palaiologos
08 February 1405
Emperor

Nyuserre IniNyuserre Ini
Pharaoh
OdoacerOdoacer
0433 AD
Soldier

Luke the EvangelistLuke the Evangelist
Evangelist

ArminiusArminius
0017 AD
Roman general

Cato the YoungerCato the Younger
0095 BC
Statesman
MiriamMiriam
Moses' sister

Constantius IIConstantius II
07 August 0317
Roman ruler
LiviaLivia
30 January 0058
Empress

Valentinian IValentinian I
03 July 0321
Emperor

Constantius ChlorusConstantius Chlorus
31 March 0250
Roman Emperor
AmbroseAmbrose
0340 AD
Doctor

Simon MagusSimon Magus
Priest
Julia the ElderJulia the Elder
30 October 0039
Noblewoman

StilichoStilicho
0359 AD
King

DjoserDjoser
2700 BC
Monarchs
FlorianusFlorianus
19 August 0232
Roman emperor

Claudius GothicusClaudius Gothicus
10 May 0214
Emperor
Saint MauriceSaint Maurice
Saint

Nero Claudius DrususNero Claudius Drusus
14 January 0038
Roman Politician

Baldwin I of JerusalemBaldwin I of Jerusalem
1058 AD
King

CatullusCatullus
0084 BC
Poet
Octavia the YoungerOctavia the Younger
0069 AD
Wife of Mark Antony
Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana
0015 AD
Philosopher

Trebonianus GallusTrebonianus Gallus
0206 AD
Roman Emperor

Quintus Fabius Maximus VerrucosusQuintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus
0203 AD
Statesman

SejanusSejanus
 
Decimus Junius Brutus AlbinusDecimus Junius Brutus Albinus
0085 BC
Politician

Pseudo-Dionysius the AreopagitePseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
Theologian

Saint VeronicaSaint Veronica
Saint

Manuel I KomnenosManuel I Komnenos
28 November 1118
Emperor

Publius Clodius PulcherPublius Clodius Pulcher
30 November 0093
Politician
Lucius Junius BrutusLucius Junius Brutus
0550 BC
 

PetroniusPetronius
0027 AD
Author
Constantine VConstantine V
30 June 0718
Byzantine emperor

PelagiusPelagius
0354 AD
Theologian
Simon bar KokhbaSimon bar Kokhba
Military leader
PlautusPlautus
0254 BC
Playwright