Famous Ancient Roman Leaders

For those who have a fascination for history, nothing can be more invigorating than a trip to Rome – the seat of historical highs and lows. Rome is the hub of everything antiquity – ancient culture, prehistoric civilization, primeval traditions, antediluvian art and so on. Just a walk down the lanes of Rome would give travellers a feel of primordial culture getting past them. However, much of that wouldn’t have been possible had it not been for the ancient Roman leaders who ruled the Roman Empire. While talking of roman leaders, the first name that strikes the mind is that of Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. Although christened Octavian, he was named Augustus by his senate to honor his greatest achievements. It was under his premiership that Rome prospered and propelled – he created a new constitution for Rome, build roman infrastructure and conquered new territories. Constantine the Great was the first Christian emperor of the Roman Empire. His main achievement was the unification of the divided territory. Justinian was the last emperor. During his rule, he revived the greatness of the Roman Empire and also conducted restoration activities for which he gained the title ‘Last Roman’. To know more astounding facts about ancient roman leaders, their life and their deeds, briefly study the segment below.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar
45
Famous As: Roman dictator
Birthdate: June 30, 0100
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 15, 0044

Julius Caesar is considered one of the greatest military commanders in history and played an important role in the events that led to the downfall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. He assumed control of the government after a civil war. He was assassinated by rebel senators on the Ides of March, 44 BC.

 2 Constantine the Great

Constantine the Great
9
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: February 27, 0272
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Naissus, Moesia, Roman Empire
Died: May 22, 0337

Constantine the Great served as the Roman emperor between 306 and 337. During his reign, he enacted financial, administrative, military, and social reforms to strengthen the empire. Constantine the Great is also credited with introducing the solidus, a gold coin which became the standard for European and Byzantine currencies for over a thousand years.

 3 Marc Antony

Marc Antony
11
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: January 14, 0083
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome
Died: August 1, 0030

Mark Antony was a Roman politician who played a key role in transforming the Roman Republic into the autocratic Roman Empire. Marc Antony is best remembered as one of Julius Caesar's generals during Caesar's Civil War. One of the most important figures in the history of Rome, Mark Antony has been the subject of several artistic portrayals since his death.

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 4 Cicero

Cicero
14
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: January 3, 0106
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Arpino, Italy
Died: December 7, 0043
Roman statesman, lawyer, and scholar Cicero was one of the greatest 1st-century BC prose writers and orators. He influenced Latin literature immensely and introduced Greek philosophy to the Romans. He was declared an enemy of the state, following his opposition to Mark Antony after Julius Caesar’s death, and was executed.

 5 Pontius Pilate

Pontius Pilate
4
Famous As: Roman official who ordered the crucifixion of Jesus
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Roman Empire
Pontius Pilate was a Roman governor of Judaea, who served under Emperor Tiberius. The Bible mentions him as the one who presided over Jesus’s trial and ordered his crucifixion. The Gospels describe him as someone who was reluctant to kill Jesus, and the Ethiopian Church venerates him as a saint.

 6 Pompey

Pompey
7
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: September 29, 0106
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Picenum
Died: September 28, 0048

Considered ruthless by his opponents, Pompey was an ancient Roman general who was a veteran of many wars and played a key role in changing Rome from a republic to an empire. Pompey was first an ally of his more illustrious compatriot Julius Caesar whose daughter he married, and then became his enemy. He was assassinated in Egypt, an end not uncommon in history.

 7 Trajan

Trajan
7
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: September 18, 0053
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hispania Baetica
Died: August 8, 0117

Trajan was the Roman emperor from 98 to 117 CE. Remembered as a successful soldier-emperor, he presided over a great military expansion, leading the Roman Empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death. He was the second of the Five Good Emperors and focused on implementing social welfare policies for the benefit of his citizens.

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 8 Caligula

Caligula
15
Famous As: Roman Emperor (37-41 AD)
Birthdate: August 31, 0012
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Anzio, Italy
Died: January 24, 0041

Caligula, the third Roman emperor, is often described as a cruel man who forced his subjects to worship him as their god. Considered an insane tyrant, Caligula is accused of incest and forcing the audience to enter a sporting arena to be eaten alive by wild beasts during the intermission. His stories are famous in popular culture.

