Famous Ancient Roman Leaders

For those who have a fascination for history, nothing can be more invigorating than a trip to Rome – the seat of historical highs and lows. Rome is the hub of everything antiquity – ancient culture, prehistoric civilization, primeval traditions, antediluvian art and so on. Just a walk down the lanes of Rome would give travellers a feel of primordial culture getting past them. However, much of that wouldn’t have been possible had it not been for the ancient Roman leaders who ruled the Roman Empire. While talking of roman leaders, the first name that strikes the mind is that of Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. Although christened Octavian, he was named Augustus by his senate to honor his greatest achievements. It was under his premiership that Rome prospered and propelled – he created a new constitution for Rome, build roman infrastructure and conquered new territories. Constantine the Great was the first Christian emperor of the Roman Empire. His main achievement was the unification of the divided territory. Justinian was the last emperor. During his rule, he revived the greatness of the Roman Empire and also conducted restoration activities for which he gained the title ‘Last Roman’. To know more astounding facts about ancient roman leaders, their life and their deeds, briefly study the segment below.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Augustus

Augustus
9
Famous As: Roman roman emperor
Birthdate: September 23, 0063
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: August 19, 0014

Augustus, the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, ruled from 27 BC to 14 AD. He transformed Rome from a republic to an empire after Julius Caesar’s assassination. He annexed new territories, brought about peace and prosperity and laid the foundation of an empire that lasted for nearly 1500 years. Historians regard him as an effective but controversial leader.

 2 Saint Peter

Saint Peter
4
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0001 AD
Birthplace: Bethsaida, Gaulanitis, Syria, Roman Empire
Died: 0068 AD

One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, Saint Peter played a key role in the formation of Christianity as one of the earliest leaders of the early Church. Considered to be the first Pope by Catholics, Saint Peter appears frequently in influential texts, such as the New Testament. Over the years, Saint Peter has been an important subject of paintings.

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 3 St. Augustine

St. Augustine
7
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: November 13, 0354
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Thagaste, Numidia (now Souk Ahras, Algeria)
Died: August 28, 0430

Saint Augustine was a philosopher, theologian, and the bishop of Hippo Regius in Roman North Africa. His writings are often credited with influencing the growth of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. He is also regarded as one of the Latin Church's most important Church Fathers in the Patristic Period. Among his many important works are Confessions and On Christian Doctrine.

 4 Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar
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Famous As: Former Roman dictator
Birthdate: July 13, 0100
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 15, 0044

Julius Caesar is considered one of the greatest military commanders in history and played an important role in the events that led to the downfall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. He assumed control of the government after a civil war. He was assassinated by rebel senators on the Ides of March, 44 BC.

 5 Marc Antony

Marc Antony
1
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: January 14, 0083
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome
Died: August 1, 0030

Mark Antony was a Roman politician who played a key role in transforming the Roman Republic into the autocratic Roman Empire. Marc Antony is best remembered as one of Julius Caesar's generals during Caesar's Civil War. One of the most important figures in the history of Rome, Mark Antony has been the subject of several artistic portrayals since his death.

 6 Mark Antony

Mark Antony
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 14, 0083
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: August 1, 0030

 7 Caligula

Caligula
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Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: August 31, 0012
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Anzio, Italy
Died: January 24, 0041

Caligula, the third Roman emperor, is often described as a cruel man who forced his subjects to worship him as their god. Considered an insane tyrant, Caligula is accused of incest and forcing the audience to enter a sporting arena to be eaten alive by wild beasts during the intermission. His stories are famous in popular culture.

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 8 Marcus Licinius Crassus

Marcus Licinius Crassus
2
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0115 BC
Birthplace: Roman Republic
Died: 0053 BC

Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus played a key role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. A patron of Julius Caesar, he became involved in the unofficial political alliance known as the First Triumvirate. An excellent military commander and a wealthy man, he died at the battle of Carrhae.

 9 Attila

Attila
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Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0406 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: February 29, 0453

 10 Tiberius

Tiberius
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Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: November 16, 0042
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 16, 0037
Tiberius, the second Roman emperor, ruled from AD 14 to 37. Though his conquests strengthened the Roman empire, he lacked the will to rule. Following his son Drusus Julius Caesar’s death, Tiberius became aloof. He later gave away his administrative powers to his prefects Sejanus and Naevius Sutorius Macro.

 11 Claudius

Claudius
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Famous As: Roman emperor
Birthdate: August 1, 0010
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lyon
Died: October 13, 0054

Claudius was made the Roman emperor by the Praetorian Guard after the assassination of Caligula, his nephew and predecessor, and ruled from 41 to 54 A.D. He was slightly limp and deaf since childhood, but his reign was marked by financial stability. He was succeeded by his grand-nephew, tyrant Nero.

 12 Jude the Apostle

Jude the Apostle
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Famous As: Apostle
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Galilee, Israel

 13 Saint Christopher

Saint Christopher
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Famous As: Patron Saint of Travellers
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Canaan
Died: 0251 AD

Saint Christopher is often regarded by the Christians as the patron saint of travelers. He is venerated as a martyr killed during the reign of the Roman Emperor Decius. Over the years, the legend associated with Saint Christopher has been mentioned in several works of art, including literature, music, paintings, and films.

 14 Arminius

Arminius
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Famous As: Roman general
Birthdate: 0017 AD
Birthplace: Germania
Died: 0021 AD

 15 Constantine XI

Constantine XI
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Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: February 8, 1405
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: May 29, 1453

 16 Pertinax

Pertinax
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Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: August 1, 0126
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Alba Pompeia, Italy
Died: March 28, 0193

Born to a freed slave, Pertinax joined the Roman army early in life and soon rose to be a commander. He was declared the emperor after Commodus was murdered but was himself killed within three months of his rule. Septimius Severus later organized a state funeral and also deified him.

