Famous Ancient Roman Intellectuals & Academics

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Vote for Your Favourite Ancient Roman Intellectuals & Academics

 1 

Lucius Annaeus Seneca
6
Birthdate: 0004 BC
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: April 12, 0065
Roman Stoic philosopher and dramatist Seneca the Younger is remembered for his tragic plays such as Medea and Phaedra. He was exiled to Corsica by emperor Claudius but later returned as a tutor to Nero. He became Nero’s advisor later but committed suicide for being part of the Pisonian conspiracy.

 2 
Claudius Ptolemy
(Astronomer, Cartographer & Mathematician)

Claudius Ptolemy
7
Birthdate: 0090 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0168 AD
Claudius Ptolemy was a 2nd-century mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, and geographer, who had written a number of scientific treatises, such as The Great Treatise, Geography, and the Tetrábiblos. He lived in Alexandria under the Roman rule in Egypt. He had also authored Harmonics, a book on music theory.

 3 
Plutarch
(Philosopher, Biographer)

Plutarch
4
Birthdate: 0046 AD
Birthplace: Chaeronea, Greece
Died: 0119 AD

Plutarch was a Greek philosopher, essayist, biographer, and historian. He also served as the priest at the Temple of Apollo. He is best remembered for his work Parallel Lives, a series of 48 biographies of noteworthy men. His writings had a huge influence on French and English literature. Writers like Shakespeare were influenced by his works.

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 4 
Cicero
(One of Rome's Greatest Orators of Politics and Prose Stylists)

Cicero
8
Birthdate: January 3, 0106
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Arpino, Italy
Died: December 7, 0043
Roman statesman, lawyer, and scholar Cicero was one of the greatest 1st-century BC prose writers and orators. He influenced Latin literature immensely and introduced Greek philosophy to the Romans. He was declared an enemy of the state, following his opposition to Mark Antony after Julius Caesar’s death, and was executed.

 5 
Hypatia
(Philosopher)

Hypatia
9
Birthdate: 0350 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: February 29, 0415
Hypatia was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer who lived during the 4th and 5th centuries. She also taught and served as a counselor. She is remembered for her commentary on Diophantus's Arithmetica. She was later murdered and became a symbol of feminism and of opposition to Catholic ideals.

 6 
Josephus
(Historian)

Josephus
7
Birthdate: 0037 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0100 AD

Josephus was a Romano-Jewish historian. He played a major role during the First Jewish–Roman War, where he fought against the Romans as head of Jewish forces. However, he surrendered to Roman forces in 67 CE. As a historian, Josephus' works provide the first-known source for stories considered Biblical history. These stories include the narration of the Siege of Masada

 7 
Livy
(Historian)

Livy
4
Birthdate: 0059 BC
Birthplace: Padua, Italy
Died: 0017 AD

Livy was a Roman historian. His seminal work, Ab Urbe Condita, covers the history of Rome through several centuries. A respected figure in society, he was on friendly terms with members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He wrote during the reign of Emperor Augustus, who was reportedly his friend. Livy was married and had at least two children. 

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 8 
Pliny the Elder
(Philosopher, Writer)

Pliny the Elder
6
Birthdate: 0023 AD
Birthplace: Como, Italy
Died: 0079 AD

Pliny the Elder was a Roman natural philosopher, author, and army and naval commander of the Roman Empire. His work Naturalis Historia became an editorial model for the present-day encyclopedias. Today, his statue greets the visitors of Cathedral of S. Maria Maggiore in his hometown, Como.

 9 
Plotinus
(Philosopher)

Plotinus
6
Birthdate: 0204 BC
Birthplace: Lycopolis, Egypt
Died: 0270 BC

Plotinus was a Hellenistic philosopher whose writings on metaphysics have inspired centuries of Jewish, Christian, Pagan, and Gnostic mystics and metaphysicians. His philosophy also had a major influence on the evolution of Christian theology. Plotinus' ideas influenced medieval Islam as well as a group of philosophers and theologians at the University of Cambridge which was known as the Cambridge Platonists

 10 
Lucretius
(Poet)

Lucretius
4
Birthdate: 0099 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0055 BC

Lucretius was a Roman philosopher and poet. He is credited with originating the three-age system, which was formalized by C. J. Thomsen in 1836. His only known work De rerum natura, a philosophical poem, influenced several Augustan poets, including Virgil. The poem also played a prominent role in the development of atomism.

 11 
Ambrose
(Doctor)

Ambrose
4
Birthdate: 0340 AD
Birthplace: Trier, Germany
Died: April 4, 0397

 12 
Cato the Elder
(Historian)

Cato the Elder
4
Birthdate: 0234 BC
Birthplace: Tusculum, Italy
Died: 0149 BC

Known for writing the first authentic history of Rome in Latin, Cato disliked luxury and was against the Hellenic culture that the Scipio family propagated. His role in the destruction of Carthage is of major significance. The Roman statesman gained many enemies for his stern actions as a censor.

 13 
Philo
(Philosopher)

Philo
4
Birthdate: 0020 BC
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0050 BC

Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria was perhaps the first to use allegory to fuse Jewish scriptures with Greek philosophy. Though not much is known about his life, it is believed Philo was a lover of theater, boxing contests, and lavish dinners. His written works showcase the development of Hellenistic Judaism.

