Famous Ancient Roman Spiritual & Religious Leaders

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 1 
Jesus Christ
(Founder of Christianity Who is Believed to be the Incarnation of God )
Jesus Christ
55
Birthdate: 0004 AD
Birthplace: Judea, Roman Empire
Died: 0033 AD
First-century Jewish preacher Jesus, known as the Son of God, led to the formation of Christianity, the world’s largest religion. He was born to Joseph and the Virgin Mary. His miracles irked the Roman government, who then tried him and crucified him. Jesus later rose from the dead.
 2 
Saint Christopher
(Patron Saint of Travellers)
Saint Christopher
5
Birthplace: Canaan
Died: 0251 AD

Saint Christopher is often regarded by the Christians as the patron saint of travelers. He is venerated as a martyr killed during the reign of the Roman Emperor Decius. Over the years, the legend associated with Saint Christopher has been mentioned in several works of art, including literature, music, paintings, and films.

 3 
Nicodemus
(Religious Leader)
Nicodemus
4

Nicodemus was a member of the Sanhedrin who finds mention in the Gospel of John. According to the gospel, Nicodemus provides the embalming spices required to prepare the body of Jesus for burial after the Crucifixion of Jesus. He is venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church and in the various Eastern Churches.

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 4 
Luke the Evangelist
4
Birthplace: Antioch, Turkey
Died: February 29, 0084

Widely considered as the author of the two books of the New Testament, Saint Luke the Evangelist contributed far more to the New Testament than any other author and had a huge impact in the development of Christianity. He was also the companion of St. Paul the Apostle, a physician as well as the patron saint of artists and physicians.

 5 
St Paul
(Religious Preacher)
St Paul
0
Birthdate: 0005 AD
Birthplace: Tarsus, Turkey
Died: 0065 AD
Paul the Apostle, or Saint Paul, was a Christian apostle who disseminated Christ’s teachings and established Christian communities in Asia and Europe. Of the 27 books in the New Testament, about 14 are said to be authored by Paul, though only seven are said to be genuinely written by him.
 6 
Caiaphas
(High priest)
Caiaphas
5
Birthdate: 0014 BC
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 0036 AD

Caiaphas was a Jewish high priest who organized a plot to kill Jesus of Nazareth, according to the gospels. He is best remembered for presiding over the Sanhedrin trial of Jesus Christ. Over the years, Caiaphas has been depicted in several films like The Greatest Story Ever Told, The Passion of the Christ, King of Kings, and Son of God.

 7 
Simon Magus
(Founder of Simonianism)
Simon Magus
3
Died: 0065 AD
Simon Magus was a religious figure best remembered for his confrontation with Peter as mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles. The act of simony is named after Simon Magus. He is often credited with founding Gnosticism and Simonianism.
 8 
Germanus of Auxerre
(Bishop of Auxerre Who Fought Pelagianism and Supported the Cult of Saint Alban)
Germanus of Auxerre
2
Birthdate: 0378 AD
Birthplace: Auxerre, Western Roman Empire
Died: July 31, 0448

Initially a high-ranking government official, Germanus of Auxerre quit his job to devote himself to the Church. The Roman clergyman served as the bishop of Auxerre. He established the Monastery of SS. Cosmas and Damian. He is also remembered for his fight against Pelagianism and his support for the Cult of Saint Alban.

 9 
Eutyches
(Orthodox Abbot Who Opposed Nestorianism and Established Eutychianism)
Eutyches
2
Birthdate: 0380 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0456 AD

Orthodox abbot Eutyches served as an archimandrite of a monastery outside Constantinople and first gained notice when he opposed Nestorianism at the First Council of Ephesus. However, while denouncing Nestorianism as heresy, he himself established Eutychianism, an extreme heresy that stressed on the exclusive existence of the divinity in Christ.

 10 
Pope Agapetus II
(Roman Catholic Pope Responsible for the Spread of Christianity in Denmark)
Pope Agapetus II
2
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: November 8, 0955

Roman Catholic pope Pope Agapetus II was a staunch supporter of maintaining ecclesiastical discipline. His pontificate overlapped with the Saeculum obscurum. He was a major figure behind the spread of Christianity in Denmark and German ruler Otto I’s success in Italy. He made Roman ruler Alberic II’s son, Octavian, his successor.

