Didius Julianus Biography
(Roman Emperor for Nine Weeks (193))
Birthday: January 29, 133 (Aquarius)
Born In: Mediolanum
Didius Julianus was one of the Roman emperors who reigned in the Year of the Five Emperors. His rule lasted for nine weeks between March and June 193. Originally from the ancient city of Mediolanum, Julianus hailed from a prominent family. He had an impressive career in politics and served as a governor of multiple provinces, including Dalmatia and Germania Inferior. He also served in the Roman military and registered significant victories against the Germanic tribes Chauci and Chatti. As a reward, he was subsequently made a consul in 175. However, Emperor Commodus, fearing Julianus and his rising influence, made him a prefect, an act that many modern historians consider to be a demotion. This led to the stagnation of his career. He became the emperor after purchasing the crown from the Praetorian Guard, who had murdered his predecessor, Pertinax. In the ensuing civil war, three generals rebelled against Julianus and declared themselves as emperors, the most prominent of them being Septimius Severus. Ultimately, Severus’ forces defeated the Praetorian Guard and took control of Rome. Julianus was murdered by a soldier in the royal palace. Even during his reign, he was widely despised because he bought the throne and did not gain it through conquest or succession.