 9 Lucius Annaeus Seneca

Lucius Annaeus Seneca
4
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0004 BC
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: April 12, 0065
Roman Stoic philosopher and dramatist Seneca the Younger is remembered for his tragic plays such as Medea and Phaedra. He was exiled to Corsica by emperor Claudius but later returned as a tutor to Nero. He became Nero’s advisor later but committed suicide for being part of the Pisonian conspiracy.

 10 Septimius Severus

Septimius Severus
6
Famous As: Roman Emperor (193-211)
Birthdate: April 11, 0145
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leptis Magna, Libya
Died: February 4, 0211
Roman emperor Septimius Severus reigned from 193 to 211. He worked in the senate under Marcus Aurelius and gained strength following the death of Pertinax. He killed incumbent emperor Didius Julianus and annexed many kingdoms, such as Osroene. While on an invasion of Scotland, he died of an infectious disease.

 11 Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
5
Famous As: Roman Consul
Birthdate: 0064 BC
Birthplace: Arpino, Istria or Asisium
Died: 0012 BC
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa is chiefly remembered in history for crushing Mark Antony and his forces at the Battle of Actium. A close friend of Octavian, who later took over as Emperor Augustus Caesar, he is credited with completing the Pantheon and building scores of baths, gardens, and sewers in Rome.

 12 Marcus Licinius Crassus

Marcus Licinius Crassus
7
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0115 BC
Birthplace: Roman Republic
Died: 0053 BC

Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus played a key role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. A patron of Julius Caesar, he became involved in the unofficial political alliance known as the First Triumvirate. An excellent military commander and a wealthy man, he died at the battle of Carrhae.

 13 Scipio Africanus

Scipio Africanus
7
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0236 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0183 BC
Roman general and consul Scipio Africanus is remembered for his exploits during the Second Punic War. He gained the title Africanus by defeating Hannibal at the Battle of Zama. He was later dragged into a trial for accepting bribes and eventually left Rome to live in his villa in Liternum.

 14 Constantine XI Palaiologos

Constantine XI Palaiologos
5
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: February 8, 1405
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: May 29, 1453

 15 Pertinax

Pertinax
4
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: August 1, 0126
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Alba Pompeia, Italy
Died: March 28, 0193

Born to a freed slave, Pertinax joined the Roman army early in life and soon rose to be a commander. He was declared the emperor after Commodus was murdered but was himself killed within three months of his rule. Septimius Severus later organized a state funeral and also deified him.

 16 Gaius Marius

Gaius Marius
4
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0157 BC
Birthplace: Arpinum
Died: January 13, 0086
Born to a plebeian farmer, near Arpinum, Gaius Marius was a skilled military leader but lacked the polish and sophistication required of a political leader. Known as "the third founder of Rome" for his win at the Cimbrian War, Marius had been made a consul for seven terms.

 17 Sulla

Sulla
4
Famous As: Dictator
Birthdate: 0138 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0078 BC

A Roman general and statesman, Lucius Cornelius Sulla is remembered for carrying out significant constitutional reforms during the last phase of Roma Empire. Winner of the first civil war, he was appointed dictator under Valerian law and undertook number of reforms intending to strengthen the Roman republic; but actually paved the way for rise of future dictators like Julius Caesar.

 18 Cincinnatus

Cincinnatus
4
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0519 BC
Birthplace: Roman Kingdom
Died: 0430 BC

 19 Cato the Younger

Cato the Younger
4
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0095 BC
Birthplace: Rome
Died: March 31, 0046

 20 Maximinus Thrax

Maximinus Thrax
4
Famous As: Roman Emperor (235-238)
Birthdate: 0173 AD
Birthplace: Thracia
Died: May 10, 0238

Maximinus Thrax reigned as Roman emperor from 235 until his death in 238. The accession of Maximinus is generally viewed as the beginning of the Imperial Crisis. Hence, he is often called a barracks emperor of the 3rd century. He died during the Siege of Aquileia when he was assassinated by soldiers of the Legio II Parthica.