 11 
Asher ben Jehiel
(Rabbi and Talmudist Who Summarized the Talmudic Law)
Asher ben Jehiel
1
Birthdate: 1250 AD
Birthplace: Rhine District, Germany
Died: October 24, 1327
Asher ben Jehiel was a rabbi and Talmudist. Commonly referred to as Rabbenu Asher, he is best remembered for his summarization of Talmudic law. Asher ben Jehiel's abstract of Talmudic law has been re-printed on numerous occasions since its publication. 
 12 
Pope Anastasius III
(The Bishop of Rome)
Pope Anastasius III
2
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: May 31, 0913
Pope Anastasius III was the bishop of Rome from April 911 until his death in June 913. A Roman nobleman, Anastasius III's reign as the pope witnessed the conversions of the Normans of Rollo. After his death, Pope Anastasius III's mortal remains were buried in the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican.
 13 
Jeremias II of Constantinople
(Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople)
Jeremias II of Constantinople
1
Birthdate: 1536 AD
Birthplace: Pomorie, Bulgaria
Died: September 4, 1595
Jeremias II of Constantinople served as the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople on three occasions between 1572 and 1595. He is best remembered for carrying out the first major theological exchanges between Protestants and Orthodoxy between 1576 and 1581. 
 14 
Flavian of Constantinople
(Archbishop of Constantinople)
Flavian of Constantinople
1
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: August 11, 0449
Flavian of Constantinople served as the Archbishop of Constantinople between 446 and 449. Prior to his service as the Archbishop, Flavian was a presbyter at the Church of Constantinople. Flavian of Constantinople is revered as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church.
 15 
Gennadius of Constantinople
(Patriarch of Constantinople)
Gennadius of Constantinople
1
Birthplace: Kallepia, Cyprus
Died: November 20, 0471
Gennadius of Constantinople was the Patriarch of Constantinople and writer. Prior to his service as the Patriarch of Constantinople (458 - 471), Gennadius was a presbyter at Constantinople. He was also a prolific writer and is best remembered for composing a commentary on the Book of Daniel.
 16 
Gregory (VI)
(Antipope)
Gregory (VI)
1
Birthdate: 0000
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 1012 AD

Following the death of Pope Sergius IV, Gregory VI was fielded as the next papal candidate by the Crescentii family. However, Gregory fled to Germany after the Tusculani chose Benedict VII as their candidate. Gregory was eventually persuaded by Emperor St. Henry II to withdraw his claim from the papacy.

 17 
John II, Bishop of Jerusalem
(Bishop of Jerusalem)
John II, Bishop of Jerusalem
1
Birthdate: 0356 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: January 10, 0417
John II served as the Bishop of Jerusalem from 387 to 417 AD. Modern scholars believe that John II, Bishop of Jerusalem authored the five Mystagogical Catecheses, which was previously ascribed to his predecessor Cyril. John II, Bishop of Jerusalem is venerated as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church.
 18 
Gregory II Cyprius
(Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople)
Gregory II Cyprius
0
Birthdate: 1241 AD
Birthplace: Lapithos, Cyprus
Died: 1290 AD
Gregory II of Cyprus served as the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 28 March 1283 to June 1289. He also worked as a teacher and among his most famous pupils is Nikephoros Choumnos, who went on to become a scholar. Also a prolific writer, Gregory II of Cyprus wrote collections of proverbs, a series of rhetorical exercises, and an autobiography.
 19 
Antipope Ursicinus
(Pope Who Ruled Rome for Several Months in 366–367 and was Afterwards Declared Antipope)
Antipope Ursicinus
1
Birthdate: 0300 AD
Died: 0381 AD
 20 
Eusebius of Dorylaeum
(Bishop of Dorylaeum)
Eusebius of Dorylaeum
0
Birthplace: Byzantine
Eusebius of Dorylaeum served as the bishop of Dorylaeum, present-day Eskişehir, Turkey. He is best remembered for his criticism against the dissident teachings of Eutyches and Nestorius. Eusebius of Dorylaeum succeeded in having both Eutyches and Nestorius expelled from their positions. 
 21 
Perpetua
(Christian Martyr of the 3rd Century)
Perpetua
0
Birthdate: 0182 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0203 AD
Perpetua was a noblewoman who was martyred alongside Felicity when she was 22 years old. Perpetua and Felicity were put to death with others at Carthage in the Roman province of Africa. The events surrounding their death were published in The Passion of Perpetua and Felicity, according to which five people were executed to celebrate Emperor Septimius Severus's birthday.
 22 
Anthony Melissa
(Byzantine Monk and Author Best Known for His Seminal Work, Melissa )
Anthony Melissa
0
Birthdate: 1000 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine Empire