 17 Gaius Marius

Gaius Marius
0
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0157 BC
Birthplace: Arpinum
Died: January 13, 0086
Born to a plebeian farmer, near Arpinum, Gaius Marius was a skilled military leader but lacked the polish and sophistication required of a political leader. Known as "the third founder of Rome" for his win at the Cimbrian War, Marius had been made a consul for seven terms.

 18 Cato the Younger

Cato the Younger
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0095 BC
Birthplace: Rome
Died: March 31, 0046

 19 Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
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Famous As: Roman Consul
Birthdate: 0064 BC
Birthplace: Arpino, Istria or Asisium
Died: 0012 BC
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa is chiefly remembered in history for crushing Mark Antony and his forces at the Battle of Actium. A close friend of Octavian, who later took over as Emperor Augustus Caesar, he is credited with completing the Pantheon and building scores of baths, gardens, and sewers in Rome.

 20 Cincinnatus

Cincinnatus
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0519 BC
Birthplace: Roman Kingdom
Died: 0430 BC

 21 Miriam

Miriam
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Famous As: Moses' sister
Birthdate: 0000 BC

 22 Ignatius of Antioch

Ignatius of Antioch
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Famous As: Religious Leader
Birthdate: May 15, 0035
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Syria (Roman province), Roman Empire
Died: July 6, 0108

Ignatius of Antioch went down in history as a man who was arrested and executed for his non-allegiance to Roman gods. The seven letters he wrote while being escorted from Antioch to Rome as a prisoner later served as a mirror that reflected his concern for Christianity, against false teachings.

 23 Irenaeus

Irenaeus
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Famous As: Bishop
Birthdate: 0130 AD
Birthplace: Smyrna
Died: 0202 AD

Greek bishop Irenaeus, now revered as a Catholic saint, is remembered for his clashes with the Gnostics and his notable work Adversus haereses. Irenaeus apparently preached about the validity of the Jewish Bible, while the Gnostics were against it. Legend has it that he had seen Polycarp of Smyrna.

 24 Valerian

Valerian
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0200 AD
Died: 0264 AD

 25 Djoser

Djoser
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Famous As: Monarchs
Birthdate: 2700 BC
Died: 2600 BC

 26 Constantius II

Constantius II
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Famous As: Roman ruler
Birthdate: August 7, 0317
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sirmium
Died: November 3, 0361

 27 Simon Magus

Simon Magus
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Famous As: Priest
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Died: 0065 AD

 28 Tiberius Gracchus

Tiberius Gracchus
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Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: 0165 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0133 BC

Tiberius Gracchus was a Roman politician best remembered for proposing the Lex Sempronia Agraria, a law aimed at improving the lives of the poor. The law suggested the transfer of land from wealthy landowners to poorer citizens. Unsurprisingly, Tiberius Gracchus was killed due to his populist program and his uncompromising behavior.

 29 Valentinian I

Valentinian I
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: July 3, 0321
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vinkovci
Died: November 17, 0375

 30 Baldwin I of Jerusalem

Baldwin I of Jerusalem
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1058 AD
Birthplace: Lower Lorraine
Died: April 2, 1118

 31 Nero Claudius Drusus

Nero Claudius Drusus
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Famous As: Roman Politician
Birthdate: January 14, 0038
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: September 14, 0009

 32 Sejanus

Sejanus
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Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Volsinii
Died: October 18, 0031

 33 Lucius Junius Brutus

Lucius Junius Brutus
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Birthdate: 0550 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0509 BC

 34 Publius Clodius Pulcher

Publius Clodius Pulcher
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 30, 0093
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0052 AD

 35 Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus

Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0085 BC

 36 Charles Borromeo

Charles Borromeo
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Famous As: Cardinal
Birthdate: October 2, 1538
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Castle of Arona, Duchy of Milan
Died: November 3, 1584

 37 Florianus

Florianus
0
Famous As: Roman emperor
Birthdate: August 19, 0232
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Terni, Italy
Died: July 31, 0276

 38 Stilicho

Stilicho
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0359 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: August 22, 0408

 39 Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus

Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0203 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0280 AD

 40 Simon bar Kokhba

Simon bar Kokhba
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Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0135 AD

 41 Saint Januarius

Saint Januarius
0
Famous As: Bishop
Birthdate: April 21, 0272
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Benevento, Italy
Died: 0305 AD

 42 Petronius Maximus

Petronius Maximus
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0396 AD
Died: May 31, 0455

 43 Drusus Julius Caesar

Drusus Julius Caesar
0
Famous As: Political figure
Birthdate: 0014 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: September 14, 0023

 44 Sextus Pompey

Sextus Pompey
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Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0067 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0035 AD

 45 Lucullus

Lucullus
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0118 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0056 BC

 46 Marcus Furius Camillus

Marcus Furius Camillus
0
Famous As: Soldier, Statesman
Birthdate: 0446 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0365 BC

 47 Pope Alexander I

Pope Alexander I
0
Famous As: Pope
Birthdate: January 10, 0075
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Roman Empire
Died: 0115 AD

 48 Avidius Cassius

Avidius Cassius
0
Famous As: Military General
Birthdate: 0130 AD
Birthplace: Cyrrhus, Turkey
Died: June 30, 0175

 49 Marcus Claudius Marcellus

Marcus Claudius Marcellus
0
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0268 BC
Died: 0208 BC

 50 Pope Zephyrinus

Pope Zephyrinus
0
Famous As: Bishop
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Roman Empire
Died: December 20, 0217