 21 Constantius II

Constantius II
3
Famous As: Roman ruler
Birthdate: August 7, 0317
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sirmium
Died: November 3, 0361

 22 Valerian

Valerian
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0200 AD
Died: 0264 AD

 23 Attila

Attila
12
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0406 AD
Died: February 29, 0453

 24 Arminius

Arminius
4
Famous As: Roman general
Birthdate: 0017 AD
Birthplace: Germania
Died: 0021 AD

 25 Tiberius Gracchus

Tiberius Gracchus
3
Famous As: Roman Politician
Birthdate: 0163 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0133 BC

Tiberius Gracchus was a Roman politician best remembered for proposing the Lex Sempronia Agraria, a law aimed at improving the lives of the poor. The law suggested the transfer of land from wealthy landowners to poorer citizens. Unsurprisingly, Tiberius Gracchus was killed due to his populist program and his uncompromising behavior.

 26 Pontius Pilatus

Pontius Pilatus
13
Famous As: Official
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Abruzzo, Italy
Died: 0039 AD

 27 Nero Claudius Drusus

Nero Claudius Drusus
4
Famous As: Roman Politician
Birthdate: January 14, 0038
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: September 14, 0009

 28 Marcus Aemilius Lepidus

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
4
Famous As: Roman general and statesman who formed the Second Triumvirate alongside Octavian and Mark Antony during the final years of the Roman Republic
Birthdate: 0089 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0013 AD

 29 Florianus

Florianus
3
Famous As: Roman emperor
Birthdate: August 19, 0232
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Terni, Italy
Died: July 31, 0276

 30 Lucius Junius Brutus

Lucius Junius Brutus
3
Birthdate: 0550 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0509 BC

 31 Drusus Julius Caesar

Drusus Julius Caesar
3
Famous As: Political figure
Birthdate: 0014 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: September 14, 0023

 32 Publius Clodius Pulcher

Publius Clodius Pulcher
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 30, 0093
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0052 AD

 33 Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus

Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0085 BC

 34 Sextus Pompey

Sextus Pompey
3
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0067 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0035 AD

 35 Stilicho

Stilicho
3
Famous As: Military commander
Birthdate: 0359 AD
Birthplace: Germany
Died: August 22, 0408

 36 Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus

Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus
3
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0203 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0280 AD

 37 Marcus Furius Camillus

Marcus Furius Camillus
3
Famous As: Soldier, Statesman
Birthdate: 0446 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0365 BC

 38 Lucullus

Lucullus
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0118 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0056 BC

 39 Simon bar Kokhba

Simon bar Kokhba
3
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0135 AD

 40 Gnaeus Julius Agricola

Gnaeus Julius Agricola
3
Famous As: General
Birthdate: June 13, 0040
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fréjus, France
Died: August 23, 0093

 41 Krum

Krum
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0755 AD
Birthplace: Pannonia
Died: April 13, 0814

 42 Scipio Aemilianus

Scipio Aemilianus
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0185 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0129 BC

 43 Avidius Cassius

Avidius Cassius
2
Famous As: Military General
Birthdate: 0130 AD
Birthplace: Cyrrhus, Turkey
Died: June 30, 0175

 44 Marcus Claudius Marcellus

Marcus Claudius Marcellus
2
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0268 BC
Died: 0208 BC

 45 Syagrius

Syagrius
2
Famous As: Military commander
Birthdate: 0430 AD
Died: 0487 AD

 46 Postumus

Postumus
2
Famous As: Roman general
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Roman Gaul
Died: 0269 AD

 47 Clodius Albinus

Clodius Albinus
2
Famous As: Roman general
Birthdate: 0150 AD
Birthplace: Sousse, Tunisia
Died: February 19, 0197

 48 Joannes

Joannes
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0423 AD
Died: June 30, 0425

 49 Carausius

Carausius
2
Famous As: Officer
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Gallia Belgica, Valledupar, Colombia
Died: 0293 AD

 50 Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus

Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0102 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0048 AD