Ancient Roman Empire, located along the Mediterranean Sea, was one of the largest empires in the ancient world. A region where art and culture thrived, Ancient Rome was home to numerous scholars, philosophers, warriors, artists and painters of repute. Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius was not just a brave warrior, but also one of the most important Stoic philosophers of his era. His personal writings compiled as ‘Meditations’ is considered to be a seminal work of stoic philosophy. Gaius Julius Caesar is another well-known political figure who was instrumental in shaping the history of Ancient Rome. He played a vital role in bringing about the decline of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. Ancient Romans were pioneers in several fields, including medicine. Agathinus, an eminent physician was the founder of a new medical sect, to which he gave the name of Episynthetici, while Antonius Musa became famous for curing Emperor Augustus’ serious malady. Also famous as the land of intellectuals, Ancient Rome produced philosophers such as Amelius Gentilianus, Fabianus Papirius, and Gaius Musonius Rufus. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Ancient Romans.
Julius CaesarJulius Caesar
13 July 0100
Former Roman dictator
AugustusAugustus
23 September 0063
Roman roman emperor

CaligulaCaligula
31 August 0012
Roman Emperor

CommodusCommodus
31 August 0161
Roman Emperor

NeroNero
15 December 0037
Emperor of Rome

Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius
26 April 0121
Roman Emperor
Constantine the GreatConstantine the Great
27 February 0272
Roman Emperor

CiceroCicero
03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

TiberiusTiberius
16 November 0042
Roman Emperor

Pontius PilatePontius Pilate
 
Presided Over the Trial of Jesus
ClaudiusClaudius
01 August 0010
Roman emperor

TrajanTrajan
18 September 0053
Roman Emperor
DiocletianDiocletian
22 December 0244
Roman Emperor

Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus
0115 BC
Roman General

Pliny the ElderPliny the Elder
0023 AD
Philosopher
Agrippina the YoungerAgrippina the Younger
06 November 0015
Roman Empress

Virgil Virgil
15 October 0070
Poet
VespasianVespasian
17 November 0009
Roman Emperor

TitusTitus
30 December 0039
Roman Emperor

DomitianDomitian
24 October 0051
Roman Emperor
HypatiaHypatia
0370 AD
Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer

PlutarchPlutarch
0045 AD
Philosopher, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, &
Jesus ChristJesus Christ
 
Founder of Christianity

HoraceHorace
08 December 0065
Roman poet

Gaius MariusGaius Marius
0157 BC
Roman General

VitruviusVitruvius
0080 BC
Roman Architect
PlotinusPlotinus
0204 AD
Founder of Neo-Platonism
PhiloPhilo
0025 BC
Philosopher

St. AugustineSt. Augustine
13 November 0354
Philosopher

Claudius PtolemyClaudius Ptolemy
0090 AD
Astronomer, Cartographer & Mathematician

Marc AntonyMarc Antony
14 January 0083
Roman General
Seneca the YoungerLucius Annaeus Seneca
0004 BC
Roman Philosopher & Statesman

Continue Reading Below
Flavius OdoacerFlavius Odoacer
0435 AD
Soldier

Seneca the YoungerSeneca the Younger
29 February 0004
Roman statesman

Septimius SeverusSeptimius Severus
11 April 0145
Roman emperor

NervaNerva
08 November 0030
politician
Cato the YoungerCato the Younger
0095 BC
Statesman

IrenaeusIrenaeus
0130 AD
Bishop
AmbroseAmbrose
0337 AD
writer,philosopher,theologian

BoethiusBoethius
0480 AD
Philosopher

Simon MagusSimon Magus
Priest
LucretiusLucretius
15 October 0099
Poet, philosopher, writer

Constantius IIConstantius II
07 August 0317
Roman ruler
Valentinian IValentinian I
03 July 0321
Emperor

DjoserDjoser
2700 BC
Monarchs

Decimus Junius Brutus AlbinusDecimus Junius Brutus Albinus
0085 BC
Politician

Baldwin I of JerusalemBaldwin I of Jerusalem
1058 AD
King

Constantius ChlorusConstantius Chlorus
31 March 0250
Politician
PlautusPlautus
0254 BC
Comedy writer

Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana
 

Lucius Junius BrutusLucius Junius Brutus
0550 BC
 

StilichoStilicho
0359 AD
King
PelagiusPelagius
0354 AD
Theologian

PetroniusPetronius
0027 AD
Author
SejanusSejanus
 

Marcus ManiliusMarcus Manilius
0001 AD
poet, astrologer

Petronius MaximusPetronius Maximus
0396 AD
King
Servius TulliusServius Tullius
king

Pope Damasus IPope Damasus I
0305 AD
Catholic priest , Poet
Sextus EmpiricusSextus Empiricus
0160 AD
Physician ,Philosopher

AtticusAtticus
 

LucanLucan
03 November 0039
poet
AppianAppian
0095 AD
Historian

Marcus Furius CamillusMarcus Furius Camillus
0446 BC
Soldier, Statesman
Gaius MaecenasGaius Maecenas
15 April 0068
Poet

SyagriusSyagrius
0430 AD
Military commander

Marcus Claudius MarcellusMarcus Claudius Marcellus
0268 BC
Military leader

Theodoric ITheodoric I
0393 AD
King
TroilusTroilus
 
PropertiusPropertius
0047 BC
poet

StatiusStatius
0045 AD
poet

Quintus Curtius RufusQuintus Curtius Rufus
Historian

ValerianValerian
0200 AD
Emperor
AusoniusAusonius
0310 AD
Poet

TibullusTibullus
0055 BC
poet,writer

Sidonius ApollinarisSidonius Apollinaris
0430 AD
Poet

Paulinus of NolaPaulinus of Nola
0354 AD
Poet

ClaudianClaudian
0370 AD
Poet
PrudentiusPrudentius
0348 AD
Poet

PersiusPersius
04 December 0034
poet
Tetricus ITetricus I
Emperor

Dagobert IIIDagobert III
0699 AD
King

JoannesJoannes
0423 AD
Emperor
WalliaWallia
0380 AD
King

Saint JudeSaint Jude
0001 AD
Priest
Helvius CinnaHelvius Cinna
0085 BC
Poet

SaloninusSaloninus
0242 AD
Emperor

AgathiasAgathias
0536 AD
Poet, Historian

Silius ItalicusSilius Italicus
0025 AD
Poet
Scipio Aemilianus AfricanusScipio Aemilianus Africanus
0185 BC
Politician

Antipope NovatianAntipope Novatian
0200 AD
Scholar, Priest, Theologian and antipope
Sextus Julius FrontinusSextus Julius Frontinus
0040 AD
Author, politician, civil engineer

Antipope UrsicinusAntipope Ursicinus
0300 AD
Catholic priest
Marcus Vitruvius PollioMarcus Vitruvius Pollio
0080 BC
Author

Flavius OrestesFlavius Orestes
Politician
Sextus MartinianusSextus Martinianus
0280 AD
Emperor