 14 
Apollonius of Tyana
(Philosopher)

Apollonius of Tyana
4
Birthdate: 0015 AD
Birthplace: Tyana, Turkey
Died: 0100 AD

Apollonius of Tyana was a Greek Neopythagorean philosopher best remembered through Philostratus' work, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, which was written more than a century after his death. Apollonius is said to have had extra-sensory perception and is even compared with Pythagoras and Jesus Christ. Apollonius of Tyana has even influenced contemporary literature and films among other works of art.

 15 
Tacitus
(Historian)

Tacitus
4
Birthdate: 0056 AD
Birthplace: Gallia Narbonensis
Died: 0120 AD

Tacitus was a Roman politician and historian. He is widely considered one of the greatest Roman historians of all time. Tacitus is best remembered for his fascinating insights into the psychology of politics, especially power politics.

Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 17 
Pelagius
(Theologian)

Pelagius
3
Birthdate: 0354 AD
Birthplace: Britannia
Died: 0418 AD

 18 
Appian
(Historian)

Appian
3
Birthdate: 0095 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0165 AD

Appian was a Greek historian who flourished during the monarchy of Antoninus Pius, Trajan, and Hadrian. Appian, who held Roman citizenship, is best remembered for his principal surviving work Roman History. The work is considered important and valuable for its description of the Roman Empire, especially during the civil wars.

 19 
Atticus
(Philosopher)

Atticus
3
Birthdate: 0175 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 31, 0032

 20 
Apuleius
(Writer)

Apuleius
3
Birthdate: 0125 AD
Birthplace: M’Daourouch, Algeria
Died: 0170 AD

 21 
Herodian
(Civil servant)

Herodian
2
Birthdate: 0170 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0240 AD

 22 
Macrobius
(Scholar)

Macrobius
3
Birthdate: 0370 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0430 AD

 23 
Quintus Fabius Pictor
(Historiographer)

Quintus Fabius Pictor
2
Birthdate: 0254 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0201 AD

 24 

Velleius Paterculus
1
Birthdate: 0019 AD
Birthplace: Mirabella Eclano, Italy
Died: 0031 AD

 25 
Justin
(Writer)

Justin
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Roman Empire

 26 

Valerius Maximus
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

 27 
Priscus
(Diplomat, Historian)

Priscus
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Panion

 28 

Marcus Cornelius Fronto
2
Birthdate: 0100 AD
Birthplace: Cirta, Algeria
Died: 0166 AD

 29 
Aelius Donatus
(Grammarian)

Aelius Donatus
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0380 AD

 30 
John Argyropoulos
(Philosopher)

John Argyropoulos
2
Birthdate: 1415 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: June 26, 1487

 31 

George Sphrantzes
2
Birthdate: August 30, 1401
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: 1478 AD

 32 
Joannes Zonaras
(Byzantine historian)

Joannes Zonaras
2
Birthdate: 1074 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: 1130 AD

 33 

Antiochus Of Ascalon
2
Birthdate: 0125 AD
Birthplace: Ashkelon, Israel
Died: 0068 AD

 34 

Sextus Pompeius Festus
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Narbonne, France

 35 

Nikephoros Bryennios the Younger
2
Birthdate: 1062 AD
Birthplace: Orestiada
Died: 1137 AD

 36 
Peregrinus Proteus
(Philosopher)

Peregrinus Proteus
2
Birthdate: 0095 AD
Birthplace: Kemer, Turkey
Died: 0165 AD

 37 

Ahmed Cevdet Pasha
1
Birthdate: March 22, 1822
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ottoman Empire
Died: May 25, 1895

 38 
Kâtip Çelebi
(Polymath)

Kâtip Çelebi
1
Birthdate: 1609 AD
Birthplace: Istanbul Eyaleti
Died: October 6, 1657

 39 

Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Vaison-la-Romaine, France

Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus was a Gallo-Roman historian who lived during the reign of the emperor Augustus. He hailed from the Celtic Vocontii tribe in Narbonese Gaul. He is believed to have been a polymath and wrote books on the natural history of animals and plants. His best-known work is the Philippic Histories, preserved only in excerpts today. 

 40 
George The Syncellus
(Byzantine historian)

George The Syncellus
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: 0810 AD

 41 

Marcus Minucius Felix
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Cirta, Algeria
Died: 0260 AD

 42 

Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Padua, Italy
Died: 0066 AD

 43 

Nicephorus Gregoras
1
Birthdate: 1295 AD
Birthplace: Heraclea Pontica
Died: 1360 AD

 44 

Lucius Annaeus Cornutus
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Leptis Magna, Libya
Died: 0065 AD

Diadochos of Photiki
1
Birthdate: 0400 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0486 AD

 46 

Menander Protector
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Roman Empire

Quintus Aurelius Memmius Symmachus
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0526 AD

 48 

Nigidius Figulus
1
Birthdate: 0098 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0045 AD

 49 
Eutyches
(Abbot)

Eutyches
2
Birthdate: 0380 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0456 AD

Marcus Antistius Labeo
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0010 AD